All posts by 北欧绿色邮报网

After 15 years working in the mainstream media in China, I came to Sweden to establish my family. After almost ten years of freelancing for other media, now I created this website, hoping to spread information in sustainable development, sharing life experiences with readers both in China and Sweden, serving as a bridge. I enjoy the good environment in Sweden, fresh air, clean water, blue sky and beautiful flowers. 陈雪霏,女,1966. 摩羯座,满族,出生在辽宁省凌海市,班吉塔镇,地藏寺村。兄弟姐妹6个当中最中间的一个。和二哥一样是全科人,就是哥姐弟妹都有,幸福感很强。万能血型,很容易打交道。喜欢高大上,但同情弱者,追求平等,公平正义,善良,是环保主义者,提倡节俭,从不浪费一粒粮食。创立瑞中桥绿色科技文化公司就是为中瑞绿色科技文化牵线搭桥。 教育程度:英国米德赛思大学可持续发展领导力硕士,英语和国际政治双学士,文学和法学学士。新西兰坎特伯雷大学访问学者。 工作经历,中国国际广播电台工作15年,驻津巴布韦两年,采访过南非总统曼德拉,津巴布韦总统穆加贝。 2008年采访过瑞典首相赖因费尔特。 2006-2010 人民网驻斯德哥尔摩特约记者。 2010-2012 新华社斯德哥尔摩报道员 2012-至今中国国际广播电台英语环球广播自由撰稿人 《环球时报》,《生命时报》特约记者。 《北欧时报》副社长,英文主编,《北欧绿色邮报网》社长,主编。, wechat: chenxuefei7, facebook: chenxuefei7

Sweden’s view of the new climate agreement

Stockholm, Aug. 21(Greenpost)–From 30 November to 11 December, the world’s leaders will gather in Paris for the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The session is particularly important since the countries are to agree on a new global climate agreement that will apply from 2020.

The Government wants to see a global, fair and legally binding climate agreement that will help keep global warming as far below two degrees Celsius as possible. The agreement must allow countries to take ever more ambitious emission reduction measures over time.

Sweden wants to see legally binding emissions limitation commitments for all countries. All countries should contribute according to their responsibilities and respective capabilities. Sweden also wants the agreement to cover support to low-income countries’ implementation of measures for both emission reductions and adaptation. Support should cover financing, technology diffusion and capacity-building. In particular, support is needed to strengthen efforts in the poorest and most vulnerable countries.

Being able to measure, report and verify countries’ emissions is a prerequisite for stronger commitments over time. The agreement must therefore contain fundamental principles for a common regulatory framework for transparency and monitoring of countries’ commitments and implementation.

All countries should present their contributions to the new agreement in good time before the Paris session. The EU’s decision to reduce emissions by at least 40 per cent by 2030 is an important step, but a higher level of ambition is needed from both the EU and other parties that have submitted their bids.

The Government considers that a higher level of ambition prior to 2020 is important, both to close the gap between what countries are doing and necessary emission reductions, and to build confidence in the negotiations.

Much work remains before a new agreement can be put into place

Many difficult issues remain to be solved before and during the session in Paris, including what parts of the new agreement should be legally binding, how adaptation and emission reductions can be given equal political importance in the agreement, how climate financing can increase and which countries should contribute.

Reaching a global climate agreement in Paris is expected to be a major challenge, and even if an agreement is reached it will not provide a complete solution to the problem of climate change. The new agreement is needed to create a platform for more ambitious climate commitments and enhanced global action in the years ahead. However, a number of political and technical issues will remain after Paris, for example the detailed reporting regulations and market mechanisms under the new agreement.

Stock Market on Aug. 20

Stockholm, Aug 20(Greenpost)–Stock Market crashed again in Stockholm.

The American fund decreased almost tow percentage points to 1.33 percent from 3.2 percent standing at 651.98 kr yesterday.

Asian fund decrease to minus 11 with a loss of 5564.

Handelsbanken China fund decreased most to 14279 by  16.23 percent. The price decreased to 126 from 152.

Handelsbanken Hållbergenergi decreased by almost 14 percent with a loss of 3398.

Both the European fund and Multiasset are decreasing by over 1000 kr.

In total, the funds ran at a loss of almost 30 thousand kronor. Now only the American fund is in positive while all the others ran at a loss.















China Focus: Economists confident of medium-term 7-percent growth

BEIJING, Aug. 18 (Xinhua) — Economists have high hopes China can keep GDP growth above 7 percent over the next five years, as leading officials prepare to discuss 2016-2020 development at a key political meeting.
Economic growth is high on the agenda of October’s plenary session of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, which will cover the 13th Five-year Plan (2016-2020).
These five years are critical if Chinese leaders are to realize their goals of doubling 2010 GDP and per capita income and completing the building of a moderately prosperous society by 2020.
“China’s potential growth can exceed 7 percent,” said Tsinghua University economist Hu Angang, using the technical term for the maximum pace an economy can sustain over the medium to long term without stoking inflation.
“China set a growth target of 7 percent for the 2011-2015 period, but the de facto annual growth was 7.8 percent on average. Potential growth will be lower in the 2016-2020 period, but it should be above 7 percent. I expect the de facto annual growth to be around 7.5 percent,” Hu said.
Fan Gang, an advisor to the central bank monetary policy committee, said he was confident of 7-percent growth in the long run and that more pessimistic analysts “had not taken cyclical factors such as overcapacity into account.” He believes the problem of overproduction by China’s industries will ease sooner rather than later.
“China is still in a relatively high growth range. The growth rate of 7 percent or above could last till 2023 backed by the three state strategies [the Belt and Road regional infrastructure and trade network, greater integration of Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei Province, and the Yangtze River Economic Belt], deepening reform, industrial upgrading and urbanization,” said Liu Wei, deputy president of Peking University.
Wang Yiming, deputy director of the Development Research Center of the State Council, predicted the economy will resist looming downward pressure thanks to emerging favorable conditions.
These include industrialization and urbanization, openings for Chinese enterprises during global economic adjustment, and increasing consumption, according to Wang.
Enormous investment opportunities lie in areas including poverty reduction, environmental protection, water conservation and urban renovation, he added.
Economists also believe official campaigns to integrate technology such as cloud computing, robots and new materials with traditional industries, and to develop the country’s central and western regions will also aid growth.
However, as policymakers have accepted China entering a period of plateauing but more stable economic growth, and one of great strategic opportunities but also complicated challenges, Wang advised them to perfect macro regulation by improving fiscal and monetary policies and to be on the lookout for risks to prevent economic volatility.
The government should back reforms to create growth momentum, and stimulate innovation and entrepreneurship in high-tech industries, he added.
Ba Shusong, chief economist at the China Banking Association, pointed to various issues hampering growth. As the criteria used to evaluate officials’ performance change, local officials might be less motivated in wooing investment, Ba said, also citing rising labor costs as a problem.  Enditem


Roundup: China-Pakistan Economic Corridor gains momentum in Pakistan

by Chen Peng
ISLAMABAD, Aug.19 (Xinhua) — The Construction of the China- Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is now gaining momentum in Pakistan after Chinese President Xi Jinping visited the country in April, companies involved in the massive project said.
The CPEC, a 3,000-km network of roads, railways and pipelines linking Kashgar in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and southwest Pakistan’s Gwadar Port, is also a major project of China-proposed “Belt and Road” initiative.
The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2013, are aimed at reviving the ancient trade routes that span Asia, Africa and Europe.
During Xi’s visit, China and Pakistan agreed to form a “1+4” cooperation structure with the CPEC at the center and the Gwadar Port, transport infrastructure, energy and industrial cooperation being the four key areas to achieve a win-win result and common development.
On April 20, ground-breaking of five power projects was jointly done by the Chinese president and Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif via video link. Among the projects, Zonergy 900 MW solar power plant is likely going to be the first one to be put into Pakistan’s national grid.
The 1.5-billion-U.S.-dollar project, the largest solar power plant in the world located in Bahawalpur of eastern Pakistan’s Punjab Province, is being developed in three phases and is expected to be completed by the end of 2016.
According to Zonergy Company Limited, the first 50 MW of the project is near completion and is going to be energized soon. Before the end of this year, 300 MW will be added to Pakistan’s national grid.
In addition to the Zonergy project, a number of new energy projects, being constructed by Chinese companies, are also proceeding steadily.
The 1.65-billion-dollar Karot hydropower plant, the first investment project of the Silk Road Fund, is being developed by the China Three Gorges Corporation. Construction of the 720 MW project will begin at the end of this year and the plant is expected to be put into operation in 2020.
The Port Qasim coal-fired power plant, the first started project in the energy sector under the CPEC framework, is being constructed by Powerchina Resources Limited. The 2.085-billion- dollar project would start operation by the end of 2017.
According to Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif, the CPEC projects are very important for power supplies in the country. He said earlier this month when meeting a Chinese delegation that Pakistan would be able to overcome energy crisis with the cooperation of its brotherly neighbor.
Tangible progress has also been made in transport infrastructure. China Road and Bridge Corporation told Xinhua that realignment project of the Karakorum Highway (KKH) at Attabad Barrier Lake is going to be completed by the end of this month. Prime Minister Sharif is expected to inaugurate the project. The KKH, the only land route between China and Pakistan, will re-open to traffic after being cut off by a barrier lake for over five years.
The Economic Coordination Committee of Pakistan’s cabinet said on Aug. 12 that contracts for constructing two other road projects of the CPEC worth 3.5 billion U.S. dollars will be awarded to Chinese companies through bidding. The two projects, 2.6-billion- dollar Karachi-Lahore Motorway and 920-million-dollar Karakoram Highway upgrade Phase-II, are earmarked for early completion under the CPEC framework.
Last month Pakistan’s Chief of Army Staff Gen. Raheel Sharif inspected the under-construction road network as part of the CPEC. According to the army, 502 km out of the 870-km road network linking the Gwadar Port with the rest of the country have been completed by Frontier Works Origination (FWO). During the inspection, the army chief also vowed that the CPEC “will be built at all costs.”
The Gwadar Port started its long-awaited operations on May 11 as the first private container vessel docked at the deep-sea port. Local fish was exported to the international market through containerized shipment. Speaking at the commencement ceremony, Pakistani Ports and Shipping Minister Kamran Michael said a new dimension was added to the history of the Gwadar Port.
For industrial cooperation, the two countries are planning industrial parks. According to local media, the Pakistani government has proposed 29 industrial parks and 21 mineral economic processing zones in all four provinces. A joint working group would decide and identify the industrial parks, said Pakistani Minister for Planning, Development and Reform Ahsan Iqbal, who hailed the CPEC as a “game changer” and a once-in-a- lifetime opportunity for Pakistan.
The Pakistani government has shown strong willingness to push forward the construction of the CPEC. During a high-level meeting held in Islamabad on July 27 to review the pace of work on CPEC projects, Prime Minister Sharif directed that projects under the CPEC be put on fast-track through mobilization of resources and completion of financial and technical formalities.
His endorsement for the projects is also shared by Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain, who said in his message on the country’ s 69th Independence Day on Aug. 14 that the CPEC “will lead to economic revival in Pakistan.”  Enditem


Top story : New rules on officials’ environmental responsibility

    BEIJING, Aug. 18 (Xinhua) — A new regulation on holding officials accountable for environmental hazards will better define their professional responsibilities, according to Communist Party of China (CPC) experts.     The general offices of the CPC Central Committee, and the State Council on Monday published the regulation, which promises to trace environmental problems to whoever was originally responsible.     Officials will be held accountable for serious environmental problems resulting from improper implementation of central authorities’ policies, as well as violations of laws and regulations.     Central- and local-Party officials, and governmental officials at county level and above will be subject to a lifelong-liability system, meaning any corruption or dereliction of duty that caused serious environmental harm can be punished retroactively, according to the document.
Officials will be held responsible if they fail to effectively carry out supervision, or approve environmentally disqualified projects, or attempt to shirk the responsibility of protecting the environment.
Moreover, the regulation banned promotion for officials found guilty of misconduct, and officials will receive an unfavorable appraisal in their performance assessment.
Xia Guang, director of the Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy under the Ministry of Environmental Protection, said the new regulation clearly defines the official “dos and don’ts”.
Moreover, according to Zhang Yuxing, a chief engineer with the Survey Scheme Designing Institute under the State Forestry Administration, the conduct of both Party and government officials will now be under equal scrutiny.
“This will force officials to give environment issues greater consideration,” he said.
It was noted that the new regulation not only promises retrospective punishment but will also identify violations before too much damage is done.
However, observers have warned that the regulation needs more specifications if it is to be effectively enforced.
Wang Yi, director of the Institute of Policy and Management under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, stressed that detailed issues such as basic data collection and verification needed more attention.
Published on Monday, the new regulation took effect on Aug. 9, just days before massive warehouse explosions in Tianjin, which are thought to have contaminated the surrounding area with dangerous chemicals.
China’s State Council on Tuesday announced a team had been assigned to “investigate the cause of the explosions” and “determine liability.”  Enditem

Source Xinhua



China’s policy banks CDB, Exim Bank receive USD93 bln injection

BEIJING, Aug. 19 (Xinhua) — China Development Bank (CDB) and the Export-Import Bank of China (Exim) has respectively received 48 billion U.S. dollars and 45 billion dollars of capital injection from foreign exchange reserve of the People’s Bank of China, the central bank.
An official from the central bank said the capital injection would further help the two banks improve capital strength as well as their ability of risk resistance and sustainable development, thus play a better role in providing financial supports for key areas as a policy bank.
The plans for reforms of the CDB, the Exim Bank and Agricultural Development Bank of China were approved by China’s top policymakers in December 2014 and March 2015. Enditem


Net FDI into China’s financial institutions at USD4.138 bln in Q2, SAFE

  BEIJING, Aug. 19 (Xinhua) — The net inflows of foreign direct investment (FDI) into the financial institutions on the Chinese mainland were 4.138 billion U.S. dollars (25.327 billion yuan) in the second quarter of this year, official data showed on Wednesday.
According to the State Administration of Foreign Exchange, FDI inflows into Chinese mainland’s financial sector, including banks, insurers, and securities firms, reached 4.432 billion U.S. dollars (RMB27.127 billion) in the second quarter of the year, while FDI outflows amounted to 294 million U.S. dollars (RMB1.8 billion) in the same time period.
The statistics only cover equity investments that enable an investor to own 10 percent or more of voting stocks in a company. Enditem

Net ODI of China’s financial institutions at USD2.309 bln in Q2

BEIJING, Aug. 19 (Xinhua) — Financial institutions on the Chinese mainland reported net outward direct investment (ODI) of 2.309 billion U.S. dollars (14.129 billion yuan) in the second quarter of the year, according to China’s top foreign-exchange regulator on Wednesday.
Data from the State Administration of Foreign Exchange showed that ODI outflows from Chinese mainland’s financial institutions, including banks, insurers, and securities firms, reached 6.146 billion U.S. dollars (37.615 billion yuan) in the second quarter of the year, while ODI inflows amounted to 3.837 billion U.S. dollars (23.486 billion yuan) in the same time period.
The calculations only cover equity investments that enable an investor to own 10 percent or more of voting stock in a company. Enditem

China increases tax breaks for small businesses

China increases tax breaks for small businesses
BEIJING, Aug. 19 (Xinhua) —  The State Council, China’s cabinet, on Wednesday decided to extend tax breaks to more small businesses for their roles in generating jobs and growth.
From Oct. 1, 2015 to the end of 2017, companies with annual taxable income under 300,000 yuan (46,900 U.S. dollars) will have their corporate tax halved, said a statement released after a meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang. Previously, the threshold was 200,000 yuan.
The meeting also extended tax breaks for companies with a monthly revenue of 20,000 to 30,000 yuan from the end of 2015 to the end of 2017. They will be exempted from value-added tax and business tax.
The move is the latest attempt to help small businesses, as they provide nearly 80 percent of urban jobs.
In the first six months, about 2.39 million small and micro enterprises in China paid reduced taxes, savings them about 8.6 billion yuan,  according to figures from the State Administration of Taxation. Enditem

Turnover of China’s rare earth exchange surges in first 7 months

HOHHOT, Aug. 11 (Xinhua) — Turnover of China’s rare earth exchange surged drastically in the first 7 months of this year due to declining prices and rising demand.
The Baotou Rare Earth Products Exchange processed 116,400 tonnes of products in the first 7 months, with a trading volume of 15.755 billion yuan (2.57 billion U.S. dollars), up 277 percent compared to the full year of 2014, according to Gu Ming, the exchange general manager.
“The drastic price decline of rare earth products invigorated the market demand,” Gu said.
During the first six months of this year, the average export price of rare earth products was 32,000 yuan per tonne, down 34.7 percent from the same period of last year, according to local customs.
As of the end of July, about 120 rare earth enterprises and agents had opened accounts in the exchange, said Gu.
The exchange will compile the rare earth price index and promote cross-border e-commerce in the near future, he said.
China began setting quotas and high duties on rare earth exports in 2010, causing friction with the European Union, Japan and the United States. Quotas were removed on Jan. 1 this year, and export duties were canceled in May after a WTO ruling in August 2014 declared the measures inconsistent with WTO rules and China’s accession protocol.
The Baotou Rare Earth Products Exchange was launched in March 2014 in north China’s Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. It was initiated by China North Rare Earth Group Co. Ltd, the country’s leading rare earth producer, and another 12 firms and institutions with a registered capital of 120 million yuan.
Rare earth metals are vital for manufacturing high-tech products ranging from smartphones and wind turbines to electric car batteries and missiles.  Enditem

China money market turnover up 115.8 pct o-y to RMB52.2 trln in July

BEIJING, Aug. 19 (Xinhua) — China’s money market turnover soared 115.8 percent year on year to 52.2 trillion yuan in July, according to a monthly financial market report released by the Chinese central bank on Wednesday.
During the first seven months, the money market turnover amounted to 251.8 trillion yuan, registering a year-on-year increase of 84.7 percent.
Interbank weighted average offered rate rose 7 basis points (bp) from the preceding month to 1.51 percent and average pledged bond repo rate gained 2 bps month on month to 1.43 percent in July. Enditem

Securitization in China helps global investors to RMB assets: S&P

BEIJING, Aug. 19 (Greenpost) — Global investors are focusing more on renminbi assets in China, primarily to diversify asset allocation and seek higher returns amid the prospering economy, according to a report by Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services.

Ongoing improvements in self-governance and information transparency in the securitization market are likely to support the development of China’s capital market, according to “China securitization: linking international investors and renminbi assets”, released Tuesday by the leading rating agency.
“China’s securitization market is small compared with its bond market, but its evolution might indicate answers to some questions regarding China’s capital markets,” said Standard & Poor’s credit analyst Vera Chaplin.
Starting in late 2014, a number of infrastructure enhancements in China’s securitization market had raised issuance efficiency and promoted market self-governance, while narrowing information gaps, Chaplin noted.
For instance, the formal information disclosure requirements in China’s asset-backed securities (ABS) and residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) securitization, set out by China’s National Association of Financial Market Institutional Investors in May, enhanced transparency and enabled investors to better understand the performance of transactions.
The result has been an increase in interest from international investors, he said.
Participation of global investors are believed to benefit China’s capital markets. Apart from providing additional capital, a more international scheme will support funding diversity for issuers and promote market infrastructure construction to meet international standards.
“More than 140 billion yuan (21.9 billion U.S. dollars) in securitization transactions was issued under the two major securitization schemes in China in the first six months of 2015,” Chaplin said.
“The transactions reveal a standardized platform for asset collections and how to allocate assets’ economic value, the disclosure of more information so that risks could be analyzed, and the isolation of asset sellers’ credit risk,” Chaplin said.
“As a result, international investors now have an opportunity to reach economic sectors that in the past they could not because of the smaller scale of the issuers or difficulties involved in finding the value of the assets,”  Enditem


Why Chinese currency has two names? Yuan and Renminbi. You can read more:

BOC Cross-border RMB Index increases 21 points m-o-m in June

BEIJING, Aug. 19 (Xinhua) — The Bank of China (BOC) Cross-border Renminbi (RMB) Index (CRI) increased 21 points month on month to 293 in June, according to the BOC on Wednesday.
The degree of activity in RMB cross-border transactions hit a record high in the month, and the degree of activity in RMB direct investment also witnessed year-on-year and month-on-month growth in June.
Meanwhile, the RMB under the current account saw a net inflow in June. Enditem

Wang Jianlin named world’s richest Chinese

   HANGZHOU, Aug. 19 (Greenpost) — Wang Jianlin, chairman of China’s property and entertainment giant Dalian Wanda Group, has overtaken Hong Kong’s Li Ka-shing to become the richest Chinese in the world, according to the new Hurun Rich List, reported Xinhua.

Wang’s wealth increased more than 50 percent year on year to 260 billion yuan (40.6 billion U.S. dollars) as of early June, Hurun Research Institute said in a press release on Wednesday.

Hong Kong tycoon Li Ka-shing, 87, was the second richest with a fortune of 200 billion yuan and Jack Ma, founder and chairman of Internet giant Alibaba, was named third richest with wealth of 165 billion yuan.
The list includes 1,577 tycoons from 18 countries and regions worth a minimum 2 billion yuan. Of those listed, 302 are from Kong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and foreign countries.
Their combined wealth was 12.7 trillion yuan, equalling the annual gross domestic product of Russia.

Rupert Hoogewerf, chair and chief Hurun Report researcher, said that Hurun had released this first rich for Chinese worldwide in response to global attention given to Chinese business people.
Hurun has released a China Rich List since 1999.   

Wang Jianlin started with real estate. In 2001, at a real estate yearly meeting, he was there together with Feng Lun, Alex Xu and Liu Yonghao as keynote speaker. 14 years later, he became the first richest Chinese while the others still very rich, but mostly focusing on real estate.

Wang has been transforming his real estate into cinemas and entertainment site. He also collected a lot of world famous art works.

He thinks internet is just a tool while Jack Ma is using internet to make numerous shops. Let’s see what will happen in the next 14 or 15 years.

Wang was born in Oct. 24, 1954. He joined the Chinese army in 1970 and graduated from Liaoning University in 1986.

Wang’s success benefitted from China’s opening up policy and the support of governments at various levels. It was also his own and his team’s wisdom to understand the leader’s will and transform his group a couple of times according to the trend.

Source Xinhua

Editor Xuefei Chen Axelsson