Category Archives: 芬兰新闻

芬兰环境部采用新的方法来制定房地产和建筑数字化的法规

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 要想在房地产和建筑方面数字化,需要哪些法规,怎样制定?芬兰环境部想出一个主意,就是大胆实验一个数字化公司的软件。

该软件在为产业提供数字化服务过程中不断地问问题,或者说用户如果有问题,就不断地问,然后,服务过程中不断地回答。这样,一个流程下来,人们就可以清楚地看到哪些方面的问题最多。问题多的到时候,只把答案写出来,不写问题。这样人们也不知道是谁问的问题。

这样制定出来的法规肯定都是有针对性的。利用数字化来规范数字化,不愧为一个好办法。

Finland experiments a new way to make law in real estate and construction digitalisation

By Xuefei Chen Axlesson

Lakiklinikka.fi online service under the KIRA-digi Project offers legal advice to projects that promote digitalisation in the real estate and construction sector free of charge. Information is also collected on statutes that may complicate the digitalisation process. Lakiklinikka.fi service is provided by Lexia Attorneys Ltd.

Quite a unique experiment has been started in the Finnish central government as the Ministry of the Environment aims to develop legislation through a new kind of service concept. Lakiklinikka.fi collects feedback especially from those affected by the legislation.

What this means in practice is that those implementing the projects are asked whether they have encountered legal problems, what they were like, and how they were solved. The service offers legal advice as well.

“We wanted to try a new, more agile way of developing legislation, and got the idea of combining advisory service with legislative work. The advisory service attracts more users as it brings concrete benefits to those who ask questions. The more questions and legal problems we have in the advisory service, the better picture the Ministry will gain of the provisions that may complicate digitalisation. The model is now being tested for the first time, and feedback will be most welcome. We encourage everybody to use the service”, says Jaana Junnila, Senior Ministerial Adviser at the Ministry of the Environment.

Open access to data – Lakiklinikka.fi summarises the state of playAll results of the advisory service and surveys are published on the Lakiklinikka.fi website. The questions to be published will be anonymous so that those who asked them cannot be identified. Everybody has access to open data – including various kinds of companies offering digital services.

Lakiklinikka.fi service for operators in real estate and construction business is constantly updated and supplement by data collected from the advisory service. Lakiklinikka.fi collects, classifies and analyses legal problems of the clients according to criteria such as topic and complexity.

“The task of a legal professional today is to serve as the client’s strategic partner. This is why the project is a unique opportunity for us to think about and analyse problems that come up and to promote the development of the real estate and construction business together with various stakeholders”, says Aleksi Lundén, Associate responsible for jurisprudence at Lexia Attorneys.

Lakiklinikka.fi also offers a platform for discussion and sharing information and expert views on legal matters. The project will continue until the end of 2018.

KIRA-digi support already to more than a hundred projectsThe Ministry of the Environment is preparing legislative amendments that will support digitalisation in the real estate and construction sectors as part of the Government’s key project. The KIRA-digi Project, which will continue until the end of 2018, looks for digital solutions to facilitate day-to-day operations in the real estate and construction sectors.

So far funding under the KIRA-digi Project has been granted to 104 experiments. A culture of experimentation is a key element in the Government’s key projects, which is also strongly reflected in the projects that have received KIRA-digi funding.

Experiences are collected from all experimental projects in order to construct a comprehensive picture of the most relevant legislative problems associated with digitalisation.

Indeed, this is a good way to make relevant legislation to the digitalisation problems.

北极理事会主席国芬兰将组织召开北极导航解决方案研讨会

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 卫星导航是我们日常生活的一部分。除了导航,卫星定位是电子和通讯网络和交通服务必不可少的。但是,这些系统和服务在高纬度地区,尤其是北极地区却不能最大限度地发挥作用。

4月16-18日,欧洲和北极国家的政府官员,科研人员和商界代表将汇聚芬兰的Muonio开会,寻求这些问题的解决方案。本次会议是芬兰作为北极理事会主席国的一个项目。由芬兰交通运输部,芬兰地质空间研究所联合举办。

芬兰交通运输部长安娜.贝尔纳说,这是首次北极国家坐在一起解决北极地区定位的挑战。一个具体的问题是飞机着陆时的卫星导航。 在中欧地区卫星导航没有问题,但是在北极地区就不行。这是因为基地空间站聚焦的网络卫星信号不强。另一个导航系统不准确的原因是卫星飞行通道。

“在北极也需要和在中欧一样准确可靠的定位。目前,系统还不能完全为北极地区服务。现在我们在试图寻找办法。”贝尔纳部长说。

卫星定位与智能交通系统和服务的发展紧密相连。北极地区的挑战就是定位覆盖的不均匀。结果就减缓了自动化交通的发展。

“在下一代伽利略卫星里,北极地区将得到更好地考虑,他们将提供在高纬度地区更精确的信息,” 芬兰地质空间研究所所长库斯涅米说。

芬兰于2017到2018年是北极理事会主席国。作为主席国,芬兰尤其重视定位和交通连接,海上交通安全和气象合作发展等问题。这些都与定位和卫星技术有关。

 

本次会议是芬兰交通运输部与地质空间研究所合作召开的,是作为北极项目的一部分,得到芬兰外交部的资助。

芬兰部长工资多少?

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)芬兰部长的工资收入和补助在议会议员的工资法里有解释。一位部长的工资等于议会副议长的工资再减掉5%。总理的工资等于议会议长的工资再减掉5%。如果议员被任命为部长,那他的工资将再加一半儿。

目前部长的月工资是9102.84欧元,总理的月工资是10920.06欧元。部长的工资是税前工资。

从2016年2月1日起,议员的月工资是6407欧元,服务12年后,月工资将增长到6887欧元。 议会议长月工资是11792欧元, 副议长月工资是9830欧元。议员的工资都是税前工资。议会议长专门成立一个三人小组委员会决定议员工资。

除了基本月工资外,议会委员会主席还会有720欧元的补贴。大委员会主席,宪法委员会主席,外交事务委员会主席,财经委员会主席和审计委员会主席的补贴是1188欧元。财经委员会下属的税务委员会,行政委员会和安全委员会主席的月补贴是720欧元,其他下属委员会主席的月补是475欧元。如果下属委员会主席由财经委主席兼任,则不加补贴。

议会小组主席月补是1188欧元如果其成员在16或以上。如果成员在3到15名,则月补是720欧元。议员平时或晚上或周末开会,都没有另外补助。

 除了工资,议员还可以报销990到1810欧元的月报,这要根据他们住在什么地方,或者他们是否在赫尔辛基市内有第二套房。
议员可以享受免费乘火车,飞机和大巴,如果是与立法目的有关的时候乘出租车也可以免费。
工资委员会决定议员的工资。
议会议长每四年选一次工资委员会主席和两名委员。他们都不是议员,也不是议会公务员。主席主持会议,其他两人必须参加。议员有可能发布有关委员会行为准则的命令。上一届委员会任期是2013年到2016年。

Ministerial pay and allowances and ministers’ private interests

Ministerial pay and allowances are defined in the act on the Members of Parliament’s salary. A minister’s salary equals that paid to the deputy speaker of Parliament minus five per cent. The salary paid to the prime minister equals that of the speaker of Parliament minus five per cent.
Act on the Member of Parliament’s salary – Finlex (in Finnish and Swedish only)
Act on Ministers’ Pay and Allowances – Finlex 

Ministers serving as Members of Parliament are also entitled to Member of Parliament’s salary and expense allowance. However, Members of Parliament appointed as ministers forfeit half of the salary and expense allowance they receive from Parliament.
Member of Parliament’s salary – Parliament 

Ministerial salaries

Currently, ministers receive EUR 9 102,84 per month and the prime minister EUR 10 920,06 per month. Ministerial salary is subject to tax.

MPs’ salaries and pensions

From 1st of February 2016 Members of Parliament are paid a salary of 6,407 euros a month, with the figure rising to 6,887 euros after 12 years of service. The Speaker receives 11,792 euros and the Deputy Speakers 9,830 euros a month. MPs’ pay is taxable income. A three-person remuneration committee appointed by the Speakers decides on MPs’ pay.

 

Supplement for chairs

In addition to their salary as MPs, committee chairs receive a monthly supplement of 720 euros. The figure for the chairs of the Grand Committee, the Constitutional Law Committee, the Foreign Affairs Committee,  the Finance Committee and the Audit Committee is 1,188 euros. Within the Finance Committee the chair of the Subcommittee for Tax Affairs and Subcommittee for Administration och Security receives a monthly supplement of 720 euros and the other subcommittee chairs receive 475 euros. This supplement is not paid if a subcommittee chair is entitled to a committee chair´s supplement.

Parliamentary group chairs receive a monthly supplement of 1,188 euros if the group has 16 or more members and 720 euros if it has 3-15 members. No supplement is paid if a group has only one or two members.

Separate remuneration is not paid for attending committee meetings, nor do evening and weekend sessions increase MP´s earnings.

Compensation for expenses

In addition to salary, MPs receive compensation for expenses ranging from 990 to 1,810 euros a month, depending on where they live and whether they have a second home in the Helsinki metropolitan area.

​Travel

MPs are entitled to travel free of charge by rail, scheduled flight and coach in Finland and by taxi in the Helsinki metropolitan area for purposes related to legislative work.

The Remuneration Committee sets the pay of MPs

The chair and two members of the Remuneration Committee, none of whom may be an MP or a parliamentary civil servant, are elected for a four-year term by the Speakers of Parliament.

The chair convenes the Committee, which is quorate when all of its members are present. The Speakers may issue supplementary orders concerning the actions of the Committee.

The Speakers of Parliament have appointed a Remuneration Committee for the period 1 Jan 2013 – 31 Dec 2016. It is chaired by Jouni Ekuri and the members are Riitta-Leena Paunio and Seppo Junttila. The Remuneration Committee appointed Erkki Kurikka as its secretary.

来源芬兰议会网站。 陈雪霏编译。