Category Archives: Business

business news from China, Sweden and the world.

Huawei is private company

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

 Huawei is a private company and mainly relies on the market economic regulations from the beginning and that might be its secret of success.
Huawei's founder breaks years of silence to protest U.S. attacks. Photo: Bloomberg
Huawei’s founder breaks years of silence to protest U.S. attacks. Photo: Bloomberg

Ren Zhengfei, the billionaire founder of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd., broke years of public silence to dismiss U.S. accusations the telecoms giant helps Beijing spy on Western governments.

While praising Donald Trump for his tax cuts, Ren also implicitly criticized the U.S. move in asking Canada to arrest his daughter for “scaring off potential investors.”

Ren denied suggestions that Huawei aids the Chinese government in espionage, saying it has no regular contact with Beijing, as his technology empire faces its biggest crisis in its three decades of existence. He said he’ll take a wait-and-see approach as to whether Trump will intervene on behalf of Huawei finance chief Meng Wanzhou. Meng — Ren’s eldest daughter — is in Canada facing extradition to the U.S. on allegations of helping defraud banks to avoid sanctions on Iran.

The emergence of the reclusive Ren, who last spoke with foreign media in 2015, underscores the depth of the attacks on Huawei, the largest symbol of China’s growing technological might. Meng’s arrest helped crystallize fears about its growing clout in areas from cutting-edge wireless infrastructure and semiconductors to consumer gadgets. Washington has since convinced a growing list of allies to blacklist Huawei networking equipment.

“I love my country, I support the Communist Party. But I will not do anything to harm the world,” the 74-year-old said in a roundtable briefing, only his third formal chat with foreign reporters. “I don’t see a close connection between my personal political beliefs and the businesses of Huawei.”

Ren said he would decline any request from Beijing for sensitive information on its clients and stressed the potential for cooperation with the U.S. and Trump’s administration. He said there is no law in China that requires a company to install a back door. “Huawei and I have not received any government requests to provide illicit information,” Ren said.

“Huawei is only a sesame seed in the trade conflict between China and the U.S.,” Ren said from the company’s campus in Shenzhen. “Trump is a great president. He dares to massively cut taxes, which will benefit business. But you have to treat well the companies and countries so that they are willing to invest in the U.S. and the government will be able to collect enough tax.”

However, he also pointed out the downside of the U.S. move in asking Canada to help arrest his daughter and extradite her.

“However, if a country or a company gets frightened, for example, if [you] detain some people, those potential investors will be scared away, and the positive [business] environment created by the tax cut will not bring expected results,” Ren said.

Ren, a legendary figure in Chinese business circles, is a uniquely placed voice in a conflict that will help define the global landscape in coming years.

A string of Huawei executives — all the way up to rotating chairman Ken Hu — have taken to media in recent weeks to deny allegations of espionage and challenge its accusers to provide proof of shady dealings. But the arrest in Poland last week of a sales executive accused of spying may have helped prompt the reclusive CEO to personally marshal Huawei’s global response. The employee in Poland was fired over the weekend.

Despite the potential impact on his business, Ren said he was confident Huawei’s revenue would grow to $125 billion in 2019 from more than $100 billion last year.

“Huawei is not a public company, we don’t need a beautiful earnings report,” Ren said. “If they don’t want Huawei to be in some markets, we can scale down a bit. As long as we can survive and feed our employees, there’s a future for us.”

Ren built a company that generates more sales than Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. and Tencent Holdings Ltd. combined. In 2018, Huawei overtook Apple Inc. in smartphone sales, a triumph that only served to burnish his tech credentials. His quotes adorn the walls of the food court at Huawei’s sprawling campus on the outskirts of the southern metropolis of Shenzhen, and employees still speak of him in reverent tones.

But it’s perhaps Huawei’s newest and splashiest campus in neighboring Dongguan that better encapsulates its ambitions. Overseen by Ren himself, the Chinese company has built a clutch of faux European towns modeled after the likes of Paris and Verona, complete with a lake, castles and bell towers. The complex is so massive employees have to get around by train — and it’s still expanding.

Yet Huawei has now become a target of scrutiny around the world. While the company is owned by its employees, the founder’s earlier career with the People’s Liberation Army has constantly bred suspicion that it poses a security threat, an accusation it has always denied. Still, several carriers are shunning its equipment over concerns the products may leave a backdoor for Chinese intelligence agencies.

Within China, the U.S.-led effort to exclude Huawei as the world prepares to adopt revolutionary fifth-generation wireless is tantamount to a national affront. The company remains a linchpin in Beijing’s effort to dominate future technologies by 2025 and a 2018 document from the Department of the Treasury showed that Huawei had about a 10th of the essential patents for 5G wireless networks. That would put it in a prime position to capitalize on the billions that will be spent rolling out the technology.

“I’m a strong supporter of the world building a unified technology standard,” Ren said.

Ren, who survived the great famine to found Huawei with four partners in 1987 with 21,000 yuan, said Huawei will continue to engage with governments so they can better understand his business.

He stepped back from daily operations in 2011 by introducing a unique rotation system that allows younger executives to run the company for about six months at a time. But he remained the face of the company on major occasions, such as when he accompanied President Xi Jinping to a Huawei office in the U.K. in 2015.

The company’s 2017 report shows he has a 1.4% stake, giving him a net worth of $2 billion, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index.

Over the past year the accusations have intensified, compounded by his daughter’s arrest as well as the blocking or limiting of Huawei gear in the U.S., AustraliaNew Zealand and other countries.

“Huawei firmly stands on the side of customers when it comes to cybersecurity and privacy,” Ren said.

Source: Bloomberg – Caixin

Discovering 10 international brand stories of Shenzhen

Sun Jin, Chief Reporter, Shenzhen Special Zone Daily

STOCKHOLM, Jan. 14(Greenpost):

Abstract: Creating Global Opportunities with an innovative mindset – interview series of top 10 Shenzhen brand stories has come to a perfect close.

Shenzhen Foundation for International Exchange and cooperation (SFIEC), Federation of Shenzhen Industries and Shenzhen Special Zone Daily jointly organized “Shenzhen-Made With Global Vision – An Exploration of Shenzhen Brand Stories” on the “CityPlus” platform. After half a year, the media series has come to a perfect close. Through the immersive coverage of 10 brands, such as UBTEech, Hytera, Artron and Fangda, we explored their story of overseas market expansion. In this article, we have included the most prominent parts of 6 SFIEC Trustee Companies for our readers.

2018 marks the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up

Global brands are the best namecard

from Shenzhen to the world

Facing the competition of innovation

Shenzhen has always focused on

technological innovation and industrial upgrade

Changing “Made in China” to “Designed in China” !

Cutting-edge technology: Sailing Towards the Global Market Through European and U.S. American Developed Countries

While Hytera has made the United States its first stop in its international market expansion, BGI started from the Human Genome Project Laboratory at the University of Washington and UBTECH became the first supplier of intelligent robots to make its way into Apple’s global flagship stores… unlike many of the early traditional Chinese companies who “went global”, Shenzhen’s cutting-edge technology brands regard the developed countries in Europe and America as their starting point of globalization.

Hytera: Charging Towards the Global Private Network Communication Innovation Highland

When he first came to the United States in 1997, Chen Qingzhou, the founder of Hytera, decided to make the United States the first stop of “going global” . In his mind, only a strong foothold in the world’s most developed market would make a strong endorsement of product quality.

“The cultural differences between countries are very deep. If Chinese companies want to make good overseas acquisitions, they must be able to apply the wisdom of China’s ‘harmony in diversity’ “.

– Chen Qingzhou: Hainengda founder, Vice Chairman of SFIEC

To succeed in the international market, one must have international talents who understand the local market and are able to take local design, marketing and technology layout into consideration. From the development of C160, the first walkie-talkie for professional wireless communications in China, in April 1995 to the announcement of its intelligent convergence network solution at the Hytera Global Summit in May 2017, Hytera has changed the rules of the game, bringing the private network communication into a new era of “intelligence convergence” .

C160 walkie-talkie / 2017 Global Summit and Hainengda Intelligence Convergence website launch

Today, from Hollywood blockbusters to the Jiuzhai Valley Earthquake, Columbia Mudslides rescue sites, from the Rio Olympics to the World Cup in Russia, from the Xiamen BRICS Summit to the SCO summit in Qingdao… Hytera is everywhere in the world. It has 10 R&D Centres overseas, 90 subsidiaries and branch offices, and has successfully acquired a number of European and US companies. “Think Globally, Act Locally” , Hytera has explored its own international strategy through practice.

BGI: Leading the Way in the Era of Life

Founder Wang Jian started in the laboratory of the Human Genome Project at the University of Washington in the United States, which later turned into the Chinese Biomedical Association of the United States. Since its establishment, BGI has carried an international gene and started  its journey to becoming the “gene master” with “1%”.

National Gene Bank /Independently developed sequencer developed by BGI

With the unique mode of combining production, learning and research, BGI leads the innovation and development of genomics. With cross-border cooperation in more than 100 countries and regions all over the world and applying cutting-edge research achievements of genes to the fields of medical health, agricultural breeding, resource conservation, judicial service etc. Since 2015, BGI has released several independently developed sequencers to further reduce the cost of gene sequencing and promote gene technology for the benefit of mankind. In leading and guiding the formation process of the “Hyper-Moore’s Law” , BGI has also become one of the world’s only three, and China’s only mass production clinical level sequencer company.

 

“BGI is not a company in the traditional sense, but a social enterprise linking research, industry and people’s welfare.”

-Zhu Yanmei, Executive Vice President of BGI Group, SFIEC trustee

                             

UBTECH: Travelling The World With Robots

Because they had a dream, UBTECH chose robots; because of innovation, UBTECH chose Shenzhen. Founded just six years ago, UBTECH is the world’s first “Unicorn” company in the humanoid robot field. In 2017, it was named one of Fortune Magazine’s “Top 50 worldwide AI start-ups “. From the day of its birth, BGI has always been committed to the internationalization of its brand.

MUST-HAVE ROBOT PRODUCTS

In order for a brand to go global , talent is the key. UBTECH has attracted talent from world-renowned universities, and also owns an internationalized R&D team and professional brand marketing staff, establishing cooperation with international first-class research institutions and enterprises. Since 2008, UBTECH has focused its efforts on developing the technology essential to building androids – steering gear. Finally after five years of overcoming numerous bottlenecks and difficulties, UBTECH developed products that are equal to, if not better than those of first-class European and American companies in terms of parameters performance. From technological R&D, brand translation to global distribution… “internationalization” gave wings for rapid take-off to unicorn enterprises like UBTECH from the beginning.

 

In UBTECH’s blueprints, there is not only a dazzling, cool “futuristic feel”, but even more, a warm, amiable “sense of expectation”: At the 2016 CCTV Spring Festival gala, UBTECH’s independently developed and produced humanoid robot won the audience with its cuteness:  by being able to talk, host and dance, they became the hottest internet celebrities of the day.

High-End Manufacturing: Overcoming Technical Difficulties and Winning Customer Trust

Fangda Group and China Southern Glass Holding’s road to internationalization is a microcosm of the internationalization of China’s high-end equipment manufacturing industry. In short: things are difficult before they become easier, it was by overcoming technical and R&D difficulties that they could enter the international market thereby gaining the support and trust of customers all around the world.

FangDa Group: On The Global Track To The Rhythm of Belt and Road

As Xiong Haigang, assistant to the president of Fangda Group and general manager of Fangda Automation System Co. , Ltd. admitted, although the R&D and post-manufacture positioning of Fangda’s products far exceed domestic and international standards, establishing a Chinese equipment manufacturing brand overseas was no easy task. What Fangda lacks is the opportunity to gain international recognition for its high-standard products and services.

On November 29,1995, at the base of innovation in Shekou, Shenzhen, Fangda Group was listed on the Shenzhen Stock Exchange as the first listed private enterprise in China.

Since 2008, Fangda began to expand overseas markets, but the first three years didn’t yield any favorable results. The turning point came in 2012, when Fangda Group took part in the solicitation process for the Singapore MRT Takashi Extension Project. After more than four months and 11 rounds of discussions, a deal was finally made and they gained recognition from the Singapore Metro Industry and local government authorities, opening a window of opportunity for overeas market development. Due to Singapore’s leading role in governance and urban operations management in Asia, the overseas brand image that the group has established through the Singapore Metro has also had an impact everywhere, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand subway companies from other countries have reached out to them, and even took initiative to manufacture their own subway screen doors in accordance with the high standards of Fangda.

Overseas customers went from questioning Fangda’s ability to manage projects and product quality to voluntarily asking Fangda to establish local branches to in order to develop and preserve a more long-term and stable cooperation, this attitude represents the opinion international customers had towards accepting China’s equipment manufacturing brand, going through a process of recognition from “unfamiliarity to acknowledgment to understanding and support”.

CSG Holding: “Made in China” on the skyline of Global Metropolises

From Manhattan, New York to Canary Wharf, London, from Dubai to Central Milan, countless “made-by-CSG” glasses have added color to the skyline of the world’s most famous cities. Born in 1984 in Shekou, Shenzhen, the CSG Holding has since its inception been representing China in the international market competition.

Most leading countries of glass technology in the world are in Europe and the United States, which means they’re all located in relatively cold regions where the climate environment is similarly cold. In China, the climate diversity from north to south has put forward higher requirements for glass properties, opened up a wide market for the development of diversified products for CSG, and met the special requirement for heat resistance of glass in Australia, the Middle East and other regions due to long sunshine time. CSB has succeeded in attracting international customers by taking the difficult road of independent R&D when it encountered the limits of overseas technological barriers. As early as 1998, CSG produced the 1.1 mm ultra-thin float glass for the first time, it was the first float glass production line with independent intellectual property rights in China. Now, there are nearly 350 float glass production lines in China, all developed on the basis of CSG.

From the very beginning of learning from different international brands and drawing on the strengths of each countries, while co-developing designs with national design institutes, CSG discovered a way independent R&D in manufacturing.

Cultural Creativity: A New Outlet for Cultural Consumption With “Artistic Wisdom”

In the era of globalization and the internet, the elements of innovation are gathering towards  “urban characteristics” of the international urban agglomeration from the traditional “geographical zone”. From “Cultural Desert” to “Cultural Oasis” , “Cultural Innovation” is the “urban characteristic” displayed in the process of Shenzhen’s reform and opening-up.

From Artron, a global arts service provider, to the international professional orchestra Shenzhen Symphony Orchestra, to the Shenzhen Watch & Clock Association, a leader in creating time culture in Shenzhen, Shenzhen has paved its way of innovation leading towards globalization for cultural brands with a global vision and Shenzhen characteristics.

                                               

Artron: Creating “world culture” with “artistic wisdom”

Starting from Shenzhen, Artron looks up at the sky leading to international brands, and the “artistic wisdom” displayed in the process of transforming a printing methodology into a way of art has become the benchmark for the international development of its brand.

The Artron art center, the world’s largest art book wall, won the “Oscar” of the printing industry — “Benny Award” Gold Prize

By applying the differentiation strategy and reducing commercial printing, Artron has moved away from traditional printing towards an art and design oriented cultural enterprise. They have settled into their new state more quickly: to make people’s lives better. “With print becoming more personalized and small-scale, in the future, a printed book may become a ‘Work of art’ or a ‘luxury good,’. What is to come is digital information that can be linked to in depth reading on paper, with one quick scan with your phone you can connect directly to the ‘Artron Cloud Atlas’,” said Peng Gan, CEO of Artron Culture Group and a veteran of overseas business development.

Artron aims to represent the highest standard of the industry “Oscar” with professional standards in order to be internationally recognized, thus successfully giving Chinese brand access to the global market. Since winning the gold medal at the 2003 American print awards for his production of “the face album of Mei Lanfang opera” on the “Oscar Stage” – Benny Award, Artron has won the world’s top printing prize 12 times, winning a total of 65 Benny Awards and becoming the printing company to recieve the most global prizes in the last five years.

                                                     

Orchestras and companies are very different, with the former relying on a long history of culture, including top talent, unique repertoire, and good reputation, none of which can be accumulated in a short period of time. Based in southern China, Shenzhen Symphony Orchestra has quickly established a global reputation as a leading serious music group and become a brand of well-deserved international cultural exchange in Shenzhen.Shenzhen Symphony Orchestra: “Shenzhen’s Melody” Lingering in the World Music Scene

Performed at the Concert Hall of the Liszt Music University in Budapest, Hungary

Founded in 1982 at the beginning of the reform and opening-up period, Shenzhen Symphony Orchestra began to learn from the professional experience of international orchestras in the 1990s, breaking the traditional way of “ranking according to Seniority” with the principle of “bringing in, going out”.  The Orchestra not only attracts outstanding music talents from home and abroad, but also trains them in a planned and cost-effective way, providing them with great studying opportunities. Furthermore, it also dares to work with the world’s best to continuously enhance the professional standard of the orchestra.

So far, deep friendships have been established in five continents. The Orchestra has toured in the Czech Republic, Poland, Germany, Italy, France, Turkey, South Africa, the United States, Singapore, Indonesia, South Korea and Thailand among many others. The orchestra pays special attention to traditional Chinese compositions, with some original compositions such as “Harmony in China” , “Folk songs and Hakka tunes” and “Ode to Mankind” being performed with great success at the United Nations headquarters, the UNESCO Headquarters and the world’s most prominent concert halls.

“We learn from the outside world and absorb their experience for our own good.”

-Nie Bing, Director of Shenzhen Symphony Orchestra and SFIEC Trustee

                                    

Shenzhen Watch and Clock Association: Transmitting Shenzhen’s Time Culture To The World

Even though we can’t change the past, we can strive for a spot in the future.

As one of the earliest industrial associations in Shenzhen, Shenzhen Watch & Clock Association has been continuously exploring and innovating the element of “time culture” for 31 years, guiding and leading local watch enterprises in Shenzhen to move towards “fashion technology”, extending the reach of the development of artificial intelligence to the wearable product industry, providing other manufacturers with precise and intelligent manufacturing capabilities, and sharing the “time culture” of Shenzhen Intelligent Manufacturing with global consumers.

Swiss National Innovation Park and Time Valley Sign Strategic Cooperation Agreement / Time Culture Week Opening Ceremony

On the road of brand internationalization growth, while the Shenzhen watch enterprises cooperate with European Swiss and French high-end brands, they also research and develop  products for new generation of consumers with digitalization. Since 2011, Shenzhen has held Chinese Watch Culture Week every year. This year, the first Shenzhen Time Culture Week shows “the eternal charm of time” in the form of exhibitions, forums etc.

It is precisely because of the continued investment and perseverance in the creation of a brand that Fiyta, Tian Wang, Ebohr, Power, Starking and other Shenzhen Watch brands are gradually becoming more and more well known. ”

Time is fair to everyone! The key lies with he who can convey the future,”said Zhu Shunhua, president of the Shenzhen Clock & Watch Association.

Other two companies

Winner Medical: Leading The Global Medical Dressing Industry With The Motto “Quality Before Profit”

As the leading manufacturer of medical dressing, starting at OEM business and moving to an independent brand, from imitating and copying to developing independent creations, Winner Medical have travelled the harder, less walked path.

Only by driving more Chinese companies to win overseas recognition by improving their quality can Chinese brands increase their international influence. In 2007, Li Jianquan, the founder and chairman of Winner Medical, initiated and established the medical disposable market of China Medical Insurance Chamber of Commerce to lead the healthy development of the medical disposable market and help more enterprises establish brand awareness and begin taking the road towards independent brand development.

After the international ISO quality management system came into being, Winner Medical took the lead in entering the medical disposable market, and introduced the German company TUV as the certification body, and established a thorough medical dressing quality supervision system. Every process and quality standard of product manufacture is redefined, from raw materials in warehouses to production monitoring, from production environment to equipment processes, all under the thorough and accurate control system.

In 2005, Winner Medical successfully completed the independent research and development of their patent technology of “cotton spun laced non-woven fabric” , creatively using raw cotton to directly produce all-cotton spun laced non-woven fabric, completely derailing traditional equipment and processes. This is also Winner Medical’s starting point of the shift from ” just medical for treatment to daily use”. Now, “all-cotton spun laced non-woven” technology in China, the United States, the European Union, Japan and other countries and regions around the world made a patent certificate, known as “China’s textile industry’s great creation”. In 2009, Winner Medical established subsidiary PurCotton, successfully  beginning their development towards medical products that are suitable for daily use with “bringing medicine closer to life, and cotton closer to health, ”  as their core principle, which also marks the beginning of Winner Medical’s entry into the consumer goods field.

Qixin Construction: Uniting The World With Creative Decorations

Innovation and self-loyalty are the values behind Qixin shares, and are also the values Qixin shares will hold true to before setting out from south China and reaching the rest of the country and the rest of the world. With the Beijing Yanqi Lake International Convention and Exhibition Center, Kunming Dianchi International Convention and Exhibition Center, the Shenzhen Citizen Center and other well-known landmarks,  Qixin‘s recognition, visibility and reputation has risen.

In recent years, under the “Belt and Road” initiative, Qixin has “gone global” , undertaking landmark projects together with chinese-funded institutions, ranging from the Vietnam-China Friendship Palace to Djibouti’s National Library and archives, to the Equatorial Guinea Stadium, Qixin Shares spreads excellent, decorative architecture around the world, at the same time, it shows the world China’s new image after its reform and opening-up, and promotes China’s modern scientific and technological achievements and traditional culture. From the foreign market background investigation, familiarity with international law and policy to employee training, Qixin “goes global” in order to compete in the international market, sharpens internal skills, with the strength of the enterprise growing continuously.

With the deepening of the reform and opening up and upgrading of the industrial structure, Qixin already began years ago to apply the Internet of Things strategy in construction, with the construction as their core business, they restructured the industrial value chain, innovated the world of networking and led the trend of healthy living. Today, Qixin has realized  “perception, interconnection and wisdom” of construction both internally and externally, providing customized solutions, user experience-based services, while also offering comprehensive “construction IoT+” products and service solutions.

Expert Insights

                                               
Niu Huayong, Executive Dean of the School of Southern Studies at Beijing Foreign Studies University, shared his expert insights.

“Forty years after its reform and opening up, Shenzhen has gone from a contract factory to today’s innovation capital of China and the world. This is because a number of innovative enterprises with great aspirations have chosen to invest in research and develop at a time when others only care about making easy money in order to claim the high ground in ten to twenty years from now. After experiencing initial difficulties, the explosive, unlimited motivation will be unmatched by other enterprises.”

About “CityPlus”:

“CityPlus” is a two-way information platform initiated by Shenzhen and dedicated to the whole world. It aims to let the world learn about Shenzhen in a warm and interesting way and let Shenzhen citizens know the world.

 

Reference:

http://cityplus.com/main/special/enShenzhen.view

Hytera: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/PPpN4BQGysjeWUU5n5HJ4Q

BGI: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/1cXVQxniWL8vhY1gwOEEBQ

UBTECH: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/dTmtd9QWFadTp6s8eCdKrQ

FANGDA Group: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/bJD3WJO91U2HyD45atDKnQ

CSG Holding: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/tn7RSXb8c9Wahsepcptm_A

Artron: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/eqsUmdAWLZEXZAfWFqbTZg

SZSO: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/mC1wLiUeLWtJfcBEzF-VBA

SZWCA: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/QUWDufkgUJUYNPA-xz60Rg

Winner Medical: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/_G3D4E59rWCnz8GpQPzNGA

Qixin: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/m8Cswazcd2Le8uI1_Gn9rQ

Maximum length of a vehicle combination 34.5 metres

The maximum length of a vehicle combination in road traffic will increase from 25.25 to 34.5 metres. The maximum permissible mass remains at 76 tonnes. New type of vehicle combinations that differ from the current standards may also be used on the road. A Government decree on the matter will enter into force on 21 January 2019.

The maximum length of other vehicles than buses and coaches will increase from 12 to 13 metres, the new drawing length of a semi-trailer will be 18 metres and the length of the actual semi-trailer 16 metres.

The maximum permissible length of a combined truck and a semi-trailer will go up from 16.5 to 23 metres. The maximum length of a combination of a car and a centre-axle trailer on the road will be 20.75 metres instead of the current 18.75 metres.

Before the decree was amended, the so-called HCT trucks, whose lengths and masses differ from what is currently allowed, were tested since 2013.  In terms of maximum permissible masses, a preliminary review of the present road network showed that the current maximum permissible mass for a combined vehicle (76 tonnes) cannot be sustainably increased throughout the network. The Transport and Communications Agency, TrafiCom, may also in future grant fixed-term deviation permits for vehicle combinations that exceed the general limit values.

Stricter requirements for long combinationsThe requirements in the decree concerning turnability and stability of long combinations are stricter than what was allowed in the trial. The requirements for combinations also include camera systems for side visibility, an advanced emergency braking and lane detector system, electronic driving stability system and electronically controlled brakes.

The requirement of turnability may affect the planning of intersection areas, and the need for restriction signs in the present intersections continues to exist. However, the long combinations do not really need to access different places but they will mainly be used for connections between terminals, larger shopping centres and production plants, and they will mostly be used outside rush hours, like in the night-time.

The changes in the lengths of vehicle combinations are estimated to gain significant benefits, especially in transport of sea containers, general cargo and foodstuff. These represent nearly 50% of the cargo transport on roads.

China grants first export licence for Finnish fish products

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Jan. 10(Greenpost) — In connection with an export promotion visit by the Finnish Food Authority and Permanent Secretary Jaana Husu-Kallio from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, China has granted its first export licence for Finnish fish products. The export authorisation granted by the Chinese authorities is specific to certain establishments, and it currently applies to one Finnish fish product manufacturer, according to a press release from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

The export licence concerns Finnish fish only, while Norwegian salmon cannot be exported to China via Finland. The licence is applicable to certain fish species and products, including frozen, salted and smoked Finnish salmon, rainbow trout, common whitefish (lavaret) and roach fish.

– Promoting the blue bioeconomy is one of the Finnish Government’s key projects. The opening of the Chinese markets for fish products means enormous opportunities for the whole fisheries sector in Finland. The global demand for fisheries products from our clean waters keeps growing, says Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Jari Leppä.

Opening the export licences has been prepared as a collaborative effort by the export team of the Finnish Food Authority (until the end of 2018 the Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira). The Chinese authorities have been provided with comprehensive analyses on the manufacture of fish products in Finland, and the authorities have visited Finland to inspect the production facilities.

Invitation to the 3rd China (Shenzhen) Innovation & Entrepreneurship International Competition· Stockholm(Sweden)Division 【深创赛国际赛瑞典分站赛】在资本寒冬,这里有一个和深圳的冬天一样温暖的比赛

北欧绿色邮报网受权发布:

Invitation to the 3rd China (Shenzhen) Innovation & Entrepreneurship International Competition· Stockholm(Sweden)Division

【深创赛国际赛瑞典分站赛】在资本寒冬,这里有一个和深圳的冬天一样温暖的比赛

 

中国深圳创新创业大赛第三届国际赛于2018年12月1日正式启动。大赛集聚海外优质项目,整合创新创业资源,协助海外创新创业项目对接中国高新产业资源,开拓中国市场,实现互利共赢。

The 3rd China (Shenzhen) Innovation & Entrepreneurship   International Competition has officially been launched on December 1st,   2018. The competition will attract numerous high-quality overseas start-up   projects, in order to integrate innovation and entrepreneurship resources to help   foreign innovators and entrepreneurs connect with Chinese hi-tech industrial   resources, thus expanding the Chinese market for win-win results.

大赛简介Brief introduction of the competition

本届大赛于2018年12月1日到2019年2月28日期间接受报名,2019年3月将在全球9个国家的10个城市分别举办10场海外分站赛,同期专业赛启动项目初选。2019年4月,海外分站赛和专业赛晋级的100多个优秀项目将集聚深圳,瞄准大赛最高荣誉和奖项,通过专业赛决赛、行业决赛和总决赛展开多轮激烈角逐。

 

大赛总奖金为1120万元人民币,分别是海外分站赛决赛(总奖金290万元)、专业赛(总奖金150万)、行业决赛(总奖金250万元)和总决赛(总奖金430万元),其中单个选手将有机会获得共计140万元的大赛奖金。大赛除设置丰厚的奖金外,还为优质创业项目提供产业奖励、科技金融、项目孵化等政策支持。

 

Registration for the competition is open from December 1st, 2018 to February 28th, 2019. In March 2019, Overseas Division Competitions will be held in 10 cities across 9 countries, and the preliminary round for the Professional Competition will start at the same time. As a result, more than 100 outstanding projects selected from the Overseas Division Competitions and Professional Competition will meet in Shenzhen in April 2019 and compete for the final awards.

 

The competition offers a total prize pool of RMB 11.2 million (1.43 million Euros), including RMB 2.9 million (370,000 Euros) for Overseas Division finalists, RMB 1.5 million (190,000 Euros)  for Professional finalists, RMB 2.5 million (320,000 Euros)  for Industrial finalists and RMB 4.3 million (550,000 Euros) for grand champion. Each contestant may stand the chance to win a total prize of RMB 1.4 million (180,000 Euros) . In addition to the prizes, the competition also provides high-quality entrepreneurship projects with support such as industrial incentives, financial technology and project incubation.

 

今年的大赛特点有:

Highlights of this year’s competition include:

 

  1. 创新开放,链接全球创新高地

本届国际赛继续链接全球创新项目集聚的城市和地区,扩大办赛规模。在上届大赛设置9个海外分站赛的基础上,新增西班牙马德里分站赛。大赛海外分站赛数量达到10个,分别是:澳大利亚悉尼、加拿大多伦多、德国柏林、以色列特拉维夫、日本东京、瑞典斯德哥尔摩、西班牙马德里、美国波士顿、美国硅谷和英国伦敦。

  1. Innovation and opening up to connect the global highlands of innovation.

This year’s international competition will continue to further connect global cities and regions. A new session of the Overseas Division Competitions has been added to the previous nine sessions and will be held in Madrid (Spain). Therefore, there will be a total of ten sessions of the Overseas Division Competitions, which will be held in Sydney (Australia), Toronto (Canada), Berlin (Germany), Tel Aviv (Israel), Tokyo (Japan), Stockholm (Sweden), Madrid (Spain), Boston (U.S.A.), Silicon Valley (U.S.A.) and London (U.K.).

 

  1. 优化专业,贴合深圳产业发展

为大力实施创新驱动发展战略,形成梯次发展的产业结构和新的竞争优势,本届国际赛在原有互联网、先进制造、电子科技、生物与生命科技、材料与能源(含节能环保)5大行业赛基础上,针对深圳市支柱产业的发展,设置物联网、人工智能、金融科技3大专业赛。符合专业赛参赛条件的项目在报名参加行业赛的同时,可报名参加专业赛。

 

  1. Optimized competition categories tailored towards the industrial development in Shenzhen. 

In order to implement its innovation-driven development strategy and promote Shenzhen’s industrial structure, this year’s competition has added three new Professional Competition Categories to last year’s five Industrial Competitions Categories. They are:

 

Professional Competitions:

1) Internet of Things

2) Artificial Intelligence

3) Financial Technology

 

Industrial Competitions:

1) Information and Communications Technology

2) Advanced Manufacturing

3) Electronic Science and Technology

4) Biology and Life Science and Technology

5) Materials & Energy (including energy conservation and environmental protection).

 

Contestants may register projects under both Professional Competitions and Industrial Competitions, provided that they meet the required conditions.

 

  1. 创投汇聚,融聚资源共赢未来

参与本届国际赛的创投机构达40家。由深创投、松禾资本、东方富海、同创伟业、青橙资本等多家知名投资机构领衔,与大赛直接对接,组合形成总额250亿元人民币的创投资金池,对大赛优秀项目进行组合投资。在分站赛比赛期间,我市的投资机构、投资人将担任评委、导师,深入到各个国家和比赛地区,开展项目对接活动。所有参赛项目均可通过大赛投资对接服务平台获得社会资本的投资机会。同时,精选2家银行机构开展以“投融贷”“人才贷”等多种形式的金融服务方案,丰富落地企业在融资方面的多元选择,帮助参赛者更快发展。

 

  1. Gathering of venture capital investment and integration of resources. 

Up to 40 venture capital organizations will participate in the international competition. A number of renowned investment organizations represented by Shenzhen Capital Group, Shenzhen Green Pine Capital, Oriental Fortune Capital, Cowincapital and Green Orange Capital will connect directly during the competition and form a venture capital fund pool of RMB 25 billion (3.2 billion Euros) to carry out portfolio investment on outstanding competition projects. During the division competitions, investment organizations and investors from Shenzhen will serve as judges and supervisors and engage in project connections in different countries and divisions. All participating projects will be provided with social capital investment opportunities through the investment connection service platform of the competition. Meanwhile, two banks will be selected to offer various forms of financial service solutions such as “investment and financing loans” and “talent loans” so as to offer more options to the settling companies in terms of financing and facilitate the development of contestants.

 

比赛流程Schedule of the Competition

CONTENT DATE
Application Deadline February 28th
Division Competition The End of March
Internet Industry Finals April 10th
Electronics Industry Finals April 10th
Life Science Industry Finals April 10th
Advanced Manufacturing Industry Finals April 10th
Materials & Energy Industry Finals April 10th
Finals April 12th
Award Ceremony April 12th

 

大赛奖金Cash Prizes

CATEGORY PRIZE AMOUNT BONUS
Finals  First prize 1 RMB 1,000,000 (~€ 128,300)
Second prize 3  RMB 500,000 (~€ 64,000)
Third prize 6  RMB 300,000 (~€ 38,500)
Industrial Finals  First prize 1  RMB 150,000 (~€ 19,300)
Second prize 2  RMB 100,000 (~€ 12,900)
Third prize 3  RMB 50,000 (~€ 6,400)
Overseas Division

Competitions

 First prize 1  RMB 100,000 (~€ 12,800)
Second prize 2  RMB 50,000 (~€ 6,400)
Third prize 3  RMB 30,000 (~€ 3,800)

 

参赛资格Applications & Requirements

1)拥有创新成果和创业计划的海外高层次创业团队或个人;

2)计划赛后6个月内在深圳注册成立企业;

3)参赛项目的产品、技术或相关专利归属参赛人员,与他人无产权纠纷,因侵权产生的责任由参赛者自负;

4)获得历届深圳市在海外举办的大赛以及中国深圳创新创业大赛国内赛、国际赛奖项的选手不能重复参加本届大赛。

 

The Participants (Teams or individuals) should:

1) be those who have innovation achievements and business plans;

2) have plans of entrepreneurship in Shenzhen after the competition;

3) should possess full ownership of all rights related to the product, the technology and the patent, have no property dispute with any other person, and assume full responsibility caused by any possible infringement;

4) those who had won prizes in previous competitions held overseas by Shenzhen or awards in domestic or international of previous China (Shenzhen) Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competitions cannot participate in this Competition.

 

组织单位 Organizations

指导单位

国家科技部(国家外国专家局)

 

主办单位

深圳市人民政府

 

承办单位

深圳市人力资源和社会保障局

深圳市科技创新委员会

深圳市宝安区人民政府

 

瑞典斯德哥尔摩分站赛执行机构

深圳中欧创新中心

 

瑞典斯德哥尔摩分站赛合作机构

瑞典皇家理工学院 KTH

瑞典国家科学研究院 RISE

北欧华人创新创业协会

 

瑞典斯德哥尔摩分站赛支持机构

深圳市驻欧洲海外高层次人才联络处

瑞典卡罗林斯卡医学院 KI

瑞典光电子联盟 Photonic Sweden

华大智造MGI

Nordic Match

瑞中企业家协会

瑞典中国学生学者联谊会(CSSASE)

芬兰华人科技协会

北欧绿色邮报网

Nhack

北欧科萃

北欧中国初创论坛

 

Guiders:

Shenzhen Municipal People’s Government

 

Sweden Division Hosts:

Shenzhen Human Resources and Social Security Bureau

Shenzhen Baoan District People’s Government

Shenzhen Municipal Commission of Science and Technology Innovation

 

Sweden Division Organizer:

Shenzhen China-Europe Innovation Center

 

Sweden Division Partners and Supporters

Royal Institute of Technology

Research Institutes of Sweden

Nordic Chinese Association for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Shenzhen European Office Guangdong Province, P. R. China

Karolinska Institute

PhotonicSweden

MGI

Nordic Match

Sweden-China Entrepreneur Association

CSSASE

Association of Science and Technology in Finland

Greenpost.se

Nhack

Nordic Apiary

Nordic-China Startup Forum

 

报名方式Registration

报名时间

Registration Time

2018年12月1日-2019年2月28日

December 1st, 2018 – February 28th, 2019.

 

 报名地址:

Register now!

http://cn.itcsz.cn

 

也可以长按识别下方二维码报名

scan the QR code below to register now!

 

瑞典分站赛联系人

Contact person

Mirror Chen

T:+86 135 1063 2856

E:chenjingru@intebridge.com

 

James Zhou

T:+86 135 3069 0880

E:zhouxiang@intebridge.com

 

时评:特斯拉来了,北京汽车加油!

北欧绿色邮报网评论员 陈雪霏

正当北京中美贸易谈判之时,美国特斯拉全电动汽车冲入上海,对北京汽车构成竞争。堪比华为到瑞典与爱立信翘首相望。一个国家有这样的胆量和勇气,就是真正自信的表现。

2013年两会期间,北汽集团董事长徐和谊坦言为修建充电桩的土地发愁。笔者为之抱不平,因为北京的空气污染和雾霾真的成为人们的眼中钉肉中刺,但是,如果让某些人舍出地方来建充电桩,就开始横加阻拦。现在北汽越来越威武,这是好事,可喜可贺。但是,看报道,他们还在生产传统燃油汽车,那就象穿新衣还必须穿旧鞋和旧袜子一样,包袱会很沉重。

一个瑞典朋友在瑞典就是卖特斯拉的,因此,曾经坐过一次特斯拉,和沃尔沃一样敦实,舒适,能量一样饱满,真的是无可挑剔。未来,如果人们能象追逐奔驰宝马和沃尔沃一样追逐特斯拉,那么将是对环保和预防雾霾的有力推动,是大好事。南北之间有点儿竞争也是健康的市场经济的表现。

随着中国社会福利制度的不断完善,鼓励创新和新的绿色生活方式的转变,相信中国的环境会越来越好。

这就是良性循环,电动汽车,促进空气质量改善,空气质量改善,促进人类呼吸环境改善,呼吸环境改善,人体健康状况改善,健康状况改善,生命质量改善,生命质量改善,幸福指数提高。大家都感觉幸福了,我们的中国梦就实现了。

至于房价会不会跌,其他汽车行业是否受到挤压,这些问题都可能是不可避免的。但是,笔者相信,只要有了房子在那里,就不怕。因为过去之所以苦是因为我们是短缺经济,没有房子,没人盖房子。现在房子盖多了,那就要让所有人都必须有房子住。这需要政府的各种补贴,调整,政策倾斜等等等等。

例如在瑞典,一个人如果买不起房子,政府就必须给补贴,让他能住得起房子。只有他住得起房子,交房租,那么才不会影响开发商的利益,这样,经济依然按市场经济运行,但是,政府对老百姓的补贴又让个人对政府感恩戴德,这是多么好的事情啊!

当然,你也不能指望政府永远给你补贴,你也必须努力适当时候找到工作,及时管好自己。中国人喜欢攀比,因此,大家都是很积极向上想自己赚钱的,但是,君子爱财要取之有道这是第一,第二就是要适可而止,不要有太大的压力。而这一点上就需要政府的社会保障的完善。有了社会保障,人就不会那么紧张了,人不那么紧张,幸福感就会提高了。有了幸福感,就说明中国梦可以早日实现了。所以,笔者希望南有特斯拉,北有北汽,尽早改善北方的空气质量。

更重要的是,在当今就发生在这两天,这是中国政府对贸易谈判的最诚挚的实际行动。

习近平主席曾经许诺更大开放市场准入,允许独自企业来中国投资,这就是对承诺的认真执行。说明中国是值得信任的,中国是负责,也遵守承诺的。

 

 

Commentary: China shows sincerity in talks while the US shows its destroyer

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Jan.7(Greenpost) — Sino-US trade talks began in Beijing on Monday while the US sent a  missile destroyer to the South China Sea area.

This round of trade talk started with China’s sincerity to stop the trade war and really start trade talks.  To show China’s sincerity, China has announced to buy American soybeans and even rice. China has decreased four times the import tariff.  All these measures show that China is very sincere to suspend the trade war because a trade war is neither good to China nor to America or any other country.

Why? Because the economic law shows that only by trading more, the world economy can be vital, protectionism will lead to slow down of the world economy which will be good to nobody.

On the contrary, Trump sent a missile destroyer to South China Sea to show his muscles.  But analysts hold that this action only shows that Trump is either stupid or he really played such a game that he would let people know that he is very unpredictable.

He has shown that when he first met Xi Jinping in his Florida villa when he said he sent a bomb to Syria just before they began to talk Sino-US relations.

And after he and Xi announced to have three months ceasefire of the so-called “trade war”, Canada arrested a Chinese business-person.  So the American action, to be precise, the Trump action shows that he is really not very confident and he wanted to show that he was tough and not easy to deal with.

The current world still requires more cooperation than conflict to meet the demands of the people.

China has always tried all means to promote development by various peaceful means and policies and sometimes even take initiative to benefit all parties such as the Belt and Road Initiative.

As many historians and sinologists have pointed out, China has always been a peace loving country and it has never invaded any country, thus, its action mostly aims to get people more jobs, reduce poverty and build a prosperous China as well as the world.

Analysts hold that China could further reduce the import tariff. On the one hand, it will make the US feel more balanced, on the other hand, it will be good for the Chinese buyers too.  This is a good way to satisfy the Chinese demand of international famous brands and they don’t need to buy it abroad, but buy it in China through more imports.

This will not only help solve the trade surplus issue, but also let Chinese people enjoy the higher living standards. When the Chinese are satisfied with their demand on famous brands, they will love their own country even more because those so called famous brands are just normal brands in other countries. For example, the watch in Switserland, Ford in America, Volvo(China’s now) in Sweden, these brands in China are treated as famous, but in its own country, for example, volvo in Sweden, it is just so natural that people buy it just as if Chinese will buy a red flag or a Chinese tooth paste.

So when the border is open and easier to go across, the imbalance will be solved and that will be conducive to the world.

China definitely should be thankful for the entry of WTO, but Chinese also work very hard to realize its development.  It makes the Chinese feel also awkward that it is always the west that complains about China and gives pressure to China.

Recalling China’s economic situation in 1980s when China just began to open up, China was very cautious of opening up and worried that the western power would buy up China’s land or ownership and so on, and that is why the 49 percent and 51 percent of ownership was established.

When I came to Sweden 12 years ago and asked Swedish whether they worried about their selling of companies to the Germans for example Siemens,  do they worry about ownership? They said they didn’t worry because as long as the company is in Sweden, it will pay tax to Sweden and provides jobs.  But now when China wanted to buy a port or something, Sweden began to worry about sovereignty and secrecy and so on.

Eight years ago when Li Shufu’s Geely purchase Volvo, many people also worried about Chinese companies will bring Volvo to China.  But now it shows that Geely keeps its promise and this has become the successful purchase case between China and Sweden and even in the world.

Why is that? I think it shows that if a company develops well and it will go international. Once it becomes international, it will benefit many people who involve in it. It will promote the world economic development.

But if one shows protectionism, it will stimulate conflicts not just in economic field, if one is not careful, it will involve other factors. That is why there is war and conflict.  Thus as responsible countries, big powers should take the consideration of the world economic situation, not just think it is only about you and me.

Obviously protectionism shows a county’s weak points and that is why it wants to protect its own economy.

Sweden is a small country, but it has a big mind and always been open in trade and let its companies compete in the international economy. Many companies died young, but it also raised the world’s largest per capita famous brands and innovation.  And why people like to try innovation? Because they think in the long term and try the best for anything they like. Time tells who will win in the end.

On this point, I think both US and China should learn from Sweden.

Finally, just heard the news that Tesla has launched a grand ceremony to open production factory in Shanghai now. This is another real action China has taken to allow foreign enterprise to establish solely foreign owned enterprise in China. This is the fulfilment of China’s promise of market access.

This should be a very positive action from Chinese side to turn the trade war into a trade talk.  It forms a sharp contrast with the sending of missile destroyer.

Svensk-kinesiskt samarbete kan digitalisera världens skogsindustri

Av Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Dec. 30 (Greenpost) — Det svenska innovationsbolaget OTMETKA utvecklar system för att individuellt märka och spåra timmer i en automatisk process. Spårbarhet av timmer handlar inte bara om att säkerställa att virke avverkas lagligt och från rätt plats, utan också om en transaktion av data och därmed pengar. Nu vill OTMETKA bland annat med kinesisk hjälp digitalisera världens skogsindustri med sin smarta lösning.

– Morgondagens 4G/5G kopplar upp skördarna alltmer. Vet vi värdet på varje avverkad skogskubikmeter är det lätt att inse att digitaliseringen av skogen är en miljardindustri, säger Bengt Sörvik, CEO och grundare av OTMETKA, ett svenskt bolag med många patent inom skogsindustrin.

Varje år avverkas bara i Sverige skog för 35–40 miljarder SEK och under 2017 uppgick sågverksindustrin samlade exportvärde till 26,7 miljarder SEK. I princip all skog i Sverige är underkastad miljöcertifiering, FSC eller PEFC. Därmed finns också krav på att redovisa timrets ursprung, vilket idag sker med administrativa och ineffektiva pappersmetoder.

– Vi digitaliserar skogen ned på varje enskild stock och helt automatisk. Det är fel att dyrt insamlad produktionsinformation bara kastas bort efter att trädet är uppkapat till timmer, säger Sörvik.

Bygger på gammal beprövad teknik
OTMETKAs system för individmärkning av timmer bygger på en enkel, beprövad och äldre teknik med stämpelyxa. Det är en yxa som användes förr för att märka timmer då det flottades på älvarna till sågverken. Det var innan vägnät och lastbilstransporter var utbyggda.

Genom att skapa en matris av vridbara stansar i fasta lägen skapar OTMETKA en i princip oändlig nummerserie där tre saker kombineras: 1) positionen där trädet växte, 2) produktionsdata från skördarens dator och 3) en unik kod för varje enskild stock. Det patentskyddade systemet heter OtmetkaID och skapar globala, unika koder. När stocken kommer till sågverket läses den av med kamerateknik.

Global molnbaserad lösning för skogen
OTMETKAs affärsidé är att sälja teknik och information som licensierade tjänster via molnlösningar, som alla inom industrin enkelt kan koppla upp sig mot. Genom att erbjuda egna lösningar, men även partners plats i affärsmodellen, räknar bolaget med att bygga ett ekosystem av tjänster med ett övergripande mål om att effektivisera skogsbruket och använda råvaran ännu bättre.

– Då svenskt och finskt skogsbruk leder utvecklingen i världen och OTMETKAs metod kan appliceras över hela världen, räknar vi med att intresset kommer att växa snabbt. Vi tecknade nyligen ett samarbetsavtal med Salzburgs universitet i Österrike om att införa utökade biometriska analyser av stockens egenskaper ihop med OtmetkaID, säger Sörvik.

Huawei ny teknikpartner 
Just nu håller OTMETKA på att få sitt internationella genombrott. Bolaget har bland annat slutit avtal med franska globala certifieringsbolaget Bureau Veritas om att bygga en fullständig Blockchain-lösning från skogen via sågverksindustrin till slutkunden. Nyligen har också heminredningsjätten IKEA bjudit in OTMETKA till IKEA Bootcamp, för det ska hjälpa till att säkerställa råvarans ursprung.

Via kinesiska ambassaden har OTMETKA också träffat tekniktunga Huawei, som har flera nya tekniska lösningar inom skogsindustrin baserade på uppkopplad mobil internetteknik. Här hoppas Bengt Sörvik på ett samarbete för att ta fram nya produkter och tjänster:

– Huawei är en stark teknologi partner med entreprenörsanda och globala ambitioner. Vi på OTMETKA kan erbjuda Huawei våra djupa kunskaper inom skoglig artificiell intelligens, AI.

Tillbaka till rötterna i Kina
OTMETKA har också tagit de första kontakterna med Bank of China, via Counselor of Commerce Mr Han Xiaodong. Även kontakter med tre kinesiska skogsorganisationer – China Wood Protection Industry Association, China Timber & Wood Distribution Association och China National Forest Products Industry Association – är tagna.

– Det vore kul om våra olika tagna kinesiska kontakter kunde utvecklas till ett affärsmässigt och tekniskt samarbete. Min far föddes 1921 i Shanghai då min farfar arbetade på det svenska företaget Ekmanska Handelshuset i staden. Själv deltog jag i 1987 års Swedish Mount Everest-expedition från den norra sidan, en officiell expedition med inbjudan från de kinesiska myndigheterna. Vi klättrade nästan samma led som den stora kinesiska expeditionen gjorde 1963, säger  Sörvik.

Sweden-China Cooperation can digitalize world’s forestry industry

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Dec. 30(Greenpost) — The Swedish innovation company OTMETKA develops systems for individually labeling and tracking timber in an automatic process. Traceability of timber is not just about ensuring that the work is done lawfully and from the right place, but also about a transaction of data and thus money. Now, OTMETKA wants, with help from China to digitize the world’s forest industry with its smart solution.

– Tomorrow’s 4G / 5G connects the harvesters more and more. When we know the value of each harvested forest cubic meter it is easy to realize that digitization of the forest is a billion industry, says Bengt Sörvik, CEO and founder of OTMETKA, a Swedish company with many patents in the forest industry.

Every year, only Swedish forests are harvested for SEK 35-40 billion and in 2017 the sawmill industry totaled export value to SEK 26.7 billion. In principle, all forests in Sweden are subject to environmental certification, FSC or PEFC. Thus, there is also a requirement to report the origin of the timber, which today takes place with administrative and inefficient paper methods.

– We digitize the forest down on each individual log and completely automatically. It is wrong that expensive harvested production information is only thrown away after the tree is harvested for timber, says Sörvik.

Building on old proven technology

OTMETKA’s individual labeling system is based on a simple, proven and older technique with marking hammer. It’s an ax used to mark timber as it floated on the rivers to the sawmills. It was before road and truck transport were expanded.

By creating a matrix of rotating punches in fixed positions, OTMETKA creates a basically infinite number series that combines three things: 1) The position where the tree grew, 2) Production data from the harvester’s computer, and 3) A unique code for each individual log. The patented system is called OtmetkaID and creates global, unique codes. When the stock comes to the sawmill, it is read by camera technology.

Global cloud-based solution for the forest

OTMETKA’s business idea is to sell technology and information as licensed services through cloud solutions, which everyone in industry can easily connect with. By offering its own solutions, but also partners’ place in the business model, the company expects to build an ecosystem of services with an overall goal of streamlining forestry and using the raw material even better.

– Swedish and Finnish forestry leads the world’s development, and OTMETKA’s method can be applied worldwide, we expect interest to grow rapidly. We recently signed a cooperation agreement with the University of Salzburg in Austria to introduce extended biometric analyzes of log properties along with OtmetkaID, “says Sörvik.

Huawei new technology partner?

At the moment, OTMETKA is committed to gaining its international breakthrough. The company has, among other things, signed an agreement with the French global certification company Bureau Veritas to build a complete Blockchain solution from the forest through the sawmill industry to the end customer. Recently, IKEA Home Decoration giant IKEA has invited OTMETKA to IKEA Bootcamp, as it will help ensure the origin of the raw material.

Through the Chinese embassy,  OTMETKA has also met with technology Huawei, which has several new technical solutions in the forest industry based on online mobile internet technology. Here, Bengt Sörvik hopes to collaborate to develop new products and services:

– Huawei is a strong technology partner with entrepreneurial spirit and global ambitions. We at OTMETKA can offer Huawei our deep knowledge in forest artificial intelligence, AI.

Back to the roots in China

OTMETKA has also taken the first contacts with the Bank of China, through  counselor of Commerce Mr. Han Xiaodong. Contacts with three Chinese forest organizations – China Wood Protection Industry Association, China Timber & Wood Distribution Association and China National Forest Products Industry Association – have been taken.

– It would be fun if our various taken Chinese contacts could be developed into business and technical cooperation. My father was born in Shanghai in 1921 when my grandfather worked at the Swedish company Ekmanska Handelshuset in the city. I myself participated in the 1987 Swedish Mount Everest expedition from the north side, an official expedition with the invitation of the Chinese authorities. We climbed almost the same route that the Great Chinese expedition made in 1963, says Sörvik.

Analysis: How Chabahar Survived US Sanctions?

By  Shoaib Rahim

STOCKHOLM,  Nov. 28 (Greenpost)–The United States imposed new sanctions, dubbed as toughest ever, on Iran on November 5. However, Afghanistan and India have received certain waivers from these sanctions. The exemptions allow India to continue to develop Chabahar port and construct its related railway link to Afghanistan’s border. Further, both Afghanistan and India would continue to import petroleum products from Iran. The exemption of Chabahar was stated to be related with the economic development, reconstruction assistance and humanitarian relief of Afghanistan. However, there are many reasons beyond Afghanistan factor that made the waivers less of a surprise.

In 2003, India agreed with Iran to make investment and develop Chabahar port in Iran on Gulf of Oman. However, the project was crawling owing to the US sanctions on Iran. In spite of US dissent, India went on to spend $135 million to construct Zaranj- Dilaram highway that links Kabul– Hirat highway with Chabahar port and completed it in 2009. In August 2015, sanctions on Iran were eased while tri- lateral agreement was signed among Afghanistan, India and Iran in May 2016.

The continued, albeit bumpy, progress on Chabahar port is not a surprise given its strategic significance. Chabahar occupies unique geo- political and geo- economic status in the light of regional and global politics. Chabahar competes with Chinese funded Gawadar port on the lines of strategic encirclement theory as well as provides gateway to India to reach Central Asia as part of its competition with China. Despite this, China has remained a strong supporter of the port due to its close political and economic ties with Iran. On the other hand, while US has continued to tighten the noose around Iran, it has had to show flexibility towards the project. This is mainly because these projects have potential to strengthen India geo- economically and geo- politically in line with its strategy to support India vis-à-vis China.

At present, President Trump’s Afghanistan and South Asia strategy announced in August 2017, underscored increased role for India in Afghanistan, which was warmly welcomed by both Kabul and New Delhi. Given the fact that India’s land route access to Afghanistan is barred by Pakistan, it is Chabahar that would provide a gateway to India to reach Afghanistan and ensure its desired economic and development assistance. In turn, Afghanistan would provide India land route access to Central Asia. These interventions align with the maneuvers to increase India’s influence in Central Asia to counter that of China in the region.

An important aspect in the India- US relations is the Russian factor. India has maintained delicate balance in its relations with Russia and the US. Despite close strategic bonding with the US, India has managed to preserve its historical economic, military and diplomatic ties with Russia amid turbulent US- Russia relations. For instance, the pendulum of India’s multi –billion- dollar arms trade with both countries swings either sides in spite of changing political- economic dynamics. Moreover, it was mainly Russia that pushed for the membership of India in Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), an important regional platform. Therefore, any decision of the US that would restrict economic gains of India might affect India’s presence in current US orbit.

The waiver on oil imports granted to India also revolves around Chabahar. India is one of the top four oil importers world- wide while Iran ranks third on its list of suppliers. Therefore, in response to US pressure to cut oil imports from Iran to Zero by November 4, India made its intentions clear to defy and go against them, almost one month ahead of the deadline. Further, India’s stance to continue to buy oil from Iran at this critical juncture has implications for strengthening relations of the two countries and pave the way for long term partnership, including smooth implementation and operationalization of Chabahar.

Alternatively, India could have moved to other countries to meet its oil demand. However, Iran had already threatened that if India shifted to other countries as a consequence of sanctions on its oil trade, it would lose special privileges at Chabahar port. On the other hand, Afghanistan relies on Iran for transit route and imports including oil. The sanctions would might have disrupted trade and transit tries leaving a struggling Afghan economy in tatters. Hence, the exemption gives the country a sigh of relief.

Here, it is worth mentioning that China has expressed its support and interest in Chabahar from time to time. If Iran is frustrated with India at any stage and consequently engages China in Chabahar, it would severely dent the planned strategic gains of India around the project.

The unique strategic status of Chabahar earns it exemption from the toughest ever sanctions of the US.  However, the remaining sanctions would plague Iran’s economy. Therefore, while the project survives the sanctions, it would be hard for an economically weakened Iran to accelerate the pace and work together with India to fully operationalize the port and reap its economic gains.

Shoaib Rahim (Development Economics 2012) is an Afghan, Macro-economist, University Lecturer, TedX Speaker and Youth Activist. He founded ‘Gaheez – The Rising Afghanistan’, an initiative to engage youth in the development of Afghanistan.

The views expressed here only represents the view of the author.

桂从友大使就中瑞经贸合作接受《瑞典日报》记者专访

 北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 11月16日,桂从友大使在使馆接受《瑞典日报》记者托恩瓦尔专访,就中瑞经贸关系回答提问。全文如下。

  桂大使说,听说你不久前去中国进行了采访,你感觉中国怎么样?

记者说,我觉得中国很大,令人印象深刻。我主要关注经贸商业领域,中国有很多值得报道的新闻。

  问:首先,请大使先生对中瑞经贸关系作一个总体评价。

答:中瑞经贸关系历史久、基础好、成果大、前景广阔。中瑞经贸关系有300多年历史。特别是270多年前,瑞典“哥德堡”号商船远航中国,从中国运回大量丝绸、茶叶、瓷器,开启了中瑞海上丝绸之路合作。1950年5月9日,瑞典在西方国家中率先同中国建交,揭开了两国友好合作的新篇章。瑞典也是最早同中方签署经贸、科技合作政府间协定的西方国家。这些都为中瑞经贸关系不断发展奠定了良好基础。

特别是中国改革开放40年来,中国向包括瑞典在内的世界各国打开大门搞合作,中瑞经贸关系取得突飞猛进的发展。1950年中瑞建交时双边贸易额只有500万美元,到1994年双边贸易额已达10亿美元。此后,随着中国经济快速发展,中瑞经贸合作迅速扩大,去年双边贸易额达150亿美元,同比增长近20%,创历史新高。瑞典25年来首次在对华贸易中实现顺差,达9亿美元。今年1至9月双边贸易额126亿美元,同比增长近18%,同期瑞典对华贸易顺差9亿美元,与去年全年持平。预计今年中瑞双边贸易额和瑞典对华贸易顺差都将创历史新高。这些数据充分说明中瑞经贸合作的良好势头和广阔前景。

当前中国经济继续保持中高速增长势头,瑞典经济也稳定增长。我们两国都坚持开放发展。中国将进一步扩大对外开放,特别是扩大从国外进口。不久前在上海举办的首届中国国际进口博览会就是中国主动向世界敞开大门、开放市场的又一重大举措。

问:我们知道最近中国政府出台了一系列新政策、新法规,进一步放宽外国对华投资的限制。但包括瑞典在内,国际上仍有不少投资者认为,外国企业对华投资和中国企业在国外投资的条件不对等,比如外国投资者在华投资必须选择当地合作伙伴,某些行业外资仍有占股比例限制。您怎么看?

答:中国改革开放40年来,积极与各国开展经贸投资合作,既带动了中国经济全面发展,同时也惠及其他国家。如果像你所说的,外国企业对华投资和中国企业到外国投资还有些条件不对等,这也是由客观现实决定的。美、欧等西方发达国家的经济发展水平远远高于中国。中国是世界最大的发展中国家。把我们发展中国家吸引外资条件同市场、经济发展水平都远高于我们水平的西方发达国家做机械硬性的对等比较,是不公平、不客观的。

尽管如此,中国从自身经济发展需要、产业结构调整和消费升级出发,采取了一系列扩大对外开放的新举措,目标就是进一步改善营商环境,对中外投资者一视同仁。世界银行最新报告显示,中国的营商环境在世界190个经济体中排名46位,较去年上升32位。今年以来中国政府大幅降低上千种商品进口税率,中国关税总水平已降至7.5%。中国还大幅放宽市场准入,缩减外商投资负面清单,放宽外资金融保险等行业的占股比例。我们已经彻底放开汽车行业外资占股比例,允许外国企业独资在华设厂。美国著名汽车厂商特斯拉已经在上海独资设厂。这些都足以说明中国进一步扩大对外开放的决心和力度。不能将发达国家和发展中国家的相关条件做硬性比较,希望批评者能看到中国对外开放程度的大幅提升。

问:我们注意到近10年来中国对瑞典投资大幅增加。中方不仅对瑞典大企业很感兴趣,比如收购了沃尔沃汽车以及沃尔沃集团的部分股权,对瑞典中小高新技术企业也很感兴趣。而且中国来瑞典投资并购的多数是民营企业。中国政府对中国民营企业赴海外投资怎么看?

答:中国改革开放40年经济快速发展的一条重要经验就是大力吸引外资。长期以来,瑞典的爱立信、ABB等老牌跨国企业对中国进行了大量投资,为中国经济社会发展作出了积极贡献。瑞典企业对华投资累计已达50亿美元。我们欢迎瑞典企业继续抓住中国产业结构调整和消费升级的重要机遇,继续拓展对华投资。瑞典企业对华投资多多益善。也希望你把我这些意见转达给瑞典工商企业界。

随着中国经济发展,中国一大批企业特别是民营、私营以及个体企业迅速壮大。他们具备强大实力,也愿意走出国门对外投资。这既是把中国改革开放的红利带给其他国家,也是对其他国家长期对华投资的回报。瑞典有发达的市场经济、高质量产品、先进技术,是中国企业的重要投资合作对象。民营经济是中国社会主义市场经济的重要组成部分,贡献了60%以上的国内生产总值,对国民经济发展、促进就业、提高人民生活水平发挥着越来越重要的作用。相应的,民营企业成为对外投资的主力军也是很自然的事。

问:中国民营企业对外投资有通盘规划吗?他们选择重点投资领域时,背后有中国政府引导还是自主选择?

答:民营企业投资首先是企业行为,完全根据企业自身发展需要。同时一些民营企业限于自身条件,对外国国情不太了解,出现过一些民营企业对外投资受挫甚至失败的案例。中国政府在鼓励中国民营企业对外投资的同时,也为它们提供服务指导,要求相关部门包括驻外使领馆向企业介绍相关国家国情,供企业参考。同时,中国政府通过制定产业政策,对民营企业对外投资行为进行指导。简单说,中国企业对外投资,既要符合中国的产业政策,也要符合目的地国的产业政策。

  问:现在全世界都在关注两个领域合作,一个是应对气候变化以及环境高新技术,另一个是“一带一路”倡议。大使先生对中瑞在这两个领域的合作怎么看?

  答:中瑞在这两个领域的合作面临新机遇,前景看好。中瑞两国都坚定支持气候变化《巴黎协定》,致力于百分之百履行协定义务。中国不再像过去那样片面追求GDP增长,而是把绿色、环保和可持续发展作为经济发展的优先考量。绿色经济已成为中国经济发展的主旋律。瑞典在绿色经济和可持续发展方面世界领先。在这一领域中瑞是天然的合作伙伴。中国企业把绿色、环保、清洁能源作为对瑞典合作的重点领域。许多访问瑞典的中国政府和企业代表团都会考察哈马碧生态城。今年以来多个中国城市与哈马碧生态城签署了合作协议。生态城管委会也积极帮助中国一些城市培养智慧城市建设专家。我记不清多少次访问生态城了。相信中瑞双方为共同应对气候变化开展的绿色、可持续发展合作在两国合作中的比重会不断提高。

  关于中瑞“一带一路”合作,270多年前“哥德堡号”远航中国,就开启了中瑞海上丝绸之路合作,双方在“一带一路”框架下也是天然的合作伙伴。瑞典政府和企业界对开展“一带一路”合作兴趣浓厚,在双方共同推动下,已经取得了看得见、摸得着的成果。“一带一路”合作首先是基础设施互联互通。今年8月,中国东航开通了上海至斯德哥尔摩的直航,这是继中国国航30年前开通北京至斯德哥尔摩直航后中瑞间第二条空中直航。9月中旬,瑞典达拉纳省因申市至中国江西赣州市的中瑞首趟中欧班列开通,将达拉纳优质的云杉木材运至中国江西赣州市,再从中国和班列沿线国家运回瑞典进口商品。班列全程只需16天,时间短、运费低、效益高。哥德堡港务局负责人也向我们提出希望开通哥德堡至中国的海上直航,我们正在积极推动。此外,贸易投资合作也是“一带一路”合作的重要内容。我们也希望拓展金融、人文等领域交流合作,不断丰富中瑞“一带一路”合作的内涵。

  问:现在瑞典也有人猜测中国是不是要来瑞典建高铁,包括瑞典境内以及连接挪威的线路。与此同时,瑞典社会对中国大规模投资也有担忧。您怎么看?

  答:你不久前刚刚去过中国,乘坐了高铁,相信你对中国高铁有亲身体验,我就不多说了。我们也知道近年来瑞典政府一直在讨论修建高铁计划,但还没有结论。我们对中瑞开展高铁合作持开放态度。只要瑞方有需要,我们愿在技术、资金、施工等方面提供必要协助,开展合作。

  至于瑞典一些人对中国投资有担忧,我不知道他们有什么好担忧的。随着中国企业走出国门到世界各地投资,中国对外投资规模不断扩大,每年超过1000亿美元。中国投资促进了当地经济发展和就业,为当地人民带来了实实在在的好处。中国对瑞典累计投资已达36亿美元,创造了2万多个工作岗位。吉利收购沃尔沃汽车后,迅速打开了沃尔沃汽车在中国的销售市场,并带动了沃尔沃汽车在世界其他国家的销售。去年沃尔沃在华销售约12万辆汽车,全球约60万辆。这是10年前濒临破产的沃尔沃所不能想象的。瑞典哥德堡地区的就业主要依靠汽车产业。如果没有吉利盘活沃尔沃汽车,很难想象哥德堡地区就业状况会如何。吉利沃尔沃还投资数亿美元在哥德堡设立研发中心,给当地带来了新的就业机会。我们对这样的合作感到高兴,这样的合作有什么可担心的?中国对外投资与中国对外援助一样,不附加任何政治条件,也不干涉他国内政。中国政府一贯要求本国企业遵守当地法律法规和风俗习惯,对违规企业还要采取惩戒措施。如果你发现中国企业在瑞典投资不符合瑞典产业政策、违反瑞典法律法规和风俗习惯的情况,可以直接向我们反映,我们会敦促中国企业立即纠正。中国正不断改善投资环境,为外国企业来华投资创造更好条件。我们也希望瑞典为中国企业提供相应的便利。

  问:瑞典社会外资的疑虑不仅针对中国,也针对其他国家。比如瑞典法玛西亚阿斯特拉两家制药公司分别被美国英国企业收购后,很多生产和研发部门都搬瑞典。您对此怎么看?

  答:投资合作是以企业为主体,按市场原则运作。瑞方如果有这方面担忧,可以同美、英投资商商谈,让他们顾及瑞方的合理关切。

  问:现在中国企业不仅投资包括瑞典在内西方国家的传统工业项目,也开始进军媒体和文化产业。比如腾讯公司是瑞典在线音乐公司Spotify的大股东,中国还进军好莱坞等传媒产业。中国企业为什么这么做?西方企业投资中国的文化传媒产业有限制吗?

  答:中国媒体文化产业愿与世界各国开展互利合作。任何投资合作都是两厢情愿的。中国企业投资西方媒体文化产业要尊重当地政府和企业意见,西方企业投资中国媒体和文化产业也要尊重中国政府和企业的意见。

  问:关于中瑞经贸合作,大使先生还有要补充吗?

  答:刚刚成功举办的首届中国国际进口博览会为瑞典扩大对华出口带来了新机遇。瑞典在对华贸易中保有顺差并且继续扩大,但为了满足中国人民对高质量产品的需求,我们愿意进一步扩大自瑞典进口。瑞典基础设施大臣耶纳路特率领200余人的瑞典政商界代表团出席此次进博会,瑞典企业见证签约金额约5.1亿美元。瑞典的猪肉、奶酪、燕麦等生产商也都提出要对华出口,我们都予以积极推动。如果你和你的同事有瑞典企业希对华出口的信息,我们愿意提供协助和服务。推动中瑞经贸合作,既是我作为大使的职责,瑞典媒体也应发挥积极作用,通过你们的报道,向中国民众推介瑞典高质量产品,向瑞典民众推荐中国的高质量产品。让我们共同努力,推动中瑞经贸等各领域友好合作持续深入发展。

Report: Finland considered a safe and secure country for businesses

 Stockholm, Nov. 14(Greenpost) — As many as 95% of managers with foreign background thought that Finland is a safe and secure country to do business in. Safe and equal work environment, flexible working hours and good work-life balance were listed as strengths of the Finnish working life, while Finnish companies could improve communication practices and make better use of the strengths of employees coming from different cultures.

Foreign Journalists Visit Xinjiang Series (16) -Kanas rural tourism commune—Zalat Folklore Cooperative’s culture

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Nov. 1(Greenpost) — On Aug. 30 and 31st, Chinese and Foreign journalists visited Kanas Rural Tourism Cooperative and Hemu Township. Hemu means fat referring to the fattiness of the sheep and cows in this area.

Entering Zalat folklore tourism cooperative, a lady Ouchun who wears a pink red Mongolian costumes welcomed us. Her Chinese sounds very standard and beautiful. “Here is our Tuva people’s home. Tuva people is one of the Mongolian branches. There are only about 2000 Tuva people all over China and about 1400 live here. ” Ouchun said.

Across the street there is a primary school, Tuva pupils are doing morning excercise and singing at the primary school.  When they go to middle school, they will have to go to the county to be in a boarding school.

This is their home, it is also the rural tourism cooperative. Two huge skiing board were erected crossing to each other becoming the landmark of this cooperative. They are made of cow high.

 

Ouchun showed us a wedding room first.  She said the bed is home made and all the pillows, quilts and mattress are made by the family members. There is also a shaking chair beside the bed covered by red clothes.  There is pure white little sheep skin on the table making it look very clean and beautiful.

As we came into the family museum, we saw some treasurable photos. One was about a PLA doctor giving treatment to the child of the local people.

The other was about four sportsmen representing Xinjiang to participate in the national skiing competition in 1958 and they took a photo in  front of Tiananmen by Zhongshan Park photographer.

There were also various tools used and made by Tuva people. For example they made a twin scoop out of tree.

They also have various kinds of leather clothes, wood scoop and the skiing board with skin wool. The guide said this was their special characteristic and there was science in it. ” With such kinds of skiing board, when you climb up, you will not fall back easily. When you walk down, it will be very quick.”

There is a milk wine making device in the adjacent room. A big barrel is full of milk and it is boiling all the time. At the same time, people put cold water on top of it and keep on stirring it. After a certain period, when it is warm, the wine will automatically flow out to the kettle. This kind of wine doesn’t taste wine, but taste a little bit like milk. The guide said this kind of wine doesn’t hit your brain, but hit your legs. If you drink a lot, you will have to sleep for a long time before you can get up.

Ouchun said the houses here are all made of wood. They don’t use any spikes, but use natural skills to put them together. They also use moss as a kind of insulation material as it shrinks in winter and grows out in summer. This is Tuva people’s tradition and also innovation. It is so ecologically friendly.

Gesang flowers were blossoming in the courtyard. Many other kinds of flowers were growing around the courtyard. The colors were rich and fresh. The air was fresh, the sky was blue and the cloud was very white. We met a wonderful weather.

In such a weather, people entered the Mongolian round house and listened to Mongolian’s Humai and the beautiful long tunes, drinking a cup of milk wine. It was so beautiful!

Ouchun told us that their ancester was Chinggiskaan and they hanged his picture on the wall.  Ouchun was very humourous. She said “you just have to remember that we are Tuva people, who are speaking Tujue language, but our history was not written with any languages. Our history has been inherited by mouth. Some people said our ancestor was also the ancestor of the Indians, but as long as you remember that we are Tuva people under the Mongolian ethnic group and we believe in Tibetan Bhudism, at the same time we are also Chinese. This is enough”.  I was so surprised that China has such an ethnic group which has so little population, yet they live a good and interesting life.

The people here are very musical. They use a kind of crop stick to make it a musical instrument. The young man performed it for us. After a warm applause, another three young men came in and they performed Mongolian music and sang their songs including the long tunes, Humai and other joyful ones. Their performances were just so wonderful. They are also very humourous.

Leaving the commune, we saw a lot of such kind of houses nearby through the bus window. They are all made of tree and  ecologically friendly.

When we arrived in Hemu Villa, I thought this was as if it were a Swedish or Canadian town.  There were all kinds of plants in front of the house.

And inside my bedroom, they have such a beautiful painting.

Sleeping in such an environment, it is in another world. This is so beautiful and so quiet.

The biodiversity is so good.

The next day we encountered a rainy day. It rained the whole day. We first went through the Yuanjiang Bridge which was built with the support of the Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China.

This was also one example of how Chinese inland provinces help Xinjiang. We came to the Hadeng plateau. Here we can see all the villages and houses. The houses were built in a valley which was very beautiful and felt like a garden area surrounded by forests and rivers.

Tuva people rely on animal husbandry and tourism to get an income. They also get support from the government. On average, per capita income can reach 60 thousand yuan or about 10 thousand US dollars.

We also met a couple who were going to get married and took photo here. In an interview with their agent, we got to know that they were arranged by the photo galleries and photographers to take photo here. This was a new style for the people in the city to have a chance to come to the rural area and experience the love and life in the prairie area. The bride wore all kinds of traditional Mongolian hat and costumes which was quite heavy and the bridegroom would pull  the horse and walked around, what a romantic experience!

Kanas is an unforgettable area.

The most unforgetable scene was the last dinner. Maybe because we had a long day, the journalists sat around a huge table and they couldn’t help eating anything that came on the table.  But gradually, the table was full of dishes.

When we were almost all full, Green Post’s editor Xuefei Chen Axelsson proposed that it was the last dinner, people should speak up something, singing or dancing, just speak up your mind. The purpose is to improve our understanding of not only Xinjiang, but also each other.  Xuefei took the lead to sing a beautiful Chinese song, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is just a song to sing the nature of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and the huge mountains. Then the Afghan, Egyptian, Turkish, Pakistani, Indian and Bangladesh journalists also sang one after another.  The Bangladesh journalist was very professional. Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Malaysian journalists and Xinjiang Information colleague danced together with beautiful melody. Everyone expressed their thanks to the organisers for their considerate work and the interpreter who did a good job.

By listening to the music and songs, we can feel that actually the Asian cultures are so similar to each other, central Asia and South Asia, their language and music are also similar. Although we are from different country, our culture are similar. Thus, the belt and road initiative will link many countries together. Your reporter believe that Asian people can unite and help each other to jointly develop. This will be conducive to the world peace and development too. Thus, this last dinner was also unforgettable for me.

Foreign Journalists visit Xinjiang” series (10) Gobi changed into oasis with Gebao Apocynum Venetum

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Oct. 23 (Greenpost) — In the afternoon of August 27th, the reporters went to Gaubau Kender base town of Burqin County in the Altay region with the interview team of the Silk Road Economic Belt in the Altay area. 

Along the way, through the window, people can see many of the posters of General Secretary Xi Jinping and various ethnic minorities.  The caption is that Xijinping and Xinjiang people are hand in hand and heart by heart.

When the bus drove to the Gebao plant base, a beautiful scenery appeared in front of the reporter. Here is the endless growth base of Gebao. In a row, a strain of Ge Bao is planted according to the guidance of scientists and according to a certain plant spacing and line spacing.

So what is Ge Bao Ma, what is its use? It is understood that Gebao kenaf is a new variant of Apocynum venetum. Apocynum venetum was the late agricultural economist Dong Zhengjun who conducted an agricultural research in the Luobu Plain in Xinjiang in the summer of 1952. It was found that the local wild hemp grew particularly vigorously and the fiber quality was particularly excellent. At the same time, in view of the fact that the Chinese people’s food and clothing have not yet been resolved, under the social background and material conditions at that time, the implementation of the oleander red and white wild hemp in all parts of the country is called apocynum, which is conducive to the industrialization of the promotion and settlement of cotton grain land acquisition and growing. The fiber needs can play a considerable role, this is the original intention of Apocynum ye named by Mr. Dong Zhengjun. However, unfortunately, due to human destruction, climate deterioration and other reasons, Apocynum venetum has not been artificially planted according to the wishes of Mr. Dong Zhengjun, and suffered a large number of arsenic farming. Hasty success and disorderly development  resulted that the kenaf was on the verge of extinction, and the quantity and quality of white linen has dropped dramatically.

Luobu or Rob kenaf, in the Tang Dynasty “new revision of the grass” book, and the Ming Dynasty “salvation of the grass”book called “ze paint”, the modern “Chinese higher plants” called “tea flower.” In 1977, Rob kenaf and Robb white  were officially entered into “Chinese Flora”, and Apocynum venetum Linn (Apocynum venetum Linn) was designated as Apocynum venetum L. In the same year, Rob kenaf was recorded in the Pharmacopoeia of the People’s Republic of China, and the total flavonoids of the iconic ingredients were 0.6%. Gebao red hemp is a treasure, hemp seeds can be made into tea, stems and leaves can be made into fiber, and become the material of underwear. It can also make  the Gobi Desert greener.

     From 123 mu(8.2hectare) to 30,000 mu(2000 hectare)

Originally, Liu Qitang (Liu Ban Ge), the chairman of Huatian Textile Fashion (Hong Kong) Co., Ltd., decided to become attached to Apocynum yepa in order to realize his dreamed life. Since 2002, together with China’s famous experts in wild plants, grassland ecology, remote sensing measurement, Chinese medicine chemistry and other areas related to Apocynum venetum, the research team have been in the Yellow River Basin, Hexi Corridor, Qaidam, Tarim reserves and values ​​of 29 apocynum historical distribution areas such as Zhun Geer were repeatedly investigated and evaluated. It was found that it is located at 87 degrees in Tokyo, 47 degrees north latitude, and the northernmost part of the world is the farthest from the coast. Altay’s Alahaq East Gobi still has 123 acres of apocynum. Due to the special temperature difference, wind and light, heat and  water, the plant produces more active ingredients related to stress resistance, and is different in morphology from apocynum growing in other areas, which has attracted the attention of authoritative experts.

According to the national qualification agency, the average effective brass content of the plant was 2.38%. It was researched by Xiao Zhengchun, the director of the former Chinese Apocynum Research Center, and Zhang Weiming, a researcher at the Nanjing Wild Plant Comprehensive Utilization Research Institute, and the internationally renowned plant taxonomy Professor Li Bingtao. They all hailed this plant as “Gobi Treasure” and named it  Altay Gebao Apocynum Venetum Red.

In order to save Gebao kenaf, since 2007, Gebao Company has artificially planted 26,000 mu(1800hectare) of Gebao kenaf  for over 10 years time, accounting for 90% of the total amount of Chinese kenaf. In 2012, Beijing Forestry University conducted an ecological environment assessment.

The results showed that the community was highly quadrupled, the vegetation carbon storage increased by 4 times, the soil microbial biomass increased by 76%, and the water use efficiency increased by 60%. The soil wind erosion modulus is reduced by 80%. The planting of Gebao kenaf can greatly improve the ability of the Gobi desert to prevent wind and sand. Let alone, the top fruit of the Gebao plant can be drunk as tea.

I saw a lot of sea buckthorn trees in the General Mountain. The seabuckthorn tree can be said to be a kind of green tree that grows against driness. The Gebao kenaf is a good way to transform the Gobi Desert into grassland.

In 2012, in order to save the ecological environment of Lake Aibi, based on the successful implementation of the rescue project of Gebao kenaf in Altay, the desert-changing oasis project, with the invitation by Jinghe County People’s Government, the Aibi Lake Wetland National Nature Reserve Administration, Gebao Group jointly implemented the first phase of the Aibi Lake project and planted 100,000 mu(6667hectare)of Gebao plants.

After 10 years of biomimetic planting, the area was rated as the 3A tourist attraction of Altay Gebao sea of flowers in Xinjiang, which was based on the Gebao kenaf eco-industry, featuring Gobo kenaf tea to improve sleep, and integrating Chinese medicine to maintain health. Folklore show, leisure vacation, sightseeing tour, science experience are all gathered in one eco-tourism circle.

Standing on the GI tower with 123 steps to save the gems and pebbles, you can feel their enthusiasm to welcome visitors from all over the world.

According to reports, the Gebao kenaf project has great practical significance. First of all, it is a successful case of preventing desertification. Here is the ideal to turn the Gobi into an oasis. Among them, Gebao Company invested a lot of money, manpower and material resources. At the same time, many scientists and academicians participated in it, and through scientific research, the Gobi became an oasis and expanded the lake area.

Second, Gebao kenaf is also a kind of traditional Chinese medicine. It is said that Gebao kenaf health care products can improve people’s health. According to China Center for Disease Control, China has more than 300 million patients, and more than 200 million people have cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. On average, one person dies of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases every 30 seconds, and one third of healthy people have sleep obstacles, resulting in a sub-healthy population as high as 76%. Gebao kenaf can be a natural health food for people with high blood pressure, high blood fat and sleep disorders.

Liu Qitang’s daughter Liu Xiaoyu told reporters that this project was his father’s hard work. After many years of long search, he finally found Rob kenaf. Then they carried out large-scale artificial planting of Rob kenaf and realized 30,000 mu(2000 hectare) of green grassland. They also plan to plant another 50,000 mu(3333 hectare) and turn the Gobi Desert into an oasis.

The nearby lake water level used to decrease. but after more than 10 years of remediation and greening, the surface of the lake has expanded. It can be seen that artificial planting can achieve environmental improvement. At the same time, Gebao kenaf can develop derivative industries while controlling desertification, and establish a demonstration for the transformation of local traditional agriculture and animal husbandry. It has directly increased the income of farmers and herdsmen and improved their cultural quality, achieved sustainable economic development. The construction of ecological civilization is a national strategy, and the Gebao kenaf project truly reflects the concept of green mountain is also golden mountain. Gebao kenaf products include food, tea, health underwear, socks, hats and other clothes products.

President Hu Jintao and Xi Jinping listened to the introduction of the ecological restoration project of Xinjiang Altay Gebao kenaf  in 2010 and 2012 respectively.

In 2012, the United Nations Peace Ambassador, international piano superstar Lang Lang and Gebao Group CEO Liu Qitang based on the common environmental protection concept,  gave the official name of Langlang Shenzhen Concert Hall as “Langlang, Gebao Concert Hall”. Lang Lang and Ge Bao have made an indissoluble bond in the project of benefiting the country and the people of the world.

In order to strengthen the support for the project, Lang Lang, who has always been concerned about environmental protection, is also helping to promote Gebao kenaf. Gebao brand ads can be seen at both Altay and Kanas airports. Of course, the local government also gives great support to this project. They believe that this not only improves the environment, but also increases the income of farmers and herdsmen, so it is a good thing for the benefit of the country and the people.

The foreign media participating in this interview include NHK from Japan, Green Post of Sweden, Echo News of Belgium, Toro News of Afghanistan, Gikabar National News Agency of Kyrgyzstan, media  of Bangladesh, NET TV of Indonesia and India, Egypt, Pakistan, Malaysia, Turkey and Uzbekistan. They are journalists from countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt and come to explore the mysteries of the core area of ​​the Silk Road Economic Belt.

Photo and Text  Xuefei Chen Axelsson