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精彩视频:斯德哥尔文化之夜一带一路北欧之春国家和平文化节现场实况

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 4月21日,斯德哥尔摩风和日丽,晴空万里,春意盎然。在恒运阁饭店挤满了人群,原来是斯德哥尔摩文化之夜一带一路北欧之春国际和平文化节和李丽国画展在这里举行。下面请看精彩的文艺演出部分实况:

Commentary:EU misunderstand China’s Belt and Road Initiative

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, April 25(Greenpost)– Reading South China Morning Post, it says 27 EU countries Ambassadors signed a paper against China’s Belt and Road Initiative.

This can be seen as an initial reaction against the Belt and Road Initiative when many people keep on asking what is China’s purpose? Why do they do this? What benefit they can gain? What benefit can we gain?

It is understandable that the western idea is always basing on the utilitarian foundation. If you do something, it must be for your own benefit, otherwise you will not do it.

But my understanding of the Belt and Road Initiative is that it started from the ancient silk road routes through central Asia. President Xi Jinping proposed this idea in Alma Ata.  It is a strategic thought to meet the development demand.

China had been a poor country for almost a hundred years and the main reason is that China didn’t have the good infrastructure.  The road was poor and transportation was bad.  So China’s experience is that to become rich, you must have good roads.  (Yao Xiang Fu, Xian Xiu Lu). These kinds of projects are usually big ones, thus it needs state-owned companies to do it because they have high standards engineering capacity.

In China private sector developed rapidly, but a lot of problems also started from private companies.  It takes time to regulate.

After 40 years of development, China becomes stronger, at least with another two years it aims to wipe out the poverty completely. This goal should be praised because with the completion of this goal, it is expected that China’s human rights situation will be substantially improved.

I understand the western solidarity type of wind against China starting from China’s changing of the constitution and ensuring Xi’s presidency forever. Many people understood this change as a guarantee for Xi’s presidency for life long.  But my understanding is that Xi wishes to have a collection of power so that he can carry out his plans more effectively.  But it doesn’t mean he will be president forever.  No one guarantees that after three terms or after he fulfilled the goal of building China into a modern country with even a very basic demand of having blue skies in Beijing, he will step down. Or he will lead an orderly expended scale democratic election.  Through this year’s NPC congress, I think Xi is implementing an orderly and transparent voting procedure.  And his presidency was elected with formal voting procedure.

I am sure China’s intention is not to impose China’s influence to anybody. China is a peace loving country. Chinese people work very hard just to live a better life.  When they have good skills and building capacity, they like to share this with other countries.

It happens exactly like SIPRI’s expert analysed that it is those countries that needs China’s capacity contracted with China such as Greece and Spain. In the early stage such as 2005, or before, China also imported technologies or engineering in waste burning from Spain.

That some EU countries worry about China is understandable, but unnecessary.  On the one hand, they worry if one Chinese will reach a European’s living standard, then China has 1.3 billion people, how many earth we should have to feed such a demand? On the other hand, they worry if you build a port for them, what will be the future? We have no secret from you any more.  How can we maintain our independence?

These worries seem to be real worry because when the western powers went to China, China became semi colonised. When the western power went to Africa,  most African countries were colonised.   Thinking from their own experience, they feel very worried.

But China’s Belt and Road initiative is not to take from you, it is to build for you to use.  The principle is to negotiate first and then you build together and then you share the benefit in the end.  Because you put money in the bank and now you get the bank loan and you got infrastructure.  Improved infrastructure will improve business. With booming business, you will get money or benefit.

China can only provide help to those who really need help. It is very difficult for Nordic countries to think’ how can we need help from China’? It is always we who provide help to others.  Indeed, China still has a lot to learn from the Nordic and western European countries.  But for infrastructure construction such as fast train track and train, China is indeed very advanced. If Nordic region can coordinate and build fast train, travel time on average will be shortened by half, it will substantially improve the business environment and well-being of the people.  It will promote tourism substantially.  Business meetings can increase substantially.  It will only make business even more efficient.

Some people especially some so-called experts and new media persons  recently launched a lot of negative coverage about China in order to win the readers eye balls.  In the long run, it will prove that China is indeed the main force in maintaining the world peace and driving the world development.  China never throws out problems even though they have problems inside China.

This is a big difference between China and America or Britain. When America has election or other problems, they will put their finger on China or other countries and then when they succeed they become normal again.

This kind of drama doesn’t happen in China. China is so large that it can saturate its own problems.  It will not hit others in order to win its own election because they can balance the situation in China according to the real situation.  This is because the Communist party’s goal is to serve the people and make the country a good land to live and people enjoy a better life.

This has happened already in Beijing, Shanghai and most of the eastern regions.  Last month when I came back from Beijing, in Helsinki transfer, I met a Swedish lady who visited Shanghai and visited all the banks in Shanghai, she said she felt people in Shanghai really enjoy  a good life.  They eat well, wear well and they also walk beautifully, namely not always in a hurry.

Those who broke the Chinese law went to America or other countries and then fiercely curse China.  It is not commended.

Back to Belt and Road Initiative,  it is indeed an initiative, it is a good -will suggestion or proposal for all to sit around the table to discuss.  It is not an imperative for everyone to obey.  China thinks when people get better life, they will not fight each other any more.  This is China’s experience.  It is a good will and many experts for example Schillers Institute’s Helga La Rues highly commended belt and road initiative because she said this is so far the best available way to avoid war or conflict.

Belt and Road is also a long term initiative. It will be implemented only in the countries or places where needed.  Those who don’t need it, it is absolutely ok if you are against it or disagree because it doesn’t suit your situation. So let’s forget it.

Belt and Road Initiative is a good idea for Asian, Central Asian, Africa, Latin America and maybe Northeast Asia.  It is indeed difficult for Nordic Countries which are so rich, so well developed and almost world model countries to fit in.

However, I think it is still ok because one of the initiative is to promote people to people communication and exchange, in that sense, it also fits.

I suggest that Nordic countries and western European countries and China  talk with each other in fixing the world peace and development, but not condemn each other.  I read the SCMP article saying the European Ambassadors condemn the Belt and Road Initiative, it is a completely misunderstanding of the purpose of the initiative.

Of course there is still big room for China to improve. That is to invest more in education and research, invest more in culture and domestic development.  There are still problems in rural China where not just poverty alleviation is needed,  all the cultural and education and other wellbeing facilities are needed.

If outside world don’t need China, let us build every inch of China a beautiful China.  Blue sky and clean water and soil is just fundamental and basic requirements.

This is only the writer’s own opinion.

Xuefei Chen Axelsson is a senior editor and correspondent freelancing for different media.  She studied World Politics, Economics and  International Relations.  She also studied leadership for Sustainable Development in London and got a Master degree in it. She has long been journalist covering various development conferences and practices by the United Nations.

Acupuncture Science Association in Sweden’s yearly meeting held in Stockholm

STOCKHOLM, April 25(Greenpost)—Acupuncture Science Association in Sweden held its first yearly meeting in Stockholm on April 21.

Yang Chungui, President of the association made an important speech.

He reiterated that his association is  a member of the World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies, observes the latter’s charter and relevant regulatations as well as Swedish relevant regulations. It also observes the WHO’s acupuncture standards which conduct treatment according to standards, aims at improving acupuncture doctors medical level and better serves the patients.

Yang expressed his gratitude to Swedish counterparts, Chinese Ambassador Gui who attended the Belt and Road Acupuncture seminar in 2017 and colleagues Elisa Liao, Xuehong Ma Yang, Dongqing Zhang, Defeng Lin, Sandra Tiejun Chen, Mehdi Ghazi, Shuhui Hu, Tie Xu and other colleagues for their donation to the association enabling the convening of the international academic exchange.

Yang said the association has developed rapidly over the past year. Another 14 acupuncture doctor passed the exam. Many of them have practised acupuncture for over 20 years. Academic exchanges continued. 2017 Sino-Swedish Belt and Road Acupuncture Summit Forum was held and a seminar on three needle treatment was also held.

Yang suggested an international acupuncture trade union be established and a website on Chinese acupuncture set up in order to better serve the acupuncture doctors and patients.

Yukio Danisman made a finance report on the association’s accountancy.

Bengt Wahrolen, a senior lawyer made an important speech on collective insurance for the acupuncture doctors . He promised to help pushing the Swedish Leg. Akupunktur Doktor and make them compatible with the Swedish medical care system.

Wahrolen also stated that after auditing, it is proved that the association’s funding came from their members yearly fee and members donation. They haven’t received any  government subsidies.

Then President Yang and Vice President Zhang Dongqing issued certificate for the 14 members who passed the exams.

All the doctors got a white uniform, a medal and a name bar to show their responsible attitude.

Vice President Zhang led the doctors to study the association’s charter and President Yang talked about the financial management system in the association.

Secretary Li explained Swedish International Acupuncture Doctors Management System.  During the discussion, all the questions from the members were answered showing the completion of the association’s various regulations and systems.

Vice President Zhang gave a presentation on Clinic Experience of Acupuncture Against Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Sweden.

Doctor Li Jian on Application of modern medicine and TCM on the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.

After academic exchange, all the doctors went to Doctor Yang’s clinic. Doctor Yang gave two patients’ treatment with embedding thread acupuncture. This method proved to be effective  for those who cannot get pregnant.

Doctor Defeng Lin showed his burning acupuncture method. The free treatment meeting stimulated even more heated discussions in sharing experiences and members have great confidence in the association’s acupuncture treatment level and formation of Swedish acupuncture legislation to accept these doctors’ treatment into the Swedish system.

Finally, the acupuncture doctors attended the Stockholm Kulturnatt Belt and Road Nordic Spring International Peace and Cultural Festival to enjoy some beautiful music and dances.

The yearly meeting was hosted by Vice Secretary Youji Lin and council member Yang Xi served as interpreter between Chinese and Swedish.

About 30 member doctors attended the meeting which also had a Taiji show in the middle.

 

Text and Photo/Xuefei Chen Axelsson. Part of the photos are from the association.

今日头条:瑞典针灸学术研究学会会员大会于斯德哥尔摩胜利召开

2018 “Belt and Road” Nordic Spring Peace and Culture Festival held on Stockholm Cultural Night

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, April. 21(Greenpost) – 2018 Belt and Road Nordic Spring Peace and Cultural Festival and Li Li’s Chinese Paintings Exhibition  have been successfully held as a part of Stockholm Cultural Night which was a cooperation with over 100 museums, galleries, opera houses and other cultural locations to open free to the public from 18:00-24:00 on April 21.

The festival was held by China-Europe Cultural Association, Professional Foreign journalist Association or PROFOCA in cooperation with Chinese Teachers Association in Sweden.

Chinese Ambassador to Sweden Gui Congyou spoke highly about the festival.

“The opening of the Stockholm Cultural Night and Belt and Road International Peace and Cultural Festival is of great significance in such a period of time. China and Sweden have enjoyed  very good relations and the bilateral relations are on a new historical starting point with great potential to tap. With Chinese style in  Stockholm Cultural Night, it will make the night even more beautiful and be conducive to Sino-Swedish relations. ” said Ambassador Gui.

“China proposes Belt and Road initiative based on the principle of discussing together, jointly building and sharing the result to improve relations with various countries and  expand cooperation with various countries. People to people relation is one of the five parts of belt and road initiative and cultural exchange is an important way to communicate with each other. ”  he said.

“I understand that tonight there will be a big banquet of culture including instrument performance, dancing and singing, and Chinese woman artist Li Li’s painting and the Chinese film Romance on the Lushan Mountain, I hope you all have a good evening.  ” said Ambassador Gui.

China-Europe Cultural Association is a non-political , non-religious organization consisting 75% of Chinese women in Sweden aiming at enhancing Chinese culture and enrich their life in Sweden and serving as a bridge between China and Sweden.

Ambassador Gui said he also welcomed journalists from PROFOCA and other foreign friends to visit China. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China has experienced great changes. Since the 18th Party’s Congress, China has entered a new era. Now China enjoys stable social and political environment and high quality economic development.  Nearly 1.3 billion people have shrugged off poverty and the rest 50 million will eradicate their poverty situation by 2020. In the International arena, China plays an important role in maintaining world peace, security and stability.  It is a main force for world harmony. I believe the journalists can find some good news from China.

Xuefei Chen Axelsson, President of China-Europe Cultural Association and PROFOCA explained why they held this event.

She said to be part of the Stockholm Cultural Night made her proud to be able to contribute to the cultural life in Stockholm with some Chinese flavour. This is also a sign that Sweden is open and international.

“We hold 2018 Belt and Road Nordic Spring Peace and Culture Festival in order to guard world peace.  Belt and Road Initiative proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping is not to impose Chinese influence by purpose, but treat it as a way to promote peace and development. Sweden was the destination of the maritime silk road taking the boat Gothenburg as an example. We like to promote cultural exchanges between China and Sweden and China and Europe. ” said Chen Axelsson.

“The third is to celebrate the exhibition of Beijing women artist Li Li. Although it is a small scale of 30 small pieces of paintings, it is profound and a real action of bilateral cultural exchange. ” she said.

As a journalist herself, Chen Axelsson said while China insists on peace and development, some other parts of the world are not very peaceful. She held that violence and conflict are the biggest enemy of sustainable development. We condemn all kinds of violence.  Violence and conflict are a result of illiteracy. Belt and Road initiative aims to avoid violence and conflict. Through peace and development, people’s living standards can be improved. Without peace, there will be no development. We must value the peaceful environment. We believe that cultural exchange is conducive to understanding between different people and countries, and further avoid conflict and maintain world peace and stability.

Last year, we held the first Nordic Spring International Cultural Festival, we also held other cultural activities such as holding lectures and listening to Chinese actor Pu Chunxin’s presentation held in Chinese Cultural Center . By learning Chinese culture, we feel more peaceful and life is more joyful.  By going to China and reporting the Party Congress, I saw China’s peaceful transition to a new era aiming at wiping out poverty completely and building a modern Chinese society. We shall continue to work hard to serve the members and contribute to Sino-Swedish good relations.

The performances began with Swedish Chinese Children’s choir’s singing.

Dong Jiajun’s Hulusi performance is very beautiful. The music is really very good for ear. Hulusi is an instrument from China’s Yunnan Province, Southwest China.

He Ruiyu sang the song Rolling up the Bamboo Curtain beautifully.

Chinese women choir also sang very well. Some of them are the mothers of the children’s choir .

Natali Dansstudio’s girls brought modern dance.

Tang Shiyu sang a beautiful Chinese song called the size of the heaven.

 

Li Zhanchun sang Tianbian, Little Populars Tree and I love you China reminding us the beautiful China of the 1980s.

Ric Wasserman sang Bob Dylan’s song Blowing in the wind.

Li Jia sang a song about Chinese River Liuyanghe.

Zhai Yijia played erhu horse racing, a master piece by Erhu.

Hao Jingxia sang the classic Kunqu Dream in the Garden looking like Peking opera.

Uppsala Confucius Class pupils performed a singing and dancing program attracting the attention of other children.

Xuefei Chen Axelsson sang an inner Mongolian song Take me to the Prairie.

Finally Ambassador Gui and all the artists and guests sang together My Motherland led by Li Jia.

 

Ric Wasserman also sang many other blues style songs with American flavour making the festival international.

Beijing woman artist Li Li’s paintings stand by the wall around the hall which hosts more than 200 people.

The programs attracts Swedish, Russians, Americans and Chinese.  The Chinese food is also part of Chinese culture.

Finally a film Romance on Lushan Mountain was played to end the cultural night at midnight.

Also present at the cultural night were Dou Chunxiang, Education Consular, Zhang Lei, Consular department director, Consular Li Xiaojie and Luo Jinsheng. Ye Peiqun, Execultive President of Sveriges Kinesiska Förbund, Duan Maoli, Anhui Association of Science and Commerce in Sweden, Jack Yu, President of Sino-Swedish Life Science Association, Yin Chang, Kinesiska Riksförbundet I Sverige, Sun Kai, President of Chinese Teachers Association in Sweden, Zhao Lijie, Vice President of China-Europe Cultural Association, Zhouzheng, Secretary of Europe-Asia Cultural Promotion Association, Yang Chungui, President of  Acupuncture Science Association Sweden and Zhao Lijie, Vice President of China-Europe Cultural Association.

The festival was hosted by Åsa and Arthur Lou Guofeng.

Text/Xuefei Chen Axelsson,  Photo/Wu Ming.

今日头条:瑞典针灸学术研究学会会员大会于斯德哥尔摩胜利召开

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 4月21日,斯德哥尔摩春意盎然,阳光明媚。瑞典针灸学术研究学会会员大会胜利召开。

瑞典针灸学术研究学会会长杨春贵首先做了重要讲话。他重申瑞典针灸学术研究学会是世界针灸学会联合会的成员,遵守世界针灸学会联合会规章制度,及瑞典相关法律法规。遵循世界卫生组织针灸相关标准,开展循证针灸,提高中医针灸医师业务水平,更好的服务于患者。

杨会长代表学会向关心支持举办2017瑞典国际针灸会议的领导、同仁表示衷心的感谢。感谢桂从友大使出席会议并鼓励学会依照中医药“一带一路”规划在瑞典稳步发展。感谢廖蓉医师(Elisa Liao)、马雪虹(Xuehong Ma Yang)医师、张东青医师(Dongqing Zhang)、林德锋医师(Defeng Lin)、陈铁君医师(Sandra Tiejun Chen)、Mehdi Ghazi医师、胡淑慧医生(Shuhui Hu)、徐铁(Tie Xu)博士夫妇等人慷慨解囊,捐助学会。得益于各位同仁和朋友的无私帮助,学会于2017年顺利召开了国际性学术交流大会。

在2017年,学会得到强劲发展。对国际针灸医师进行了业务学习和考核,并继续扩大国际针灸医师队伍,又有14名考生通过了考试;其中包括多名从业20年以上的资深医师;学术交流继续进行,2017年11月举办了中瑞“一带一路”针灸高峰论坛、“筋骨三针专题讲座”以及与卡罗林斯卡医学院的科研合作研讨会。

杨会长还倡议筹建国际针灸医师工会和中医针灸网的建议,更好地为国际针灸医师和患者服务。

司库(Yukio Danisman)做了2017年财务报告,公布了收支明细,得到全体会员的认可。

之后,学会的法律顾问,国浩律师事务所瑞典办事处资深律师Bengt Wahrolén做了重要讲话,从法律角度说明了几个关键问题。

首先他汇报了为学会办理针灸医师保险的情况,他认为保险公司欢迎国际针灸医师这样的高水平针灸医师办理保险,其中有一些保险是针对集体的,要求国际针灸医师作为一个集体统一由学会申请办理。

然后Wahrolén律师列举了相关法律,详细阐述了在瑞典国际针灸医师可以使用针灸医师(Akupunktur Doktor),并将帮助推动瑞典卫生部门认可注册针灸医师(Leg. Akupunktur Doktor),与瑞典卫生体系接轨。

最后Wahrolén律师郑重声明,经过对学会财务检查,可以证明学会的资金来源是会费和捐助,未得到任何政府的资助。

律师在现场回答了会员的若干提问。

大会进入颁发证书环节,瑞典针灸学术研究学会杨会长为揭梅(Maggie Jie)和Bengt Wahrolén两位律师颁发了法律顾问聘书。

随后杨会长和张副会长为新一届国际针灸医师颁发了证书,之后全体瑞典国际针灸医师合影留念,他们身着统一的制服、佩戴国际针灸医师胸卡名牌和徽章,展现了国际针灸医师规范、专业的风采。

合影后,张东青副会长宣读了《瑞典针灸学术研究学会章程》,杨会长宣读了《瑞典针灸学术研究学会财务管理制度》.

林副秘书长宣读了《瑞典国际针灸医师管理制度》。与会会员积极讨论了上述制度,宣读人一一做了解答。至此完善了学会的各种规章制度。

公布重要制度之后,开始了学术讲座。首先是张东青副会长做了题为《针刺为主治疗肠易激惹综合症》的学术讲座,针对瑞典病人常见的五种证型采用“肠八针”为主治疗,疗效显著;黎坚理事随后做了题为《中西医结合一针疗法治疗老年性膝关节骨性关节炎关节疼痛》的学术讲座,阐述了基于西医明确病理后采用针灸治疗,对骨性膝关节炎往往能做到一针见效。

学术讲座之后,会场移到杨会长诊所,开始给会员及病人义诊,杨会长现场为两位病人义诊,演示了疗效显著的不孕症特效穴,采用埋线疗法新技术;

林德锋理事演示了火针疗法,为几位痛症病人治疗,当场见效。义诊现场气氛热烈,针灸医师们都受益匪浅,认为学会拥有很高的针灸水平,行为规范专业,对针灸在瑞典立法充满信心。

义诊结束后,针灸医师们带着喜悦的心情参加了中欧文化协会当晚主办的斯德哥尔摩文化之夜“一带一路”北欧之春国际和平文化节,为会员大会画上了圆满的句号。

大会主持人是林尤吉副秘书长,大会翻译是杨溪理事。大约30名会员出席了大会。

 

图文/陈雪霏,部分内容和图片由瑞典针灸学术研究学会提供。

Eating fish could prevent Parkinson’s disease (吃鱼可以防止帕金森)

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

Stockholm, April 23(Greenpost)– A new study from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, showed that Parvalbumin, a protein found in great quantities in several different fish species, has been shown to help prevent the formation of certain protein structures closely associated with Parkinson’s disease, a statement from the university website says.

Fish has long been considered a healthy food, linked to improved long-term cognitive health, but the reasons for this have been unclear. Omega-3 and -6, fatty acids commonly found in fish, are often assumed to be responsible, and are commonly marketed in this fashion. However, the scientific research regarding this topic has drawn mixed conclusions. Now, new research from Chalmers has shown that the protein parvalbumin, which is very common in many fish species, may be contributing to this effect.

One of the hallmarks of Parkinson’s disease is amyloid formation of a particular human protein, called alpha-synuclein. Alpha-synuclein is even sometimes referred to as the ‘Parkinson’s protein’
What the Chalmers researchers have now discovered, is that parvalbumin can form amyloid structures that bind together with the alpha-synuclein protein. Parvalbumin effectively ‘scavenges’ the alpha-synuclein proteins, using them for its own purposes, thus preventing them from forming their own potentially harmful amyloids later on.

“Parvalbumin collects up the ‘Parkinson’s protein’ and actually prevents it from aggregating, simply by aggregating itself first,” explains Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede, Professor and Head of the Chemical Biology division at Chalmers, and lead author on the study.

With the parvalbumin protein so highly abundant in certain fish species, increasing the amount of fish in our diet might be a simple way to fight off Parkinson’s disease. Herring, cod, carp, and redfish, including sockeye salmon and red snapper, have particularly high levels of parvalbumin, but it is common in many other fish species too. The levels of parvalbumin can also vary greatly throughout the year.

“Fish is normally a lot more nutritious at the end of the summer, because of increased metabolic activity. Levels of parvalbumin are much higher in fish after they have had a lot of sun, so it could be worthwhile increasing consumption during autumn,” says Nathalie Scheers, Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, and researcher on the study. It was Nathalie who first had the inspiration to investigate parvalbumin more closely, after a previous study she did looking at biomarkers for fish consumption.

Other neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, ALS and Huntington’s disease, are also caused by certain amyloid structures interfering in the brain. The team is therefore keen to research this topic further, to see if the discovery relating to Parkinson’s disease could have implications for other neurodegenerative disorders as well. Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede stresses the importance of finding ways to combat these neurological conditions in the future:

“These diseases come with age, and people are living longer and longer. There’s going to be an explosion of these diseases in the future – and the scary part is that we currently have no cures. So we need to follow up on anything that looks promising.”

A follow up study, looking at parvalbumin from another angle, is indeed planned for this autumn. Nathalie Scheers, together with Professor Ingrid Undeland, also of Chalmers, will investigate parvalbumin from herring, and its transport in human tissues.

“It will be very interesting to study how parvalbumin distributes within human tissues in more depth. There could be some really exciting results.”

More About: Fish and Better Neurological Health

The link between higher consumption of fish and better long-term health for the brain has been long established. There is correlation between certain diets and decreased rates of Parkinson’s disease – as well as other neurodegenerative conditions. “Among those who follow a Mediterranean diet, with more fish, one sees lower rates of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s,” says Tony Werner, a PhD student in the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, and lead researcher on the study. This has also been observed in Japan, where seafood forms a central part of the diet. The team is careful to note that no definite links can be established at this point, however.

More About: Amyloids and Aggregation

Proteins are long chains of amino acids that fold into specific structures to carry out their function. But sometimes, proteins can fold incorrectly, and get tangled up with other proteins, a process known as aggregation.As these misfolded proteins aggregate together, they create long fibrous structures known as amyloids. Amyloids are not necessarily a bad thing, but can be responsible for various diseases. Some of them can interfere with neurons in the brain, killing those cells, and causing a variety of neurodegenerative conditions.

More About: The Study

The study was published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Abundant fish protein inhibits α-synuclein amyloid formation

Nathalie Scheers had looked at parvalbumin before in another context.

“I was on a previous study where we looked at possible compliance markers for fish intake. Parvalbumin is a cause of fish allergies, so we knew that it passed over to the blood, and that this form of parvalbumin is specific for fish”

She joined forces with Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede, and together they took the idea forward.

“Because Nathalie had previously shown that parvalbumin passes into the body of the person eating fish, it made sense to study its interaction with human proteins. We already knew that they can meet in the gut, the blood, or the brain,” explains Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede.

Source: Chalmers University

今日头条:中国驻瑞典大使桂从友出席斯德哥尔摩文化之夜“一带一路”北欧之春国际和平文化节

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 4月21日晚,斯德哥尔摩100多家文化团体和单位举办斯德哥尔摩文化之夜活动。作为斯德哥尔摩文化之夜的一个重要组成部分,中欧文化协会作为主办方之一牵头在恒运阁饭店举办了2018“一带一路”北欧之春国际和平文化节和中国女画家李丽的山水花鸟国画展。

晚上六点钟,恒运阁饭店188个座位爆满。文化节在宾客满堂欢乐祥和的气氛中开始。

中国驻瑞典特命全权大使桂从友.

中国驻瑞典大使桂从友阁下首先致辞。他说,在这冬去春来,万物复苏的美好时节,举办这样的斯德哥尔摩文化之夜和一带一路国际和平文化节具有重要的现实意义。象征着大家渴望光明,渴望和平,渴望美好,我和大家共同融入到这样祥和友好的气氛中,也感到非常荣幸,非常幸福,心情感到非常愉快。

“中瑞两国是传统友好国家,两国关系正站在新的历史起点上,面临广阔的发展前景。在斯德哥尔摩文化之夜,增加中国文化元素,不仅是文化之夜更加绚丽多彩,也为中瑞关系的发展注入新的正能量。中方提出一带一路倡议是基于工商共建共享原则,增进与世界各国的友好,扩大与世界各国的全面合作。民心相通是”一带一路” 创意领域的五大活动之一,人与人之间的友好交往和国与国之间的人文交流是民心相同的最重要途径。也是扩大各个领域合作的基础和前提。”他说。

据了解今晚将上演一场中国文化大餐,包括演奏,舞蹈,歌曲,还有女画家李丽的画展和电影《庐山恋》。相信大家一定能够度过一个收获满满的斯德哥尔摩文化之夜。

中欧文化协会是由瑞典华人华侨女同胞自愿发起的旨在传播中华文化,我相信通过这样的努力不仅有利于丰富旅瑞华人华侨的文化生活,也有利于更好地促进中瑞,中欧文化交流。

Ric Wasserman, 记者歌手,陈雪霏会长,桂从友大使和Toni Sica记者。

桂大使说,今天的主办方之一瑞典专业外国记者协会的记者和国际友人,欢迎你们到中国去走走看看。改革开放四十年来,中国发生了翻天覆地的变化。十八大以来,中国又进入了一个新时代。现在中国社会政治稳定,经济高质量发展,13多亿人民基本过上了小康生活。还有五千万贫困人口到2020年将全部实现稳定脱贫。在国际上,中国积极维护世界和平安全稳定,是和谐世界的主力军。相信外国记者和国际友人到中国后一定会体会到我所说的一切,有一定的感知认知。

中欧文化协会会长,北欧绿色邮报网和北欧中华网总编辑和瑞典专业外国记者协会会长陈雪霏介绍嘉宾后也致辞。

她说,我非常高兴今天我们是三喜临门,一是庆祝斯德哥尔摩文化之夜,今晚有近百个单位都以紫花为标记搞不同的文化活动。作为华人团体,真正加入到瑞典社会活动中来,既保持自己的特色,又加入到主流活动当中,这让我们感到很自豪。这也是瑞典社会开放和国际化的一个标志。

我们是斯德哥尔摩文化之夜的一部分。

二是我们庆祝2018一带一路北欧之春国际和平文化节。今年是第二届以和平为主题的文化节,我们也加上了一带一路的主题。“一带一路”是中国国家主席习近平提出的促进和平与发展的创意。瑞典的哥德堡号正好是古丝绸之路的一个终点。现在,中瑞之间,乃至中国和北欧之间更应该继续加深友谊,深化经贸和文化合作。文化和商贸并不分家,加上一带一路主题,也是响应习主席的创意,为促进中瑞之间乃至中欧之间的文化交流做出贡献。

第三是北京女画家李丽的山水花鸟国画在瑞典展出。虽然规模不大,但是,意义深远,因为这正是促进中瑞文化交流的实际行动。当今世界,中国在一心一意搞现代化建设,全心全意促进世界和平与发展,我们非常赞同中国坚持和平发展的道路。但是,有些地方却出现了令人不满意的地方,那就是还有暴力和冲突。暴力和冲突是和平与发展的大敌。我们谴责一切暴力和冲突。其实,暴力和冲突的根本原因是因为没有文化。一带一路的创意,目的就是要避免暴力和冲突,通过和平与发展来提高中国人民乃至世界人民的生活水平,创建人类命运共同体。没有和平,就没有发展,更谈不上可持续发展。因此,我们必须珍惜和平环境,保卫和平环境,我们相信,举办文化交流活动有助于人与人,国与国之间的相互理解和交流,可以避免冲突,维护世界和平与稳定。

去年,我们举办了首届北欧之春国际和平文化节,同时也积极组织出席斯德哥尔摩文化中心的活动,听取了濮存昕老师的讲座,体验了茶艺和江南的水墨丹青。我们还组织了太极和中国舞的培训,还有一部分人喜欢徒步。同时,我们也尝试做了有关瑞典社会的讲座。去年我很荣幸去北京报道了中国的十九大,亲眼目睹中国进入了习近平中国特色社会主义思想的新时代。今年,我们将继续努力为广大会员服务也为中瑞之间的交流做出我们应有的贡献。

主持人奥萨真子老师和娄国峰博士。

整场演出有25个节目。瑞典华人爱乐少儿合唱团首先出场演唱:《小红帽》,《春晓》和《最美的画》,孩子们的精彩表演一下子吸引了大家的眼球。

董家俊老师演奏的《婚誓》,《月光下的凤尾竹》和《竹林深处》,不但代表了中国优美的音乐,而且这个乐器葫芦丝也非常具有中华民族文化的特色。

何瑞玉演唱了优美的《卷珠帘》,还加上了一段多情的独白,非常优美。她演唱的《甜蜜蜜》也真的很甜美。

瑞典华人爱乐合唱团演唱《女人花》和《南屏晚钟》。指挥杨筱音老师。这里有的是孩子的妈妈,他们和孩子们一样漂亮。

儿童舞蹈 《圣诞舞》, 表演者,俄罗斯娜塔莉儿童舞蹈队。她们还表演了《辣女孩儿》舞蹈。俄罗斯裔少年Artem演奏了小提琴。巴赫曲目Sabastian。

唐诗雨演唱《天之大》。

李占淳独唱《天边》,《小白杨》和《我爱你中国》让人享受男高音的气魄和魅力。

诺贝尔文学奖得主鲍勃迪伦的歌曲,《答案在风中飘荡》,音乐家歌手 Ric Wasserman,自弹自唱,拉师伴奏。

女生独唱《又唱浏阳河》,演唱者斯京知名女高音歌唱家李佳。

二胡独奏《赛马》表演者, 翟怡嘉。落落大方,给人留下深刻印象。

昆曲《游园惊梦》表演者斯京著名票友郝景霞,让人领略中国古典文化的韵味。

乌普萨拉中文学校翟怡佳老师指导的儿童表演《歌舞江南》吸引了小朋友们聚精会神的观看。

陈雪霏演唱了一首充满深情的有关内蒙古大草原的歌曲《带我去草原吧》。她还表演了24式太极以展示中华传统文化。

最后,桂大使和夫人上台和大家一起唱《我的祖国》并和部分演员嘉宾合影。

瓦瑟曼,吉它自弹自唱布鲁斯音乐穿插在两场演出中间。人们品尝了包括东坡肉在内的中华美食。

与此同时,北京画家李丽的国画作品,就在现场展出,人们尽可以一饱眼福。作品有山水和花鸟画,给人留下很美好的印象。

最后:放映了中国改革开放之初的老电影《庐山恋》。

斯德哥尔摩文化之夜国际和平文化节开到半夜12点才结束。

本次文化节收到很好的反响。首先是来的人数大大出乎意料。观众爆满。同时,很多歌曲和乐曲都是中国音乐和歌曲的经典,让人百听不厌。中国国画在这里放出光彩。另外,国际和平文化节也真正体现了国际意义,华瑞观众各半。

出席本次活动的嘉宾还有教育参赞窦春祥,领事部主任张磊,领事部领事李晓洁和罗锦生。瑞典华人总会执行会长叶沛群,瑞典安徽科技商业协会会长段茂利教授,中瑞生命科学协会和瑞典沈阳同乡会会长于江博士,瑞典华人联合会秘书长尹畅博士,瑞典中文教师协会会长孙凯,瑞典欧亚文化促进会秘书长周政,瑞典针灸学术研究学会会长杨春贵,瑞中企业家协会副会长张露萍,畅通国际总经理李凯和瑞典青田同乡会副会长周民伟和副秘书长徐力等。当晚200多人参加了本次活动。

出席文化节的嘉宾还有瑞典高级工程师Tomas Edlar, 瑞典专业外国记者协会的意大利记者Toni Sica, 美国和瑞典记者,音乐家歌手Ric Wasserman, 俄罗斯裔Natali 舞蹈队负责人Natali。

娜塔丽Natali Dansstudio.

瑞典华人总会执行会长叶沛群与大家合影。

 

 

图/吴明,吕程,曹化新,魏学超   文/陈雪霏

 

今日要闻:桂从友大使拜会瑞典温和党主席克里斯特松

  北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)- 4月17日,桂从友大使在瑞典议会办公楼拜会瑞典温和党主席克里斯特松。

  桂大使表示,中方一向重视中瑞关系和党际交流,瑞典温和党等各主要政党长期致力于促进中瑞友好交流与合作,中方对此表示高度赞赏。中瑞两国发展理念十分相近,中国共产党十九大提出把人民对美好生活的向往作为党的奋斗目标。中国共产党愿与包括温和党在内的瑞典各主要政党加强治国理政经验交流,更好地促进两国共同发展和人民福祉。

克里斯特松表示,中国发生了翻天覆地的变化,是世界上最大也是最重要的单一市场,并且坚定支持自由贸易和开放发展,令全世界倍感鼓舞。温和党愿同中方加强沟通,致力于深化两国各领域务实合作。

双方还就有关问题交换了意见。

今日要闻:桂从友大使访问法尔雪平市

 北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)4月16至17日,桂从友大使应邀访问法尔雪平市,会见市长加布里埃尔松、市议会文化与旅游委员会主席比耶尔克海德、市企业协会会长拉尔松、文化协会会长布拉格纳,并访问了法尔毕格德奶酪工厂。使馆经商参赞韩晓东、文化参赞浦正东等参加访问。

  桂大使充分肯定法尔雪平市政府积极推动对华合作,多年来举办了多项中瑞文化交流活动,促进了法尔雪平市民对中国的理解和友谊,为中瑞关系发展和双边务实合作创造了良好条件。法尔雪平是瑞典重要农业区,在农村建设、农业产业发展、农业环境保护等领域积累了丰富经验。中共十九大提出实施乡村振兴战略,构建现代农业产业体系、生产体系、经营体系,中方愿加强同法尔雪平市的交流与合作,互学互鉴,推动双边关系进一步向前发展。

  加布里埃尔松市长等表示,法尔雪平市高度重视国际合作,首选同中国开展经贸与文化合作。近年来,京剧、山东民俗等中方艺术团相继到访法尔雪平,给当地人民带来丰盛的中国文化大餐。市政府也组织当地艺术团体赴华巡演,获得成功。法尔雪平市政府愿以文化交流为先导,积极探索同中方开展经贸等务实领域合作。

  在法尔毕格德奶酪工厂,桂大使听取了总经理本特松关于企业历史与瑞典乳制品行业发展情况的介绍,参观了奶酪窖藏与包装配送中心。本特松表示,法尔雪平是瑞典奶酪行业的中心城市,全国市场超过半数的奶酪在此生产。瑞典奶酪营养丰富,愿向中方出口。

来源:驻瑞典大使馆

瑞典欧盟与贸易大臣林德说中瑞关系对瑞典来说极其重要

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 瑞典欧盟与贸易大臣安. 林德16日接受北欧绿色邮报网报道时说,中瑞关系对瑞典来说极其重要。

她是在出席在此间举行的斯德哥尔摩性别平等论坛时接受记者采访的。

林德说,中瑞关系对瑞典来说极其重要,因此去年六月瑞典首相带领有史以来最大的代表团到中国访问,有贸易大臣,环境大臣和工业大臣,三位大臣随访。而且,瑞典贸易总体比上一年增长12%,而向中国的出口增加了27%。 大大改变了以往贸易逆差的情况。中国对瑞典的绿色科技非常感兴趣,瑞典在这方面也确实世界领先。

她说,中瑞之间的关系是建立在互信基础上的,有什么分歧可以通过外交和商贸洽谈来解决,双方可以进行富有建设性的对话,也可以进行相互的批评,希望这种情况不会影响双边贸易。

记者提到中国对瑞典的养老和司法等方面也非常感兴趣,是否可以对中国更开放一些呢。

林德说,希望如此吧。

林德是出席本次性别平等会议的四大女大臣之一,另外三位是外交大臣瓦尔斯特罗姆和副首相兼国际发展合作与气候大臣略文已经老人儿童大臣哈伦格林。

来自世界100多个国家的600多名妇女代表和国际组织领导人出席了为期三天的会议。会议围绕如何实现联合国2030年关于性别平等目标及瑞典的女权主义援助政策进行了深入讨论。

17日四位大臣分别就妇女和儿童在和平与参政方面的参与,通过贸易,企业和技术增强妇女的权力,妇女发挥决定作用,这世界就会变得更强,更安全等议题进行了深入讨论。

瑞典在性别平等方面确实成为世界的表率,根据议会规定,内阁部长一般都是男女各半。本届政府平均年龄也都比较年轻45-55之间。

本次会议邀请南华早报和上海一家报纸的记者和世界其他国家共9位记者一道受瑞典学院的邀请来采访报道的。

瑞典副首相国际发展合作与气候大臣略文说中国在气候变化问题上可以发挥重要作用

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 瑞典副首相兼国际发展合作与气候大臣伊萨贝拉. 略文17日在接受北欧绿色邮报网采访时说,中国在发展气候友好技术方面可以发挥重要作用。

她是在出席并主持在斯德哥尔摩召开的性别平等论坛期间接受本网记者采访的。

她说,我认为中国在发展气候友好技术方面可以发挥重要作用。瑞典有一个很高的理想就是要创立一个气候友好的福利国家,到2045年实现零排放。我知道我们和中国有很多关于合作的磋商,讨论如何能引领世界气候友好经济。我想在向绿色经济转型过程中妇女的参与非常重要。

妇女的参与非常关键,我希望中国在性别平等方面成为世界先锋,在尊重人权方面继续努力。我们是一个依赖外贸出口的国家,因此,我们认为自由公平贸易十分重要。我们之间关系的发展也应该造福于地球上的每一个人,在尊重人权和尊重环境的基础上促进可持续生产和贸易。从这个意义上讲,中国可以发挥根本的真的非常重要的作用。

她说,斯德哥尔摩性别平等论坛宣布五年内赐资10亿克朗专门推动性别平等问题。瑞典过去三年中实行女性主义的外交和外援政策取得很大成效,对发展中国家的发展和和平重建都有好处。她说,他们发现有妇女参与的和平与发展项目更容易有可持续性。

China has a very important role in developing climate smart technologies and Sweden also has a very high ambition on creating climate smart welfare state, our ambition is to have net zero emissions by 2045.

I know we and China have a lot of discussions on cooperation on how we can lead the world to climate smart economy, and I think also women’s participation in this transition to a green economy will be crucial.

I think and I hope China will be at the forefront also on gender equality, that is extremely important to respect human rights and women’s rights are human rights. We are a trade dependent country and we think it is important to have free and fair trade and we should develop our relationship to the benefit of everyone globally, and that is promoting sustainable production and trade based on human rights and respect of environment and in that sense, China has an essential and really important role.

斯德哥尔摩性别平等论坛系列报道四:妇女儿童参与和平和政治研讨会 (下)

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)–  妇女儿童参与和平与政治研讨会17日在市会议中心继续进行。

瑞典外交大臣瓦尔斯特罗姆参与第二场讨论。

首先是由加拿大首位女将军介绍加拿大的男女平等问题。她很自豪地说在加拿大男女平等非常好。但是,我们在维和过程中,需要更多的信息。

ICC代表表示,人们需要了解20年前为什么我们建立国际犯罪法庭。今年我们庆祝成立20年了,我们已经由120个国家签署了协议。

在近年来,我们看到在冲突中,对妇女儿童的侵犯需要认真对待,有效地对待,需要有实质性结果。现在ICC开始受理这样的有关性犯罪的案件。

2014年,我们开始把这种行为纳入法律法规。妇女是冲突的一部分,但是,解决冲突的时候,却不让她们参与,这是不行的。在协调,和平与发展的过程中,都应该让妇女参与。

格鲁吉亚律师代表说,俄罗斯的占领尽管是几天时间但是,那种创伤是长久的。我的任务是落实联合国和格鲁吉亚关于男女平等的政策。

UNFPA and Red Cross,联合国人口基金会,红十字会和瑞典外交大臣:红十字会代表说,联合国庆祝卢旺达大屠杀结束活动,我们让一个女孩儿代表,我觉得卢旺达大屠杀的报道是太少了。我们需要更多的关于妇女儿童在冲突中的悲惨遭遇。

UNFPA代表和很多遭受冲突的妇女儿童进行对话。我们和政府接触,要把对妇女儿童的性侵犯当成重要的事情来办。中非国家,我们和非洲妇女,民兵接触,和谈,结果,这样的方法证明很好。为了落实我们的理想,需要给当地的协会或组织权力。

在战争中发生性侵犯的行为实际上也是战争犯罪。例如在非洲,不但要女人去取水,拾柴,而是要让男人去取水拾柴。让女人参与冲突预防,我们请妇女来告诉我们在战场上的经历。

结束语:

这个论坛非常好,我们学到很多东西。我们要从自己做起。这个论坛很有生命力。加拿大军官说,我真希望我失业了。如果我失业了,就说明我们的世界已经和平了。那些犯罪的人必须受到惩罚。这可以威慑那些想犯罪的人。

改变价值观。我们在哥德堡在讨论叙利亚使用化学武器的事情。格鲁吉亚代表预防非常重要。预防最重要。合作很重要。

更多女孩去上学,更多女人参与政治,更多和平,更少冲突,没有她们,什么事都干不成。

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, 作家演讲。希望我的一岁半女儿的未来生活比我的生活更好。

我们不能让坏准则影响好准则。

里斯说,会议达成一致都认为我们应该和男人一起工作。

来自阿富汗的代表,在阿富汗,母亲可能是生活在世界上最糟糕的环境中的母亲。阿富汗依然是个农业国,生存环境依然很糟糕。

 

 

今日头条:斯德哥尔摩性别平等论坛系列报道之二:国际法?有人遵守吗?

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)–  正在斯德哥尔摩举行的性别平等论坛进入第二天。再次感受妇女的力量和担忧。妇女再次发声,没有和平就没有发展,没有和平就不可能实现平等。

瑞典外交部长和对外援助部长两位勇敢的瑞典女部长召开了斯德哥尔摩性别平等论坛,大张旗鼓地讨论如何通过提高妇女地位来改善生活条件。

参加本次会议的有500多代表来自世界100多个国家。正如昨天俄罗斯代表说的,问题是我们现在不觉得我们存在男女不平等的问题。

本次会议的讨论对于男女平等的问题提出了更高的理想,那就是,不仅仅是意识到男女不平等,而且是要讨论如何改善这种情况。

妇女状况不同,对于处在和平环境下的西方国家,妇女依然在抱怨女人在厨房和照顾孩子的时间太长,比男人长很多,因此,积极推广爸爸假,让爸爸也能休假。这其中的原因是因为女权的强调,社会福利也都进行了个体平均分配,就是说,男女各交各的税,而不是以家庭为主体。因为如果以家庭为单位,有可能妇女就不工作,只带孩子了。给好的福利,妇女可以参加工作,但是,结果大多数时候还是男人挣的钱比女人多。女人在家庭的工作多。

16日早上全体会议上,Veronica Birga,联合国人权署办公室妇女人权和性别部主任强调了妇女权利的重要性。

Lina Abou Habib, 来自黎巴嫩人权保卫者负责人说,没有和平的环境就没有发展,没有和平环境就不可能有妇女平等地位。因此她谴责暴力,反对暴力。当记者问她对美英法对叙利亚轰炸时,她说,她的黎巴嫩妇女组织坚决反对暴力。暴力不能解决问题,没有和平环境,就没有发展。Lina Abou Habib, Collective for Research and Training on Development Action Lebanon.

Madeleine Rees,妇女国际和平与自由联盟秘书长(Secretary General of Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, WILPF)在大会上发言谴责欧洲开始拨更多资金到安全部门,而不是拨到教育,发展和其他方面。为什么要在安全部门增加资金,有必要吗?

当问及国际法的时候,她说,我认为国际法很有问题,我们有国际法吗?有人遵守国际法吗?联合国安理会应该采取措施,要严格遵守国际法。在冲突的地区,妇女遭到强奸,女权遭到严重践踏。

当前,世界银行在执行国际项目的时候,应该更加有性别平等意识。笔者也在想,在任何发展过程中,都要注意男女平等,而不能是男人有钱了,就乱来。

来参加会议的代表,有很多都是SIDA资助的对象。Chakma是亚太妇女法律和发展论坛负责人。她讲述了亚太地区的性别平等问题,而且提出了大公司来投资,不注意性别平等问题,或者工作问题。

Rees在接受记者采访时说,她认为美英法对叙利亚的袭击是很不幸的。最近英国和俄罗斯的外交争端是英国工党政治危机的一部分。英国首相梅可能因为国内危机过激反应了间谍问题。

由此推测,美英法对叙利亚的轰炸是对俄罗斯的惩罚和对抗。当然,他们看到阿萨德一直不下台,也非常有意见。西方对阿萨德的评价和15年前对萨达姆的说法是如出一辙。他们希望阿萨德下去。

Rees认为本次会议应该发声呼吁国际社会有关各方都坐下来进行和平谈判。叙利亚妇女有她们自己的要求,应该关注她们的需求和期盼。应该立即停止和控制暴力和冲突,避免升级和恶化。

大会还发出了一些引人注意的口号,那就是,我们不需要拯救,我们需要团结。

发达国家妇女的权利意识

OECD国家的妇女发现,婚前男女工资收入很平等,但是,一结婚生孩子以后,妇女的工资收入立即减少了。而且往往减少很多。强调个人权利很好,但是,结果,人们发现,最后,到老年的时候,尤其是到退休的时候,发现女人的退休金少一大块。怎样达到平衡和满意的程度?现在妇女呼吁在投资的时候,资助的时候,要多多支持妇女。

瑞典的策略是支持妇女组织,同时应该支持老年妇女,因为她们是很有智慧的。

本次会议很多代表提出要从资金资助方面偏向或平等对待妇女。因为妇女贫困的问题依然明显。

苏丹,叙利亚等在冲突中和危机中的国家的妇女急需现金,这种资助是很好的。瑞典对冲突地区的弱势支持项目很好。妇女们还呼吁援助应该给妇女,不是都给男人。

津巴布韦的男代表说,我们需要有个本土本地化的概念。我们有全球化概念,也应该有本土化概念。来自非洲代表再次呼吁资金支持女童上学,支持村民改善用水条件等。

来自奥地利维也纳的一个黑人代表说对赋予妇女权力非常感兴趣。没有工资的工作,难民,结构变化等问题。

没有工资的工作应该怎样衡量,Data to X. 试图在调查是否可以衡量没有工资的工作。新的名词是金融一体化。就是说不要把妇女,老人和弱者排除在外。

男代表表示,现在的男女平等不仅是男女平等,而且是贫富悬殊的问题。我们不能否定女权主义带来的好处,但是,要对它带来的问题进行改善。

图文/ 陈雪霏

今日要闻:斯德哥尔摩性别平等论坛开幕

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 斯德哥尔摩性别平等论坛15日在瑞典对外援助部开幕。

会议的主题主要是讨论性别平等问题。为期三天的会议吸引了来自世界各国尤其是发展中国家的代表。该会议是由瑞典外交部和对外援助部联合举办的。

瑞典外交部近年来一直推行女权主义外交政策,尤其是在对外援助方面特别强调性别平等问题。

瑞典对外援助大臣伊莎贝拉.略文在接受记者采访时表示,女性占整个人口的一半,女性地位提高了,脱贫了,整个家庭就可以脱贫了,因此,女权主义外交政策还是很有效的。

通过会议了解到,在非洲确实还有很多地方相当落后,例如,在埃塞俄利亚,厄立特里亚据说还在实行女孩隔离的恶俗,对女性身心造成一辈子的伤害。还有的国家不允许堕胎,堕胎依然是违法的。还有就是即使允许堕胎,卫生条件极差。

克林.贡萨尔维斯,印度最高法院的高级律师和人权法网络奠基人说,印度在妇女权利方面远不是甘地时代的非暴力了。它是暴力泛滥。妇女遭到强奸,蹂躏和暴力。这种现象非常普遍。绝育手术时卫生条件特差,印度妇女需要更好的条件。

论坛上有一个研讨会是关于父亲的状态的。该报告显示,当今世界,尽管妇女地位有很大提高,但是,现实当中依然是父亲的工作时间和收入高于母亲。母亲依然是在家庭中工作的时间,带孩子的时间远远超过男人。

俄罗斯代表说,俄罗斯开始让男人参加妇女生孩子的过程。过去有但必须花钱,现在是免费。

这一点非常好,在瑞典,妇女生孩子时,丈夫是可以在身边陪着的。这个过程可以让男人知道生孩子是多么不容易。

 

俄罗斯的障碍是我们依然以为我们是男女平等。因为在苏联的时候,我们宣布我们是男女平等的。但是我们需要调查报告和数据。

 

瑞典的爸爸假是世界的典范。瑞典代表说,回忆,反思一下,我奶奶1914年出生时,妇女还不能投票。40年代,我妈不能工作。我1971年出生时,我们还没有爸爸假。

现在给男人很多压力,让他们也要休假。有一部人是可以选择的。1974年男人还没有接受,现在男人可以接受享受3个月的假。

男人还不愿意休假,但是现在很多人开始正确认识这个问题,有爸爸小组,让爸爸们可以有机会讨论这个问题。孩子需要不仅是妈妈,还需要爸爸。而且让爸爸带孩子以后,普遍家庭暴力少了许多。

男人休假的比例还是很低。我们需要资金资助爸爸组。妇女的工资还是相对低。女人的退休金比男人低很多。

南非代表表示现在从法律上规定男人可以有10天爸爸假,带薪休假。希望这个在法律上可以。

另外,在东欧国家,女权主义运动出现反弹。其后果是女人压力很大。但是,近年来,也是从法律上,经济上都给女权保障,增加产假时间,带薪或者不带薪,但都有休假的机会,也有时间去进修。

总之,世界的潮流是男人也需要休产假。落后的地方需要尽快改变陋习和陋俗。

图文/陈雪霏

今日要闻:芬兰在职业病癌症预防方面的经验

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 芬兰社会事务与健康部长马提拉在出席世界安全与健康大会时谈了芬兰预防工作相关癌症的经验。

她说,在工作场所,必须要识别致癌剂。任何有可能接触致癌剂的可能性都要进行评估。接触致癌剂的可能性可以和其他化学剂接触的预防方法一样。目前我们除了欧盟规定的职业接触限制外,还有450种国家级限制职业接触的规定。我们的经验是所有相关部门同意限制值以后,就很容易在实际中贯彻。国家限制值是在职业安全与健康国家职业安全与健康顾问委员会的下属委员会就国家限制值达成一致。

这个下属委员会有三个利益相关方。他们分别是雇主,雇员和中央政府。这三方达成协议以后在芬兰证明这是促进职业安全与健康的一个很好方法。

据估计,在芬兰查出的癌症病例中5.3%–8.4%都是与工作有关的。在欧洲,估计每年工作场所接触致癌剂引起大约12万人致癌。在全球引发工作相关癌症的材料是石棉。在芬兰也是如此。尽管芬兰和许多其他国家都禁止使用石棉,但是我们近期还不能指望形势有大的改变。癌症的长时间潜伏期意味着人们查出来癌症的时候,其实人们已经接触致癌剂20到30年的时间了。2006年,欧洲理事会和雇主雇员组织签署一个协议要减少对石棉的接触。根据协议,相关各方要致力于从个人和整个工作场所的角度排查出由呼吸结晶硅石引发的健康风险。马提拉说,在1994年到2013年,我们看到呼吸结晶硅石的接触率降低了100%。这就是政府与雇员和雇主三方达成协议的一个很好范例。而且在欧盟层面也得到了实施。

每隔三年,国际劳工组织和国际社会安全协会都会组织一次安全与健康国际大会。该大会有来自100多个国家的3000多国际代表参加。该大会从1955年开始开会。上一次大会是在新加坡举行的。