Category Archives: Health

美团携手世界粮食计划署共推“拒绝隐性饥饿”行动

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社报道: 10月16日世界粮食日,在“行动造就未来-健康饮食实现零饥饿”的全球主题下,美团与联合国世界粮食计划署共推“拒绝隐性饥饿”健康饮食倡导行动,联动明星、新浪微公益,及美团点评平台上超五十家餐饮连锁品牌,通过理念倡导及多种行动举措,聚焦“隐性饥饿”问题,推动全球“零饥饿”的可持续发展目标实现。

  据数据显示,全球已有超20亿人处于“隐性饥饿”。中国农业农村部食物与营养发展研究所唐振闯博士说:“隐性饥饿一般因人体维生素和矿物质缺乏造成,它与显性饥饿( 能量、蛋白质、脂肪等宏量营养供应不足)相比,更加隐蔽,也更难察觉,长期处于‘隐性饥饿’可能导致婴儿出生缺陷、发育不良,增加儿童和孕产妇死亡率及免疫系统弱化等诸多疾病,严重危害身体健康。”

  世界粮食计划署驻华代表屈四喜表示:“联合国可持续发展‘零饥饿’的目标除了要在2030年消除饥饿,还要消除一切形式的营养不良。世界粮食计划署和美团的携手合作正是为了实现这个目标,为此双方不断探索新的合作模式和方法。今年的活动不仅契合世界粮食日的主题,而且准确传达了‘零饥饿’中营养的理念,‘饥饿餐厅’的创意既有新意,又能让民众直接体会健康饮食的重要性。”

  向用户传递均衡的膳食理念,推动膳食源头供给改善,保障用户膳食更丰富,营养多选择,是解决隐性饥饿行动的重要环节。为此,美团通过旗下美团、大众点评、美团外卖三大核心平台的连接能力,携手世界粮食计划署、名人合作伙伴周冬雨、陈赫、杜江发起联合倡导,通过提升用户膳食理念,拒绝隐性饥饿。活动采取线上线下联动的形式,线上联合新浪微公益发起“吃彩虹挑战”的公众意识提升活动,线下联合外婆家、GAGA鲜语、新元素三家餐饮品牌,在上海同时落地 “饥饿餐厅”快闪店,向消费者直观展示“隐性饥饿”的成因及危害,引导消费者对膳食营养的关注。同时,大董、西贝莜面村、全聚德、云海肴、羲和雅苑、点都德、胖哥俩、吉祥馄饨、香守花胶鸡海鲜火锅等超五十家餐饮品牌,在农业农村部食物与营养发展研究所的指导下,推出“吃出彩虹公益套餐”,通过关注套餐食材多样,保障膳食搭配更丰富。美团外卖发挥业务优势,通过发布《中国轻食外卖消费报告》等形式,为消费者提供一份健康餐饮选择指南,保障营养更多选择。

  对于本次行动,美团联合创始人穆荣均表示:“作为一家以‘吃’为核心的生活服务平台,美团一直致力于实现‘帮大家吃得更好,生活更好’的公司使命,发挥平台影响力,引导用户健康生活、绿色消费,带动商家提供更多健康、绿色的供给,丰富人们的生活方式和选择。此次与世界粮食计划署共推‘拒绝隐性饥饿’理念,是呼应联合国‘零饥饿’发展目标,同时也希望以此提升更多美团生态相关方对营养均衡,健康生活理念的关注和实践。”

  与此同时,在拒绝隐性饥饿的过程中,美团与世界粮食计划署始终关注贫困地区学龄前儿童营养改善,本次商家推出的“吃出彩虹公益套餐”,通过美团每完成一笔销售,商家都将向世界粮食计划署“学龄前儿童营养餐”公益项目捐赠一笔善款,而美团公益也将发挥自身平台优势,推动更多爱心网友关注并支持该项目,多方努力让孩子们吃得更好,健康成长。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

中国科学家研制出微型“血栓探测器”

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社据新华社消息(记者 陈席元)报道:把一块特殊的生物材料,制成仅有正常血管十分之一厚的柔性传感器,将其贴在血管或心脏周围,就可在体外设备清晰记录血栓形成初期、中期和末期全身血压的细微变化,精准确定血栓位置。

  记者11日从南京理工大学获悉,该校化工学院冯章启教授课题组原创的这项技术取得阶段性突破,并已完成动物临床医学评价,相关成果近日发表在《美国化学学会·纳米》(ACS Nano)上。

  心血管疾病是人类健康的主要威胁之一,对这类疾病进行预测与术后跟踪,是临床有效诊疗的关键。然而,目前各类分子筛查和影像学技术仍缺乏精准识别功能,冯章启课题组的新技术就试图破解这一难题。

  据论文第一作者李通博士介绍,课题组长期研究生物电子材料与纳米器件,此次他们采用一种厚度仅有200微米的高效柔性纳米纤维材料,它能够精确感受压强变化,再以电压形式表现出来。

  同时,这种材料具有优异的稳定性、敏感性以及生物相容性,课题组用它设计制造了一种柔性植入式压力传感器,并在动物实验中将传感器植入到成年猪的外周血管和心脏部位,获得了实时、精准的血压变化信号。

  “未来,这种柔性传感器可以在心血管手术时植入病人体内,通过无线信号发射器,病人和医护人员在手机端就能实时了解心血管系统的病变情况。”冯章启说,此外,这种精准“压力计”还可用于脑颅压、肾脏压、眼压等领域。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

精神疾病已成全球性问题 规范持续治疗才能见成效

 北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社据人民日报消息:很多人只知道精神疾病,却不了解为什么会患上精神疾病,也不知道很多精神疾病是可以达到有效治疗效果的。相关数据显示,截至2018年底,我国在册的严重精神障碍患者达599.4万例,包括六类精神障碍疾病。在近日举办的2019年世界精神卫生日公益宣传活动上,与会专家共同发出了“关注精神卫生,共建美好未来”的倡议,指出精神疾病已成为严重而又耗资巨大的全球性公共卫生问题,影响着不同年龄、不同文化、不同社会经济地位的人群,并应为精神障碍患者提供更多的家庭和社会支持。
  精神分裂患病率接近1%
  近年来,我国精神障碍患病率总体呈上升趋势,精神障碍患病总人数过亿。中国医师协会精神科分会会长、武汉大学人民医院精神卫生中心教授王高华在接受记者采访时表示,一项精神卫生调查(2016年)显示,我国心境障碍患者的求治率仅有9.51%,其中求治者治疗比例仅有七成 ,也就是说,接受治疗的心境障碍患者比例连1/10都不到,并且患者获得的治疗并不充分。精神分裂症患者50%以上也没有得到有效而规范的治疗。而我国精神科执业医师仅有4万人左右,医疗资源无法满足患者的就诊需求。精神疾病不仅给患者带来痛苦,还严重影响他们的家人、朋友,甚至他们所生活的社区。
  精神障碍是大脑活动发生紊乱造成中枢神经系统功能失调,导致认知、情感、意志及行为异常的疾病,包括精神分裂症等重型精神疾病,同时也包括焦虑障碍等精神障碍疾病。一方面公众对精神疾病的认知不足,社会对精神疾病患者存在或多或少的歧视,让很多精神疾病患者怕暴露身份而拒绝治疗,导致疾病的诊疗率低,这一现象在农村和偏远地区尤其突出;另一方面,因个别恶性事件影响,人们普遍认为精神病患者存在危险性,可能对他人人身或社会产生危害。而这些歧视和偏见,不仅给患者和家属造成了沉重负担,同样带来的是整体疾病负担的上升。
  规范持续治疗才能见成效
  在精神障碍疾病的治疗中,专家强调应遵循规范化的治疗原则,明确诊断是治疗的前提,及时制定治疗方案并实施,遵循个体化治疗原则,坚持长期治疗。
  精神疾病患者时常会感到被孤立,精神疾病会使患者和身边爱他(她)们的人感受不到一丝生活的快乐。在本次公益活动现场,人们分享了精神分裂症患者小贝与疾病抗争的经历。小贝在治疗期间由于服药不规律,病情多次反复,好在她的家人一直坚持对其照顾,并且遇到了北京大学第六医院主任医师、中国疾控中心精神卫生中心副主任马弘教授,为小贝制定了专业且创新的治疗方案,并定期随访,坚持要求小贝记录治疗日记,使小贝的病情得到了有效控制。与精神分裂症抗争26年,现在的小贝在饭后能够挽着父亲的手散步。而能够看到父亲满意的笑容,也是小贝最幸福的事。
  小贝的主治医生马弘在现场接受记者采访时强调,精神分裂症的治疗不是患者个体的事情,需要社会各方的力量。精神分裂症患者出院1年内复发率高达40.8%,复发受环境因素、患者因素、监护人缺乏照料能力等多种影响因素。反复复发会导致患者大脑功能和社会功能恶化,增加患者肇事肇祸的风险,加重社会经济负担和家庭照料成本,消耗大量社会医疗资源。精神疾病患者肇事肇祸屡见报道,尤其个别极端恶性事件,引起公众广泛关注,更加重了对精神疾病患者及其家人的歧视和排斥,导致患者因不敢暴露身份而拒绝治疗,致使未治疗或疗效差的患者症状不能有效控制,进而引发极端事件。
  协助患者“康复”
  “社区是精神疾病患者出院后生活的重要场所,约90%以上的精神分裂症患者需要在社区和家庭生活中得到持续照顾。”王高华表示,积极性社区干预能明显改善精神分裂症患者的临床症状和社会功能,降低复发住院率,同时有利于提高患者家属的心理健康水平和降低家庭照料负担。依从性差、擅自停药是复发的重要因素,因此专家强调早期治疗、规范治疗、坚持治疗。
  “在精神分裂症患者医院与社区治疗和康复的一体化模式探索中,北京、武汉、杭州等地已开始积极尝试多方协助的社区康复模式,取得了阶段性成果。”王高华提到,尽管如此,在社区康复的建设方面,我国和发达国家的差距仍然较大,仍然有很长的路要走。
  2015年,国家卫生健康委发布的《全国精神卫生工作规划(2015-2020年)》中指出,我国未来需要积极推行“病重治疗在医院、康复管理在社区”的服务模式,鼓励引导社会资源提供精神障碍社区康复服务。白求恩公益基金会秘书长田晓犁说,作为持续关注精神卫生的医疗健康领域公益慈善组织,白求恩公益基金会一直致力于为精神分裂患者及家庭提供全方位支持,为精神疾病患者、家属、医生、政府搭建沟通交流的平台,呼吁更多人关注精神健康,并通过公益讲座等方式,消除对精神疾病患者的误解和歧视,让精神疾病患者早日回到正常的社会生活中。
  链接
  如何预防复发?
  精神疾病特别是精神分裂症是复发率比较高的疾病。要预防复发,就要把握“规范治疗,坚持治疗,持续治疗”的原则。
  首先是做好患者出院后管理,让患者的病情能够得到及时的反馈。让患者写日记,这也是重要的方式。使患者每天的情况能够得到记录,反馈给医生,和医生进行交流。这个环节患者家属也可以参与其中。让患者在日常生活中记录自己的症状,可以随时关注变化,医生也可以据此了解患者出院后的情况,是不是有了复发的征兆,以及时预防。
  其次是办好家长学校,充分发挥家属的作用,以患者为中心,以家属为抓手。把患者家属培训成半专业人士,使患者家属分担部分医生应做的事情。家长学校的目的就是把照料者培训成最了解患者疾病、最了解患者服用药物以及了解可能发生副作用的人。在目前社区还没有完全准备好的时候,尽可能地保证患者不复发,使其能够回归社会。
  精神健康的完善和发展,需要社会各界携起手来,通过积极传播正确的疾病知识,帮助公众了解精神卫生,摒弃偏见和误解,帮助精神疾病患者及其家人远离困扰。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

中国医疗服务总量稳居世界第一

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社(记者 李亚南)报道:中国国家卫生健康委员会医政医管局监察专员郭燕红9日在北京表示,经过70年的发展,中国医疗服务总量稳居世界第一,医疗质量水平和医疗技术能力持续提升。未来将进一步增加优质医疗资源总量,提高医疗机构科学化、精细化、规范化管理水平。

  国家卫健委9日就中国医疗技术能力与医疗质量水平提升有关情况举行发布会。数据显示,1950年全国医疗卫生机构数量仅8915所,2018年有近100万所;医院数量由1950年的2803所,增加至2018的3.3万余所;2018年,全国医院入院人次约2亿,医疗机构诊疗人次逾83亿。目前,中国医疗服务总量稳居世界第一。

  郭燕红在发布会上表示,中国住院患者总死亡率也逐步下降并稳定在较低水平,由2005年的1.1%下降至2018年的0.44%。三级医院平均住院日也已连续5年持续下降。

  “近年来,以微创化、个体化为典型特点的现代医疗技术在临床广泛应用。”郭燕红指出,其中外科机器人手术快速发展,自1997年中国第一台医用机器人“主刀”手术取得成功后,截至2017年,已累计完成各类机器人手术达7万余台。

  郭燕红表示,下一步将继续深化医疗领域供给侧结构性改革,增加优质医疗资源总量。加大儿科、产科、精神、麻醉、病理等学科建设力度;针对中西部地区和基层医疗机构,通过医联体建设、对口支援等方式促进优质医疗资源下沉。同时,进一步提高医疗机构科学化、精细化、规范化管理水平,努力构建优质高效的医疗服务体系。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou on China’s Achievements and Challenges

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

October 1 marks the 70th anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China. Upon this date, Xuefei Chen Axelsson had an exclusive interview with Ambassador Gui Congyou on Sept. 14, 2019.

Stockholm, Sept. 16(Greenpost) – Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou has said that Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, CPC, through unremitting efforts and hard work of the past 70 years, have experienced profound economic and social transformation from a poor and weak China to a relatively healthy wealthy society。This is a historic leap forward towards our goal of realizing the great rejuvenation  of China. 

Ambassador Gui made this remark during an exclusive interview with Xuefei Chen Axelsson, chief editor and founder of Green Post(www.greenpost.se) , a Swedish Chinese media aiming at promoting sustainable development in Sweden and building bridge between China and Sweden. 

“Over the past 70 years, especially over the past 40 years of development, over 1.3 billion people have all used mobile phones and internet in addition to having enough food and clothes.  China’s contribution to world economic development surpasses 30 percent.  China continues to be the second largest destination of foreign direct investment. China becomes more open minded and more confident than before. Such a China will create more opportunities for the world. ” said Gui. 

A series of figures show that Chinese people’s disposable per capita income has increased nearly 60 times more than that in 1949, 20 times more than that in 1978. China’s average life expectancy reaches  77 years old and over 800 million people have been lifted out of poverty. 

“China has been a good member in safeguarding the world peace, a good peace builder, development contributor and international order keeper.” 

Gui said that China has planned to completely eliminate absolute poverty by 2020 and realize modernization by 2035 and basically reach the middle developed countries level by 2050 and followed this road map to go forward step by step. 

He said during this process, China also initiated the Belt and Road initiative and helped those countries who like to join this initiative and shared Chinese technologies and innovations, for example the Beidou Navigation system. 

Talking about challenges ahead, Gui said the Chinese average GDP has not reached ten thousand dollars yet, which is less than 20 percent of the Swedish average GDP. Chinese development is not very balanced and western regions still need further development while eastern regions have developed much better. 

By the end of next year, China still needs to eradicate the absolute poverty by 10 million people(which is equivalent  almost the whole Swedish population). 

Gui said China still faces the challenge of enjoying a better environment in some areas in China. But Chinese people are determined to solve its problems and challenges while developing further with higher quality. Through 70 years of development experiences, Chinese people are confident that they will realize their development goal along with achieving the United Nations 2030 development goals. 

On Sino-Swedish relations,  Ambassador Gui spoke highly of bilateral relations. 

“About 260 years ago, Swedish Gothenburg Boat sailed to China and opened a marine route to China. Sweden became the first western country to establish diplomatic relations with China and signed technical cooperation agreements with China.”

During the new development era, China and Sweden have become the largest trade partners with each other between Nordic countries and Asia. 

So far there are 9000 Chinese students studying in Sweden and becoming the largest number of overseas students group.  In addition to Air China, Eastern Airline also opened direct flight between Stockholm and Shanghai coping with the increasing number of tourists.  China EU express also opened its maiden voyage with Swedish timber export to China last year. 

About his impression on Sweden, Ambassador Gui said that Swedish King Carl Gustav VXI told him to visit all over Sweden and have a good look when he met the King.  And he did visit up north to the countryside, down to the south and east and west of Sweden. He felt Sweden is really beautiful. 

He found Swedish people’s awareness of environmental protection and climate is high. And most of them are very friendly. 

“I think Sweden and China are mutually complementary in green tech cooperation and environmental protection. We can deepen the cooperation in this and other  fields. ” said Gui. 

About the question with media, Ambassador Gui said that media is a bridge between the two sides by expressing opinions and stances of the two sides. Only when he found some media facts were not correct, he would like to point out the facts which provide with true information.

“I found those incorrect information show that the writer has never been to China or get a full picture about China. China has really made great progress over the past years. With the rapid development of new technology, such as internet and high speed train,  China’s progress for the better also speeded up. Welcome Swedish media to visit China and have a good look. ” said Ambassador Gui. 

Full Chinese version please see the following link.

Video: Water Expert Josh Weinberg: Remarkable to provide clean drinking water for over one billion people in China

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Aug. 30(Greenpost) — China has made remarkable progress in fighting against water pollution and it is a great achievement to provide clean drinking water for over one billion people in China. Meanwhile, there are still a lot of challenges for China to face, says Josh Weinberg during an interview with Greenpost’s journalist Xuefei Chen Axelsson during the World Water Week held in Stockholm between Aug. 25-30.



Upon the National Day on October 1 in China, Weinberg wishes everyone a Happy National Day and continues to make progress in building a clean and beautiful country in China.

Video: Swedish Water Expert Jan Lindqvist: What China has done is extraordinary and unprecedented

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Aug. 30(Greenpost) — Jan Lindqvist, a senior expert working in Stockholm International Water Institute went to China in December 1979 for the first time. He has recalled his experience then and told us that China has made extraordinary and unprecedented progress since then. Greenpost’s chief editor Xuefei Chen Axelsson has interviewed him on the opening plenary session day during the World Water Week in Stockholm. Please watch the video.

Professor Jan Lindqvist said he actually studied Economics but he got a professor job in water department in Linköping University because water issue is not just about water itself, it needs engineers, biologists and economists and many others to solve the complicated water issues.

Professor Lindqvist led a project called from Field to Fork and called on people to stop wasting food and live a healthy lifestyle in modern times.

He said with the increase of population and the expansion of production and consumption, how to balance the individual needs with the limitation of natural resources on us is also an important issue for us to think about and choose the right and healthy way to live.

今日头条:江西中医药大学代表团与北欧中医药中心即碧云学院学员座谈会在斯德哥尔摩成功举办

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 由简晖副校长率领的江西中医药大学代表团29日下午访问北欧中医药中心即碧云学院,与中心的医师和学员举行了座谈并现场巡诊治疗。

碧云学院健康中心校长和创始人范秀兰教授(江西中医药大学客座教授)首先介绍了江西中医药大学瑞典热敏灸分院在过去两年的工作。她说,在过去两年中,他们进行了三次普及,参加人数大约60人。在这个过程中,很多人也变成了热敏灸辅导人员,给其他人带来了福音。第二,游学团到美国夏威夷进行了养生运动和热敏灸的传播,参加人数百人左右,在美国夏威夷也掀起了热敏灸的热潮。在挪威分会讲学时,也在那里进行了热敏灸的传播,参加人数大约50人左右。通过不断的传播,现在很多人都明白了中国中医自己帮助自己的最好方法就是热敏灸或艾灸,找准了穴位进行艾灸,就会增强活力。只要你能坚持,就会得到用增阳之气唤起身体的内气的效果,所以,人人喜欢。但是,提醒一点,就是一定要用高质量的好艾条治疗,这样才能达到手到病除。如果艾条质量不好,治疗时的烟反而会使人出现问题。一般三到五年的艾绒比较好,减少了烟和焦油的味儿。北欧中医药中心也为学员准备了这样的好艾绒。

简晖副校长向大家介绍了江西中医药大学的情况。他说,江西省位于华东区,坐拥最著名的瓷都景德镇,江西也是一个最绿的省份,绿地达到60%以上,在全国名列前茅,江西也有全国最大的淡水湖,有许多候鸟在这里过冬。江西的中药材非常有名,被称为中国药都。江西也是道教的发祥地。中医养生其实就是源于道教。这里有著名的庐山,也有著名的滕王阁。

简晖副校长说,江西中医药大学占地150公顷,是以中医药为主的综合大学,校园十分优美。学校有3000多名教师员工,有两万多名学生,有1500多名留学生。江西中医药大学有十分齐全的传统中医药治疗方式方法和设备,也有现代的医疗检测设备。该校科研成果硕果累累,热敏灸就是该校专家发明的。国务院副总理刘延东曾经视察江西中医药大学。大学对外交流十分活跃。他也欢迎瑞典学员到江西中医药大学留学访问。

随后,迟振海教授为大家介绍了热敏灸的原理和寻找穴位的方法并为学员进行了热敏灸示范治疗。

甘淳院长和薛汉荣院长也为学员进行了健康咨询和治疗。

斯德哥尔摩华助中心主任王建荣、瑞典华人工商联合总会会长王俞力等侨领也应邀出席了座谈会。

访问瑞典期间,江西中医药大学代表团还受到了中国驻瑞典大使馆教育文化处曹叠峰参赞的热情接待。

Hubei Province Seeks to further Cooperate with Sweden in All Aspects

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

Many Chinese delegations visited Sweden and signed contracts and then went back but seldom come back. Swedish complained. But Vice governor of Hubei Province Zhao Haishan said they are serious about cooperation with Sweden at a grand promotion ceremony held in Stockholm on Thursday also marking the 69th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Sweden.

Tomas Lagqvist, Chairman of Sweden-China Trade Council gave an opening remark at the promotion event.
Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou gave an opening remark at the promotion event.

Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou said China pays great attention to economic and trade relations with Sweden , especially against the background of “trade war” with the U.S. China is willing to cooperate with Sweden. For two years Sweden has surplus in trade and investment with China due to big project such as Geely. China hopes Both sides continue to increase investment to each other. Sweden has become the largest trade partner with China outside the EU. Chinese embassy also seeks to see more cooperation between Hubei province and Sweden.

Zhao Haishan said at the promotion conference that Hubei and Sweden are not new in cooperation. After many years of cooperation and rapid development in China, Hubei province has decided to pay greater attention to cooperation with Sweden because of their complementary factors for each other.

Zhao said Hubei is complete in industrial systems and loves to further sustainable development where Sweden is in the good position. Hubei province also has great automobile industry and he was impressed by visiting Volvo cars in Gothenburg. He said Hubei has 128 universities and 1.5 million university students, which are both talents and consumers.

The huge delegation consists of about 80 members from different cities and companies. Three women vice mayors from Wuhan, Xiangyang and Yichang came along to have a presentation about their respective cities.

Hubei province is the center of China and the communication hub for Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Xian as well as Chengdu in terms of Belt and Road Initiative. Why? Because all the goods that are exported to Europe or other BRI countries via Xinjiang will go through Wuhan.

The promotion event was held by Hubei province and organized by the Department of Commerce of Hubei Provincial government and supported by the Chinese Embassy. Han Xiaodong, Counselor of Commerce of Chinese Embassy attended the conference. Elisabeth Söderberg Secretary General of Sweden China Trade Council presided over the conference

Qin Jun, Director General of the Department of Commerce said that Hubei province held a China-Nordic Exhibition gallery in Shanghai Import Expo last November. They saw great interest from nordic countries and this event is also a follow up for last Novermber’s Shanghai’s CIIE expo, but also a preparation for this coming november’s event. So they have prepared for the signing of 16 projects between Chinese and Swedish and Norwegian counterparts.

Further more, Vice governor Zhao Haishan and Qinjun and other members from Bank of China in Huibei province even visited Gavleborg and met governor Per Bill.

After their remarks to express further willingness and intention for further cooperation, they also witnessed the signing of a project in sugar reduction between Holee and THIS Less is More Community Nordic AB..

The vice governor of Hubei and his 16 member delegation also visited the Gavle Innovation Hub and observed how the hot chokolate without sugar were made. They also tasted many kinds of reduced sugar products.

Qin Jun said they are very serious about these agreements and will have further follow-up about them.

Hubei province has already cooperation with Norway in Salmon equipment production and now they like to cooperate with Sweden too. The delegations also went to Iceland, Finland, Denmark and Norway.

Photo by Xuefei Chen Axelsson

Members Assembly of Acupuncture Science Association Sweden 2019 and a Seminar on International Promotion of TCM on Triangle Needling Method in Sweden held in Stockholm

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

Stockholm, May 4 (Greenpost) — Members Assembly of Acupuncture Science Association Sweden 2019 and a Seminar on International Promotion of TCM on Triangle Needling Method in Sweden were held in Stockholm on May 4 on Saturday.

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Secretary General Zhang Dongqing presided over the member assembly which were attended by about 30 members.

Xu Tie, representative of Chen Qingquan Science and Innovation Center in Sweden attended the meeting on behalf of Academician Chen Qingquan who gave a video opening remark at the beginning of the meeting. He emphasised the theory of TCM with the concept of prevention, relief, treatment and rehabilitation.

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President of ASAS Yang Chungui summarized his association’s work last year.

He said that they organized a seminar on triangle needling treatment method successfully last year.

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They went to China to get training and exchange ideas in international triangle needling seminar.

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He and Vice President Zhang Dongqing and Li Jian also went to Rome in Italy to give a lecture on triangle needling method to cure pain on their own cost.

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Vice President Wang from China’s TCM Institute visited Swedish TCM Acupuncture Education Base last year.

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Swedish Legislator and his secretary visited TCM education base to listen to the legislation team’s report last year.

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2018 international Acupuncture Moxibustion practice examination was held in Stockholm.

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Academician Chen Qingquan visited the education base and promoted the medical revolution concept and pointed out that the best way is the combination between the western and eastern medicine.

The ASAS will go with time and continue to improve its medical treatment level.

President Yang said the WHO has put the TCM into the 11th edition of the Global Medical Guidelines for the first time in 2019. TCM acupuncture is a sustainable medicine with low cost, no side effect and easy to get. It also makes the medical services more complete in addition to the strict biological medical model paying attention to individual diseases. By distinguishing individual symptoms and treat it with Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine has entered the modern era with the guidance of the big data and the medical treatment following the symptoms of the patients.

“Our Chinese doctor colleagues have formed a big family. We should continue to improve our diagnosis and treatment standards in order to give good and effective services to the Swedish patients. Academician Chen’s advanced rehabilitation concept combining prevention and treatment will promote the good cooperation between Chinese and western medicine. They will complement each other which will lead to a new medical revolution.

A new leading group in the association has been selected:

President: Yang Chungui,

Vice President and Secretory General: Zhang Dongqing

Vice President: Li Jian

Vice President: Lin Youji,

Deputy Secretary: Yukio Danisman

Member of the Council: Lin Defeng

Member of the Council: Yang Xi

Member of the Council: Chen Tiejun

Suppliant member : Nader

Suppliant member: Martin

Suppliant member: Wei Wei

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 Secretary General Zhang also introduced the competent teachers in the Swedish Acupuncture Education Base. Their supervisors are all the first class TCM experts in China.

Guiding professors are Liu Baoyan, Shi Xuemin, Tang Zuxuan, Liao Fulong, Wu Hanqing and Yang Guang.

The lecturers are Yang Chungui, Zhang Dongqing, Li Jian, Liao Rong, Lin Defeng, Reijo Pöyhöne, Yang Xi, Zhang Hongxia, Wei Wei and Lin Youji.

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 Lawyer Bengt talked about the progress made in legislation of TCM acupuncture in Sweden. Sweden has admitted TCM acupuncture in 1983. But so far many patients still cannot use medical care system to see Chinese doctors. They have to pay themselves. Bengt explained that parliamentarian Kjell Asplund has put the TCM acupuncture legislation requirement into his book which he will present to the parliament. Meanwhile, he stressed that TCM still needs to further improve itself and provide more scientific evidence.

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Yukio Danisman reported on finance balance and new member management system. He said that due to the increase of new members, the financial situation in the association is quite good. They will pay more attention to communication work in the future.

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Vice President Lin Youji reported on the compilation work in preparing for setting up standards of TCM acupuncture. The compilation personnel will include:

Honorary Chief Editor: Liu Baoyan

Proof reading editors: Shi Xuemin, Wu Hanqing, Reijo Pöyhöne
Chief Editor: Yang Chungui. Editor: Wei Wei, Yang Xi, Yukio Danisman, Lin Youji, Chen Tiejun, Nader. Proof reading: Zhang Dongqing, Li Jian, Ma Xuehong, Liao Rong, Lin Defeng. Editor in Charge: Lin Youji. It is expected that the needling standards will be issued in August and the acupuncture Safety Regulations will be issued in December this year.

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Eight members got their proficiency certificates as internationally registered acupuncture doctor.

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The assembly also gave a seminar on international promotion of the triangle needling method in Sweden.

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President Yang Chungui gave a lecture on the taboo acupuncture points in the body so that they will avoid mistakes. He also taught how to properly use the acupuncture needles. Based on his family inherited experience in acupuncture, he doesn’t suggest use of too long needles. Most of the time he uses 2.5 CM needles for acupuncture.

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Vice President Li Jian spoke Swedish to give a lecture on how to use acupuncture needles in treating the abdomen pain.
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Vice President and Secretary Zhang Dongqing gave a lecture on clinic application of the triangle needling method to treat pain in the waist.

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Doctor Lin Youji talked about the functions of the ear in connection with the acupuncture points.

The free treatment during the conference attracted about 20 patients to have a test of the TCM. They all expressed that the acupuncture and massage can substantially alleviate the pain especially in the neck.

During today's annual meeting, all our members have actively contributed to the successful holding of the meeting, the academic atmosphere was rich, commented Zhang Dongqing, Vice President of ASAS. He has talked in Swedish both in presiding over the meeting and giving academic lecture which is very impressive. 
Academician Chen Qingquan was known for his sustainable development concept, but he was also impressed by his idea on traditional Chinese Medicine. President Yang said Chen has pointed out the direction for TCM. 
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"I feel very excited to have obtained the proficiency certificate for international registered acupuncture doctor which I have dreamed of. I will continue to learn from all of you, especially President Yang, Vice President Zhang and Li who haved helped me. This will inspire me to continue to do a good job in providing good service to Swedish patients and promote traditional Chinese Medicine. I feel very happy to be in this association and like to make joint efforts to make our association better and better. "
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During today's seminar, the last part was about the acupuncture points in the ear. It turned out that there are links between the ear and the other organs in the body which help diagnosis for diseases. 

Photo and Text Xuefei Chen Axelsson

CSR in China: 2019 Top 10 Responsible Investment Trends in China

STOCKHOLM, Feb. 15 (Greenpost) — Trend 1: ESG Reporting Guidelines are Expected to be Released

Trend 2: More ESG-themed Mutual Fund Products to the Market

Trend 3: Insurance Funds would Take Lead among Long-term Asset Owners

Trend 4: PE and VC Start to Look into ESG Integration

Trend 5: Green Bond Market to be Further Regulated

Trend 6: Banks to Endorse the Principles for Responsible Banking

Trend 7: More Local Green Finance Policies to be Released

Trend 8: Greening Belt and Road Investments

Trend 9: Litigation Risks Arising from Environmental Public Interests to increase

Trend 10: FinTech to be Applied in Exploring Innovation of Green and Inclusive Finance.

America begins first trial of liver transplantation between HIV positive people

STOCKHOLM, Feb. 15(Greenpost) — Study follows passage of HOPE Act of 2013, allowing people with HIV to become organ donors.

The first large-scale clinical trial to study liver transplantation between people with HIV has begun at clinical centers across the United States. The HOPE in Action Multicenter Liver Study will determine the safety of this practice by evaluating liver recipients for potential transplant-related and HIV-related complications following surgery. The study is sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, and follows the 2018 launch of a similar study evaluating kidney transplantation between people with HIV.

While organ transplants between donors and recipients with HIV have been successfully completed in South Africa since 2008, such transplants were illegal in the United States until the passage of the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act in 2013. The HOPE Act permits U.S. transplant teams with an approved research protocol to transplant organs from donors with HIV to qualified recipients with HIV and end-stage organ failure, a practice that may shorten the time they have to wait to receive a transplant. The transplantation of organs from donors with HIV to HIV-negative recipients remains illegal in the United States.

Individuals with HIV have a higher risk of end-stage liver and kidney diseases because of damage caused by the virus and by common coinfections and associated comorbidities, such as hepatitis B and C viruses, hypertension and diabetes mellitus.  Certain antiretroviral treatments also can cause toxicities that damage these organs.

In the early decades of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, individuals were rarely eligible to receive organ transplants from HIV-negative donors; these organs are consistently in short supply and high demand, because health outcomes were projected to be poor. However, NIAID-sponsored studies demonstrated that by carefully selecting individuals with HIV who are otherwise healthy to receive a kidney or liver from an HIV-negative donor, patient and organ graft survival rates could be like those of transplant HIV-negative recipients. These findings provided the scientific basis for the eventual passage of the HOPE Act of 2013.

“Antiretroviral therapy has been incredibly successful in helping people with HIV live longer, healthy lives. As more people with HIV grow older, we see organ damage in this population linked to age, HIV and other infections,” said NIAID Director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D. “The HOPE in Action Multicenter Liver Study will allow researchers to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transplanting livers from donors with HIV to HIV-positive recipients. This strategy  has the potential to both improve the wellbeing of those with HIV and increase the overall supply of transplantable livers.”

The trial team previously launched the HOPE in Action Multicenter Kidney Study in May 2018, which is evaluating the safety and efficacy of kidney transplantation between people with HIV.  At its launch, this trial was the first study of its type in the United States to receive Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval by following the research criteria and guidance mandated by the HOPE Act of 2013.

The new study will track the clinical outcomes of 80 liver transplants. All transplant recipients in the study will be living with HIV; 40 of them will receive livers from deceased donors who had HIV, and 40 will receive livers from HIV-negative deceased donors serving as the control group. About 8 percent of people waiting for a liver transplant also require a simultaneous kidney transplant, and these recipients are also eligible to receive both organs from a single deceased donor. Individuals with hepatitis C virus (HCV) can receive organ transplants from donors with HCV. Health care teams and study participants will be made aware of the HIV and HCV status of the organ donor and will be counseled on HCV treatment.

“Liver transplants are the second most common type of organ transplant performed in the United States, and the number of people waiting for these life-saving procedures—both with and without HIV—increases every year,” said Christine Durand, M.D., associate professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins University and principal investigator of the HOPE in Action Multicenter Liver Study. “Should liver transplants between people with HIV be shown to be safe and effective through this research, the donor pool will expand—saving lives and reducing the time that both HIV-negative and HIV-positive people spend on an organ transplant waiting list.”

Throughout the clinical trial, researchers will monitor the liver transplant recipients closely for signs of organ rejection, organ failure, failure of previously effective anti-HIV medications and HIV-associated  complications. The HOPE in Action team will compare the results of those recipients who received livers from donors with HIV to those who received livers from HIV-negative donors. Researchers will also track participants’ psychological and social responses, changes in their reservoirs of latent HIV, and the potential development of HIV superinfection, a condition of infection with more than one strain of HIV.

“Liver transplantation has a proven track record of saving and improving lives,” said Jonah Odim, M.D., Ph.D., Chief of the Clinical Transplantation Section in NIAID’s Division of Allergy, Immunology and Transplantation. “The HOPE in Action team—with the collaboration of the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, regional organ procurement organizations and the major transplantation centers participating in the trial—is doing the important work of determining if transplants can provide equal benefit when the liver comes from a person with HIV.”

The study will comply with all current federal laws surrounding organ procurement and transplantation and meet the HOPE Act Safeguards and Research Criteria as set forth by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in a 2015 Federal Register notice. These safeguards, developed for HHS with NIAID’s leadership, include organ recipients discussing the study with an independent advocate prior to transplantation. Additionally, participating organ recipients must be in good immune health and on effective antiretroviral therapy. Recipients must also be willing to adhere to transplant and anti-HIV–related medications. Individuals with HIV interested in registering their decision to be deceased organ donors can learn more at OrganDonor.gov(link is external).

The HOPE in Action Multicenter Liver study is supported by NIAID grant U01AI138897. The HOPE in Action Multicenter Kidney study is supported by NIAID grant U01AI134591.

Invitation to the 3rd China (Shenzhen) Innovation & Entrepreneurship International Competition· Stockholm(Sweden)Division 【深创赛国际赛瑞典分站赛】在资本寒冬,这里有一个和深圳的冬天一样温暖的比赛

北欧绿色邮报网受权发布:

Invitation to the 3rd China (Shenzhen) Innovation & Entrepreneurship International Competition· Stockholm(Sweden)Division

【深创赛国际赛瑞典分站赛】在资本寒冬,这里有一个和深圳的冬天一样温暖的比赛

 

中国深圳创新创业大赛第三届国际赛于2018年12月1日正式启动。大赛集聚海外优质项目,整合创新创业资源,协助海外创新创业项目对接中国高新产业资源,开拓中国市场,实现互利共赢。

The 3rd China (Shenzhen) Innovation & Entrepreneurship   International Competition has officially been launched on December 1st,   2018. The competition will attract numerous high-quality overseas start-up   projects, in order to integrate innovation and entrepreneurship resources to help   foreign innovators and entrepreneurs connect with Chinese hi-tech industrial   resources, thus expanding the Chinese market for win-win results.

大赛简介Brief introduction of the competition

本届大赛于2018年12月1日到2019年2月28日期间接受报名,2019年3月将在全球9个国家的10个城市分别举办10场海外分站赛,同期专业赛启动项目初选。2019年4月,海外分站赛和专业赛晋级的100多个优秀项目将集聚深圳,瞄准大赛最高荣誉和奖项,通过专业赛决赛、行业决赛和总决赛展开多轮激烈角逐。

 

大赛总奖金为1120万元人民币,分别是海外分站赛决赛(总奖金290万元)、专业赛(总奖金150万)、行业决赛(总奖金250万元)和总决赛(总奖金430万元),其中单个选手将有机会获得共计140万元的大赛奖金。大赛除设置丰厚的奖金外,还为优质创业项目提供产业奖励、科技金融、项目孵化等政策支持。

 

Registration for the competition is open from December 1st, 2018 to February 28th, 2019. In March 2019, Overseas Division Competitions will be held in 10 cities across 9 countries, and the preliminary round for the Professional Competition will start at the same time. As a result, more than 100 outstanding projects selected from the Overseas Division Competitions and Professional Competition will meet in Shenzhen in April 2019 and compete for the final awards.

 

The competition offers a total prize pool of RMB 11.2 million (1.43 million Euros), including RMB 2.9 million (370,000 Euros) for Overseas Division finalists, RMB 1.5 million (190,000 Euros)  for Professional finalists, RMB 2.5 million (320,000 Euros)  for Industrial finalists and RMB 4.3 million (550,000 Euros) for grand champion. Each contestant may stand the chance to win a total prize of RMB 1.4 million (180,000 Euros) . In addition to the prizes, the competition also provides high-quality entrepreneurship projects with support such as industrial incentives, financial technology and project incubation.

 

今年的大赛特点有:

Highlights of this year’s competition include:

 

  1. 创新开放,链接全球创新高地

本届国际赛继续链接全球创新项目集聚的城市和地区,扩大办赛规模。在上届大赛设置9个海外分站赛的基础上,新增西班牙马德里分站赛。大赛海外分站赛数量达到10个,分别是:澳大利亚悉尼、加拿大多伦多、德国柏林、以色列特拉维夫、日本东京、瑞典斯德哥尔摩、西班牙马德里、美国波士顿、美国硅谷和英国伦敦。

  1. Innovation and opening up to connect the global highlands of innovation.

This year’s international competition will continue to further connect global cities and regions. A new session of the Overseas Division Competitions has been added to the previous nine sessions and will be held in Madrid (Spain). Therefore, there will be a total of ten sessions of the Overseas Division Competitions, which will be held in Sydney (Australia), Toronto (Canada), Berlin (Germany), Tel Aviv (Israel), Tokyo (Japan), Stockholm (Sweden), Madrid (Spain), Boston (U.S.A.), Silicon Valley (U.S.A.) and London (U.K.).

 

  1. 优化专业,贴合深圳产业发展

为大力实施创新驱动发展战略,形成梯次发展的产业结构和新的竞争优势,本届国际赛在原有互联网、先进制造、电子科技、生物与生命科技、材料与能源(含节能环保)5大行业赛基础上,针对深圳市支柱产业的发展,设置物联网、人工智能、金融科技3大专业赛。符合专业赛参赛条件的项目在报名参加行业赛的同时,可报名参加专业赛。

 

  1. Optimized competition categories tailored towards the industrial development in Shenzhen. 

In order to implement its innovation-driven development strategy and promote Shenzhen’s industrial structure, this year’s competition has added three new Professional Competition Categories to last year’s five Industrial Competitions Categories. They are:

 

Professional Competitions:

1) Internet of Things

2) Artificial Intelligence

3) Financial Technology

 

Industrial Competitions:

1) Information and Communications Technology

2) Advanced Manufacturing

3) Electronic Science and Technology

4) Biology and Life Science and Technology

5) Materials & Energy (including energy conservation and environmental protection).

 

Contestants may register projects under both Professional Competitions and Industrial Competitions, provided that they meet the required conditions.

 

  1. 创投汇聚,融聚资源共赢未来

参与本届国际赛的创投机构达40家。由深创投、松禾资本、东方富海、同创伟业、青橙资本等多家知名投资机构领衔,与大赛直接对接,组合形成总额250亿元人民币的创投资金池,对大赛优秀项目进行组合投资。在分站赛比赛期间,我市的投资机构、投资人将担任评委、导师,深入到各个国家和比赛地区,开展项目对接活动。所有参赛项目均可通过大赛投资对接服务平台获得社会资本的投资机会。同时,精选2家银行机构开展以“投融贷”“人才贷”等多种形式的金融服务方案,丰富落地企业在融资方面的多元选择,帮助参赛者更快发展。

 

  1. Gathering of venture capital investment and integration of resources. 

Up to 40 venture capital organizations will participate in the international competition. A number of renowned investment organizations represented by Shenzhen Capital Group, Shenzhen Green Pine Capital, Oriental Fortune Capital, Cowincapital and Green Orange Capital will connect directly during the competition and form a venture capital fund pool of RMB 25 billion (3.2 billion Euros) to carry out portfolio investment on outstanding competition projects. During the division competitions, investment organizations and investors from Shenzhen will serve as judges and supervisors and engage in project connections in different countries and divisions. All participating projects will be provided with social capital investment opportunities through the investment connection service platform of the competition. Meanwhile, two banks will be selected to offer various forms of financial service solutions such as “investment and financing loans” and “talent loans” so as to offer more options to the settling companies in terms of financing and facilitate the development of contestants.

 

比赛流程Schedule of the Competition

CONTENT DATE
Application Deadline February 28th
Division Competition The End of March
Internet Industry Finals April 10th
Electronics Industry Finals April 10th
Life Science Industry Finals April 10th
Advanced Manufacturing Industry Finals April 10th
Materials & Energy Industry Finals April 10th
Finals April 12th
Award Ceremony April 12th

 

大赛奖金Cash Prizes

CATEGORY PRIZE AMOUNT BONUS
Finals  First prize 1 RMB 1,000,000 (~€ 128,300)
Second prize 3  RMB 500,000 (~€ 64,000)
Third prize 6  RMB 300,000 (~€ 38,500)
Industrial Finals  First prize 1  RMB 150,000 (~€ 19,300)
Second prize 2  RMB 100,000 (~€ 12,900)
Third prize 3  RMB 50,000 (~€ 6,400)
Overseas Division

Competitions

 First prize 1  RMB 100,000 (~€ 12,800)
Second prize 2  RMB 50,000 (~€ 6,400)
Third prize 3  RMB 30,000 (~€ 3,800)

 

参赛资格Applications & Requirements

1)拥有创新成果和创业计划的海外高层次创业团队或个人;

2)计划赛后6个月内在深圳注册成立企业;

3)参赛项目的产品、技术或相关专利归属参赛人员,与他人无产权纠纷,因侵权产生的责任由参赛者自负;

4)获得历届深圳市在海外举办的大赛以及中国深圳创新创业大赛国内赛、国际赛奖项的选手不能重复参加本届大赛。

 

The Participants (Teams or individuals) should:

1) be those who have innovation achievements and business plans;

2) have plans of entrepreneurship in Shenzhen after the competition;

3) should possess full ownership of all rights related to the product, the technology and the patent, have no property dispute with any other person, and assume full responsibility caused by any possible infringement;

4) those who had won prizes in previous competitions held overseas by Shenzhen or awards in domestic or international of previous China (Shenzhen) Innovation and Entrepreneurship Competitions cannot participate in this Competition.

 

组织单位 Organizations

指导单位

国家科技部(国家外国专家局)

 

主办单位

深圳市人民政府

 

承办单位

深圳市人力资源和社会保障局

深圳市科技创新委员会

深圳市宝安区人民政府

 

瑞典斯德哥尔摩分站赛执行机构

深圳中欧创新中心

 

瑞典斯德哥尔摩分站赛合作机构

瑞典皇家理工学院 KTH

瑞典国家科学研究院 RISE

北欧华人创新创业协会

 

瑞典斯德哥尔摩分站赛支持机构

深圳市驻欧洲海外高层次人才联络处

瑞典卡罗林斯卡医学院 KI

瑞典光电子联盟 Photonic Sweden

华大智造MGI

Nordic Match

瑞中企业家协会

瑞典中国学生学者联谊会(CSSASE)

芬兰华人科技协会

北欧绿色邮报网

Nhack

北欧科萃

北欧中国初创论坛

 

Guiders:

Shenzhen Municipal People’s Government

 

Sweden Division Hosts:

Shenzhen Human Resources and Social Security Bureau

Shenzhen Baoan District People’s Government

Shenzhen Municipal Commission of Science and Technology Innovation

 

Sweden Division Organizer:

Shenzhen China-Europe Innovation Center

 

Sweden Division Partners and Supporters

Royal Institute of Technology

Research Institutes of Sweden

Nordic Chinese Association for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Shenzhen European Office Guangdong Province, P. R. China

Karolinska Institute

PhotonicSweden

MGI

Nordic Match

Sweden-China Entrepreneur Association

CSSASE

Association of Science and Technology in Finland

Greenpost.se

Nhack

Nordic Apiary

Nordic-China Startup Forum

 

报名方式Registration

报名时间

Registration Time

2018年12月1日-2019年2月28日

December 1st, 2018 – February 28th, 2019.

 

 报名地址:

Register now!

http://cn.itcsz.cn

 

也可以长按识别下方二维码报名

scan the QR code below to register now!

 

瑞典分站赛联系人

Contact person

Mirror Chen

T:+86 135 1063 2856

E:chenjingru@intebridge.com

 

James Zhou

T:+86 135 3069 0880

E:zhouxiang@intebridge.com

 

In future, only charges provided by law could be collected from clients of health and social services

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Dec. 14(Greenpost)–The Government is proposing a new Act on Client Charges in Health and Social Services that would apply to health and social services organised by counties. In future, only service charges provided by the Act on Client Charges in Health and Social Services could be collected from clients.

The aim is that the service charges would be reasonable and not prevent people from using the health and social services they need.

The client’s own county would charge the client. Counties could also charge less than the maximum fee, or let their residents use services free of charge. The client would always pay the same sum for the same service organised by the county, irrespective of who provided the service. The county would use the same client charges for services provided by the county itself and for services bought from other service providers against the client’s health and social services voucher or personal budget. The service provider would be allowed to charge for unattended appointments that had not been cancelled.

As before, there would fixed client charges and client charges based on the client’s ability to pay (income-related charges). When determining income-related charges, only the clients’ continuous, regular income would be taken into account, not their property. Regulations concerning forest income would remain unchanged.

Scope of application of payment ceiling becomes broader

The aim is not to change the level of the current annual payment ceiling (EUR 683). In future, the following costs would be included when calculating whether the client’s total costs reach the payment ceiling: appointment and processing charges for oral health services, charges for temporary home nursing and hospital at home, charges for prehospital emergency medical services, and charges paid from the person’s income support.

Providers would be allowed to charge the same sums for distance services as for services received during traditional appointments. Charges for distance services would be included in the client’s costs for the payment ceiling. Payment practices in primary services and specialised services would be harmonised. In future, each appointment to a doctor, nurse or therapist would be charged separately, as well as each appointment for serial treatment.

The obligation to monitor when the client reaches the payment ceiling would be transferred from the client to the county.

The provision obliging to reduce or waive a charge would be made more effective and the provision would be extended to cover even the charges for short-term institutional healthcare. Clients should be informed about the possibility to apply for payment reduction. Payment reduction would be preferred rather than granting income support.

Free-of-charge health services to minors and for preventive purposes

In future, health services to minors would always be free of charge. The change would also apply to institutional healthcare and specialised medical care.

As before, preventive services would mainly be free of charge. Appointments to outpatient care services relating to mental health and substance abuse problems would be free of charge.

Charging criteria for home care, service housing and institutional care will be harmonised

The Act on Client Charges in Health and Social Services would lay down charges for long-term service housing. In the same connection, the principles for income-related charges for long-term or continuous and regular services would be harmonised.

Continuous and regular home care would be comparable to ordinary long-term service housing because both arrangements bring services to the clients’ homes and the clients do not need services 24 hours a day. The income limits for home care charges would be raised.

Long-term service housing with 24-h assistance would be considered equal to long-term institutional care as both service arrangements provide clients with intensive 24-hour care. The Act would require that a client shall have at least EUR 160 at his or her personal disposal in service housing with 24-h assistance. In institutional care, the sum is EUR 108.

The Act is scheduled to enter into force on 1 January 2021.