Category Archives: Profile

Sweden calls for UN action on climate change

 STOCKHOLM, Aug. 11(Greenpost) — Margot Wallström, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Isabella Lövin Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate in Sweden recently jointly issue an article calling the United Nations to take real action on climate change issues.  The text is as the following published on Swedish government website.

Today the members of the United Nations Security Council are meeting to discuss climate change and security for the first time in seven years. In recent years, clear signs of climate change have made it difficult to turn a blind eye.

The aim of today’s meeting, chaired by Sweden, is to increase understanding about the exacerbating effects of climate change on conflict.

In Sweden this year, spring and summer have been characterised by extreme weather. Water shortages, forest fires and crop failures have become recurring news stories. The issue feels increasingly relevant and part of our reality. Extreme heat is now also affecting Canada and California, while extreme rainfall across Japan has led to two million people being evacuated from their homes, and more than 120 people have died.

But people in poor countries are those hardest hit by the adverse impacts of climate change. There, resilience to extreme weather events and crop failure is extremely low. Women are often disproportionately vulnerable in these situations. Fragile countries risk being stuck in a vicious cycle of instability and climate risks.

A few days ago, Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs Margot Wallström, UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed and other United Nations and African Union representatives conducted a joint visit to Chad and Niger. In doing so, we continue the focus on a region where the link between climate change and security is particularly clear. This will help us better understand the various dimensions of the conflict, such as links to terrorism, lack of development, gender inequality and the impact of climate change. The visit made clear that traditional security measures are not enough to promote peace and security.
Last year, the Security Council also travelled to the Lake Chad region. After the trip, Sweden initiated a ground-breaking resolution that was the first to identify the impact of climate change on a specific conflict, and called for the UN to strengthen its capacity to respond. This marked the beginning of a new approach to climate change in the Security Council.

The Sahel region of West Africa has been hit hard, especially Mali and the Lake Chad region. Shorter and less predictable rainy seasons have increased competition for scarce resources, exacerbating existing tensions between herders and settled farmers. People’s livelihoods and food security are threatened, further increasing people’s vulnerability. In countries where resilience to crisis is weak and social and economic security extremely limited, we see more and more people being recruited by extremist groups offering money and food. Many choose to leave their homes and flee.

Another telling example is the many small island state that are at risk of being submerged when sea levels rise. It is difficult to image the consequences of entire nations potentially disappearing.

These are only a few examples of the link between climate and conflict. We need to better understand how climate interacts with, and at times reinforces, patterns of conflict. Without this understanding, we — the international community — will never be able to take fully informed decisions to promote peace and prevent conflicts.
Sweden has worked intensively to bring greater international attention to the issue. The international community must be better at understanding, highlighting and committing to action against the threats of climate change. This means improving conflict prevention work.
The United Nations Security Council, whose primary responsibility is the maintenance of international peace and security, must lead the way. We simply cannot ignore this issue in our quest for sustainable and peaceful development. Since Sweden took its seat on the Security Council, we have worked continuously to raise awareness of this issue. And we have achieved many important results. Sweden is working with other like-minded countries to draw attention to climate-related security risks, and we have seen results in regions including West Africa and the Sahel, and countries such as Somalia and Mali. We also work strategically with incoming Security Council members to ensure that the issue continues to receive the attention it deserves when Sweden is no longer a member.

Sweden is doing its share, in foreign policy, climate policy and aid policy. Sweden is demonstrating global leadership in climate finance and development cooperation, and is the highest per capita donor to most of the largest multilateral climate funds. Climate and conflict perspectives are continuously integrated into development cooperation, and a range of contributions focusing on climate and security are being implemented.

The Government also supports the establishment of an international research centre for climate and security, the Stockholm Climate Security Hub, which will engage some of the leading Swedish research institutes in the field. This will be launched in conjunction with World Water Week in August with the aim of promoting knowledge development and policy dialogue in the area, not least to support the UN and other multilateral actors with evidence-based analysis.
Today’s Security Council debate on climate and security was far from self-evident. But our efforts are met with ever-clearer support from countries on all continents, and with great gratitude especially from the many affected countries that are already experiencing the grave effects of climate change.

We are now looking ahead to next year’s UN climate summit. If we are serious about the Global Goals, including global sustainable development and peace and security, then climate-related security risks must be on the global agenda. The situation is acute. And we have no time to lose.

Margot Wallström
Minister for Foreign Affairs

Isabella Lövin
Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate

Kinesiska ambassadör Gui: Att främja den traditionella vänskapen för att fördjupa vårt gemensamma intresse

 STOCKHOLM, July 26(Greenpost)– Kinesiska ambassadör Gui Congyou har skrivit den här artikel om hans jobb i Sverige.  Full text är nedende:
Jag har arbetat som den tjugonde kinesiska ambassadören i Sverige i nästan ett år.

Fast Kina och Sverige är geografiskt långt ifrån varandra, är vår vänskap långvarig och väletablerad. Så tidigt som 1739 seglade Ostindiefararen Götheborgs till Kina och kinesiska porsliner, silke och te fick komma till Sverige längs den maritima sidenvägen. Vi kommer alltid ihåg att Sverige inte deltog i västmakternas invasion och plundring i den tid när Kina var svagt och sårbart. Vi kommer alltid ihåg att Sverige är det första västlandet som upprättade diplomatiska förbindelser med Folkrepubliken Kina. Det politiska modet och den strategiska visionen av dåtidens svenska ledare är mycket beundransvärt. Vi kommer alltid ihåg att Sverige stöttade Kinas rättsliga plats i FN, och efter Kinas reform och öppnande, blev Sverige en gång till det första västlandet som undertecknade handels-och investeringsavtalet med Folkrepubliken Kina och därefter aktivt utförde ekonomiska och tekniska samarbeten, vilka bidrog mycket till Kinas ekonomiska och samhälleliga utveckling.

Nuförtiden går relationer mellan Kina och Sverige ständigt framåt. I juni 2017 reste Sveriges statsminister Stefan Löfven till Kina för World Economic Forum, och träffade Kinas president Xi Jingping och premiärminister Li Keqiang och nådde viktiga överenskommelser om att vidare främja kännedom om varandra och fördjupa pragmatiska samarbete med hänsyn till principerna av ömsesidigt respekt och jämlikhet. De viktiga överenskommelserna ska utforma framtidens kinesiska-svenska relationer. Samtidigt fanns det frekvent bilaterala besökt på olika nivåer i 2017. 6 svenska ministrar besökte Kina och 26 kinesiska delegationer på vice-ministers eller ministers nivå kom till Sverige.

Samarbeten mellan Kina och Sverige håller fart i olika område. I många år har Sverige varit Kinas främsta affärspartner i Norden och Kina Sveriges största i Asien. I fjol steg handelssiffran mellan Sverige och Kina med 29 % till 15 miljarder US Dollar. Sveriges export till Kina ökade med 24 % och redovisade ett överskott av 690 miljoner US Dollar. Volvo och Geely:s “äktenskap” har skapat tiotusentals jobb och blivit ett framstående exempel på samarbete mellan Kina och Sverige även Europa.

Mellan Kina och Sverige har man etablerat 31 par vänorter, där utbyte förstärkt och samarbete fördjupade. Enligt SCB:s statistik är antal hotellövernattningar av kinesiska turister i Sverige 203 000 i 2014, 258 000 i 2015, 323 000 i 2016 och mer än 400 000 i 2017. Kinesiska turister är nu den största kundgruppen av tax-free handel i Sverige. I juni 2017 undertecknades det första mellanstatliga utbildningsavtalet och antalet kinesiska gäststudenter i Sverige steg till 8000. Det kinesiska kulturcentret i Stockholm spelar en viktig roll i att förmedla den kinesiska kulturen och traditionell konst.

Sedan jag anlände i Sverige den 18:e augusti i fjol har jag haft omfattande kontakt med den svenska regeringen och samhället. Jag känner att de goda relationerna mellan Kina och Sverige ännu kan förbättras, det finns verkligen stora möjligheter.

Vi har liknande utvecklingslinjer och är ekonomiskt komplimenterande till varandra. Den 19:e nationella kongressen för det kinesiska kommunistiska partiet har framgångsrikt avslutats och nya utvecklingsambitioner fastställts. Under President Xi Jingpings stadiga ledarskap har Kina sjösatt 5 nya utvecklingskoncept som är innovation, balanserad tillväxt, en grön ekonomi, öppnande samt inkluderande utveckling. Det kinesiska folkets önskemål för det goda livet kommer att förverkligas och arbetet för moderniseringen av Kina ska träda intill en ny epok.

Inom 5 år kommer Kina att importera mer än 8 biljoner dollar av varor, och investera 750 miljarder dollar utomlands. Antalet turister som reser till utlandet kommer att vara fler än 500 miljoner. I de kommande 10 åren planerar Kina att investera nästan 600 miljarder dollar inom den gröna ekonomin. The Belt and Road initiativet kommer att öppna upp en ny betydelsefull möjlighet för att utveckla samarbete mellan Kina och Sverige.

Vi har också omfattande överenskommelser och mycket gemensamma intresse i internationella frågor. Vi är fast beslutna att upprätthålla det globala frihandelssystemet. Vi motsätter oss protektionismen och främjar en öppen världsekonomi. Vi aktivt deltar i multilaterala handlingarna för klimatfrågan och främja genomförande av Parisavtalet. Vi är starkt engagerade i världsfred, stabilitet och säkerhet, förespråkar dialog i konfliktlösningen och vi både motsätter oss alla former av terrorism.

Att främja en sund, stabil och hållbar utveckling av relationer mellan Kina och Sverige gynnar inte bara oss själv, det kommer också att främja en allsidig utveckling av relationer mellan Kina och EU samt världens fred, stabilitet och välstånd.

Relationer mellan Kina och Sverige står inför en ny historisk startpunkt. Som Kinas ambassadör till Sverige vill jag, tillsammans med mina svenska vänner, implementera våra ledares viktiga överenskommelser, med ömsesidigt respekt, för gemensam nytta. Vi skall fördjupa samförstånd och utvidga samarbeten, främja kulturella utbyten och främja överläggningar i globala och regionala frågor. Tillsammans ska vi skapa en bättre framtid för det kinesiska svenska samarbetet, och ett bättre liv för våra folk.

PROFILE:Yang Chungui: Striving for Chinese Acupuncture Doctors to enter Swedish medical system and better serve the patients

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, June 9(Greenpost)—The 71st World Health  Assembly was held in Geneva Switzerland during May 21-26. With the invitation of Liu Baoyan, President of the World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies, Yang Chungui attended the Assembly  as an observer.

Yang Chungui, President of Acupuncture Science Association in Sweden was earlier this year elected as EC Member of the 9th Executive Committee at the 9th General Assembly of World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies(WFAS) for five years.

Green Post has considered to have an exclusive interview with Yang long time ago, but he has always said to wait and see for some time later. Now time is ripe for such an interview with President Yang.

A total of 4000 delegates from 194 member states attended the assembly themed in Health Throughout the Life Course. The Assembly is held in May every year to deliberate the Director General of WHO’ s work report, budget report and accepting new members. At the opening on May 21, the Assembly first discussed the proposal put up forward by the so-called 15 friendly Federal States to invite Taiwan as observer to attend the Assembly and after heated discussion, the Assembly rejected this proposal as a topic to discuss at the Assembly.

The Assembly discussed the theme that everyone should enjoy health protection and health insurance should cover everybody. President Yang Chungui submitted a document on Promoting Swedish Acupuncture Legislation letting more patients enjoy traditional Chinese Medicine Care. The document illustrated that Sweden is a high welfare country. The citizen will get free medical care after they pay 1100 kronor for diagnosis and 2200 for medicine. After that, all the cost will be covered by the government.

Chinese acupuncture has been practising in 183 countries and regions, more and more Swedish patients accepted the Chinese acupuncture and pay by themselves. The patients realized that western medicine has high-tech support, but the system is too divided into many different divisions, patients feel they don’t get holistic diagnosis and treatment. Patients often felt tired, but the physical examination can’t find anything abnormal. Many patients suffer from various pain and depression. Even though they used a lot of medicine, the pain and depression can’t go away easily. There are currently 240 Chinese medicine clinics in Sweden. Every year about 400 thousand people receive treatment of pain and depression by acupuncture. Thus to promote acupuncture legislation will be conducive to most of patients.

Yang Chungui.

Yang Chungui said WFAS pays great attention to the acupuncture development in Sweden by establishing Chinese Acupuncture Education Base in Stockholm in order to strengthen international acupuncture doctors education work, in accordance with the  WFAS’ requirement and implement Swedish National Health and Welfare Committee’s provisions on patients diaries and diagnosis records. If Chinese acupuncture clinics can be on the same track as the Swedish medicare system, no doubt, it will bring much more choices for patients and bring more livelihood for patients. That will give acupuncture more development space in Sweden as well as Nordic countries.

During the Assembly, Yang also exchanged ideas in legislation on acupuncture in Sweden so that the Chinese Acupuncture doctors and their clinics can also enter the Swedish medicare system with Johan Carlsson, Director General of WHO,and Swedish Director General for Public Health Agency. Yang argued that this will be conducive to the  Swedish patients who are suffering from pain and depression. Yang called for support of legislation on acupuncture by Swedish Public Health Agency.

Dr. Yang was born in a family with traditional Chinese medicine. He used to study in Guangming Chinese Medical Institute as an adult student and also be trained biomedicine in Capital Medical University. He loved martial arts as a child and recognized a lot of herbal medicines. As a child, he was interested in acupuncture and tried to do acupuncture on his own hands, arms and legs. Then he tried that on his classmates. When it proved to be useful, he always kept a small acupuncture bag with him. Like many other Chinese men at his age, Yang also joined the People’s Liberation Army for a couple of years. He also loved exercise of Kungfu.

He can exercise Taiji very well  while he practises acupuncture. He would stand with a Taiji gesture. This is not only good for himself as exercise, but also good for patients. Due to “cultural revolution”, he missed a lot of time for studying. Therefore,he chose to work in a hospital as an equipment worker, and he always modestly learnt from experts and made progress day by day. He had access to advanced western medical instrument and got to know about them. This also reminded him of using modern Chinese medical equipment now.

Yang’s Chinese medicine practice includes a lot of elements in traditional Chinese culture. He is very kind and polite to people. He is also modest and understands the patients psychology quickly. He said many patients felt sick but not really physically sick. They are sometimes psychologically sick. To be healthy means you are both physically and mentally healthy. If the doctor can treat the patient with good attitude and introduce Chinese treatment method, it will help the patients to adjust their emotions and alleviate the pain. Sometimes he prescribed food treatment for some patients such as eating dumplings with special fillings and special chicken soup. In ancient China’s Han Dynasty, famous doctor Zhang Zhongjing in central China prescribed to many patients just to eat dumplings for a week and they all recovered very well. In fact those people were sick because of hunger. Yang uses both medicine and needles for treatment while giving good care to the patients.

Yang came to Sweden in 1998 and he registered Kinesisk Hälsovård 1999 and he has devoted himself to the treatment of pain and depression with both  Chinese and western medicine.

Due to their unremitting efforts, the first and second WFSA Belt and Road Acupuncture Summit were held on August 27, 2016 and November 25, 2017 respectively.

Over 100 delegates from China, the United States, Sweden and other European countries gathered together in Stockholm to discuss acupuncture techniques with several different methods. They also conducted voluntary treatment during the summit. His association also conducted international acupuncture proficiency test and issued certificates.

In March 2017, the first group of acupuncture doctors won their proficiency certificates. On April 21, 2018, the second group of international acupuncture doctors won their proficiency certificates. Yang said that to better conduct diagnosis and treatment and improve their treatment level according to the disease, Chinese acupuncture doctors should set up diagnosis report in combination with Chinese and western way so that the patients can get a treatment with both east and west method.

As one of the most popular methods to treat patients, Acupuncture was approved by Swedish Health sector in 1984. It was also approved to treat many diseases except pain as long as they have clinic experiences. But many patients have to pay themselves to see Chinese doctors because the private clinic has not been accepted by the Swedish medical system. Chinese acupuncture doctors cannot work in the Swedish medical system due to language and other reasons. Thus a lot of experienced Chinese doctors can only work in private clinics. Many patients gave up treatment due to short of money. Thus we hope Chinese medicine can also be included in the Swedish medical care system so that more patients can benefit from it. Acupuncture science Association in Sweden led by Yang is striving for this goal.

Yang’s efforts have won commend from colleagues. Doctor Li Jian told reporter that as long as you seriously work for members, it will have result. Dr. Yang has been working so hard but didn’t calculate his contribution.

In 2017 acupuncture summit, President Yang announced that Swedish Chinese Medicine Acupuncture Education Base was established. It was also announced that the international acupuncture doctor examination committee was established in order to raise more acupuncture doctors.

Meanwhile, Yang’s Acupuncture Chinese Medicine–Research Institute was also founded and experts Liu Baoyan and Wu Hanqing, Liao Fulong and Tang Zuyi were long term invited as experts. They also include Reiijo Pöyhöne and Zhang Dongqing.

Led by Yang Chungui, Yang’s Swedish Acupuncture Chinese Medicine Research Institute conducts acupuncture related research. This year, it has invited Guohao Law Firm as long term legal consultant.

Up to present, World Acupuncture Federation has completed its organizational structure in Sweden. Acupuncture Science Association in Sweden functions as an academic exchange organization, Yang’s Swedish Acupuncture Chinese Medicine Academy functions as a practicing and application organization and Swedish Chinese Health Center functions as the education base for Chinese medicine and acupuncture examination.

Yang said to promote the development of“Belt and Road Chinese Medicine in Sweden is a great cause, he is just one of the doctors that drive this cause. In fact, many doctors including Liao Rong, Ma Xuehong, Zhang Dongqing, Zhang Hongxia,Lin Defeng, Li Jian, Yang Xi, Yukio Danisman, Lin Youji, Chen Tiejun, Åse Haglund, Joakim Hagström and Xu Tie contribute to this cause.

“This has been the joint efforts by many people. We are going to continue to strive for Chinese acupuncture doctors practice to enter the Swedish medical system and better serve the patients.”

Text /photo  Xuefei Chen Axelsson