By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
Panel discussion at the 2nd Belt and Road Forum in Stockholm. Filmed by Xuefei Chen Axelsson.
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
Panel discussion at the 2nd Belt and Road Forum in Stockholm. Filmed by Xuefei Chen Axelsson.
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
Today three women vice mayors from Hubei province talked about Belt and Road Initiative. One audience asked me, nowadays everybody talks about belt and road, even Hubei province talk about Belt and Road. I can understand when you talked about Xinjiang, it has relations with Belt and Road Initiative, but Hubei province, what relations it has with Belt and Road?
I said it has great to do with BRI. Why? Because Hubei province is in central China and called center of China. Many goods from Yiwu, Shanghai and other eastern part of China have to go through Wuhan to go westward to Xinjiang and then to Europe.
Xiangyang, Jingzhou was communication hub in ancient times. Think of the Three Kingdoms period, when Zhuge Liang from Sichuan met Zhou Yu from Zhejiang, they met in Jingzhou.
In terms of infrastructure or transportation, Wuhan has great to do with Belt and Road Initiative, no matter it is about good in land or good to be transported through the sea.
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
STOCKHOLM, April 25(Greenpost)– Reading South China Morning Post, it says 27 EU countries Ambassadors signed a paper against China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
This can be seen as an initial reaction against the Belt and Road Initiative when many people keep on asking what is China’s purpose? Why do they do this? What benefit they can gain? What benefit can we gain?
It is understandable that the western idea is always basing on the utilitarian foundation. If you do something, it must be for your own benefit, otherwise you will not do it.
But my understanding of the Belt and Road Initiative is that it started from the ancient silk road routes through central Asia. President Xi Jinping proposed this idea in Alma Ata. It is a strategic thought to meet the development demand.
China had been a poor country for almost a hundred years and the main reason is that China didn’t have the good infrastructure. The road was poor and transportation was bad. So China’s experience is that to become rich, you must have good roads. (Yao Xiang Fu, Xian Xiu Lu). These kinds of projects are usually big ones, thus it needs state-owned companies to do it because they have high standards engineering capacity.
In China private sector developed rapidly, but a lot of problems also started from private companies. It takes time to regulate.
After 40 years of development, China becomes stronger, at least with another two years it aims to wipe out the poverty completely. This goal should be praised because with the completion of this goal, it is expected that China’s human rights situation will be substantially improved.
I understand the western solidarity type of wind against China starting from China’s changing of the constitution and ensuring Xi’s presidency forever. Many people understood this change as a guarantee for Xi’s presidency for life long. But my understanding is that Xi wishes to have a collection of power so that he can carry out his plans more effectively. But it doesn’t mean he will be president forever. No one guarantees that after three terms or after he fulfilled the goal of building China into a modern country with even a very basic demand of having blue skies in Beijing, he will step down. Or he will lead an orderly expended scale democratic election. Through this year’s NPC congress, I think Xi is implementing an orderly and transparent voting procedure. And his presidency was elected with formal voting procedure.
I am sure China’s intention is not to impose China’s influence to anybody. China is a peace loving country. Chinese people work very hard just to live a better life. When they have good skills and building capacity, they like to share this with other countries.
It happens exactly like SIPRI’s expert analysed that it is those countries that needs China’s capacity contracted with China such as Greece and Spain. In the early stage such as 2005, or before, China also imported technologies or engineering in waste burning from Spain.
That some EU countries worry about China is understandable, but unnecessary. On the one hand, they worry if one Chinese will reach a European’s living standard, then China has 1.3 billion people, how many earth we should have to feed such a demand? On the other hand, they worry if you build a port for them, what will be the future? We have no secret from you any more. How can we maintain our independence?
These worries seem to be real worry because when the western powers went to China, China became semi colonised. When the western power went to Africa, most African countries were colonised. Thinking from their own experience, they feel very worried.
But China’s Belt and Road initiative is not to take from you, it is to build for you to use. The principle is to negotiate first and then you build together and then you share the benefit in the end. Because you put money in the bank and now you get the bank loan and you got infrastructure. Improved infrastructure will improve business. With booming business, you will get money or benefit.
China can only provide help to those who really need help. It is very difficult for Nordic countries to think’ how can we need help from China’? It is always we who provide help to others. Indeed, China still has a lot to learn from the Nordic and western European countries. But for infrastructure construction such as fast train track and train, China is indeed very advanced. If Nordic region can coordinate and build fast train, travel time on average will be shortened by half, it will substantially improve the business environment and well-being of the people. It will promote tourism substantially. Business meetings can increase substantially. It will only make business even more efficient.
Some people especially some so-called experts and new media persons recently launched a lot of negative coverage about China in order to win the readers eye balls. In the long run, it will prove that China is indeed the main force in maintaining the world peace and driving the world development. China never throws out problems even though they have problems inside China.
This is a big difference between China and America or Britain. When America has election or other problems, they will put their finger on China or other countries and then when they succeed they become normal again.
This kind of drama doesn’t happen in China. China is so large that it can saturate its own problems. It will not hit others in order to win its own election because they can balance the situation in China according to the real situation. This is because the Communist party’s goal is to serve the people and make the country a good land to live and people enjoy a better life.
This has happened already in Beijing, Shanghai and most of the eastern regions. Last month when I came back from Beijing, in Helsinki transfer, I met a Swedish lady who visited Shanghai and visited all the banks in Shanghai, she said she felt people in Shanghai really enjoy a good life. They eat well, wear well and they also walk beautifully, namely not always in a hurry.
Those who broke the Chinese law went to America or other countries and then fiercely curse China. It is not commended.
Back to Belt and Road Initiative, it is indeed an initiative, it is a good -will suggestion or proposal for all to sit around the table to discuss. It is not an imperative for everyone to obey. China thinks when people get better life, they will not fight each other any more. This is China’s experience. It is a good will and many experts for example Schillers Institute’s Helga La Rues highly commended belt and road initiative because she said this is so far the best available way to avoid war or conflict.
Belt and Road is also a long term initiative. It will be implemented only in the countries or places where needed. Those who don’t need it, it is absolutely ok if you are against it or disagree because it doesn’t suit your situation. So let’s forget it.
Belt and Road Initiative is a good idea for Asian, Central Asian, Africa, Latin America and maybe Northeast Asia. It is indeed difficult for Nordic Countries which are so rich, so well developed and almost world model countries to fit in.
However, I think it is still ok because one of the initiative is to promote people to people communication and exchange, in that sense, it also fits.
I suggest that Nordic countries and western European countries and China talk with each other in fixing the world peace and development, but not condemn each other. I read the SCMP article saying the European Ambassadors condemn the Belt and Road Initiative, it is a completely misunderstanding of the purpose of the initiative.
Of course there is still big room for China to improve. That is to invest more in education and research, invest more in culture and domestic development. There are still problems in rural China where not just poverty alleviation is needed, all the cultural and education and other wellbeing facilities are needed.
If outside world don’t need China, let us build every inch of China a beautiful China. Blue sky and clean water and soil is just fundamental and basic requirements.
This is only the writer’s own opinion.
Xuefei Chen Axelsson is a senior editor and correspondent freelancing for different media. She studied World Politics, Economics and International Relations. She also studied leadership for Sustainable Development in London and got a Master degree in it. She has long been journalist covering various development conferences and practices by the United Nations.
On a strategic level, explain the EU’s perspective toward China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
Frankly, there is no unified EU perspective on the BRI – at least yet. Strategic responses to the initiative are still being pondered over. Partially, this has to do with more urgent priorities, mainly Brexit, the Russian resurgence, concerns over populism, the migration crisis, and now the Catalonian crisis. But, it also has to do with the BRI itself ̶ it is perceived as an insufficiently articulated concept. Subsequently they [EU members] find it difficult to come up with adequate strategic responses.
Enjoying this article? Click here to subscribe for full access. Just $5 a month.At the individual EU member state level, however, a large number of European members, mostly in the south, center, and east have already warmly embraced the initiative and have commenced cooperation. Evidently, this dichotomy in perceptiveness does not aid strategic decision-making processes in Brussels. One such example is the 16+1 framework. It is a cooperation framework of 16 Eastern and Central European states plus China, not all of which are EU members, that has resulted in bitterness in Brussels ̶ they see the framework undermining EU unity. It is evident that the level of interest shown by (too) many EU states in the BRI will compel the EU to come up with strategic policy decisions on BRI engagement.
Which individual European countries are receptive toward involvement in the BRI and why?
Countries that have infrastructure deficits, domestic and (sub-)regional connectivity deficits, or pressing unemployment and economic growth challenges have typically been the most welcoming ̶ this includes Greece, Spain, Italy, Serbia, Portugal, and Hungary. These countries have difficulty securing the financial means for large infrastructure projects domestically and through existing multilateral finance mechanisms, making them very receptive toward BRI involvement.
England has also expressed strong interest, partially driven by anxiety over the economic impact of Brexit, but also over worries of how the BRI may impact global finance over time. The Nordic community has shown little interest so far, partially due to the fact that they are economically developed, well connected, and “tucked away” in a corner of Europe that sees, comparatively, little transit activity. Germany and The Netherlands have shown interest and have commenced engagement, yet at the same time they are evaluating the BRI’s long-term strategic implications at the national and EU level. These are mostly related to economic security impacts, but also impacts on (sub)national and regional security among participating states.
What is the difference between the EU-China Connectivity Platform and the BRI?
The BRI is an immensely ambitious global connectivity and development vision that will – probably – run for decades. It already has over 65 countries on board that have either shown strong interest or are already engaged. In contrast, the EU-China Connectivity Platform is a policy forum that aims to create synergies between EU policies/projects and the BRI – mostly as they relate to cooperation on infrastructure, including financing, interoperability, and logistics. Therefore, the EU-China Connectivity Platform is, in comparison, very modest in size and focuses on projects between the two countries. At this stage, no projects with or in third party countries have been conducted.
What are the potential geostrategic consequences of no EU involvement in BRI?
No involvement would send a strong message to China and participating states that it [the EU] is not interested in joint economic development initiatives with China in Eurasia. Since the EU and China are the two largest economic entities in Eurasia, it is essential that they steward the continent’s economic development agenda. In addition, since individual EU member states are already participating in the initiative, no official EU involvement would create an awkward dynamic. In addition, it is important that the EU engages and helps to steward the initiative so that its own diplomatic, economic, and security interests are not threatened. No involvement would mean that China will, likely, develop larger sway in the continent on anything from investment standards, to supply chains, to trade routes, to diplomacy. This scenario may seriously impact the EU’s economic and security interests.
Explain how EU engagement in BRI might further its strategic interests in Asia.
Some of the challenges that the EU faces, including the migration crisis and terrorism, stem – partially – from Asia. As the EU goes through a historically unique, yet long and fragile process of integration it is pivotal that its neighbors and neighbors’ neighbors are stable and are developing sustainable economies. At the moment however, the EU is facing security challenges from essentially all directions except its north.
Asia, as the world’s most populous and economically largest continent is pivotal to the world economy, and thus the EU’s economic and security interests. A stable Eurasia requires closer cooperation between its largest actors, the EU, China, India, Japan, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and Russia. Distrust and competing visions for the supercontinent between these six will only result in friction and greater potential for (proxy) conflict.
It is quite safe to state that in terms of influence the EU has been losing ground in East, Central, and South Asia. The BRI is a platform on which it could possibly regain some of that influence, for instance by assisting participating states with the “softer side” of connectivity: national development agendas, business reform and socioeconomic policies. There are plenty countries in Asia in which there are concerns over overreliance on China through the BRI – the EU is an economic behemoth that could function as a counterweight.
Source: the Diplomat website.
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
STOCKHOLM, April. 21(Greenpost) – 2018 Belt and Road Nordic Spring Peace and Cultural Festival and Li Li’s Chinese Paintings Exhibition have been successfully held as a part of Stockholm Cultural Night which was a cooperation with over 100 museums, galleries, opera houses and other cultural locations to open free to the public from 18:00-24:00 on April 21.
The festival was held by China-Europe Cultural Association, Professional Foreign journalist Association or PROFOCA in cooperation with Chinese Teachers Association in Sweden.
Chinese Ambassador to Sweden Gui Congyou spoke highly about the festival.
“The opening of the Stockholm Cultural Night and Belt and Road International Peace and Cultural Festival is of great significance in such a period of time. China and Sweden have enjoyed very good relations and the bilateral relations are on a new historical starting point with great potential to tap. With Chinese style in Stockholm Cultural Night, it will make the night even more beautiful and be conducive to Sino-Swedish relations. ” said Ambassador Gui.
“China proposes Belt and Road initiative based on the principle of discussing together, jointly building and sharing the result to improve relations with various countries and expand cooperation with various countries. People to people relation is one of the five parts of belt and road initiative and cultural exchange is an important way to communicate with each other. ” he said.
“I understand that tonight there will be a big banquet of culture including instrument performance, dancing and singing, and Chinese woman artist Li Li’s painting and the Chinese film Romance on the Lushan Mountain, I hope you all have a good evening. ” said Ambassador Gui.
China-Europe Cultural Association is a non-political , non-religious organization consisting 75% of Chinese women in Sweden aiming at enhancing Chinese culture and enrich their life in Sweden and serving as a bridge between China and Sweden.
Ambassador Gui said he also welcomed journalists from PROFOCA and other foreign friends to visit China. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China has experienced great changes. Since the 18th Party’s Congress, China has entered a new era. Now China enjoys stable social and political environment and high quality economic development. Nearly 1.3 billion people have shrugged off poverty and the rest 50 million will eradicate their poverty situation by 2020. In the International arena, China plays an important role in maintaining world peace, security and stability. It is a main force for world harmony. I believe the journalists can find some good news from China.
She said to be part of the Stockholm Cultural Night made her proud to be able to contribute to the cultural life in Stockholm with some Chinese flavour. This is also a sign that Sweden is open and international.
“We hold 2018 Belt and Road Nordic Spring Peace and Culture Festival in order to guard world peace. Belt and Road Initiative proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping is not to impose Chinese influence by purpose, but treat it as a way to promote peace and development. Sweden was the destination of the maritime silk road taking the boat Gothenburg as an example. We like to promote cultural exchanges between China and Sweden and China and Europe. ” said Chen Axelsson.
“The third is to celebrate the exhibition of Beijing women artist Li Li. Although it is a small scale of 30 small pieces of paintings, it is profound and a real action of bilateral cultural exchange. ” she said.
As a journalist herself, Chen Axelsson said while China insists on peace and development, some other parts of the world are not very peaceful. She held that violence and conflict are the biggest enemy of sustainable development. We condemn all kinds of violence. Violence and conflict are a result of illiteracy. Belt and Road initiative aims to avoid violence and conflict. Through peace and development, people’s living standards can be improved. Without peace, there will be no development. We must value the peaceful environment. We believe that cultural exchange is conducive to understanding between different people and countries, and further avoid conflict and maintain world peace and stability.
Last year, we held the first Nordic Spring International Cultural Festival, we also held other cultural activities such as holding lectures and listening to Chinese actor Pu Chunxin’s presentation held in Chinese Cultural Center . By learning Chinese culture, we feel more peaceful and life is more joyful. By going to China and reporting the Party Congress, I saw China’s peaceful transition to a new era aiming at wiping out poverty completely and building a modern Chinese society. We shall continue to work hard to serve the members and contribute to Sino-Swedish good relations.
Dong Jiajun’s Hulusi performance is very beautiful. The music is really very good for ear. Hulusi is an instrument from China’s Yunnan Province, Southwest China.
He Ruiyu sang the song Rolling up the Bamboo Curtain beautifully.
Chinese women choir also sang very well. Some of them are the mothers of the children’s choir .
Natali Dansstudio’s girls brought modern dance.
Tang Shiyu sang a beautiful Chinese song called the size of the heaven.
Li Zhanchun sang Tianbian, Little Populars Tree and I love you China reminding us the beautiful China of the 1980s.
Ric Wasserman sang Bob Dylan’s song Blowing in the wind.
Li Jia sang a song about Chinese River Liuyanghe.
Zhai Yijia played erhu horse racing, a master piece by Erhu.
Hao Jingxia sang the classic Kunqu Dream in the Garden looking like Peking opera.
Uppsala Confucius Class pupils performed a singing and dancing program attracting the attention of other children.
Xuefei Chen Axelsson sang an inner Mongolian song Take me to the Prairie.
Finally Ambassador Gui and all the artists and guests sang together My Motherland led by Li Jia.
Ric Wasserman also sang many other blues style songs with American flavour making the festival international.
Beijing woman artist Li Li’s paintings stand by the wall around the hall which hosts more than 200 people.
The programs attracts Swedish, Russians, Americans and Chinese. The Chinese food is also part of Chinese culture.
Finally a film Romance on Lushan Mountain was played to end the cultural night at midnight.
Also present at the cultural night were Dou Chunxiang, Education Consular, Zhang Lei, Consular department director, Consular Li Xiaojie and Luo Jinsheng. Ye Peiqun, Execultive President of Sveriges Kinesiska Förbund, Duan Maoli, Anhui Association of Science and Commerce in Sweden, Jack Yu, President of Sino-Swedish Life Science Association, Yin Chang, Kinesiska Riksförbundet I Sverige, Sun Kai, President of Chinese Teachers Association in Sweden, Zhao Lijie, Vice President of China-Europe Cultural Association, Zhouzheng, Secretary of Europe-Asia Cultural Promotion Association, Yang Chungui, President of Acupuncture Science Association Sweden and Zhao Lijie, Vice President of China-Europe Cultural Association.
The festival was hosted by Åsa and Arthur Lou Guofeng.
Text／Xuefei Chen Axelsson, Photo／Wu Ming.
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
STOCKHOLM, March 28(Greenpost)– A lot of people simply understands Xi Jinping’s Belt and Road Initiative as that China has over capacity in infrastructure construction, so China wants to sell out their over capacity.
Yes, without any extra capacity, one cannot do anything for export. But there is a deeper intention in the infrastructure construction.
The world faces a lot of challenges due to the backward of the productivity. The backward productivity was due to poor infrastructure. Over 40 years development in China, we found roads and transport are very important for development.
In 2000, when I came back from Zimbabwe, I went back via Paris and and I took Paris metro. At that time I thought if only Beijing had such kind of metro that can direct to many places! At that time Beijing only had one line and the round line, only two lines. By 2008, Beijing has many subway lines. Now it has 14 lines. You can go anywhere by subways.
Also you can drive anywhere by car because the road has linked the city and the countryside.
But this development was not seen in many countries such as central Asia or Africa. With Chinese efforts a lot of places are linked with roads. With good roads, people are easy to do business.
China has a slogan, Yao Xiang Fu, Xian Xiu Lu. If you like to be rich, you should first build roads. Roads link people and with people’s link, you can build a market and demand.
China holds that basic infrastructure can help development. Then Belt and Road Initiative is not just limited to infrastructure construction. It can be education, it can be culture, it can be medicare and innovation. As long as any idea that is conducive to development and improving people’s living standards, it will be good.
Ancient Chinese people move from China to Europe via land silk road and sea silk road. The reason it is called silk road is that it used to transport silk, porslin and tea to Europe from China. But the road was not very good. Now China likes to develop together with other countries to build good road and other things.
People likes to ask why do you do that? What is your purpose? What kind of profit can you get? If you really dig up that, one can say that once you have the infrastructure, one can trade. But a lot of times, people just think as long as we can do something together, it will be good. As long as there is demand, we like to meet it.
China is a great country. That has a big capacity of helping each other. In stead of launching a war, China likes to construct and develop with other countries. Chinese people has such a mindset that we human being should help each other and joint hands to deal with climate issues and other challenges mankind face.
So I think belt and road initiative can be any subject and can be along the silk road, and can be not along the silk road.
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
STOCKHOLM, Nov. 25 (Greenpost) — China-Sweden 2017 The Belt and Road Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Chinese Medicine Forum was held in Stockholm on Saturday. Over 100 Chinese medicine and Acupuncuture-Moxibustion experts and practitioners participated in the forum.
Gui Congyou, Chinese Ambassador to Sweden spoke at the opening ceremony. Photo by Lyu Cheng.
Gui said Chinese President Xi Jinping has pointed out in his 19th CPC National Congress report that China should insist on paying attention to both Chinese and western medicine, carrying forward Chinese Medicine. Xi stressed that people should take Belt and Road Initiative as a key starting point to introduce western expertise to China and go out to discuss further cooperation with the west, consolidating innovation capability and opening up for cooperation to form an all dimension opening up pattern along both land and sea routes.
Gui said Chinese Medicine is one of the finest parts of Chinese culture and an important part of exchanges between China and countries along Belt and Road Initiative routes. It is conducive to communicating with the people of those countries.
Chinese medicine is an important part of Chinese health cause and can be a good reference for people’s health demand. There is a great potential for Chinese medicine to develop. He hopes that this forum will push forward Sino-Swedish Traditional Chinese Medicine cooperation into a new stage.
Liu Baoyan, Chairman of the World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies said the forum today is particularly important when China actively advocates strengthening China-Nordic cooperation and promoting the development plan of “the Belt and Road“.
Today over 180 countries are beginning to use TCM. In recent years, we have established 16 overseas TCM centers along “the Belt and Road”.
Meanwhile, the Chinese government has also signed agreements about TCM with over 80 countries along “the Belt and Road”. More than 13,000 international students come to China each year to study TCM.
At present, there are over 200,000 acupuncturists working in the countries along “the Belt and Road”, and some of these them are local persons. Meanwhile, more than 30 countries now have hundreds of training institutes, centers, schools and so on.
Acupuncture-Moxibustion is the essence of core of TCM. In 2010, acupuncture-moxibustion was included in the list of representatives of the World Intangible Cultural Heritage and became the intangible cultural heritage of the world. Acupuncture-Moxibustion widely used in various countries, it can be said in more than 180 countries so-called TCM applications is mainly acupuncture-moxibustion. WFAS is an international joint organization for acupuncture-moxibustion in dozens of countries. Over 30 years ago, WFAS has include nearly 200 societies in more than 50 countries. There are already more than 90 societies that are along “the Belt and Road”.
“Last year, we held a conference in Sweden which is “the Belt and Road” promotion for Acupuncture-Moxibustion. We also made some exchanges and trainings on the diagnostic and therapeutic techniques of TCM acupuncture–moxibustion. Now we will confirm that Young’s Acupuncture and TCM (Sweden) Research Institute, as the Swedish “the Belt and Road” TCM Acupuncture-Moxibustion Joint Education Base, works closely with Swedish medical research institutes such as Karolinska Institute. I believe they will make greater contribution at clinical practice, education and scientific research of acupuncture-moxibustion and TCM. The base will also research new medicine and develop new technology by combination of TCM and Western medicine. I believe the base will contribute powerful force for the Swedish people and the world people’s health, ” said Liu.
It is the common vision of all of us to inherit the venerable history and cultural traditions of TCM, to carry forward and improve TCM, and to make benefits to human health. Let us work together, to make greater contribution for the countries along “the Belt and Road” by acupuncture-moxibustion and TCM.
The Forum was presided over by Yang Chungui, Presient of Acupuncture Science Association Sweden .
Hanna Angerud, Chairwoman of Swedish Acupuncture Association talked about promotion of Acupuncture Legislation.
Professor Liao Fulong spoke at the opening ceremony. He marked that Chinese Nobel Winner in Medicine Tu Youyou is a good example of the combination between Chinese and western medicine.
Professor Liu Baoyan, Yang Chungui, President of Acupuncture Science Association Sweden and Dean of Yangs Acupuncture and TCM Institute Sweden and Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou opens the Belt and Road Joint Education Base on Acupuncture-Moxibustion-Sweden.
Yang Chungui presented certificates to the experts of Yangs Acupuncture & TCM Institute Sweden.
Liu Baoyan present certificates to the experts of Joint Education Base in Sweden.
In the afternoon, Gustav Foghammar, Consultant Psychiatrist of Karolinska Hospital talked about etablising a new medical platform of integrated Western & Traditional Chinese Medicine for Treatment of Pain and Fatigue. Foghammar said he knew TCM many years ago when he was sent to participate in a TCM meeting and had access to Chinese Medicine. Since then he even use TCM in his psychiatrist field and he himself often experiences the acupuncture.
DoctorZhang Hongxia presented what she is studying about– the Application of Medical Information in Clinic Medicine and Research.
Wang Jingjing presented Acupuncture Treatment on Pain and Psychosomatic Disease.
Professor Liao Fulong presented his discovery in Acupuncture, Chinese Herbal Medicine Investigated from the Angle of Microcirculation and Biomechanopharmacology.
Professor Wu Hanqing presented TCM Triangular Needling Method for Soft Tissue and Bone Disorders.
Professor Wu Hanqing also did treatment for some patients while teaching some young doctors.
TCM Doctor Zhang Dongqing presented his clinic experience of Acupuncture agaisnt irritable Bowel Syndrome in Sweden. TCM Doctor Yang Chungui presented his exploration and practice of Yangs Yi Gong Acupuncture in Chinese and Western Medicine.
Lin Defeng talked about Burning Acupuncture against pain and Li Jian presented his application of modern medicine and TCM on the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.
About 100 TCM doctors, experts and practitioners from China, Sweden, US and other European countries participated in the world-level forum. Han Xiaodong, Counselor of Commerce and Pu Zhengdong, Counselor of Culture from the Chinese Embassy also attended the opening ceremony.
Text/Xuefei Chen Axelsson, Photo/ Li Yanan, Lyu Cheng.
STOCKHOLM, Sept. 1(Greenpost)– 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China will be held on Oct. 18, according to Xinhua News Agency, which has been widely republished.
Chinese President, Party General Secretary and Chairman of the Military Committee of China Xi Jinping will preside over the congress.
It is reported that small scale meeting will start on Oct. 11 already and to announce the formal national congress will be held on Oct. 18th. It is expected that 2300 delegates will attend the national congress which is held every five years.
This is a far-reaching significient meeting for the Chinese nation and the party because it will decide the Chinese leadership for the next five years, map out next five years policy directions and vision for the next five years.
It is also important and aroused wide range attention around the word because many leaders have come to the age of retirement. Then it is expected that there will be bigger shift of personnels in the politburo and the central committee of the CPC.
The oder generation are mostly born in the 1940s and the new generation leaders are likely the ones who were born in the 1950s and 1960s.
The twice-a-decade party congress is, at its heart, a leadership transition event. The bodies that sit atop the Communist Party organization will see their makeup change significantly. These include the 25-member Politburo, the 7-member Politburo Standing Committee, and the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the internal discipline organ that has come to the political foreground since 2012.
Greenpost believes that Xi Jinping will continue to be Chinese Party General Secretary, President of China, and Chairman of the Chinese Central Military Committee.
Over the past five years, Xi Jinping held high the flag of anti-corruption and in general changed China’s social style of eating too much, drinking too much, sexing too much and woke up many officials from their hectic singleminded unhealthy life style by anti-corruption movement. Even though it is as if a movement, it gave China a good break. Xi Jinping also worked hard in improving Beijing’s air by administrative means and technically innovative means. He gave people an impression that he is closer to the ordinary people and won a lot of praise among Chinese people.
He helped Chinese found their soul.
Some people are still complaining that he only cracked down on “Tigers” but not “Flies”. And the “flies” are even worse for grossroot people. It’s believed that if he continues to be president, this issue will be further solved. So far, his vision is right and welcomed. He has launched innovative ideas both domestically and internationally. His belt and road initiative has been welcomed and many believe that if this idea is applied well, it will fundamentally promote peace and development in the world.
Party General Secretary Xi Jinping
The following is an introduction of the Chinese leaders and their possible destination at the forth-coming party congress. It is a speculation or prediction from the Wikipedia. It doesn’t represent Greenpost’s view.
There is very little doubt that Xi Jinping, who will be 64 at the time of the congress, will continue for another term as General Secretary, the party’s top leadership position and de factoleader in the one-party state. There is uncertainty, however, around whether the other personnel changes at the congress will signal that Xi would stay on for more than two terms per convention.
If Wang does not remain a member of the committee, and assuming both Li Keqiang and Xi Jinping stay, and further assuming that the committee will retain a seven-member structure, the remaining five members will likely be selected from the 18th Politburo members born after 1950. There are 11 such non-military individuals who fit this criteria. Of these putative candidates, only two, Li Yuanchao and Wang Yang, will have completed two terms (ten years) on the Politburo by 2017, and therefore have the advantage of seniority to advance to the standing committee. However, given the changes in the Chinese political landscape since Xi Jinping took power, this is far from assured.
There is also some speculation that the Standing Committee will be abolished altogether.
According to convention, Politburo members entering the body in 2017 must be born after 1950. Since the 1990s, individuals ascending to the Politburo generally have experience as provincial party chiefs. It is considered extremely unlikely for an individual to directly ‘jump’ from a provincial governor directly to the Politburo. As the provincial level remains dominated by cadres born in the 1950s, competition for a seat on the Politburo is intense. Outside analysis to date has been largely focused around former subordinates of Xi who are currently in provincial or ministerial-level leadership positions; these individuals are seen as the most likely candidates for Politburo membership.
KUALA LUMPUR, March 30 (Xinhua) — A dance drama featuring Chinese father and son who set sails on the ancient Maritime Silk Road centuries ago debuted in Southeast Asia on Tuesday with the expectations to boost the Belt and Road Initiative in the region.
Thousands of audience watched the dance drama “Dream of the Maritime Silk Road” at a performance hall in the Malaysian capital of Kuala Lumpur, the first leg of the tour in members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), including Singapore and Indonesia.
The drama, through distinctively Chinese classical dance, tells a story in Quanzhou port, China’s southeastern Fujian province 800 years ago. The captain of a commercial fleet sets sail on the Maritime Silk Road under the invitation of a Persian prince but was killed in storm when trying to protect his crew, leaving behind his wife and a son in cradle. His son followed his step to become a sailor too after he grew up.
The two-hour drama highlights a prosperous Quanzhou port and friendship forged among people along the Maritime Silk Road when they seek common prosperity and happiness, with cultural elements from China and other Maritime Silk Road countries.
The drama was performed around the globe including at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.
Chen Qiuping, head of Department of Culture of Fujian province, said the drama was well received by the Malaysian audience.
“The performance is indeed enlightening,” said Bong Hon Liong, president of Malaysia-China Chamber of Commerce. “It reminded us of the importance of openness and the friendship among people along the Maritime Silk Road.”
Xia Menglong, a university student who is on an exchange program in Malaysia, said he was surprised to find many Chinese traditions were well preserved and observed in Malaysia.
Huang Huikang, Chinese ambassador to Malaysia, expected the show to boost cultural exchanges between the two countries.
Meanwhile, officials believed such event would help promote the Belt and Road Initiative, namely the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road in Southeast Asia.
The initiative, proposed by China in 2013, is aimed at reviving the ancient trade routes that span Asia, Africa and Europe.
Chen said the performance in Malaysia was of significance as it was an important country along the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. He hoped the tour could help boost cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative. Enditem
by Maria Spiliopoulou
ATHENS, March 10 (Xinhua) — A decade after Greece and China forged a comprehensive strategic partnership, especially after the launch of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, their cooperation has progressed remarkably.
“Sino-Greek economic relations have been strengthened in recent years in several sectors: from bilateral trade and investments to cooperation in technology and research,” Christos Staikos, chairman of Enterprise Greece, a Greek investment promotion body, told Xinhua.
Staikos noted that Greece is a major spot in the context of the Belt and Road Initiative and that China is becoming one of the main strategic partners of Greece on the road to recovery.
“All these factors create a stable framework for the further improvement of bilateral trade and business cooperation,” Staikos stressed.
Bilateral trade increased 5.6 percent in 2014 and Chinese investment in Greece rose from 249 million euros (273 million U.S. dollars) in 2010 to 1.2 billion euros (1.3 billion dollars) in 2014, according to official Greek figures.
Quality Greek food products, as well as luxury products such as fur, jewelry and cosmetics are becoming more and more popular in China.
Enterprise Greece said the prospects are exceptional as Chinese consumers start to learn and trust the quality of Greek products and Greek companies.
In the field of investment, Staikos highlighted the development of the seaport of Piraeus, describing it as an entry point into Europe as it has been included in the Belt and Road Initiative.
“The investment creates prospects in areas such as logistics and shipbuilding in parallel with the interest Chinese companies have already demonstrated in tourism and real estate, energy, food and transport,” he said.
Furthermore, the Golden Visa program, under which with the purchase of real estate worth 250,000 euros (274,000 dollars), three generations (parents, children and grandchildren) get long-term residence permit in Greece and Schengen visa, has been embraced by Chinese families who would like to have a basis in Europe for leisure and business activities, the Greek official added.
Tourism presents similar opportunities, according to Enterprise Greece.
“Chinese respect the Greek civilization and discover the beauty of our country, visiting all tourist destinations throughout the year,” Staikos underlined.
Chinese tourist arrivals increased 70 percent year-on-year to 100,000 in 2014, according to official figures.
“Enterprise Greece in recent years is in systematic contact with Chinese companies, informing them of the potential of our country and enabling them to explore opportunities and make their next business steps,” said Staikos.
Piraeus Container Terminal, a subsidiary of China Ocean Shipping Group that manages Piers II and III at Piraeus, won an international tender for the acquisition of 67 percent stake in Piraeus Port Authority, which manages Pier I.
“I believe it is a positive development for the Greek economy, a key parameter in the Maritime Silk Road which enhances the strategic importance of Piraeus,” said Ioannis Tzoannos, an economic professor and former general secretary of the Greek shipping ministry.
The sea and the shipping industry was and remains the key element in the development of bilateral relations, and the Maritime Silk Road opened routes for trade and cultural contacts and stronger cooperation in more fields, Tzoannos stressed.
He urged Chinese investors to get more involved in the Sino-Greek cooperation, in particular in the maritime sector.
“As European banks are withdrawing from the shipping sector due to the crisis, in my view it is in the interests of China to get more involved. Risk taking is important in times of crises to find opportunities,” he said. Enditem
Editor Xuefei Chen Axelsson
BEIJING, March 11 (Xinhua) — Running a fruit import and export company for 15 years, Egyptian businessman Ali Maggard has recently turned his eye to China as a new source for commerce, as the world’s second largest economy is taking an increasingly large share of the global trade.
Previously, the fruit dealer would give his priority to European countries such as Greece and Italy.
The businessman told Xinhua that he felt very happy to see relations between China and his country to be further enhanced, because it means “more preferential terms for our industry on customs clearance and import and export duties among others.”
Maggard’s company is among many in the Arab world and other parts of the globe to explore business opportunities in China under the Belt and Road Initiative that contains the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road proposed back in 2013.
The Belt and Road Initiative is “a string of keys” that can be used by various countries for development, offering win-win solutions for bilateral cooperation, said Wu Bingbing, director of Department of Arabic Language and Culture of Peking University.
Statistics released by the Chinese Ministry of Commerce showed Chinese enterprises directly invested a total of 14.82 billion U.S. dollars into 49 countries within the cooperation framework of the Belt and Road Initiative last year, rising by 18.2 percent compared with the previous year.
Against the backdrop of the currently sluggish global economy with a slow recovery, the construction of the Silk Road Economic Belt has gained wide popularity among countries along the trade route, especially in Central Asia.
One particular project is the Horgos-East Gate Special Economic Zone in Kazakhstan, which has become a symbol of the lineup of China’s Belt and Road Initiative and Kazakhstan’s “Bright Path” economic plan.
Despite the Central Asian country’s temporarily shrinking imports and exports due to falling oil prices and currency devaluation, trade volume of the special economic zone surged by nine times in the first half of 2015, compared with the same period of the previous year. Also, the volume of China’s container freight transferred in Kazakhstan has nearly doubled, thanks to the operation of the special economic zone.
So far, Horgos has also become an essential transit point that connects China and Europe through the Eurasia International Railway.
The Belt and Road Initiative is also reshaping the geographic and economic development of both China and Europe by incorporating a wide range of development schemes of the European countries, for example, European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker’s investment plan that would allocate at least 315 billion euros (about 359 billion U.S. dollars) of additional investments in strategic projects at the European Union level.
“Your dream is our dream,” said former Greek Prime Minister Antonis Samaras.
Both being ancient oceanic civilizations, China and Greece have set the year of 2015 as the “China-Greece Maritime Cooperation Year” during a meeting between Chinese President Xi Jinping and Samaras in July 2014.
The visiting Chinese president said China would like to further enhance its comprehensive strategic partnership with Greece and make the country “an important bridgehead and transit point” for China-Europe cooperation through the Belt and Road Initiative.
One typical project under the initiative was construction of Greece’s biggest sea port of Piraeus, the tender of which was won by China Ocean Shipping Company (COSCO) in January this year.
Trapped in the longstanding debt crisis of the country, the Piraeus port had fallen into a mess with ships and containers piling up. COSCO won a container operation project for Piraeus port in 2008 to manage Pier II and Pier III of Piraeus Container Terminal for 35 years. In 2015, the port’s capacity rose to 3 million containers, a dramatic increase from 685,000 in 2010.
The Chinese enterprise has also created over 1,000 jobs for local people over the last two years. Among the incessant strikes around the country, workers at the port have never held a strike.
In five years of operation, COSCO aims to make the Piraeus port the south gate of the China-Europe land-sea express to speed up transportation between China and Europe.
From the economic perspective, the Belt and Road Initiative has been a large-scale “economic and geographic revolution,” while from the perspective of international relations, the initiative has set off “a new cooperation mode featuring mutual benefits and win-win results,” according to Hu Angang, director of the School of Public Policy and Management of Tsinghua University.
The comments were echoed by Russian businessman Alexander Losev.
In an article published by local newspaper Russia Herald on Jan. 19, Losev wrote that the Belt and Road Initiative showed China’s reflection on global governance.
Yet the construction of the Belt and Road is absolutely not China’s solo, touted by some, but a chorus that involves as many as countries along the trade routes.
China has actually been trying to search for a way out of the current downturn of the global economy with the Belt and Road Initiative, said Yang Guang, head of the Institute of West Asian and African Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.
“The initiative would help promote regional economic integration and inter-connectivity by lifting barriers to trade and investment as well as facilitating the flow of capital and human resources, which will inject impetus into global economic development,” he said. Enditem
BEIJING, Dec. 11 (Xinhua) — Nearly 20 provincial governments in China have rolled out their local development plans for the 13th Five Year Plan period from 2016 to 2020, with their focus on the “Belt and Road” construction, the Shanghai Securities News reported on Friday.
Under their development plans, they attach great importance to infrastructure construction in transportation industry and construction of industrial parks.
— Focus on transport infrastructure
Chinese local governments will give priority to transport infrastructure when promoting the “Belt and Road” initiative.
For example, Shaanxi province will be guide by construction of a logistics center to build a seamless transport network in 2016-2020. Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region also said in its proposal to the 13th Five Year plan that it will build a convenient and efficient railway network, expressway network, water transport network, airline network and information network with the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and neighboring provinces.
It is worth noting that in the land transportation field, the China-Europe express railway will play an increasingly important role in “going global” of Chinese goods.
As a core area of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, Fujian province plans to build important airline hubs for Southeast Asia and advance construction of a regional port-shipping system and communication network facilities, to smoothly connect the land channel of the Silk Road Economic Belt and form a passage to sea for central and western China’s opening-up.
Jilin province in its 13th Five Year plan noted that it will actively explore the Arctic Ocean ship routes linking the Europe and the U.S.A., steadily operate international rail and water transportation lines linking Japan and South Korea, and further expand its outward transport lines.
Meanwhile, Tianjin will make full use of its unique geographic location advantages to vigorously promote port and maritime strategic cooperation. It will develop cross-border logistics through three land ports, like the Khorgos Port and develop maritime transport through intensive ship routes and shipping flights.
Zhejiang province announced to promote construction of a marine economic development demonstration zone and Zhoushan Islands New Area, and build a port economic circle covering the Yangtze River Delta, influencing the Yangtze River economic belt and serving the “Belt and Road” initiative.
In addition, Gansu province decided to invest more than 800 billion yuan from this year to build more than 70,000 km of roads and railways in six years.
— Efforts in industrial park construction
Industrial park construction is also a focus in the 13th Five Year plans of the provinces.
Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region said that it will accelerate construction of core areas in the Silk Road Economic Belt, develop high-level open economy, and quicken the pace to build the Kashgar and Khorgos economic development zones and comprehensive bonded zones.
Because of the “Belt and Road” initiative, ALaShankou has invested a lot in infrastructure, promoting rapid development of its comprehensive bonded zone, said Pan Zeming, deputy director of the ALaShankou Comprehensive Bonded Zone.
In its 13th Five Year plan, Fujian province made it clear to promote construction of important commodity export bases, commodity markets and commerce and trade parks and explore mutual establishment of industrial parks with Southeast Asian countries.
Chongqing municipality pointed out that it will actively participate in construction of overseas industrial agglomerations and economic and trade cooperation zones.
Shaanxi province said it will encourage and support competent enterprises to go abroad for transnational operation and strategic acquisitions and build Shaanxi industrial parks overseas especially in Central Asia and Africa. Meanwhile, it will also build economic cooperation zones and high-tech industrial parks to attract investments of the transnational companies and globally leading enterprises and persuade them to build regional headquarters and branches in Shaanxi.
“Industrial park is an important method for “going global” of Chinese enterprises. It is a new form for Chinese enterprises to build “Belt and Road” and also a way to change simple cargo transportation”, said Hu Zheng, chief representative of the Central Asia Representative Office of the China Merchants Group.
Since the beginning of the year, China has quickened its pace of building industrial parks along the “Belt and Road” countries.
Data of the Ministry of Commerce shows that so far, China has already built 118 economic and trade cooperation zones in 50 countries, of which 77 zones are located in 23 countries along the “Belt and Road”. Enditem
BEIJING, Nov. 11 (Xinhua) — China’s Belt and Road initiative, highlighted during President Xi Jinping’s visit to Vietnam and Singapore last week, is set to boost bilateral ties and facilitate trade and investment between China and Southeast Asian nations.
The deepening cooperation on the Belt and Road with the two countries, major members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and key areas along the routes, will expand and upgrade China-ASEAN economic relations, analysts said.
The Belt and Road was proposed by China in 2013 as a trade and infrastructure network. It will connect Asia to Europe and Africa through the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.
During Xi’s three-day trip, China and Vietnam reached consensus on expanding cooperation within the framework of the initiative and Vietnam’s “Two Corridors and One Economic Circle” plan, as well as on production capacity cooperation.
In a 20-point statement, China and Singapore agreed to cooperate in Belt and Road construction, trade, city planning, education and customs, among others.
Song Hong, researcher with the Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said the Belt and Road will generate fresh opportunities and infrastructure cooperation that will boost integration of China and ASEAN economies.
Sharing a land border of over 1,000 km, China and Vietnam have been in close contact on infrastructure cooperation with new express roads and railways starting operations almost every year.
A joint communique issued Friday said the two countries have reached an agreement on a feasibility study of the Hanoi-Lao Cai-Hai Phong Railway in northern Vietnam.
New railways in Vietnam are only part of the infrastructure improvement in Southeast Asia as China promotes the ambitious Trans-Asian Railway that will connect Laos, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam.
“Thanks to improved infrastructure, logistics are cheaper and faster, along the routes,” Huo Jianguo, former president of the Chinese Academy of International Trade and Economic Cooperation.
Echoing his remarks, Song recognized brightening prospects of China-ASEAN cooperation and cited fresh opportunities in capital-intensive industries, like energy, cement and steel, and labor-intensive sectors including textiles and garments.
“Those industries are mature in China, will help the industrial upgrade of ASEAN members and are the best choice for cooperation,” Song said.
China and Vietnam also signed a number of cooperation documents covering such fields as party-to-party exchanges, transportation, production capacity, railway, energy, finance and local affairs.
More than 1,000 km away from Vietnam, Singapore is also a significant link in the Maritime Silk Road.
When meeting Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong, Xi said the two sides will promote a third government-to-government project this time in Chongqing, southwest China, and explore cooperation between the enterprises in third markets.
Zhao Lei, associate professor of the Institute for International Strategic Studies at the Party School of the Central Committee of the CPC, expects Singapore will deepen Belt and Road cooperation and build a fourth project in China’s western regions in the future.
Singapore has been a major source of foreign investment in China. Between 1990 and 2014, its cumulative investment in China totaled 72.3 billion U.S. dollars.
The two leaders agreed to redefine China-Singapore ties as a partnership of all-round cooperation keeping with the times during Xi’s visit to the city-state.
Belt and Road cooperation will help upgrades to China-ASEAN Free Trade Area (FTA) and integration of Asian-Pacific region.
Thanks to the FTA, since 2010, China has become ASEAN’s largest trading partner, while ASEAN is China’s third largest trading partner. Trade between China and ASEAN increased 8.23 percent year on year to 480 billion U. S. dollars in 2014.
Given growing economic ties, the two sides are seeking for an FTA upgrade and have seen steady progress after negotiations in goods and service trade, investment and technological cooperation.
“The FTA upgrade is actually the implementation of the Belt and Road construction,” Song said.
Huo said China welcomes countries along the routes to actively participate into the process. Enditem
The two countries signed a document on studying the feasibility of the railway project connecting Hanoi-Lao Cai-Hai Phong in northern Vietnam, according to a joint communique issued on Friday.
China and Vietnam have been in close contact on infrastructure cooperation projects and the deal can also be regarded as a model for win-win cooperation between the two countries as they have called for an alignment between China’s Belt and Road initiative and Vietnam’s “Two Corridors and One Economic Circle” plan.
The Belt and Road initiative, namely the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, was unveiled by the Chinese President in 2013 with the aim of reviving the ancient trade routes. Enditem
Editor Xuefei Chen Axelsson
TIANJIN, Oct. 28 (Greenpost) — Despite challenges including slowing economy, sluggish prices, environment and resources worries and fiercer competition, China’s gold enterprises should seize the opportunities brought about by the “Belt and Road” initiative to tap international markets for higher-level development, experts suggest at the recent 2015 China Mining conference.
The “Belt and Road” initiative is a golden opportunity for domestic gold industry, they say.
It is reported that countries along the “Belt and Road” initiative boast gold reserves totaling about 21,000 metric tons (tonnes), accounting for 41.5 percent of the world’s total. In 2014, gold output in those countries amounted to about 1,116 tonnes, accounting for 35.6 percent of the world’s total. Gold jewelry consumption in those countries stood at 2,025 tonnes, representing 82.4 percent of the global consumption and demand for physical gold investment amounted to 778 tonnes, accounting for 77 percent of the world’ total.
As one of the largest gold consumers of the world, gold enterprises in China, with relatively strong advantages in exploration and mining technologies, can contribute to those producers in countries along the “Belt and Road”.
The implementation of the initiative has brought about a new historic opportunity to China’s gold industry, said Song Xin, president of the China Gold Association (CGA) and General Manager of China National Gold Group Corporation. Measures rolled out by the Chinese authorities to transform economic growth pattern and adjust the economic structure have offered broad space for the industry’s growth. Implementation of “Internet Plus”, “Made in China 2025”, Equipment “Going Global”, and International Capacity Cooperation are all releasing reform bonus, with “Internet Plus” and Intelligent Manufacturing in particular to help the industry to make technological breakthroughs and innovate marketing models that can hugely promote the development of the industry, said analysts.
The Chinese authorities are also making efforts streamlining governance, delegating power downward, etc., which have increased approval efficiency and simplified procedures for gold mining projects. On gold import and export, the authorities also loosened restrictions on gold trading qualification by introducing a much more friendly version of gold import and export management methods. Enditem
Editor Xuefei Chen Axelsson