Tag Archives: finland

EU urges Maduro to deal with new elections within 8 days

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Jan. 26(Greenpost) — On January 26th, various Member States urged Mr. Nicolás Maduro to take the necessary legal steps for democratic presidential elections to be announced within 8 days.

On that same day, the EU High Representative / Vice President issued a statement on behalf of the 28 EU Member States, also calling for the urgent holding of free, transparent and credible presidential elections and indicating that, in the absence of an announcement on the organization of fresh elections with the necessary guarantees over the next days, the EU would take further actions, including on the issue of recognition of the country´s leadership, in line with article 233 of the Venezuelan constitution.

Finland along with Spain, Portugal, Germany, the United Kingdom, Denmark, the Netherlands, France, Hungary, Austria, Belgium, Luxemburg, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland, Sweden and Croatia takes note that Mr. Nicolás Maduro has chosen not to set in motion the electoral process. Subsequently, and in accordance with the provisions of the Venezuelan Constitution, they acknowledge and support Mr. Juan Guaidó, President of the democratically elected National Assembly, as President ad interim of Venezuela, in order for him to call for free, fair and democratic presidential elections.

Analysts hold that this was an ultimatum from EU to Venezuela and it is a good example of intervention of an independent country’s internal affairs by EU.

China grants first export licence for Finnish fish products

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Jan. 10(Greenpost) — In connection with an export promotion visit by the Finnish Food Authority and Permanent Secretary Jaana Husu-Kallio from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, China has granted its first export licence for Finnish fish products. The export authorisation granted by the Chinese authorities is specific to certain establishments, and it currently applies to one Finnish fish product manufacturer, according to a press release from the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

The export licence concerns Finnish fish only, while Norwegian salmon cannot be exported to China via Finland. The licence is applicable to certain fish species and products, including frozen, salted and smoked Finnish salmon, rainbow trout, common whitefish (lavaret) and roach fish.

– Promoting the blue bioeconomy is one of the Finnish Government’s key projects. The opening of the Chinese markets for fish products means enormous opportunities for the whole fisheries sector in Finland. The global demand for fisheries products from our clean waters keeps growing, says Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Jari Leppä.

Opening the export licences has been prepared as a collaborative effort by the export team of the Finnish Food Authority (until the end of 2018 the Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira). The Chinese authorities have been provided with comprehensive analyses on the manufacture of fish products in Finland, and the authorities have visited Finland to inspect the production facilities.

Report: Finland considered a safe and secure country for businesses

 Stockholm, Nov. 14(Greenpost) — As many as 95% of managers with foreign background thought that Finland is a safe and secure country to do business in. Safe and equal work environment, flexible working hours and good work-life balance were listed as strengths of the Finnish working life, while Finnish companies could improve communication practices and make better use of the strengths of employees coming from different cultures.

Prime Minister Sipilä prepares for Finland’s EU Presidency during visit to Portugal



Interview with Greenpost.se Xuefei Chen Axelsson interviews Zhai Yuhu after Hebei promotion event.

More video pls see:

Video: Hebei Tourism Promotion in Finland

China and Finland Promote Cultural and Tourism to Improve Trade and Tourism Industry

 By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

 Zhai Yuhu, Vice Director of Hebei Tourism Development Commission said Hebei province has great advantages and rich cultural and tourism resources. The Great Wall is in Hebei  which embraces both the beach and the mountains as well as skiing site in Zhangjiakou where the 2022 Winter Olympics will be held.
He said the purpose of this visit was to implement the strategic decision between the two countries’ governments.
“In 2017, the governments of Finland and China made the decision to promote cultural exchange with an emphasis on Winter Olympic, energy and tourism,” said Hebei Tourism Development Committee representative Zhai Yu Hu.

The Tourism Development Committee of Hebei Province in association with the Chinese embassy in Helsinki and Visit Finland organised the tourism promotion conference.

The conference was held marking the year 2018 as the EU-China tourism year aimed at promoting the less-known tourist destinations in a proactive way.

Similar to  Finland, Hebei Province also enjoys great sightseeing and snow sport activities in winter. The province is an internationally renowned ice and snow sports and tourism resort in China. It has more than 80 skiing resorts, of which the largest one covers about 156 kilometres. In the 2017-2018 snow season the area received as many as 2.741 million visitors.

In an interview with Greenpost, Zhai Yuhu said that Finland has  long been known as an experienced country in ice and snow activities and sports, Hebei Tourism Development Committee likes to learn from Finland. Besides, the province also aims at knowing more about winter sports equipment from Finnish companies to elevate itself to the international level in terms of manufacturing them.

Zhai Yu Hu said that Hebei  has similar geographical features as Finland, having great forests and a large number of lakes. Embracing the capital city of Beijing and other neighbouring municipalities and facing the Bohai Sea with a 487km coastal line, Hebei Province enjoys great advantages in attracting tourists.

The province  has a variety of top tourism attractions, from the famous Great Wall, world-recognised geological parks and national reserves to the thousand-year historical complex of imperial gardens, ancient palaces and graveyards and temples, it is really worthwhile to visit,  said Zhai Yu Hu.

Apart from a tourism promotion framework, Hebei also has a trade facilitation policy that allows 144-hour visa-free transit for visitors from 53 countries and tax rebate on shopping departures for overseas tourists. A new international airport near Hebei province will open to operation next year to facilitate travel.

Guo Xiaoguang, Cultural Counsellor of the Chinese Embassy in Helsinki also spoke at the conference. He said China and Finland are really not far away from each other because there is only one country between the two countries, that is Russia.

Guo said that tourism is the best means to increase mutual understanding between the two countries. Therefore, the Chinese embassy to Finland also acts as a bridge between the agencies and companies of Finland and China in accelerating tourism cooperation.

To date, the Finnish national flag carrier Finnair has launched five direct flights from Helsinki to five different cities in China, thereby considerably increasing the number of Finnish tourists to China in recent years, while also adding a large number of Chinese visitors to Finland. Guo again and again introduced Hebei’s famous tourist destinations and warmly welcome Finnish tourists to visit Hebei.

The official tourism promotion board, Visit Finland representative Teemu Ahola, said currently Finnish officials are in China discussing further cooperation between China and Finland in snow sports in 2019 based on Xi jinping’s last year’s visit result.  In December this year,   Finland will go to Zhangjiakou to organise an opening event of the Winter Olympics 2022, which might become a good opportunity for promoting cooperation in sports and tourism between the two countries.

In an interview with Greenpost, Teemu Ahola said China is the fifth largest tourism market for Finnish tourism industry. They really like to tap the great potential of it and will organize promotion activities in China too.

During the promotion conference, the two sides also signed further agreements in deeper cooperation in the future.

About 100 people attended the event.

Finland is trying to improve referral of radicalised persons to services

STOCKHOLM, Aug. 20(Greenpost)–Finland is trying to deal with radicalisation of youths and others and refer them to various services, according to senior specialist Milla Perukangas who leads the project.
Radicalisation is not a crime, but when it leads to violence, a radicalised person may be a threat to other people and society. The challenge is how to deal with radicalised persons who cannot be subjected to measures under the Criminal Code. The effective prevention of violent radicalisation requires not only that the police can take the necessary measures but also that the person can be referred to other relevant services, if necessary.

PM SipiläFinland and India have good opportunities for cooperation

STOCKHOLM, April 18(Greenpost) — Prime minister Juha Sipilä and India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi held a bilateral meeting in Stockholm.

The development of economic relations between the Nordic countries and India was the main theme in the India-Nordic Summit in Stockholm on Tuesday 17 April. Prime Minister Juha Sipilä also held a bilateral meeting with India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, including negotiations on trade relations between Finland and India and on promoting investment and other cooperation.

“Finland’s exports to India have grown over the past few years. Prime Minister Modi and I noted that opportunities for cooperation between our two countries exist especially in sectors such as energy, satellites and education. We have agreed to deepen cooperation in these fields and will hold further negotiations on concrete projects at the level of public officials, Prime Minister Sipilä said.

“I first met Prime Minister Modi in 2016 in India in conjunction with the Team Finland trade mission to India. India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, and it is important for Finland to continue fostering good economic relations with India. There are many opportunities for cooperation,” observed Sipilä.

In the meeting, Prime Minister Sipilä also raised the importance of free trade; indeed, negotiations on free trade and investment protection agreements are on-going between the EU and India. Sipilä also stressed the importance of international cooperation in regard to climate change and counter-terrorism.

India interested in Nordic solutions

The initiative for the India-Nordic Summit of the prime ministers of the Nordic countries and India was made by India. The premiers of all five Nordic countries attended in the summit.

In the summit, Prime Minister Sipilä held an introductory presentation on the impact of innovations, digitalisation and artificial intelligence on trade and commerce, jobs and economic growth worldwide.

During Prime Minister Modi‘s premiership, India’s infrastructure, economy and society have been modernised. Economic growth in India is forecast to continue to at a rate of over 7% both this and next year. Last year, the value of goods exports from Finland to India amounted to EUR 532 million and the value of imports was EUR 340 million. Finland’s main export products are machinery and equipment as well as paper and cardboard. In 2017, our services exports totalled EUR 747 million and services imports amounted to EUR 534 million.

Finland experiments a new way to make law in real estate and construction digitalisation

By Xuefei Chen Axlesson

Lakiklinikka.fi online service under the KIRA-digi Project offers legal advice to projects that promote digitalisation in the real estate and construction sector free of charge. Information is also collected on statutes that may complicate the digitalisation process. Lakiklinikka.fi service is provided by Lexia Attorneys Ltd.

Quite a unique experiment has been started in the Finnish central government as the Ministry of the Environment aims to develop legislation through a new kind of service concept. Lakiklinikka.fi collects feedback especially from those affected by the legislation.

What this means in practice is that those implementing the projects are asked whether they have encountered legal problems, what they were like, and how they were solved. The service offers legal advice as well.

“We wanted to try a new, more agile way of developing legislation, and got the idea of combining advisory service with legislative work. The advisory service attracts more users as it brings concrete benefits to those who ask questions. The more questions and legal problems we have in the advisory service, the better picture the Ministry will gain of the provisions that may complicate digitalisation. The model is now being tested for the first time, and feedback will be most welcome. We encourage everybody to use the service”, says Jaana Junnila, Senior Ministerial Adviser at the Ministry of the Environment.

Open access to data – Lakiklinikka.fi summarises the state of playAll results of the advisory service and surveys are published on the Lakiklinikka.fi website. The questions to be published will be anonymous so that those who asked them cannot be identified. Everybody has access to open data – including various kinds of companies offering digital services.

Lakiklinikka.fi service for operators in real estate and construction business is constantly updated and supplement by data collected from the advisory service. Lakiklinikka.fi collects, classifies and analyses legal problems of the clients according to criteria such as topic and complexity.

“The task of a legal professional today is to serve as the client’s strategic partner. This is why the project is a unique opportunity for us to think about and analyse problems that come up and to promote the development of the real estate and construction business together with various stakeholders”, says Aleksi Lundén, Associate responsible for jurisprudence at Lexia Attorneys.

Lakiklinikka.fi also offers a platform for discussion and sharing information and expert views on legal matters. The project will continue until the end of 2018.

KIRA-digi support already to more than a hundred projectsThe Ministry of the Environment is preparing legislative amendments that will support digitalisation in the real estate and construction sectors as part of the Government’s key project. The KIRA-digi Project, which will continue until the end of 2018, looks for digital solutions to facilitate day-to-day operations in the real estate and construction sectors.

So far funding under the KIRA-digi Project has been granted to 104 experiments. A culture of experimentation is a key element in the Government’s key projects, which is also strongly reflected in the projects that have received KIRA-digi funding.

Experiences are collected from all experimental projects in order to construct a comprehensive picture of the most relevant legislative problems associated with digitalisation.

Indeed, this is a good way to make relevant legislation to the digitalisation problems.

Minister Soini: Finland condemns illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia(芬兰谴责俄罗斯吞并克里米亚)

STOCKHOLM, March 24(Greenpost)–Sunday 18 March will mark the fourth anniversary of the illegal annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol by Russian Federation. Finland condemns the illegal annexation by Russia, which is against the international law.

“Finland’s support to Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty stands firm. We condemn the illegal annexation of Crimea by Russia and continue the non-recognition policy of the annexation”, Foreign Minister Timo Soini notes.

Furthermore, Minister Soini expresses his concerns regarding the deteriorating human rights situation in Crimea.

“There are worrying reports that the human rights situation in Crimea is worsening. I urge Russia to investigate all violations, bring the perpetrators to justice and give international organisations unhindered access to the area.”

Minister Soini notes also the ongoing militarization of the peninsula with grave concern. The military build-up in Crimea will make the already difficult security situation even worse.

Finland fully aligns itself with the joint EU statement issued by High Representative Federica Mogherini on March 16.

Arrival Statement by H.E. Xi Jinping President of the People’s Republic of China at Helsinki-Vantaa Airport, Finland

By Xi Jinping. Translation.

Stockholm, 4 April 2017, (Greenpost)–At the invitation of President Sauli Niinistö, I have come to the Republic of Finland for a state visit, bringing with me the friendship of the Chinese people to the Finnish people. As this year marks the centenary of the independence of Finland, let me extend, on behalf of the Chinese government and people, and in my own name, warm congratulations and best wishes to the Finnish government and people.

Finland is known as the “land of a thousand lakes” and the “land of forests”. It is a land that has nurtured the “sisu” spirit with which the Finns have overcome the extremely challenging environment and all the difficulties, achieved national independence and prosperity and made admirable progress.

Despite the long distance between our two countries, the Chinese and Finnish people have a close bond. Finland is one of the first western countries to recognize and establish diplomatic ties with the People’s Republic of China and the first western country to sign an inter-governmental trade agreement with China. Over the past 67 years of diplomatic ties, the China-Finland relationship has enjoyed steady and sound growth despite the changing international landscape. It has set an example of friendship and win-win cooperation between countries that have different size, population, history, culture, social system and development level. In recent years, our cooperation in economy, trade, science and technology, environmental protection and people-to-people areas has been deepening, and our economic complementarity promises great space and potential for further economic cooperation and trade. Now as we are building and promoting a future-oriented new-type cooperative partnership, our relationship faces new development opportunities.

I look forward to meeting with President Sauli Niinistö, Speaker Maria Lohela and Prime Minister Juha Sipilä, during which we will have in-depth exchange of views on China-Finland relations and other issues of shared interest and draw the blueprint for the growth of our relations. I’m confident that with the joint efforts of China and Finland, this visit will be a great success.

President Xi Jinping makes a state visit to Finland

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, April. 5(Greenpost)– Chinese President  Xi Jinping arrived in Helsinki on Tuesday evening for a state visit to Finland, accompanied by his spouse, Mrs Peng Liyuan.

President of the Republic Sauli Niinistö and his spouse, Mrs Jenni Haukio, are hosting the visit. President Niinistö and Mrs Haukio will welcome their guests at an official ceremony in the Presidential Palace on Wednesday 5 April 2017.

kiina-1President of China Xi Jinping and Mrs Peng Liyuan arriving at the Helsinki-Vantaa airport on 4 April, 2017. Photo: Lehtikuva

The agenda for the state visit includes talks between the presidents and discussions between the delegations. Themes of the discussions will include political and economic relations between Finland and China and topical international affairs. A high-level delegation accompanies President Xi to Finland.

During his visit, President Xi will also meet with Speaker of the Finnish Parliament Maria Lohela and Prime Minister Juha Sipilä.

President of the Republic Sauli Niinistö made an official visit to China in April 2013, during which he met with President Xi on Hainan Island. President Niinistö and President Xi last met bilaterally in The Hague, Netherlands, in March 2014. They also met in 2010, when Mr Xi visited Finland as Vice President of China and Mr Niinistö was the Speaker of the Finnish Parliament.

The first and only presidential visit made so far from China to Finland occurred in 1995, when President Jiang Zemin made a state visit to Finland.

Source, Office of Finnish President.

President Niinistö in Arkhangelsk: If we lose the Arctic, we lose the whole world

STOCKHOLM, April. 4(Greenpost)–

Photo: Katri Makkonen/Office of the President of the Republic of Finland<br/>
Photo: Katri Makkonen/Office of the President of the Republic of Finland

President of the Republic Sauli Niinistö participated in the Arctic Forum and a panel discussion, held in Arkhangelsk in Russia on 30 March 2017, with Vladimir Putin, the President of Russia and Gudni Jóhannesson, the President of Iceland, according to office of the President of the Republic of Finland.

The discussion, held under the heading, “People and the Arctic,” highlighted the growing threat presented by climate change.

“Tackling this challenge is crucial if we want to ensure that the Arctic remains the place it is today. But the issue is of global significance: If we lose the Arctic, we lose the whole world.”

President Niinistö pointed out that, although the impacts are currently visible in the Arctic, they will ultimately affect each and every inhabitant of our planet. “There will be enormous consequences worldwide. As the ice melts, sea levels will rise. As the ice melts, solar radiation will not be reflected back – instead its energy will further warm the water and accelerate global warming.”

The President gave a separate mention to black carbon and its single largest source, gas flaring. Gas flaring accounts for a quarter of the rise in temperatures in the Arctic region. President Niinistö views this as being akin to burning money: “For a lay man that is almost impossible to understand. In 2015 flaring amounted to almost 150 billion cubic meters of wasted gas. To put this into a perspective: this is almost 40 times as much as Finland uses natural gas annually.”

Finland proposes an Arctic Council Summit

President Niinistö stated that the effects of climate change are not limited to the environment, but represent a major security threat. “It is a threat multiplier that aggravates many issues behind conflicts: famine, water scarcity, flooding, forced displacement, and so forth.”

The ratification of the Paris Climate Treaty was a big step in the right direction, but further steps are needed. “But the most important part – effective implementation – lies still ahead of us. Secondly, we need intensified co-operation across the borders to combat the challenges and to strengthen the resilience of Arctic residents”, said President Niinistö.

In addition, President Niinistö said that the Arctic must remain an area of co-operation. To ensure this, full advantage should be taken of mechanisms like the Arctic Council. Finland will begin its Presidency of the Council in May. “Also, we believe it is time to take the Arctic cooperation to a new level. Finland proposes the convening of an Arctic Summit to discuss a wide range of issues pertaining to the region and beyond. This would provide an opportunity to ensure that the Arctic indeed remains a territory of dialogue. It is our common responsibility to see that this promise and tradition is upheld in the North,” said President Niinistö.

The President has mentioned only an Arctic Council Summit. The holding of an Arctic Summit depends on whether the various parties are ready to do so and whether tangible results can be achieved.

During the Arctic Forum, President Niinistö also held bilateral meetings with President Putin and the Norwegian Foreign Minister Børge Brende. In addition, President Putin hosted a joint lunch with President Niinistö and President of Iceland Jóhannesson.

President Niinistö and President Putin at a bilateral meeting in Arkhangelsk. Photo: Katri Makkonen/Office of the President of the Republic of Finland
President Niinistö and President Putin at a bilateral meeting in Arkhangelsk. Photo: Katri Makkonen/Office of the President of the Republic of Finland
'It is vital that we halt climate change, if want the Arctic region to remain as it is now. The issue is of global significance: If we lose the Arctic, we lose the entire world,' said President Niinistö. Photo: Katri Makkonen/Office of the President of the Republic of Finland
‘It is vital that we halt climate change, if want the Arctic region to remain as it is now. The issue is of global significance: If we lose the Arctic, we lose the entire world,’ said President Niinistö. Photo: Katri Makkonen/Office of the President of the Republic of Finland
In a bilateral meeting with Norwegian Foreign Minister Børge Brende. Photo: Katri Makkonen/Office of the President of the Republic of Finland
In a bilateral meeting with Norwegian Foreign Minister Børge Brende. Photo: Katri Makkonen/Office of the President of the Republic of Finland

Finland eyes deeper cooperation with China on Xi’s visit: Finnish president

Source:Xinhua Published: 2017/4/4 13:39:55

Finland hopes to deepen cooperation with China in various areas when Chinese President Xi Jinping starts his state visit to it on April 4, Finnish President Sauli Niinisto said.

Niinisto has established his personal relationships with Xi during their meetings since 2013, when he visited China and reached an agreement with Xi to develop a future-oriented new type of partnership between the two countries.

“I am sure my friendship with President Xi will deepen. More importantly, we can find common views on how to further develop China-Finland relations as well as China-EU relations, and find solutions to myriad problems and headaches of the mankind,” Niinisto told Xinhua in an exclusive interview ahead of Xi’s tour to the nordic country.

The year of 2017 marks the centenary of Finland’s independence. Niinisto said it is “a great honor to receive President Xi this year, and the visit shows respect for our anniversary.”

Finland was one of the first Western nations which have established diplomatic ties with China. Niinisto appreciated the strategic partnership forged between the two nations since 2013, noting it has “advanced very well.”

“Although Finland and China are distinctively different in size, we have a lot in common. For example, both governments are devoted to improving their people’s livelihood,” said the Finnish president.

China has been Finland’s biggest trade partner in Asia, and China’s investment in Finland has increased significantly over the past few years. Hailing these as “positive trends,” Niinisto said the bilateral trade is “increasing all the time.”

As a country proud of its innovation tradition, Finland is now more concentrated on clean technology, information and communication technology, as well as solutions to problems of urbanization, in which the two nations can strengthen cooperation, according to Niinisto.

“The mankind is faced with many serious problems, such as a more worrying environment, migration in huge numbers and climate change which has made living conditions rather difficult in some areas,” he said.

“It is very significant for everyone in the world to understand that we share a common destiny,” Niinisto said, referring to the Xi-proposed concept of building “a community of common destiny for mankind.”

As a member since 1995, Finland has been a strong believer of the European Union (EU) and a steadfast supporter of integration, even though the EU is facing great difficulties after Brexit and general elections in some member countries, said Niinisto.

“Maybe it’s time for the EU to concentrate on the most important issues and that is why we build up integration,” he said, trying to remind European nations that the EU was founded for peace, common security and prosperity for Europe.

Niinisto said China has obviously been a “supporter of European integration,” and there is still room for strengthening the China-EU cooperation.

China’s Belt and Road Initiative is of great significance in promoting global connectivity, Niinisto said. “The more we are connected to each other, the better we understand each other.”

“The initiative will also help promote economic growth of the EU, by boosting connections within the organization and economic links between the EU and other countries,” he added.

Finland’s traffic accidents reduced after lowing speed limit

Stockholm, Oct. 29(Greenpost)–A new study from the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland shows that Finland’s policy of enforcing lower speed limits during the dark winter months reduces the number of traffic accidents.

Statistics indicate that some 36 accidents leading to personal injuries are avoided each year, as are eight deaths, according to a report by Alaska Dispatch News.

Most countries do not change their speed limits for the colder months. In Finland, however, the combination of snow, ice and very dark conditions forces a lower speed limit during the winter. As of Friday, motorway speed limits will drop to 100 kilometers (62 miles) per hour, while other major roads will see an 80 kilometer-per-hour (49 mile-per-hour) limit enforced. Both are 20 kilometer-per-hour (12 mile-per-hour) decreases from the  summer limits.

In some 80 kilometer-per-hour areas with large amounts of heavy traffic and roadside dwellings, the speed limit will be lowered to 70 kilometers (43 miles) per hour.

Those motorway sections with a variable speed limit that allows them to adjust the limit to suit weather and road conditions have a maximum 100 kilometer-per-hour (62 mile-per-hour) speed limit from the start of November to the end of February. The speed limit reverts back to 120 kilometers (74 miles) an hour on these roads in early March, if the weather and road conditions cooperate.

According to Finnish law, vehicle owners must also fit winter tires to their vehicles by Dec. 1 and keep them in use until the end of February.

Lower speeds save lives

The new study from the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland shows that Finland’s policy of enforcing lower speed limits during the dark winter months reduces the number of traffic accidents.

“A reduction in speed allows more time to react in unexpected situations and shortens the stopping distance when an elk appears on the road, for instance,” says Tuomas Österman, a traffic control expert at the Finnish Transport Agency.

Even so, in some situations, the reduced winter speed limits may not be enough. Österman advises motorists to adjust their driving speed according to weather conditions.

“During a snow storm, for example, visibility and driving conditions may deteriorate to the point that it becomes necessary to lower your driving speed to far below the appointed limit,” he says.

Lower winter speed rates also reduce the amount of fine particles released in the air from traffic and slow the wear on road surfaces, particularly when studded tires are in use. Depending on the weather, officials usually change the winter speed limits back to the higher summer limits sometime in late March-early April.