Tag Archives: Xi Jinping

How to understand Xi Jinping’s Belt and Road Initiative(BRI)?

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, March 28(Greenpost)– A lot of people simply understands Xi Jinping’s Belt and Road Initiative as that China has over capacity in infrastructure construction, so China wants to sell out their over capacity.

Yes, without any extra capacity, one cannot do anything for export. But there is a deeper intention in the infrastructure construction.

The world faces a lot of challenges due to the backward of the productivity. The backward productivity was due to poor infrastructure. Over 40 years development in China, we found roads and transport are very important for development.

In 2000, when I came back from Zimbabwe, I went back via Paris and and I took Paris metro. At that time I thought if only Beijing had such kind of metro that can direct to many places!  At that time Beijing only had one line and the round line, only two lines. By 2008, Beijing has many subway lines. Now it has 14 lines. You can go anywhere by subways.

Also you can drive anywhere by car because the road has linked the city and the countryside.

But this development was not seen in many countries such as central Asia or Africa.  With Chinese efforts a lot of places are linked with roads. With good roads, people are easy to do business.

China has a slogan, Yao Xiang Fu, Xian Xiu Lu. If you like to be rich, you should first build roads.  Roads link people and with people’s link, you can build a market and demand.

China holds that basic infrastructure can help development.  Then Belt and Road Initiative is not just limited to infrastructure construction. It can be education, it can be culture, it can be medicare and innovation. As long as any idea that is conducive to development and improving people’s living standards, it will be good.

Ancient Chinese people move from China to Europe via land silk road and sea silk road.  The reason it is called  silk road is that it used to transport silk, porslin and tea to Europe from China.  But the road was not very good. Now China likes to develop together with other countries to build good road and other things.

People likes to ask why do you do that? What is your purpose? What kind of profit can you get? If you really dig up that, one can say that once you have the infrastructure, one can trade.  But a lot of times, people just think as long as we can do something together, it will be good. As long as there is demand, we like to meet it.

China is a great country. That has a big capacity of helping each other. In stead of launching a war, China likes to construct and develop with other countries.  Chinese people has such a mindset that we human being should help each other and joint hands to deal with climate issues and other challenges mankind face.

So I think belt and road initiative can be any subject and can be along the silk road, and can be not along the silk road.

 

 

Why did Kim Jong Un visit China now?

Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, March 28(Greenpost) — Chinese President Xi Jinping met North Korean Leader Kim Jong Un over the past three days.

Kim took the train to Beijing on March 25.  Xi and his wife Peng Liyuan met Kim and his wife at the Great Hall of the People.

The meeting was very sincere and the two sides talk a lot about traditional friendship.

Kim’s visit came before he will hold talk with South Korean President and the United States President Donald Trump.

Why have Kim and his delegation visited China?

Kim Jungun is not stupid at all. He studied in Switzerland and he has played his cards very well. So far he is playing very well. Why? The worst case will be the same as Saddam or Kaddafi. And he has been isolated and determined to do what he wanted to do.

Now he was given a chance to talk during the Olympics. The sport again played an important role. Or the Olympic committee often plays this kind of game to invite both sides of the opposing countries.

Kim took the opportunity. He was never given such a sincere opportunity before. Why did he visit Xi Jinping now? Because he wants to get trusted and he wants to face Trump as equal.  Before he was not treated as equal. He was squeezed.

Now when he visited Xi Jinping, it means he likes to see China to be on his side. China is also willing to be on his side. But Xi immediately informed Trump about the meeting.

This shows that China serves as a go between. If he along meets Trump och South Korean leaders, it will be very abrupt. The trust is still not enough.

With the comfirmation of Xi Jinping, both Trump and Kim feel  they are countable.

Xi likes to see both North Korea and US can sit down and talk and solve their disputes.

So the meeting with Xi is very important and it marks a turning point of the Korean Peninsula crisis.

NPC 34: XI JINPING RE-ELECTED CHINESE PRESIDENT

BY XUEFEI CHEN AXELSSON
BEIJING, MARCH 17(GREENPOST)– XI JINPING WAS RE-ELECTED AS THE CHINESE PRESIDENT WITH A FULL VOTE OF 2970 VOTES DURING THE THIRD PLENARY SESSION OF THE ONGOING NATIONAL PEOPLE’S CONGRESS IN BEIJING.

GREENPOST’S REPORTER XUEFEI CHEN AXELSSON ATTENDED THE ELECTION SESSION AND FILED THIS REPORT.

AT 9 THE PLENARY SESSON BEGAN AS USUAL.
The deputies  first approved the draft law of the national institution reform.
Then the voting process started.

Xi Jinping was elected as the Chinese president with a full vote of 2970 votes out of the total member of 2980 in which 10 absent.

Li Zhanshu was elected as the new chairman of the National People’s Congress Standing Committee.

Wang Qishan was elected as vice president of the People’s Republic of China.
Wang Chen was elected as vice president of the NPC standing committee together with others.

The elected leaders swore in front of the new constitution that was passed a few days ago during this session of the NPC Congress.

The result was even welcomed by the weather because it snowed and rained after such a dry winter in Beijing.

The premier will be elected on March 18th. please stay tuned.

Xuefei Chen Axelsson reporting from Beijing.

CPPCC session concludes in Beijing

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

Beijing, March 15(Greenpost)– Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference ended this morning at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.

The sky has become blue due to the cooler wind coming from last night. The Tiananmen Square is clean and clear.

Chinese leaders Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, Li Zhanshu, Zhang Dejiang, Wang Yang participated in the conference.

The participants approved the work report presented by Yu Zhengsheng, Chairman of the 12th CPPCC session and the Charter revision draft of the CPPCC.

Wang Yang who is one of the members of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China was elected as the Chairman of the 13th CPPCC session with a full votes of 2144 votes who were present.

Wang Yang said the main task for the CPPCC in the following five years is to strictly exert its role of political consultation focusing on prevention and alleviation of serious risks, eradicating poverty and protecting environment.

CPPCC will actively make unremitting efforts to provide good suggestions to the Chinese government.

24 members including Zhang Qingli, Wan Gang and others were elected as vice Chairmen of the CPPCC standing committee.

Xia Baolong was elected as Secretary of the CPPCC standing committee.

A total of 300 members were elected as the members of the Standing committee among the over 2000 committee members all over China om March 14th.

2040 committee members attended the closing ceremony.

 

 

SIPRI Expert on chances and challenges on cooperation of Ice Silk Road

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Jan. 11(Greenpost)– Chinese President Xi Jinping has put up forward a proposal about cooperation in Ice Silk Road along arctic routes as the ice in the arctic is melting faster and faster.

Greenpost has a chance to have a  written interview with Ekaterina Klimenko, Researcher and SIPRI expert on Arctic Security. The following is the Q & A.

1.     What are the chances and challenges in the cooperation of this ice Silk Road, or Northern Sea Route for China?

 Traditionally, Russia has been reluctant to allow non-Arctic states to play a strong role in Arctic region, including in economic projects. However, a number of factors have shifted Russia’s policies, among them significant shifts in the world energy markets and sanctions. This allowed for great China’s involvement, first of all, into oil and gas development in the Russia Arctic zone. Moscow and Beijing has significantly expended Chian’s investments in to the joint project on the Yamal peninsular, Yamal LNG.

 The Russian government officials and the President Putin personally have on a number of occasions encourages Asian partners, and China in particular, to look at the Northern Sea Route as a possible alternative shipping route. However, over the last couple years China, and other Asian states, is also seen as investors into the construction of the NSR infrastructure. E.g. in a Joint Statement signed by Chinese Premier Li Keqiang and Russian Prime Minister Medvedev in December 2015, it was highlighted that the two sides would cooperate in developing the NSR into a competitive commercial sea route in the future. On several occasions Dmitry Rogozin, the head of Russia’s State Commission for Arctic Development, has mentioned that Russia and China are discussing cooperation on the NSR.

 Among the major challenges at the moment remains the fact that the Russian Government has still not defined the future of many infrastructure projects along the NSR. It is therefore unclear whether any of the projects will actually be implemented. Thus, despite the evident enthusiasm of Russian officials for fostering Chinese participation in infrastructure projects, this type of cooperation remains ‘on paper’ and does not go further than official statements and signed MOUs.

2.     How will this affect the Arctic countries?

It is too early to say at the moment how Russia China cooperation on the Northern Sea Route would affect the other Arctic states, as there is not much progress with it. I think we will see much more in the next 5-10 years.

 3.     How will it affect the environment?

Expansion of any economic activity in the Arctic brings the risks for environment. Growing shipping along the NSR, especially shipping of hydrocarbons creates significant risks for oil spills.

 4.     How can China participate in projects along the route?

 We have already 2 examples of how China can participate in the projects: the construction of the Belkomur railway and the deep-water harbour in Arkhangelsk. In 2015 Chinese Poly Technologies Inc. signed an agreement to invest in the development of the Belkomur railway and in the future to be responsible for its operation. . The project is believed to have a cost frame of more than 200 billion roubles (€2.67 billion). Poly Technologies has reportedly also expressed an interest in participating in construction of the new deep-water harbour in Arkhangelsk.[1]

I think we will see more of this type of partnerships.

Thank you. 

 

Sino-US good relations conducive to the world peace and development

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

It is well known that if two tigers fight each other, both will be hurt.  America and China are the first and the second economy in the world. If these two countries are friendly cooperating with each other, the world will be peaceful and prosperous.

Tomorrow American president Donald Trump will visit China, the first visit since Trump came to power and since Xi Jinping was reelected CPC General Secretary.

These are the most powerful politician in the current world.  It is expected that they will definitely talk about bilateral trade and economic cooperation. They will also talk about the North Korean issue.

It is hopeful that China and US can reach an agreement that they will jointly maintain the world peace and not fight with each other.  That will be conducive to the world peace and development.

 

19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China to be held on Oct. 18

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Sept. 1(Greenpost)– 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China will be held on Oct. 18, according to Xinhua News Agency, which has been widely republished.

Chinese President, Party General Secretary and Chairman of the Military Committee of China Xi Jinping will preside over the congress.

It is reported that small scale meeting will start on Oct. 11 already and to announce the formal national congress will be held on Oct. 18th.  It is expected that 2300 delegates will attend the national congress which is held every five years.

This is a far-reaching significient meeting for the Chinese nation and the party because it will decide the Chinese leadership for the next five years, map out next five years policy directions and vision for the next five years.

It is also important and aroused wide range attention around the word because many leaders have come to the age of retirement. Then it is expected that there will be bigger shift of personnels in the politburo and the central committee of the CPC.

The oder generation are mostly born in the 1940s and the new generation leaders are likely the ones who were born in the 1950s and 1960s.

The party delegates at the congress will elect the new leadership of the Communist Party of China, including the Central Committee and alternate members of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. During the meeting of new Central Committee, the elections of General Secretary (party leader), PolitburoPolitburo Standing Committee and Central Military Commission will be held.

The twice-a-decade party congress is, at its heart, a leadership transition event. The bodies that sit atop the Communist Party organization will see their makeup change significantly. These include the 25-member Politburo, the 7-member Politburo Standing Committee, and the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the internal discipline organ that has come to the political foreground since 2012.

Greenpost believes that Xi Jinping will continue to be Chinese Party General Secretary, President of China, and Chairman of the Chinese Central Military Committee.

Over the past five years, Xi Jinping held high the flag of anti-corruption and in general changed China’s social style of eating too much, drinking too much, sexing too much and woke up many officials from their hectic singleminded unhealthy life style by anti-corruption movement. Even though it is as if a movement, it gave China a good break. Xi Jinping also worked hard in improving Beijing’s air by administrative means and technically innovative means.  He gave people an impression that he is closer to the ordinary people and won a lot of praise among Chinese people.

He helped Chinese found their soul.

Some people are still complaining that he only cracked down on “Tigers” but not “Flies”. And the “flies” are even worse for grossroot people.  It’s believed that if he continues to be president, this issue will be further solved.  So far, his vision is right and welcomed.  He has launched innovative ideas both domestically and internationally. His belt and road initiative has been welcomed and many believe that if this idea is applied well, it will fundamentally promote peace and development in the world.

Party General Secretary Xi Jinping

The following is an introduction of the Chinese leaders and their possible destination at the forth-coming party congress. It is a speculation or prediction from the Wikipedia.  It doesn’t represent Greenpost’s view.

There is very little doubt that Xi Jinping, who will be 64 at the time of the congress, will continue for another term as General Secretary, the party’s top leadership position and de factoleader in the one-party state. There is uncertainty, however, around whether the other personnel changes at the congress will signal that Xi would stay on for more than two terms per convention.

Since the 1980s, age-based retirement has become increasingly rigid, codified in a plethora of party regulations dictating promotion and retirement rules based on age. For instance, party rules stipulate that minister-level officials must leave active executive positions by age 65, and vice-minister level officials must retire from such positions by age 60. It is worthwhile noting, however, that at the Politburo Standing Committee-level, age based restrictions are based on convention, not written rules. Therefore it is conceivable, though unlikely, that someone in the current Politburo Standing Committee could break convention and serve for another term. Wang Qishan, the anti-corruption chief, has long been speculated to be slated for a second term. There were reportedly calls coming from within the party for a special exception to be made for Wang. Wang himself, however, has been reticent about this possibility, noting wryly in his remarks to journalists that he ought to step down soon.

If Wang does not remain a member of the committee, and assuming both Li Keqiang and Xi Jinping stay, and further assuming that the committee will retain a seven-member structure, the remaining five members will likely be selected from the 18th Politburo members born after 1950.[5] There are 11 such non-military individuals who fit this criteria.[5] Of these putative candidates, only two, Li Yuanchao and Wang Yang, will have completed two terms (ten years) on the Politburo by 2017, and therefore have the advantage of seniority to advance to the standing committee. However, given the changes in the Chinese political landscape since Xi Jinping took power, this is far from assured.[3]

  • Wang Huning (born 1955) – major figure in charge of theory and ideology in the Communist Party, is said to not show too much political ambition personally but may be elevated to the standing committee in 2017
  • Liu Qibao (born 1953) – former party chief of Sichuan, and current head of the Propaganda Department
  • Sun Chunlan (born 1950) – former party chief of Fujian and Tianjin; current head of the United Front Department; her chances to enter the standing committee are low, but if she does make it to the elite body, it would be the first time a woman has achieved this rank in the history of the party. Sun also has the distinction of being the Politburo member with the longest tenure on the Central Committee, joining as an alternate member in 1997
  • Li Yuanchao (born 1950) – Vice-President; Politburo member since 2007; a tuanpai member, initially seen as a promising candidate for further elevation, his chances are seen as somewhat reduced due to corruption scandals in Jiangsu province, where he was once party chief.[6] Indeed, some sources speculate that Li may not even retain his own Politburo membership.[7]
  • Wang Yang (born 1955) – former party chief of Chongqing and Guangdong province; Politburo member since 2007; seen as one of the more ‘liberal’ members of the ruling elite; was speculated as a candidate for the 17th standing committee but ultimately did not make it
  • Zhang Chunxian (born 1953) – party chief of Xinjiang who was transferred to become deputy leader of the Leading Group for Party Building a year prior to the Congress; observers are split on his chances of advancement
  • Zhao Leji (born 1957) – head of the Organization Department; Zhao’s career is seen as a boilerplate for politicians of his generation, having served as party chief and head of a central department, he would have a flawless resume for entry into the standing committee; however, he is, relatively speaking, younger than some of his colleagues, and thus could conceivably vie for a standing committee seat in 2022 instead
  • Hu Chunhua (born 1963) – speculated during the 18th Party Congress as an incoming “heir apparent”, though the political landscape has changed since Xi’s ascension to power; his further advancement is now seen as uncertain; his track record in Guangdong has been defined by the on-going anti-corruption campaign. Guangdong’s economic growth rate has slowed from its double-digit pace in earlier years to 8% in 2015.[8][7]
  • Li Zhanshu (born 1950) – seen as a major Xi confidant whose chances of elevation to the Standing Committee is considered likely[6]
  • Han Zheng (born 1954) – party chief of Shanghai; generally seen as having a strong technocratic record; has spent his entire career in Shanghai, which is seen as making his case weaker for the standing committee

There is also some speculation that the Standing Committee will be abolished altogether.[9]

Politburo[edit]

According to convention, Politburo members entering the body in 2017 must be born after 1950. Since the 1990s, individuals ascending to the Politburo generally have experience as provincial party chiefs. It is considered extremely unlikely for an individual to directly ‘jump’ from a provincial governor directly to the Politburo. As the provincial level remains dominated by cadres born in the 1950s, competition for a seat on the Politburo is intense. Outside analysis to date has been largely focused around former subordinates of Xi who are currently in provincial or ministerial-level leadership positions; these individuals are seen as the most likely candidates for Politburo membership.[10]

  • Chen Min’er (born 1960) – former subordinate of Xi Jinping in Zhejiang province, now party chief of Guizhou; his ascension to the Politburo is considered likely
  • Li Qiang (born 1959) – former subordinate of Xi Jinping in Zhejiang province, now party chief of Jiangsu
  • Chen Quanguo (born 1955) – former subordinate of Li Keqiang in Henan, party chief of Tibet (2011–16), party chief of Xinjiang beginning in 2016; his ascension to the Politburo is likely
  • Li Hongzhong (born 1956) – party chief of Tianjin; Li has experience as party chief of the Special Economic Zone of Shenzhen, and governor and party chief of Hubei province. His CV is impeccable from a technocratic and regional-coverage point of view, but he has seen his share of controversies with journalists over the years
  • Li Xi (born 1956) – considered an ally of Xi; party chief of Liaoning
  • Cai Qi (born 1955) – current party chief of Beijing, considered an ally of Xi
  • Du Jiahao (born 1955) – former party chief of Pudong; party chief of Hunan
  • Liu He (born 1952) – Liu, head of the Office for Financial and Economic Affairs (Zhongcaiban), has been something of a top economic advisor to Xi
  • Bayanqolu (born 1955) – former subordinate of Xi Jinping in Zhejiang province, party chief of Jilin; should Bayanqolu become a Politburo member, he would be the first ethnic Mongol to hold a seat on the body since Ulanhu, and the first Mongol ever to hold a Politburo seat without having held high office in Inner Mongolia
  • Zhou Qiang (born 1960) – a tuanpai member, current President of the Supreme Court; while a transfer from the Supreme Court position to the Politburo would be unprecedented, Zhou Qiang is only one of three individuals born after 1960 to have already achieved sub-national ranks on the Communist Party hierarchy
  • Guo Shengkun (born 1951) – Minister of Public Security; it has been, since 2002, convention for a former Minister of Public Security to take on the post of Secretary of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission, which entails Politburo membership
  • Huang Qifan (born 1952) – Mayor of Chongqing; there was some speculation that Huang would become Vice-Premier, which would entail Politburo membership; it is also conceivable that Huang will, after serving as mayor for over six years, take over the role of party chief in Chongqing roughly in the same fashion Han Zheng did in Shanghai in 2012. Alternatively, Huang, who will be 65 by the time of the Congress, will need to step down entirely due to reaching retirement age
  • Peng Qinghua (born 1957) – party chief of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
  • Yang Jing (born 1953) – ethnic Mongol, former Chairman of Inner Mongolia and current Secretary-General of the State Council
  • Ding Xuexiang (born 1962) – Ding, a major political aide to Xi for nearly a decade, is the current executive deputy director of the General Office of the Communist Party of China. Ding’s chances at the Politburo is entirely contingent on whether or not he will succeed Li Zhanshu as head of the General Office in the upcoming leadership transition, and whether or not this position continues to come with it a seat on the Politburo

President Xi Jinping makes a state visit to Finland

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, April. 5(Greenpost)– Chinese President  Xi Jinping arrived in Helsinki on Tuesday evening for a state visit to Finland, accompanied by his spouse, Mrs Peng Liyuan.

President of the Republic Sauli Niinistö and his spouse, Mrs Jenni Haukio, are hosting the visit. President Niinistö and Mrs Haukio will welcome their guests at an official ceremony in the Presidential Palace on Wednesday 5 April 2017.

kiina-1President of China Xi Jinping and Mrs Peng Liyuan arriving at the Helsinki-Vantaa airport on 4 April, 2017. Photo: Lehtikuva

The agenda for the state visit includes talks between the presidents and discussions between the delegations. Themes of the discussions will include political and economic relations between Finland and China and topical international affairs. A high-level delegation accompanies President Xi to Finland.

During his visit, President Xi will also meet with Speaker of the Finnish Parliament Maria Lohela and Prime Minister Juha Sipilä.

President of the Republic Sauli Niinistö made an official visit to China in April 2013, during which he met with President Xi on Hainan Island. President Niinistö and President Xi last met bilaterally in The Hague, Netherlands, in March 2014. They also met in 2010, when Mr Xi visited Finland as Vice President of China and Mr Niinistö was the Speaker of the Finnish Parliament.

The first and only presidential visit made so far from China to Finland occurred in 1995, when President Jiang Zemin made a state visit to Finland.

Source, Office of Finnish President.

Finland eyes deeper cooperation with China on Xi’s visit: Finnish president

Source:Xinhua Published: 2017/4/4 13:39:55

Finland hopes to deepen cooperation with China in various areas when Chinese President Xi Jinping starts his state visit to it on April 4, Finnish President Sauli Niinisto said.

Niinisto has established his personal relationships with Xi during their meetings since 2013, when he visited China and reached an agreement with Xi to develop a future-oriented new type of partnership between the two countries.

“I am sure my friendship with President Xi will deepen. More importantly, we can find common views on how to further develop China-Finland relations as well as China-EU relations, and find solutions to myriad problems and headaches of the mankind,” Niinisto told Xinhua in an exclusive interview ahead of Xi’s tour to the nordic country.

The year of 2017 marks the centenary of Finland’s independence. Niinisto said it is “a great honor to receive President Xi this year, and the visit shows respect for our anniversary.”

Finland was one of the first Western nations which have established diplomatic ties with China. Niinisto appreciated the strategic partnership forged between the two nations since 2013, noting it has “advanced very well.”

“Although Finland and China are distinctively different in size, we have a lot in common. For example, both governments are devoted to improving their people’s livelihood,” said the Finnish president.

China has been Finland’s biggest trade partner in Asia, and China’s investment in Finland has increased significantly over the past few years. Hailing these as “positive trends,” Niinisto said the bilateral trade is “increasing all the time.”

As a country proud of its innovation tradition, Finland is now more concentrated on clean technology, information and communication technology, as well as solutions to problems of urbanization, in which the two nations can strengthen cooperation, according to Niinisto.

“The mankind is faced with many serious problems, such as a more worrying environment, migration in huge numbers and climate change which has made living conditions rather difficult in some areas,” he said.

“It is very significant for everyone in the world to understand that we share a common destiny,” Niinisto said, referring to the Xi-proposed concept of building “a community of common destiny for mankind.”

As a member since 1995, Finland has been a strong believer of the European Union (EU) and a steadfast supporter of integration, even though the EU is facing great difficulties after Brexit and general elections in some member countries, said Niinisto.

“Maybe it’s time for the EU to concentrate on the most important issues and that is why we build up integration,” he said, trying to remind European nations that the EU was founded for peace, common security and prosperity for Europe.

Niinisto said China has obviously been a “supporter of European integration,” and there is still room for strengthening the China-EU cooperation.

China’s Belt and Road Initiative is of great significance in promoting global connectivity, Niinisto said. “The more we are connected to each other, the better we understand each other.”

“The initiative will also help promote economic growth of the EU, by boosting connections within the organization and economic links between the EU and other countries,” he added.

Feature: Xi’s years of battle against poverty

By Liu Junguo from People’s Daily

 

The battle against poverty has been high on the agenda of Xi Jinping, President of the world’s most populous nation. Always harboring a sentiment towards the impoverished people, Xi has devoted much efforts to the poverty alleviation undertakings in his career.

 

“It is the least requirement of building an all-round moderately prosperous society and ‘our solemn promise’ to ensure that the rural poor shake off poverty as planned, and that all poverty-stricken counties be delisted and poor areas lifted out of poverty as a whole,” Xi reiterated his determination to fight against poverty in a recent study session held by the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee.

 

In his New Year Address upon arrival of 2017, he said that “at the very beginning of the New Year, what concerns me the most is those who are still in straitened circumstances. The deepest concern of my heart is how they fare and whether they will have a good New Year and a good Spring Festival. ”

 

Xi’s first taste of poverty could date back to early 1969 when he was sent to Liangjiahe village in Yan’an, Northwestern Shaanxi province, as a result of China’s campaign to encourage educated urban youth to work in rural areas.

 

He was less than 16 years old when he was sent from Beijing to work as a farmer in a small village of Liangjiahe near Yan’an of Shaanxi Province, where he spent seven years. “I was struck on the abrupt turn from Beijing to such a poor place,” he said, recalling the barren land, the dung used as manure as well as the poor harvest there.

 

He began his two-year service as a Party branch secretary of the village when he was 20 years old. Back to those days, all he wanted is to help villagers harvest more grains and earn a little pocket money.

 

In order to bring their dreams to reality, the villagers, under the leadership of Xi, spent days and nights to dig wells, and build terraces and sediment storage dams.

 

From 1982 to 1985, Xi served first as deputy secretary and then secretary of the CPC Zhengding County Committee in Hebei province.

 

The living conditions in the county at that time were poor as well. There was no dormitory at all, so he had to sleep on the bench in his office. Local people even did not have enough grain to gorge themselves.

 

Against the background, Xi expanded his footage in over 200 villages of the county to promote the household contract responsibility system, a rural reform launched then to allocate the farmers with land by contract. The farmers were entitled to any surpluses to the market or retain them for their own use.

 

Xihaigu, an area known as “bitter barren land” situated in the southern part of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, was also witness of Xi’s war on poverty.

 

Xi visited Xihaigu in 1997 for the first time, and the view of people’s life there shocked him.

 

Local people even lived in caves, with nothing but bare walls, he recalled, adding that in some families, all members had to share two to three pants.

 

During his tenure as deputy secretary of the CPC Fujian Provincial Committee, Xi, in response to the call of the central government for counterpart assistance, led a team to assist the development of Ningxia. He also served as the team leader of a working group set up specially.

 

Thanks to their efforts, the dug wells and built cellars ensured local people with water for drinking and irrigation, and the potato yields were increased as a result.

 

Back when Xi served as deputy Party chief and governor of Fujian Province, he proposed “making real efforts to help the really poor.” Poverty relief is all about solving real problems, he noted, also stressing the importance of precision in relevant efforts.

 

Children’s education must be ensured for the sake of the next generation, Xi stressed, emphasizing the importance of basic public facilities like roads, water, electricity, and public services as well.

 

He also suggested teaching people “fishing” skills based on the local conditions and their abilities. The elderly, for example, can be offered with selected varieties, feeding methods and funds to raise chickens, ducks and sheep, so that they can get out of poverty with a yearly income of a few thousand yuan, he added.

 

The young people can be provided with training or job opportunities, while those engaged in planting and breeding industries need the ways to increase the added value of their products, he illustrated.

Xi Jinping’s remarks at Davos World Economic Forum

STOCKHOLM, Jan. 17(Greenpost)–Chinese President Xi Jinping has given over 50 minutes keynote speech at the World Economic Forum held in Davos in Switzerland.

In front of hundreds of leaders around the world, Xi Jinping illustrated his view of the world and gave his promise and solutions to the world.

The following is some of his remarks and shows his views in a very clear and simple way.

No one will emerge as the winner in a trade war, Chinese President Xi Jinping says criticising the trade protectionism.

The world is changing, China is changing. About 200 years ago, the British Empire sent officials to Beijing to ask Qianlong to trade with Great Britain and accept their goods. Qian long said my world has everything and we don’t need your goods so we don’t trade with you.

Now Xi Jinping stands at the podium of the Davos World Economic Forum said we will open to the world and the world should open to China, let’s trade with each other.

Many of the problems troubling the world are not caused by economic globalization, President of China Xi Jingping tells。

Pursuing protectionism is like locking oneself in a dark room: while wind & rain may be kept outside so are light and air: Xi Jinping

China has no intention to boost its trade development by devaluing the Renminbi, still less by launching a currency war: Xi Jinping

When encountering difficulty we should not complain, blame others, or run away from responsibilities, Xi Jinping tells。

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is unfolding at an exponential rather than a linear pace, says Xi Jinping, President of China.

The Paris climate deal is a hard won agreement – all signatories should stick to it rather than walk away, Xi Jinping tells.

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Chinese President delivers New Year’s speech

Chinese President delivers New Year’s speech
   2016-12-31 19:00:00    CRIENGLISH.com      Web Editor: Zhang Peng

Chinese President Xi Jinping delivers a New Year speech at 7:00 o’clock Beijing time on December 31, 2016.[Photo: Xinhua/Lan Hongguang]

 

Comrades, friends, ladies and gentlemen,

The year of 2016 is coming to an end, and the bell of the New Year is going to ring. At this happy moment of ringing out the old year and ringing in the new, I would like to extend my New Year wishes to people from all ethnic groups across China, to our compatriots from Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions, to our compatriots from Taiwan region and overseas, and to friends from all countries and regions across the world.

For the Chinese people, the year of 2016 is not only outstanding but also unforgettable. We made a good start of the 13th 5-year National Development Period which spans from 2016 to 2020. We actively carried out the new development concept, accelerated the process of building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, maintained our economic growth ranking the first in the world. We vigorously pushed forward the comprehensive deepening of reform, made important steps in terms of supply-side structural reform, achieved remarkable breakthroughs in the reform of national defense and the military, and the main frame of reform in all fields with “multiple pillars” has been established. We actively promoted the building of a law-based governance of the country, deepened the reform on the judicial system, enhanced judicial justice in an all-round way, and maintained social fairness and justice. We vigorously pushed forward the exercise of our Party’s strict governance in every respect, unswervingly cracked down on both “tigers” and “flies”, in a bid to purify our political ecosystem, and continue to improve our Party and our government’s working style, as well as our social conduct.

In the year of 2016, the Chinese “sky-eye” single-aperture spherical telescope came into use officially, the “WuKong” dark matter detection satellite was under operation in the orbit for a year, the “Mozi” quantum satellite was launched into space, the Shenzhou-11 manned spaceship and the Tiangong-2 space lab traveled through the Galaxy, the Chinese Olympians made outstanding achievements, including the Chinese Women’s Volleyball team’s becoming the Olympic champion again, which is 12 years after they won the title. Furthermore, our reform measures have made it a little easier for rural migrant workers to settle down in urban areas, and the condition for many children from impoverished areas to receive education has also improved, people don’t need to shuttle back and forth between different places when they apply for an identity card in non-native places, some people without permanent household residence for a long time can finally get access to social welfare, many people even have got their own family doctors, and “river chiefs” will be appointed across China for better protection of water resources against pollution in the country. All those efforts make us feel a sense of achievement.

In the year of 2016, near the beautiful West Lake in Hangzhou city, we held the 11th G20 Leaders’ Summit, we shared our thoughts with world leaders and proposed our ideas, and also presented to the world the magnificent, impressive and elegant image of China. The projects under “One Belt and One Road” Initiative was also pushed forward, and the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank officially started operation. We have adhered to the peaceful development while resolutely safeguarding the territorial sovereignty and maritime rights and interests of China. We will never tolerate any act that undermines our territorial sovereignty and maritime rights.

In the year of 2016, natural disasters and industrial accidents took place in many places across China, bringing severe losses on people’s life and property, as well as production. We deeply regret those mishaps. On the international front, a few comrades from China’s peacekeeping troops have sacrificed their lives while serving their duty to safeguard world peace, we mourn the loss of these soldiers and will repay high tribute to them by taking a good care of their loved ones.

In the year of 2016, we held grand ceremonies to mark a series of important anniversaries including the 95th founding anniversary of the Communist Party of China, and the 80th anniversary of the triumph of the Long March by the Red Army of Chinese workers and peasants. We will always cherish the memory of the forefathers who have made great contributions to the Chinese people and the Chinese nation. We will remain committed to our mission, and continue to forge ahead.

Comrades, friends, ladies and gentlemen,

An ancient saying goes, “the world moves on in a never-ending process of the new replacing the old.” In the upcoming year of 2017, the Communist Party of China will convene its 19th national congress, an occasion to renew our commitment to the comprehensive building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects, to the comprehensive deepening of reforms, to the comprehensive advancement of rule of law, and to the comprehensive exercising of self-governance of the party. No fruit will be reaped without hard work. We will be rewarded with achievements only after tireless endeavors.

We will make sure that no one is left behind on our way to prosperity. Over the past year, 10 million more people across the country have been lifted out of poverty. I would like to pay high tribute and express appreciation to the comrades who have worked tremendously in grass root units in fighting poverty. As we greet the New Year, there is one thing that remains most dearly attached to my heart. That is those fellow citizens who still live in hardship. I’m seriously concerned and wonder how their food supply and accommodation are being maintained, how they are celebrating the New Year and the Spring Festival. I’m aware that some folks are faced with difficulties in employment, children’s education, medical care and housing. To ceaselessly solve those problems remain an unshirkable responsibility for the party and the government. The whole party and the whole society should show continued care and offer help to those fellow citizens living in poverty. We will enable more people to enjoy the fruit of our reforms, and ultimately let all the people in this country live in happiness.

As one saying goes, “success comes to those who share in one purpose”. So long as the 1.3 billion people pull together in forging ahead, the party stands identified with the people, and the nation remains mobilized for brand new endeavors, we will surely accomplish the Long March of our generation.

Comrades, friends, ladies and gentlemen,

The Chinese people have always believed that the world is a commonwealth. We Chinese not only aspire for good living for ourselves, but also hope people in other parts of the world lead a descent life. At present, people in certain countries and regions are still troubled in wars and turbulence; many are suffering from diseases and disasters. We sincerely hope the international community will make concerted effort, work in the belief that mankind shares the same fate as a community, and build our planet into a more peaceful and prosperous place to live in.

May the chime of the New Year consolidate our confidence and re-ignite our aspiration for an even better tomorrow!

Thank you.

China has confidence, resolve to fulfill climate commitments: Xi

PARIS, Nov. 30 (Greenpost) — Chinese President Xi Jinping said here Monday that his country has confidence and resolve to fulfill its climate change commitments.

Xi made the remarks when delivering a speech at the opening ceremony of a United Nations climate change conference, officially called the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

As a developing country, China has taken bold actions to reduce carbon emissions while setting ambitious climate goals.

In his speech, Xi reiterated China’s pledge made in June to cut its carbon emissions per unit of GDP by 60-65 percent from 2005 levels by 2030, and increase non-fossil fuel sources in primary energy consumption to about 20 percent and peak its carbon emissions by the same date.

These pledges represent a big step further from the world’s second largest economy’s previous emission control targets.

“This requires strenuous efforts but we have confidence and resolve to fulfill our commitments,” Xi said.

China has been actively engaged in the global campaign on climate change, now topping the world in terms of energy conservation, and utilization of new and renewable energies, Xi said.

China’s Five-Year Plan from 2016 to 2020, aiming at a more sustainable and balanced way of development, seeks to promote clean industrial production, low-carbon development and energy conservation to ensure sustainable growth in the next five years.

On the basis of technological and institutional innovation, China will adopt new policy measures to improve industrial mix, build low-carbon system, develop green building and low-carbon transportation and establish a nationwide carbon-emission trading market, the president said.

To act on climate change is not only driven by China’s domestic needs for sustainable development in ensuring its economic, energy and food security, but also driven by its sense of responsibility to fully engage in global governance and to forge a community of shared destiny for humankind, according to an action plan China submitted to the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on climate change late June.

The highly-anticipated Paris climate conference, opened by leaders from over 150 countries, aims to yield a new international agreement to reduce greenhouse gases beyond 2020 when the 1997 Kyoto Protocol expires.

Such an accord is seen as crucial for keeping the rise in global temperatures within 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial times, a goal scientists say should be met to avoid risky changes in the climate.  Enditem

 Source Xinhua 

 

China Headlines: Stock market to play bigger role in China’s economy

BEIJING, Nov. 12 (Greenpost) — Chinese President Xi Jinping’s latest remarks on the stock market have charted a course for future reforms and signaled a bigger role for the market in supporting the economy, analysts said.

During a meeting of top economic officials on Tuesday, Xi urged the development of a stock market with sound financing functions, regulation and investor rights protection.
By giving priority to the financing role of the stock market, the president’s call was a response to some deep-seated problems plaguing the market, such as excessive controls on initial public offerings (IPOs) and rampant insider trading, many economists observed.
“Xi’s remarks set the future direction for stock market development,” said Xu Gao, chief economist of Everbright Securities. “The market has not performed well as a financing vehicle, which should actually be its fundamental role.”
Unlike in more mature economies like the United States, the stock market only contributes a small part to corporate financing in China.
Direct financing, including stocks and bonds, took up less than a fifth of the country’s total social financing, according to official data for the first eight months of 2015.
While the government tries to expand the share of stock financing, the public often sees the market as a tool for money grabbing by listed firms instead of a platform for value investment.
To let the stock market play a better role in financing, the government needs to improve its rules in various ways, including overhauling the current approval system for IPOs and reducing interventions in their pricing, said Li Xunlei, chief economist with Haitong Securities.
Investors should also be allowed to use more effective legal means, such as class action lawsuits, to protect their legitimate interests and increase compensation costs for listed firms who cook the books, according to Lin Caiyi, chief economist of Guotai Junan Securities.
China’s stock market has seen rapid development, but listing and trading is still distorted by administrative forces and imperfect regulation rather than based on corporate performance.
For example, IPOs are limited in number and require authorities’ approval, while the supply of funds is unrestricted as millions of individual investors seek returns that are better than bank interest rates.
As a result, the prices of newly listed shares are usually pushed high, providing hefty profits for original shareholders of the listed companies.
Meanwhile, lack of truthful information disclosure and frequent insider trading often lead to market volatility, causing losses for retail investors.
The problems became more evident during a market rout in summer. Regulators suspended IPOs in July after the main market index plunged 30 percent from its June 12 peak.
Last week, authorities announced a resumption of IPOs and introduced significant changes to IPO procedures, allowing investors to subscribe without paying into escrow accounts in advance, giving more priority to information disclosure instead of pre-IPO approvals, and simplifying procedures for smaller IPOs.
The moves were viewed as preludes to a change of the current approval-based IPO system to a registration-based one, giving a bigger say to the market while improving regulation.
The reforms were in line with Xi’s vision to develop a stock market with “sound financing functions,” which will help reduce the funding costs for Chinese companies and prevent economic risks, Li said.
Chinese firms have seen their debt burden soar since the global financial crisis, as an industrial glut and weak trade hurt their profits and slowed the economy.
The ratio of debt owed by non-financial firms to the country’s GDP reached 317 percent in 2014, compared with 195 percent in 2007.
A healthier stock market will also boost China’s innovation drive, which is at the core of economic upgrades and demands more financing with an appetite for risk, said Lu Qiang, a researcher at Genial Flow Asset Management.
“A lot of innovation-based companies will be formed and then disappear. Their financing cannot rely on banks, which favor big firms with mature operations and steady cash flow,” Lu said.
He expects faster reforms of the stock market, including the introduction of a registration-based IPO system and new boards that cater to the financing needs of tech firms and smaller companies.  Enditem

 

China’s satellite expo opens
BEIJING, Nov. 12 (Xinhua) — A satellite exposition opened on Thursday in Beijing, displaying more than 6,000 new products and academic achievements.
The three-day exposition, Satellite Application China 2015, will attract nearly a hundred specialists, scholars and entrepreneurs from the aerospace and satellite application industry.
Products to be exhibited include a test communication satellite co-designed by private companies and universities, personal outdoor terminals supported by BeiDou navigation and a new domestic-made satellite communication system.
Ran Chengqi, director of the China Satellite Navigation Office, said BeiDou navigation has already been applied in the regional network.
BeiDou services are expected to cover most countries along the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road by 2018, and offer global coverage by 2020, Ran added.
The exposition is held by the China Users Association for Satellite Communications, Broadcasting and Television and the Electronics and Information Industry Sub-Council of China Council for the Promotion of International Trade.  Enditem

China, Vietnam agree on feasibility study of railway project

HANOI, Nov. 6 (Greenpost) — China and Vietnam reached an agreement on studying the feasibility of a railway program during Chinese President Xi Jinping’s state visit to the country.

The two countries signed a document on studying the feasibility of the railway project connecting Hanoi-Lao Cai-Hai Phong in northern Vietnam, according to a joint communique issued on Friday.

China and Vietnam have been in close contact on infrastructure cooperation projects and the deal can also be regarded as a model for win-win cooperation between the two countries as they have called for an alignment between China’s Belt and Road initiative and Vietnam’s “Two Corridors and One Economic Circle” plan.

The Belt and Road initiative, namely the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, was unveiled by the Chinese President in 2013 with the aim of reviving the ancient trade routes. Enditem

Source   Xinhua

Editor  Xuefei Chen Axelsson