Tag Archives: COVID-19

瑞典公共卫生局召开新闻发布会

北欧绿色邮报网(记者陈雪霏 查正富)报道 10月14日下午,瑞典公共卫生局(以下简称卫生局)召开新闻发布会,重点发布发了以下几项内容:
1、卫生局的流行病学专家 Karin Tegmark Wisell 主持新闻发布会,提醒大家目前仍处于疫情中,感染继续传播,但处于稳定水平。疫苗接种覆盖率很高,但还需要增加。相关措施在不断调整。
2、Karin Tegmark Wisell说,在全球范围内,每周报告的病例数正在下降。欧洲是个例外,整体局势相当稳定。欧洲没有发生太多变化,但可能会在最近几周看到相对稳定的增长。病例数字不再有明显的减少了。在欧盟地图上,东西部之间存在一些差异,东欧国家的 covid-19 发病率更高。
3、瑞典在过去四个星期的情况比较稳定。在过去的 14 天内,发病率为 81例/10万名居民。发病率最高的是10-19岁组。近期这组情况一直很稳定。最近两周的测试量约为每周13万-14万人次。阳性样本的比例一直在3%左右。新入院病例数与社会感染情况密切相关。瑞典现有近 1.5万人死于 covid-19。目前,仍然有许多病例死于 covid-19。
4、Karin Tegmark Wisell介绍,瑞典有近 700 万人接种了两剂新冠疫苗。40 岁及以上年龄组中80% 已接受过两次剂量。16-17 岁组,尤其是 12-15 岁组,尚未纳入统计数据。
所有未接种疫苗的成年人都应格外小心,以保护自己和他人免受感染。避免与高危人群和 70 岁及以上的人密切接触。要与他人保持距离。
5、国家卫生与福利委员会公共卫生顾问 Iréne Nilsson-Carlsson介绍,上周,共有 209 名因 covid-19 在医院接受治疗的患者。其中22人需要重症监护。本周与上周相比有所下降。患者虽然减少,但重症监护病房依然存在负担。
6、Iréne Nilsson-Carlsson展示了 8 月份 COVID-19 确诊病例的情况。比较表明,未接种疫苗组中确诊 COVID-19 的人数明显更多。未接种疫苗组中每10万名居民中需要住院治疗的人数更多。每 10 万人中有 14.5 人需要住院治疗,每 10 万人中有 2.5 人需要重症监护。完全接种疫苗的相应数字是每 10万人中有 3.7 人需要住院治疗,每 10万人中仅仅有 0.3 人需要重症监护。未接种疫苗的人群需要住院治疗和 重症监护治疗的风险明显更高。
7、Iréne Nilsson-Carlsson表示,养老院 70 岁及以上人群中,确诊感染人数有所减少。希望这一趋势能够持续朝着正确的方向发展。养老院死于 covid-19的患者数量由于需要死因证明,数字有所滞后。重要的是医疗和护理部门的每个人都应以防止传染的方式进行工作,这是始终适用的原则。 即使社会上的感染减少了。家中也会发生传染性疾病。我们收到冬季呕吐的病例报告,同时还正面临流感季节。Iréne Nilsson-Carlsson强调生病时待在家里的重要性,接种疫苗是防止感染传播的最重要措施之一 。

瑞典公共卫生局召开新闻发布会

北欧绿色邮报网(记者陈雪霏 查正富)报道 9月30日下午,瑞典公共卫生局(以下简称卫生局)召开新闻发布会,重点内容如下:
1、流行病专家Anders Tegnell说,我们从最重要的事情开始:接种疫苗。现在能做的最重要的事情就是给那些还没有接种疫苗的人接种疫苗。我们最近提出有些人需要补充剂量。同时,与他们有密切接触的人也需要接种疫苗。
2、Anders Tegnell介绍,在全球范围内,病例数呈缓慢下降趋势。 似乎在世界各地都在下降。不幸的是,欧洲今天没有这么好的数据,但趋势呈缓缓下降趋势。几周前,西欧地区受到的影响更大,现在东欧的病例更多。
3、Anders Tegnel介绍,同样在瑞典,病例数量有所减少。在瑞典,与其他疫苗接种覆盖率高的国家一样,很少有年轻人患重病。测试以相同的模式继续,随着感染的下降,测试数量也在下降。重症监护病房情况稳定,患者数量减少。至于死者,不幸的是再次看到了一定的增加。主要是年长的老人和住在养老院的人。疫苗不再为这些群体提供相同的保护作用。疫苗接种继续进行。
4、Anders Tegnell表示,我们已经谈了很多关于护理人员是否接种疫苗以及接种程度的问题。我们没有这方面的大量数据。老人院从业人员、生活保障人员、护理人员等,与普通民众的接种水平持平或略高。就突破性感染而言,我们看到年龄最大的群体有所增加,即使他们接种了疫苗,也会感染。Anders Tegnell补充说,我们已向居住在老人院的人、需要家庭护理和家庭保健的人以及所有 80 岁以上的人推荐补充剂量。卫生局正在调查是否有更多的群体需要补充剂量。
5、Anders Tegnell说,我们已于 9 月 29 日全面开放。以下是一些仍然存在的建议:呼吁接种疫苗、有症状待在家里并接受检测。
6、国家卫生与福利委员会部门负责人 Urban Lindberg介绍,因covid-19 住院的患者略有减少,总计222 名 。37 名接受重症监护治疗。重症监护病房仍有 21% 的空闲容量。非 covid-19 的重症护理人数与疫情之前大致相同。没有地区报告进入紧急状态或强化状态。 3个地区继续以员工模式工作。
7、Urban Lindber介绍,我们看到养老院的感染率在增加,而且还在继续。但显然比历史上的数字要低。最近几天报告了养老院中有 214 名老人受到感染。在过去的几周里,养老院几乎无人发病。我们要继续的最重要的问题是通过不同的方式提高疫苗接种率。尤其是那些与老年人或弱势群体一起工作的人。
8、瑞典应急暑的Morgan Olofsson说,我们不断监测医疗系统对社会的影响。一段时间以来,我们还没有看到对社会重要活动的影响。这本身就是一件积极的事情。
9、提问:老年院死亡人数在增加,您现在推荐第三剂是否为时已晚?
回答:这是一种平衡。我们知道,并非总是根据需要多次重复接种疫苗。现在是一个很好的机会。 我认为我们与其他国家的情况一致。当打第三针时,你会得到比第一针快得多的反应。
10、提问:在 9 月 29 日放开限制后,你对酒吧和夜总会拥挤的人群做何反应。
回答:真诚地希望人们都接种疫苗。
开放是否在按计划进行?
回答:我们不是计划的人,有很多不同的人在计划。我们可以想象的是感染传播的增加。虽然很小,但会在几周内看到。Tegnell补充道,届时可以根据感染的发展情况引入新的限制。
11、提问:在 19-29 岁的人群中大约 60% 的人接种了疫苗。如果人们没有接种疫苗,您是否建议他们去夜总会?
回答:我们需要提醒他们接种疫苗。如果感染继续增加,我们将不得不关闭这些场所。我认为向这些团体传达信息很重要。他们应该首先接种疫苗,但如果他们不这样做,也应该避免参加聚会。
12、提问:研究表明,某些接种疫苗人的抗体水平在七个月后下降了 85%。许多人在今年夏天接种了疫苗,这是否意味着他们将在 1 月至 2 月不再获得全面保护?
回答:不可能知道。尽管接种了一段时间疫苗,并没有看到越来越多的人生病的迹象。我们不知道抗体水平意味着什么以及您需要受到保护的水平。免疫系统是复杂的,抗体是一部分,只是一小部分。我们唯一知道的是,现在还不是向公众提供第三剂疫苗的时候。
13、提问:夏季,乘坐公共交通工具的乘客人数有所增加。现在预计会进一步增加。您如何看待那里的感染风险?
回答:这种风险现在与其他情况没有什么不同。许多乘坐公共交通工具旅行的人都接种了疫苗。它可能会导致感染的传播扩大,但不会剧烈。我们已经看到感染的大规模传播发生在家庭和工作场所。
14、提问:我们采访过的几位旅客表达了对公共交通感染的担忧。
回答:我想这是很自然的,公共交通曾经不那么拥挤,现在又开始拥挤了,你肯定会感到焦虑。但是最好考虑一下风险在哪里。骑自行车和步行始终是一项很好的措施。
15、提问:欧洲传染病控制机构质疑,与接种疫苗的数量相比,一些国家过早放松限制,您对此有何看法?
回答:我们与他们进行了对话。 我们认为,当他们只看一个国家有多少人接种了疫苗时,会错过其他方面的信息。只有国家自己才能做出准确评估。
16、提问:我们回到接种疫苗的重要性:你将如何接触那些不想接种的人,以提高疫苗接种率?
回答:影响任何人的不是公共卫生局,而是各地区。我们与他们密切合作。Tegnell提到几个创新的建议,例如在足球比赛中接种疫苗。
他说,每增加一个接种疫苗的人都是一个巨大的胜利。

瑞典抗击新冠疫情新闻发布新增感染1511例未接种疫苗的年轻人居多

北欧绿色邮报网报道(编辑陈雪霏):8月26日下午,瑞典公共卫生局(以下简称卫生局)召开新闻发布会,重点内容如下:
1、卫生局国家流行病学专家Anders Tegnell指出,为了让我们度过一个平静的秋天,每个人能做到的最重要的事情就是接种疫苗。现在又增加了很多新病例,所以很难改变针对感染传播的建议。他说,高疫苗接种覆盖率才能持续降低医疗负担,也是能够放宽限制的先决条件。
2、Anders Tegnell表示,不幸的是全球范围内的传播有所增加。而且比去年秋天更早,这不是一个好信号。在欧洲,我们处于平台期。一些国家正在上升,另一些国家正在下降,发展较为平静。欧洲的情况非常复杂。 瑞典和东欧好一些,西欧地区则处境艰难。疫情开始对医院护理和死亡率产生影响。
3、Anders Tegnell介绍欧洲每周死亡人数:在某些国家,人们开始看到死亡人数在增加,因为疫情感染范围广泛,波及到没有接种疫苗的人群。
4、Anders Tegnell谈到,瑞典的感染传播继续增加。推动感染传播的群体主要是未接种疫苗的年轻人群,即20 到 30 岁之间的群体。
我们所取样本中阳性的比例有所下降,这是一个好兆头。这表明瑞典没有猖獗的感染传播。感染的增加与人们重返学校和工作场所有直接关系。另外,呼吸道感染的传播也增加了测试。重症监护患者数量有一个小幅增长。但是我们处于与以前的曲线完全不同的水平。这主要是由于良好的疫苗接种覆盖率。死亡人数在最近几天略有增加,但仍处于非常低的水平。我们在养老院爆发了一些疫情,那里有非常脆弱的老人,会造成很多人死亡。
5、Anders Tegnell说,目前有超过 600 万人接种了疫苗。接种第二剂的比例也在显著增加。60 岁以上的老年人的疫苗接种覆盖率很高也很广泛。但仍有一些群体,尤其是 50 岁以下的人群,他们只接种了一剂,甚至没有接种过一剂。 这些是我们看到感染大量传播的群体,也是最终因 covid-19 进入医院治疗的群体。
6、Anders Tegnell强调,重要的是我们现在尽可能多地接种疫苗。 很明显,我们现在达到的水平是比较好的,但我们需要进一步提高。
现在瑞典有足够的疫苗,不必优先考虑某些群体。任何年满 16 岁的人都可以前来接种疫苗。疫苗为您自己和他人提供了非常好的保护。我们患重病的人数就会减少,医疗部门压力就会减少,感染的传播就会减少,然后限制就可以放宽了。
7、Anders Tegnell说,根据国际发展趋势并与专科医生沟通后,我们现在决定为免疫系统极其虚弱的人提供第三剂疫苗。他们中的许多人在接种两剂后不能提供足够的保护,需要另一剂来使他们的免疫系统正常运转。9 月 1 日开始对这一群体接种。这些人的亲属接种疫苗也很重要,但他们只需要两剂。
8、Anders Tegnell补充道:我们还研究了所谓的突破性感染,即您在全面接种疫苗后被感染。在瑞典,有5274人在完全接种疫苗后已确诊感染。其中 21人在重症监护病房得到照顾。当更多人接种疫苗时,预计这一数字会增加。他说,没有疫苗可以 100% 预防疾病。但我们可以看到比例是恒定的。这些都是很好的迹象,表明我们有很好的疫苗,可以提供非常好的保护,尤其是针对严重疾病。
9、国家卫生与福利委员会公共卫生顾问 Iréne Nilsson Carlsson说,与今年春天相比,现在的形势看起来更加积极。但令人担忧的是患者人数不断增加的趋势。我们现在有大约 250 人需要住院治疗 COVID-19。如果我们看今年春天,住院患者达2000多人。现在的水平明显好转,但正在增加对医院护理的需求,这让我们很担心。我们看到的是,所有年龄组都存在对医院护理的需求。20到60岁之间的群体,在很大程度上是职场人士,有很多人需要住院治疗。
10、Iréne Nilsson Carlsson说,现有 472 个可用的重症监护病房。 331 个已被占用。重症监护病房有 26% 的备用容量。今天,有 46位covid-19 患者需要在重症病房治疗 。上周大约是 30人。对重症监护的需求正在迅速增加。患有 covid-19 的重症患者的比例为 14%。在各地区的报告中,有 13 个地区预计短期和长期情况会恶化。形势虽没有那么紧张,但趋势令人担忧。
11、Iréne Nilsson Carlsson说,居家护理服务的情况与养老院完全相同。在较低水平传播,但在向错误的方向发展。 我们还从市政当局那里得到的报告,工作人员的工作量非常大,而且人手短缺,招聘困难重重。每个人都接种他们疫苗并遵循建议以保护最脆弱的人,这一点很重要。
12、瑞典应急署的Svante Werger介绍,全国整体情况与几周前相比没有重大变化。疫情对社会、医疗和其他重要活动产生了影响。展望未来,疫情的发展是不确定的。卫生局的分析表明感染的传播加剧,因此每个人都必须继续为更糟的情况做好准备。
13、提问:关于工作场所,是否有关于在家工作的新限制/建议?
回答:我们将继续现有的对工作场所提出的建议。目前正在与政府和雇主组织就我们如何继续在这方面取得良好秩序进行对话。我们意识到现在可能比以前更多地需要在工作场所办公,那么有一个完善的组织是非常重要的,就不会在工作场所爆发疫情。
14、现在学校开学两周了,您是否看到学校有疫情增加的趋势?
回答:开学时间很短。到目前为止,我们还没有收到任何关于关闭学校的讨论。
15、提问:未来是否可能对接种/未接种疫苗有不同的建议。
回答:我们的目标是拥有很高的疫苗接种覆盖率,以至于不必进行区分。
16、提问:Delta 病毒最快在发病前两天就会造成传播。您怎么看待这件事?是否有理由采取不同的措施?
回答:当不同的变异病毒出现并传播时,我们已经讨论了很多,但很难很好地研究它。可以明确地说,我们采取的措施适用于所有变异病毒,即保持距离、在出现症状时待在家里等等。 无论变异如何,以上措施都可以控制感染的传播。
17、提问:80% 的人已经接种了第一剂,您希望更多的人接种第二剂。为什么接种第二剂的人数不够多?
回答:很难做出正确的评估。我仍然认为有充分的理由相信人们会去接种第二针。许多人还没有达到他们需要接种的剂量间隔。这是一项持续的工作,我们还没有完成。接种疫苗的意愿仍然存在。
18、提问:您认为 covid-19 还会持续多久?
回答:在很长一段时间内。它可能会在今年和未来几年都是一大难题。这是一种我们需要学会忍受的疾病。
提问:冬天或明年能结束吗?我们可以正常生活吗?
回答:会逐渐下降。如果增加疫苗接种覆盖率并减轻护理压力,我们就可以更早地恢复正常。但在全球范围内,这种疾病将在很长一段时间内造成严重影响。
19、提问:新的 delta 变异 delta plus 的情况如何? 除了乌普萨拉,我们在瑞典还有更多吗?
回答:是的,到目前为止,我们在瑞典发现了 10-15 个病例。许多人去过其他国家,回家进行自我测试时被发现。我们已经咨询欧洲其他国家如何看待该变异,但尚未收到答复。 它存在于瑞典,可能会有更多的病例。它对感染的传播有多重要,我们对此知之甚少。

截至8月26日16时,瑞典新增确诊1511例,累计1122139例;新增死亡8例,累计14744例;重症监护39例;新增接种疫苗人数未更新,累计接种疫苗6640460。斯德哥尔摩新增386例,累计265636例;新增死亡1例,累计4371例;重症监护11例。

Finland’s Restrictions on entry into the country to be tightened due to COVID-19

Stockholm, 24 September, (Greenpost)– Today, the Finnish Government adopted a decision on restrictions on entry into the country, which will enter into force on 28 September. Restrictions on entry will be reintroduced for traffic between Finland and Estonia, Germany, Iceland, Norway, Slovakia and Sweden, as well as for residents of Canada, Georgia and Tunisia who are travelling from their home country to Finland. Restrictions will be lifted for traffic arriving in Finland from San Marino.

Day-to-day travel will still be permitted for local border communities at Finland’s land border with Sweden and Norway. In addition, from Monday 28 September, people will be able to come to work in Finland from Sweden and Estonia without a 14-day self-isolation period. 

From now on, the list of restricted and permitted countries will be reviewed on a weekly basis and updated as necessary. Changes in entry restrictions will be made based on an expert assessment by the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) using data from each Monday. The limit value of 25 new cases per 100,000 persons in the previous 14 days will apply to the EU and Schengen countries and the countries on the Green List defined by the Council of the European Union. Any changes will be decided on at the Thursday government session.

Restrictions on internal border traffic from 28 September

Internal border traffic refers to traffic between Finland and other Schengen countries. Starting from 28 September, entry into Finland from Cyprus, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Poland, San Marino and the Vatican will not be restricted.

As a result of the Government’s decision, restrictions on internal border traffic will be in force from 28 September for traffic between Finland and Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland, apart from certain exceptions.

Day-to-day travel will still be permitted for local border communities at Finland’s land border with Sweden and Norway. In addition, from Monday 28 September, people will be able to come to work in Finland from Sweden and Estonia without a 14-day self-isolation period. Leisure boating from the EU and Schengen countries to Finland will not be restricted either. 

At the internal borders, restrictions on entry allow only return traffic to Finland, transit traffic, work-related travel and travel for other essential reasons, apart from the above-mentioned exceptions. A 14-day period of self-isolation is recommended for travellers arriving in Finland. Starting from 1 October, travellers may, at their discretion, shorten their period of self-isolation by taking two voluntary COVID-19 tests.

Restrictions on external border traffic from 28 September

External border traffic refers to traffic between Finland and non-Schengen countries. Starting from 28 September, restrictions on external border traffic will be lifted for traffic arriving in Finland from Cyprus, San Marino and the Vatican, and for traffic between Finland and Australia, Japan, Rwanda, South Korea, Thailand, New Zealand and Uruguay for residents of these countries. 

People may come to Finland from the following countries for work or another essential reason: Andorra, Bulgaria, Croatia, Ireland, Monaco, Romania and the United Kingdom. A 14-day period of self-isolation is recommended for travellers arriving in Finland.

For all other non-Schengen countries, restrictions on entry allow only return traffic to Finland and other EU and Schengen countries, transit traffic at Helsinki Airport and other essential traffic. In addition, a 14-day period of self-isolation is recommended for travellers arriving in Finland. 

Starting from 1 October, travellers may, at their discretion, shorten their period of self-isolation by taking two voluntary COVID-19 tests.

New health security measures from 1 October 

Finland will introduce new travel-related health security measures from 1 October. These are based on the Government’s resolution of 11 September. The aim is to ease the conditions for work-related travel in particular.

From 1 October, two voluntary COVID-19 tests will be recommended for travellers arriving in Finland from countries with a higher incidence and from which entry into Finland is restricted. An exception is that people from Sweden and Estonia may come to work in Finland without self-isolation or testing. Similarly, residents of border communities at the land borders between Finland and Sweden and between Finland and Norway will not need to self-isolate.

Voluntary COVID-19 tests will allow travellers to shorten the recommended 14-day period of self-isolation. 

Residents of Finland returning from countries with higher incidence rates could, at their discretion, shorten the 14-day period of self-isolation by taking a test at the airport or port as soon as they arrive in Finland, followed by a second test in their home municipality after 72 hours at the earliest from taking the first test. 

For other travellers arriving in Finland, the recommendation will be to take the first test up to 72 hours (3 days) before arrival. The second test should be taken no earlier than 72 hours (3 days) after entry into the country. Until receiving the result of the second test, persons entering the country should remain in self-isolation at their place of residence. The self-isolation period will end if the test result is negative. If the test result is positive, the doctor will place the person in quarantine until they have recovered.

Travellers staying in Finland for less than three days (less than 72 hours) will not be required to quarantine or take a second test. 

Restrictions on entry and recreational travel

When entry into the country is restricted, recreational travel to Finland from the countries in question is no longer allowed. In this case, only return traffic to Finland, transit traffic, work-related travel or travel for other essential reasons are allowed. In addition, self-isolation and testing are recommended for travellers.

The lifting of entry restrictions means that recreational travel to Finland is permitted for people from these countries. In this case, travellers will not need to self-isolate upon their arrival in Finland or take a COVID-19 test. 

Rights of Finnish citizens and residents of Finland

Under section 9 of the Constitution of Finland, Finnish citizens and residents of Finland always have the right to return to Finland, and everyone has the right to leave Finland if they so wish, provided that there is no legal impediment to this. However, the Government still recommends avoiding unnecessary travel to other countries, except for countries for which the restrictions on entry have been lifted.

Self-isolation

According to the guidelines of the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, it is not recommended to go to a workplace, day care centre or school during the period of self-isolation. Essential travel, such as a visit to a doctor, is allowed. In this case, it is recommended to wear a face covering or a face mask. Public transport should be avoided. Travellers arriving in the country will be given instructions on how to proceed.

Travellers must be aware of the current entry and quarantine regulations of their country of destination and they must take into account the quarantine recommendations for those returning to Finland. Travellers must find out themselves what their travel insurance covers in the event of a pandemic. Each traveller should check the current instructions. The entry and quarantine instructions of the country of destination on the websites of the authorities of the country of destination.

Lianhuaqingwen har inte bara mentol utan 13 örter

Av Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, May 10(Greenpost) — Swedish Radio och Aftonbladet rapporterade den 6 maj att svenska Tulleverket och Läkeverket hade testat den kinesiska traditionella örtinnehållsmedicinen Lianhuaqingwen som de konfiskerade och gav en slutsats att läkemedlet inte fungerar och endast innehåller mentol i det. 

Denna rapport sprids till Kina och kinesiska medicinska akademiker och relevanta organisationer reagerade omedelbart på denna nyhet och förklarade att den svenska slutsatsen inte var komplette. Nyheterna sa att svensk tjänsteman sa att han inte hittade tillräckligt med bevis för att medicinen är användbar eftersom han bara hittade mentol i den, men nämnde inte något annat och hävdade att det inte fanns några relevanta artiklar om det. Denna slutsats visar att han inte hittade artikeln om Lianhuaqingwen eller läste den. Han fann varken annat i medicinen eller så hittade han något men han visste inte vad de var. Nyheter från kinesiska Dr. Li sa att det faktiskt fanns 13 ingredienser eller komponenter i medicinen. Men bara mentol har ett välkänt kemiskt format medan de andra kinesiska örterna inte hade kemiskt format. Till exampel, Nobel Prisvinnare Tu Youyou hittade kemiskt form i kinesiska örter och sedan kan man tillverka massiva läkemedel.

De 13 ingredienserna är Lianqiao som är Forsythoside E, Jinyinhua som är kaprifol, liknande maskros, luding är Rutin, mahuang, dahuang, som är Epherdra, bitter aprikoskärna, gips, banlangen som är ett välkänt antivirusmedicin i Kina. Banlangen uppfanns i mitten av 1990-talet.

De 13 ingredienserna är Lianqiao som är Forsythoside E, Jinyinhua som är kaprifol, liknande maskros, luding, Rutin, mahuang, dahuang, som är Epherdra, bitter aprikoskärna, gips, banlangen som är en välkänd antivirusmedicin i Kina. Banlangen uppfanns i mitten av 1990-talet.

 Jag minns att jag en gång blev ombedd att översätta specifikationerna för läkemedlet eftersom mina radiofolk ofta ombads att göra den här typen av översättningsjobb. Men jag vägrade att göra det eftersom jag kände att jag visste så lite om medicinkunskap. Men med åren har Banlangen blivit en daglig medicin som Alvedon i Sverige. Om människor har en influensatyp kan människor ta Banlangen. Om de har bakterietyp förkylning, kan de bara ta ganmaochonji en slags liten partikel typ av pulver och bara lägga det i en kopp varmt vatten och dricka det. 

Mianmaguanzhong, jag vet inte vad det är, men Yuxingcao är också ett välkänt namn för att hantera ögon, Huoxiang är också en mycket vanlig men väl effektiv kinesisk medicin. Hongjingtian en växter i Tibet och är känd för sin funktion för att hjälpa dig att få tillräckligt med oxegon. När vi var i Tibet kände en kollega att han saknade oxegon, han gick för att köpa oxegonflaska och Hongjingtian. Gancao var också en kinesisk medicin både i tablettform eller i rå örtform. Man kan svälja tablett, eller dricka vatten som suger gancao örten. Den sista är exakt mentol. 

Mentol är verkligen en bra komponent för olika typer av kinesisk medicin. Mintsocker i Lidl hjälper dig faktiskt om du har ont i halsen. Akademiker Zhong Nanshan som var nyckelpersonen i att leda kampanjen mot Covid-19. President Xi Jinping ledde kampanjen genom att skicka sjukhus, läkare och sjuksköterskor och alla förnödenheter genom olika provinser, Zhong Nanshan var en symbol för teknisk del, mycket information och kunskap om covid-19 skickades ut genom Zhongs namn. Akademiker Zhang Boli som har gått hemma, men han kallades för att leda i kampanjen med sin rika kunskap om kinesisk medicin. De båda är auktoritativa medan Zhong var i västerländsk medicin och Zhang var i kinesisk medicin. Men båda rekommenderade Lianhuaqingwen. Under kinesiska krig emot covid 19, både kinesiska medicine och västra medicin samarbetade bra.

 Låt oss titta på koronaviruset igen. Det är ett virus, men symptomen när människor får det är hosta, feber, rinnande eller torkande näsa och trötthet. Således symptom liknar en allvarlig förkylning. Endast när människor antingen är för svaga eller för friska för att kämpa mot viruset utan styrka eller för mycket styrka, hårt, så skadar det dina organ, särskilt lungan. Det mest typiska symtomet i slutändan är andningsproblem. Men i början blev du bara förkyld.

 Och alla dessa komponenter eller ingredienser i Lianhuaqingwen är användbara i kampen mot kyla. Således kan det nästan behandlas som en mest kraftfull typ av medicin vid behandling av förkylning.

Enligt en gemensam studie av forskare vid Nanjing Chinese Medicine University och Shanghai Drug Research Institute under Chinese Academy of Sciences är Lianhuaqingwen hittills den mest funktionella medicinen för att hämma koronavirus från reproduktion och bota patienterna. 

Enligt professor Fang Bangjiang från Longhua Hospital vid Shanghai Chinese Medicine University var det bara 20-30 procent av patienterna som hade feber. De flesta av dem hade inte feber. Han skickades till Leishenshan sjukhus i Kina som byggdes inom tio dagar efter stängningen av Wuhan den 23 januari.

Fang var ansvarig för en enhet som hade 108 patienter med lätta symtom. Han fann att patienterna hade ett enhetligt symptom, det var panik och rädsla, oro och svaga nerver. Efter att ha provat västerländsk medicin i en vecka fann han att den inte bara inte gav positiva resultat utan gav negativa effekter på levern. Således föreskrev han hela tiden kinesisk medicin efter en vecka. Den kinesiska medicinen lugnade huvudsakligen patienterna, befriade dem från panikskänslor och fick dem att sova bättre. Som ett resultat blev ingen mer allvarlig och ingen död hände i hans enhet. Som jämförelse, de som behandlades med västerländsk väg eller medicin, många av dem kunde bli värre och skickades till ICU. Enligt forskningsdokumentet användes Lianhuaqingwen också för svåra patienter och genom att lindra deras feber eller andra symtom räddades liv. Men hittills erkänner experter att det inte fanns något botemedel mot alla typer av medicin mot covid-19. Men som en stödjande medicin eller hälsosam produkt, de som bekräftas att bli covid-19 positiva, kan de ta Lianhuaqingwen. Oavsett om det fungerar eller inte, kan man känna det efter tre dagar. Om det efter tre dagar inte fungerade, känner du dig värre, måste du ringa läkaren igen.

Sverige har försökt sitt bästa för att hantera covid-19 och undvikit problemet Kina hade i början av att bli sjukhuset för trångt och nästan kollapsa. Sverige ville låta covid-19 hända långsamt, vilket är en bra idé. Men viruset älskar människor och kan snabbt spridas från en person till två personer om du har nära kontakter, till exempel i folkmassor, inte nödvändigtvis för att kyssa varandra. Det kan spridas genom spotta och nysa eller hosta. Men om människor håller sig isolerade kan viruset inte hitta någon annan att reproducera sig själv, det kommer att dö när personen återhämtar sig. Därför isolation är mycket viktigt.

Ju tidigare, snabbare att isolera, desto bättre. Till exempel, om svenska avbröt resan, avbröt Eurovisionen, avbröt födelsedagsfesten och isolerats snabbare och tidigare i andra områden där du bara hittade ett par fall, har antagligen viruset utplånats nu. Men ingen vet. Kanske det skulle ta två till tre månader på något sätt.

Tack vare svenska människor som är bra på att hålla socialt avstånd och mestadels följer regeringens instruktioner offrade inte svenska folk för mycket frihet och samhället fortsätter att fungera, vilket kan ses som en positiv aspekt. Men om människor särskilt de som blev smittade, men inte så långt de går till sjukhusintensivvård, kanske om de tar Lianhuaqingwen, kan det inte bara trösta dem, utan också förhindra att de blir värre.

För att säga att det bara har mynta i sig och inte fungerar, det låter som det bara är mintgodisen. Men det är helt enkelt inte sant.

Lianhuaqingwen var faktiskt bara en av de kinesiska medicinerna som hanterade covid-19. Jag antar att det blev berömt på grund av dess massproduktion och förpackning. Qingfei Paidu Tang eller lungrengöring och gift-utrotande sirap var också mycket populärt under covid 19-kampanjen i Wuhan, centrala Kina. Men den här typen av medicin är ren ört och måste kokas varje gång för varje person. Det är svårt att få massproduktion. Kinesiska läkare betonade också att det var en person med sitt eget recept enligt hans eller hennes eget symptom.

Kinesisk medicin stressar inte att döda viruset eller bekämpa viruset, utan betonade att läkemedlet hjälper patienter att bli starkare i immunsystemet och fysisk styrka genom att bli av med eller lindra symptomet.

Covid-19 är verkligen ett starkt virus som är mycket svårt att hantera eftersom det reproducerar sig så snabbt när det kom in i människokroppen och attackerade lungan. Genom att slå tillbaka med immunsystemet kan patienter andra organ som lever eller hjärta eller njure också skadas. Det var därför många människor dog av inte bara virus utan också flera andra kombinerade sjukdomar. Viruset kan skada ditt immunsystem. Således betonade de kinesiska läkarna att människor borde äta tillräckligt med protein och sova bra. Att bli dig själv stark är nyckeln till att ta itu med Covid 19.

雷神山抗疫专家方邦江教授直播与瑞典、美、加、泰等国分享中医抗疫经验

北欧绿色邮报网和北欧中华网联合报道(记者陈雪霏)– 5月1日国际劳动节,抗击新冠肺炎疫情的雷神山医院抗疫专家方邦江教授举办直播、与北欧瑞典、美、加、泰等过分享中医抗疫经验,收看人数1200多人,受到医学界观众极大欢迎,让人受益匪浅。

本次直播的题目是“未病防患已病防传”海外华人如何采用中医防治covid – 19.

本次直播活动由科技部,北京市商委和国家中医药管理局的分支机构共同主办,由北欧中医药中心总经理田宇飙主持。具体机构是国家科技部下属的万方数据库万方医学网,北京商委下属的北京-斯德哥尔摩国际商贸发展中心,国家中医药管理局下属的北欧中医药中心和万方数据库的分支机构北美中医药发展中心。

本次抗疫专家专题讲座历时两个小时,通过网络同时向美国,加拿大,瑞典,挪威,丹麦,泰国等国家的华人华侨直播,讲座还邀请了国内外知名医学专家进行现场互动,是一次高质量的讲座。

方邦江教授4月18日已经和瑞典进行连线为数十位华人华侨进行精彩的讲座。随后,在此期间他又进行了六七次的讲座,通过网上照片辨认舌胎,为随机病人诊断开方,真是精力充沛,医术精湛,经验丰富,水平高超。

很多观众都听了好多次了,还是觉得百听不厌,每一次都能学到新东西。方教授通过冠状病毒的特点,如何对症下药,通过博大精深的中华古老文化,尤其是老子的道德经中的道法自然的原理,讲述了中医理论基础和在现实中的应用。

他说,Covid 19这个由世界卫生组织命名的新冠肺炎病毒有别于2003年的非典和中东呼吸综合症。其危险程度比非典高20倍。但同时,它也是可防可控可治的。只要运用正确的防治方法,一般情况下都没有太大危险。

首先,这是一种从口鼻传入的天地之逆气传染病。不同地区不同时间段会有不同的盛衰表现。根据中国古典医学,对于这种传染病应该采取道法自然的方法,治疗起来中国的中医有其优势。

其次,这个传染病有潜伏期,一般要在感染以后三五天才发病。同时,有治愈了还复阳的情况,或者就像美国100多年前的伤寒玛丽一样,她自己带有伤寒病毒,但是,她不发病,可是,她给谁家当保姆做饭,谁家的人就得伤寒病。新冠肺炎也有这样的例子,那就是无症状传染。据方大夫研究,在他接触的雷神山医院里110个左右的病人中,并不是每个人都有发烧症状,其中只有百分之20到30的人有发烧症状,大部分人没有发烧。但是,通过对病人的交感神经测试,发现所有人都有焦虑和恐慌的状况。因此,他发明了音乐和健身操,让病人消除焦虑和恐慌。

有些病人有腹泻的情况,一般7到10天。最严重的状况就是肺部受到严重影响,出现白肺,呼吸困难。 对于感染病人的尸体解刨后发现,其实人的大脑,肝脏都有病毒,病毒还可以袭击心脏,造成爆发性心肌炎。因此,可以说这个病毒是很诡异的,多变的,直接袭击人的免疫系统,同时,袭击各个脏器。对于危重病人可以出现中风,手脚出现紫癜,浑身乏力等症状。

一般轻症患者是没有症状,普通型,痰少,因为谈在呼吸道很深的部位,磕不上来,但容易造成呼吸道障碍,因此,呼吸困难。

方教授说,针对传染病,中医是有很好的应对方法,对于急症,普通症都可以治,但也可以防。那就是提高免疫力,增强体质。利用针灸的方法也是可以治疗的。

中医不是搞对抗。病毒变异后打破人体的阴阳平衡,因此,中医就是要省有余而补不足。

方教授列举了他的老师朱良春利用中医药的白虎人滲汤治疗乙脑,也就是脑膜炎。

他说,他所在的雷神山医院的一个区里100多人中有70多人是完全用中医药治好的。第一周的时候,他还用一点西药,但是,发现不但疗效不明显,而且还伤肝,因此,第二周开始完全采用中医药,对每个人的方子他都把关。他自己每天坚持在第一线,有时候,光靠喝牛奶,因为牛羊肉凉了,不好吃了,后来,他自己甚至需要坐轮椅上班,但是,他都一直坚守。对每一个病人都认真对待。

一开始有一个病人非常气不顺,经常骂人。他就用湖北话和他沟通。因为他是湖北人,后来,病人治好了,对他们不但道歉,还表示非常感谢。

方教授一直强调,要把病人当人看,就是要整体地看,不要只之其一,不知其二,因为人体是一个互相联系的整体。圣人治未病。就是固护正气。

人要吃的好,有营养,注意卫生,个人卫生,环境卫生都要注意,要消毒,要勤洗手。要好好隔离。出门去人多的地方要戴口罩。

他说,人参,太子参,西洋参都很好,益母草,马鞭草也都很好。他提醒大家记住药食同源。人们就是要注意营养,提高免疫力,来应对病毒。因为目前还没有直接对抗病毒的药。只能是增强自己的体质。通过中医中药的防治,可以度过病毒疫情的难关。

方教授一个半小时的讲座让人感觉时间过得很快。来自中国,美国和加拿大的嘉宾都表示受益匪浅,通过讲座了解了中华医学文化的博大精深。同时,也和方教授进行了互动并期盼再次听到方教授的讲座。

方邦江教授是武汉雷神山医院感染三科五病区主任, 武汉雷神山医院中医药防治COVID——19专家组副组长,武汉雷神山医院特殊抗生素使用会诊专家和上海中医药大学附属龙华医院援鄂国家中医医疗队队长。

Analysis: Is China’s Donations or Supplies of Masks a Game?

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

On Page 14 of Swedish Daily DN’s World page, there was a documentary called China and the Game around the Czeck’s masks. A Green Post reader also mentioned that Swedish Radio talking about China’s donation of medical goods to the western world as a kind of game.

Someone called it diplomacy, I am not opposed it. But call it a game, it is with a kind of negative mentality in it. I think it is exactly this problem that we need to learn from each other about how we thought and why we did what we had done.

Suppose China weren’t attacked by cover-19 and had a lot of medical goods and they donated the suffering Europe, then you could suspect if China was sincere or selfless because they didn’t suffer anything.

But now the fact is that China had suffered from this virus themselves severely. But they worked so hard that they finally controlled the spreading of the virus. And with the breakout in Europe, many students flew back to China and about 45 new cases took place among the returned people from abroad. Most of them were Chinese.

We should feel good that China now can resume to work and produce more medical goods. While Wuhan was severely attacked by the virus, many other areas were much less attacked because of the isolation policy. Therefore resumption of production took place in most of northern areas and Guangdong province, Zhejiang province and Jiangsu province and Henan province.

While the big industrial cities such as Dalian produce masks production machines, many factories in the south produce masks.

There are many kinds of masks. One is common masks, ordinary people can use them for several times. The other kind is daily used or single use surgical masks. That is used for doctors in normal cases. And N95 or KN95 are used for treatment or taking care of covid-19 patients.

In China, they even tried the robot to send food to the patients in order to avoid contact. But in light symptom treatment place, the patients got a lot of extra care such as singing or dancing or playing Taiji or Baduanjin.

The report about buying and selling of masks is like this. At beginning, when China suddenly on Spring Festival issued such a call to need N95 masks or gloves and other protective material, it was like an order or a strong call in which overseas Chinese immediately collected money from their own purse and then bought the masks and tried all means to send them to China with various efforts to save lives.

It was quite understandable that they did that. And with such an effort China stopped spreading of virus. Now Europe needed the masks because we knew that a lot of them were bought by Chinese, so China either donate or sell back to European countries.

At beginning they also bought everything from here, so now they will sell back. Donation also happens so that people understand what kind of products they need and whether it will be accepted by people. With Swedish experts and media talking a lot about wearing mask useless, people didn’t have a desire to buy it and I heard the doctor said even they wanted to buy, they could not get it because the apotek ran out of masks.

As for the price, it is negotiable. The price went with the demand. The goods are some for donation and some for selling, everything should be under negotiation.

When needed, the government should allocate resources to protect the doctors and nurses. The market should also allow the apotek to import some ordinary masks so that those who need them can buy from the apotek.

To say it is a game, it is too much. Many Chinese felt Swedish acted slowly but cannot help thinking of helping. On the other hand, without your consent, it is difficult to act. With all the negative news, it is hard for Chinese to act. Should they really donate? or should they keep silent and do nothing? All the sharp words made people think whether they should take action or not.

Also about the mentioning of certain areas people, it will raise the issue of discrimination. Actually Qingtian people are good business people and they have been serving as a bridge between China and European countries.

It is difficult to do business with governments, they began to do business among themselves and surrounding people.

China intended to help European countries especially which are friendly.

Meanwhile, recently there were also reports about the quality. I like to say that it showed another difference between Chinese and westerners. In China for some people they also tested three times. Only by three times negative, that would be negative. Some people could not be tested as positive, Chinese doctors thought their infection was not serious. While in the west, one said it was quality problem immediately. But the truth was that those people didn’t use them properly.

I think we should trust China because it didn’t make mistake by purpose. They always have good intentions. It was the west who always had such critics all the time against China.

Analysis: Has China Hidden Anything about Covid-19?

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

China spent all its efforts to isolate covid-19 and informed the World Health Organization every day as a way to inform the whole world since January 3. With a big sacrifice, China delayed about two months for covid-19 to break out all over the world.

Now when the US began to test, they found they had large number of people infected. Trump blamed China to have hidden information about it. Has China hidden anything about Covid-19? No. It is unfair to blame China only.

China was hit by covid-19 as a sudden attack. Many people were busy celebrating the New Year’s Day and preparing for the important Chinese Spring Festival in December and January. However, unfortunately some people got infected in December already.

China’s CDC sent two investigation teams to investigate it and wanted to find out whether it was a large scale pandemic, epidemic or just individual cases.

It was similar to 2003’s SARS when there were just six or seven cases, people didn’t feel it was serious compared with politics when US invaded Iraq on March 19, 2003, the focus of the world followed American rythme then. In 2019, people were also driven by news such as assasination of Iranian military leader Sulemani with no man airplane, for the first time in history, a modern weapon no man driven airplane was used to kill a man some one considered as their enemy. And then Iran shot down an airplane with more than 100 passengers including their own citizens by mistake. The world was in a tense situation during this dramatic period.

In China due to the large population, especially Wuhan which was a huge city with the population more than that of the whole Sweden, 14 million while Sweden has 10 million.

I guess they must have struggled for some time too to inform everybody that this was a pandemic or epidemic or it was just individual cases. Thus, it was a back and forth process recognize it as an epidemic. And it was decided with the inspection and judgement of the World Health Organisation.

Chinese doctors realized that the virus infected people through people, thus it declared to take the most strict method to control covid-19.

China took it as a campaign to fight against the virus, control it by isolation and treatment. Many people sacrifice their freedom and stay at home since January 24th. Both the Chinese and western medicine doctors joined the war against the covid-19.

The Chinese theory was to strengthen people’s immunity to endure the virus while in western medicine we haven’t found any effective medicine yet. The patients mainly relied on breathing machine. The Chinese tried some medicine too, but none of them can be effective enough. They combined both Chinese and western method to deal with cases, but the death toll was still over 3000 people.

The main lesson was that due to the quick spreading of the virus, suddenly more people were inffected and the hospital capacity could not cope with the patients. The almost collapse of the hospital caused the delay of care for patients. When the central government found this problem, they immediately decided to enlarge the coping capacity.

Two new temporary hospitals with negative pressure were built within ten days and a dozen other type of temporary hospitals for light symptom patients were built.

Four thousand doctors and nurses from the military and 20 thousand from other provinces were called to help.

Day by day China opened press conferences and published the numbers of total infected, suspected cases and the death toll. As a way of preventing from virus spreading, China took the measure to cremate the corpses immediately. They were put in well sealed plastic bags.

News came out not only through public media CGTN, but also new media with the call for people to stay at home and isolate the virus.

Meanwhile a lot of workers and volunteers were called to help buying things for people. It was sad that this happened right on Spring Festival. But it was also fortunate because people have accumulated a lot of food for at least a week. Therefore, when the city was closedown, there was a little time delay for food worries. But it also happened very quickly with the assistance from other provinces, the vegetables, rice and other things were also transported to Wuhan.

At beginning, Doctor Zhong Nanshan, the focal person during this campaign, in which a lot of advices were issued with his name, estimated that it would be two weeks to reach the peak, but then it took another two weeks to reach the peak. The potential time for the virus to explode could be 28 days. And with the progress of the campaign, people realised that the healing time could be four weeks or five weeks.

During the first week, all the villages were even sealed off. But after a week, goods transportation was somewhat resumed with special order. The supermarket has been opening all the time. People were allowed to go out to buy food every three days.

There were suspicion that the air could help spread the virus too. Those who were infected but showed no symptoms could also spread the virus. That was why it was somewhat very scary with this virus.

And it was not without confusion during this compaign. The social media constantly spread conspiracy news which confused people whether this was a natural disaster or man made mistake.

But China was concentrated in fighting against the virus by increasing the bonus for medical staff and allocated more staff from other provinces and cities. China even changed the old currency to replace them with new ones so that it avoided the virus spreading by touching it.

What happened then with the US, Germany and Sweden? Just a couple of days of closedown, the US sent an airplane to fetch American citizens back and declared to close down the customs to ban Chinese from going to America, which I didn’t think it was wrong in terms of self protection. But in addition to that, there were no other measures taken, but watching.

First, the Danish cartoonist paint virus on Chinese National flag, second American Secretary of Commerce Roth said this would help jobs to go back to America.

The Wall Street Journal even published a commentary calling Chinese ‘the patients in Asia’ which deeply hurt the Chinese emotions because it reminded Chinese of their humiliated history before the founding of the People’s Republic of China.

In Swedish TV, immediately there was a negative report about Xinjiang and said the source was from Germany.

A leading writer Magnusson even wrote an article calling China ‘a political prison’ because of people staying at home?

On those days, I didn’t say anything, I didn’t think we need to demand apologies because these remarks were inhuman and evil and deserved no response. Of course many others didn’t think the same as I.

Overall, neither the US nor European countries thought this was a common disaster, it could spread to ourselves. They thought that was China’s problem and since they were busy dealing with disaster and had no time to respond, we just hit them politically. When the virus spread to Italy, Spain and Iran, some people think it was because they have close relations with China. Innocently it didn’t prevent the Swedes or others to continue to have holidays in Germany, Italy, Spain and Iran.

All the way, the ideological thinking drove people to think the virus had nothing to do with them and they were not afraid. They criticised panic, which was partly right, but partly neglected the severity of the virus.

China didn’t hide any information but tried to inform all they could including inviting the WHO delegation including American experts to China to inspect. By doing all China could, the virus was somewhat blocked for two months time before other areas broke out. But instead of preparing for the war against virus, they all put the fire on China.

Even when the US tested a few cases and found infections, Trump always said there was no problem. It was under control. The US didn’t test the virus early or thoroughly. There were reports saying that they tested long time ago, but then dropped the test. They called it the flu. Even the CDC official admitted that there were cases of covid-19 among flu infectors.

The right way is to pay attention to the war against cover-19 with all your national strength to save lives and more importantly protect the people.

If you don’t take measures, Event 201 gave a wonderful simulation on this virus, it predicted that 65 million people would die and all the business would stop.

Event 201 simulation was done by Johns Hopkins Health Security Center together with World Economic Forum and Melanda and Bill Gates Foundation with a kind of corona virus they called CAPS and that spread from Brazil and then spread to the US and China.

If you haven’t read that, you can just google Event 201 and you can see the scenario which was almost the same as what happened in the world now. Only that when it was in Wuhan, China did what exactly the simulation suggested and thus got the spreading slow down.

It suggested that the government, business and NGOs should all unite and combat this war against the virus. It didn’t suggest the suspension of cargo circulation because it was needed. Tourism was definitely down, but goods transportation should go on so that each country can have the supply of medical resources and other materials.

The conclusion is that China didn’t hide any information, but because they were not certain the scale of the virus and how shrewd the virus was, but as time went by, they took the measures to sacrifice the short term economy and save lives and prevent the virus from spreading. China used the isolation and putting on masks to prevent it. Since no other ways really cure, you can only avoid catching it.

In fact, there should be further studies because it was reported that the virus were not the same and changed a lot as it spread further.

It is unavoidable that the campaign against virus will cause a slowdown of economy, even recession because people stayed at home and limit consumption. The US allocated a lot of money to rescue the market. But the stock market didn’t function as how much money you put on, it functions more on confidence. The crisis cycle is coming and people don’t have confidence for near future, thus in my opinion, we have to bear for certain period of time of bad luck. Any recovery will happen after the end of this virus spreading in the world.