Category Archives: Environment

美国正式启动退出《巴黎气候协定》程序

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社 (记者 沙晗汀)报道:美国国务卿蓬佩奥当地时间4日发表声明说,美国已于当日正式启动退出《巴黎气候协定》程序。

  蓬佩奥在声明中说,美国方面已经向联合国提交正式“退约”通知,整个退出过程将需要一年时间。

  蓬佩奥称,《巴黎气候协定》对于美国经济而言是“不公平的负担”。他还表示,尽管美国退出该协定,但仍会与其他国家一道寻求应对气候问题和自然灾害的办法。在未来关于气候问题的国际讨论中,美国还将提供“现实并且可行的模式”。

  《巴黎气候协定》旨在要求各国加大减排力度,将全球平均气温上升幅度控制在前工业化时期水平2摄氏度以内,最好是1.5摄氏度。截至目前,全球已有超过190个国家签署该协定。美国成为第一个退出该协定的国家。

  美国总统特朗普自2016年大选以来,一直称该协定对美国“不公平”,是将“美国的财富转移到其他国家”,并坚决要求美国退出该协定。

  特朗普的言论一直遭到民主党人的强烈反对。多位民主党总统竞选人也把气候问题作为2020年总统竞选的重要议题。

  据耶鲁大学近期调查显示,有70%的美国人认为气候变暖正在发生,60%的美国人对该问题表示“担心”。

  随着美国宣布正式开启退出《巴黎气候协定》程序,有分析认为,这一决定会让美国丧失绝佳经济机会。(责任编辑查正富,主编陈雪霏)

生态环境部:我国臭氧污染以轻度污染为主 可防可控

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社报道: 生态环境部新闻发言人刘友宾29日表示,从2015年起,全国337个城市1436个点位均开展臭氧监测,数据显示,目前我国臭氧污染虽然有所上升,但以轻度污染为主,总体处于可防可控状态。

 29日上午,生态环境部召开例行新闻发布会,生态环境部新闻发言人刘友宾通报近期重点工作进展情况。

  刘友宾介绍,不久前生态环境部公布了9月和1-9月份全国空气质量,部分地区出现了一些波动。生态环境部组织专家对这些情况进行了认真分析,有以下几个原因:

  首先,受比常年同期偏高气温的影响,全国O3浓度同比上升,优良天数比例同比下降。2019年9月,全国平均气温17.7度,比常年同期偏高1.1度,其中北京、天津、吉林、内蒙古、湖北等省市的平均气温为1961年以来历史同期最高或次高水平。受高温、较强光照影响,日间O3浓度明显上升,导致优良天数比例下降。

  初步分析显示,2019年9月,全国337个地级及以上城市首要污染物为O3(8小时)的天数约占污染天的95%以上、23个重污染天的40%左右,其余重污染天的首要污染物为PM10,说明9月日均空气质量主要受O3浓度影响。全国337个地级及以上城市平均O3浓度为157微克/立方米,同比上升23.6%,优良天数比例同比下降14.7个百分点。

  对流层(近地层)臭氧是一种典型的二次大气污染物,人为排放的极少。地面臭氧主要来源NOx和VOCs在热和太阳光作用下发生的光化学反应。在前体物NOx和VOCs较高的情况下,夏秋季由于温度高、太阳辐射强容易发生臭氧污染。我国标准规定臭氧日最大8小时平均浓度为160微克/立方米,与发达国家基本相当。从2015年起,全国337个城市1436个点位均开展臭氧监测,数据显示,目前我国臭氧污染虽然有所上升,但以轻度污染为主,总体处于可防可控状态。

  其次,降水偏少和气象条件不利,导致颗粒物浓度上升。2019年9月,京津冀地区大气静稳指数同比升高约50%,其中北京市静稳指数同比升高约40%,大气扩散能力明显下降。特别是在2019年9月下旬,京津冀及周边地区出现了持续一周以上的静稳、高湿和逆温天气,导致污染物的持续累积和转化。

  刘友宾介绍,针对上述情况,生态环境部下一步将推动以PM2.5和臭氧协同控制、以NOx和VOCs为重点的多污染物协同减排,积极推进产业、能源、运输和用地结构的优化调整。

  刘友宾秋表示,冬季已来临,气温下降,O3污染水平下降。特别是进入采暖季后各类污染物的排放强度将进一步增加,气象条件转差,PM2.5成为决定环境空气质量的首要污染物。生态环境部将会同有关部门和地方对重点行业采取差异化分级管控等措施积极应对重污染天气,以抵消采暖排放增加和不利气象条件带来的影响。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

全球变暖正改变北极地貌!冰川融化致5座岛屿浮现

北欧绿色邮报网报道:全球变暖可能正改变北极的地貌!俄罗斯国防部日前表示,俄海军在北极发现了5座新岛屿,正是冰川融化导致了这几座岛屿显露出来。

  俄国防部表示,俄海军在2016年首次利用卫星图像发现了这些岛屿,但只是在近年8月和9月的一次考察中确认并绘制了地图。

  这些新岛屿位于北极Vylki冰川附近,远离遥远的新地马岛群岛海岸,该群岛位于俄罗斯大陆西北的北冰洋。它们的面积从900平方米到54500平方米不等。

  据俄罗斯塔斯社报道,俄探险队队长亚历山大·莫伊斯耶夫22日表示:“基本上,这一发现与冰川融化有关。”“以前这些是冰川,但冰的融化导致了岛屿的出现。”

  俄罗斯国防部称,俄罗斯海军研究人员多年来一直使用卫星数据来研究海岸线的变化。2015年至2018年期间,他们确认了新地岛(Novaya Zemlya)和弗朗茨约瑟夫岛(Franz Josef Land)两个群岛上的30多个新岛屿、海角和海湾。

  科学家们警告说,新出现的岛屿不是“意外”,而是北极冰川和海冰大规模融化导致的日益严重的气候危机的直接结果。

  据悉,北极的升温速度是全球平均水平的两倍,由此导致的冰川融化可能会破坏生命周期,并威胁到全球各地人们的生命。(来源:中新社)

2019年度人类社会发展十大科学问题发布

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社(记者 孙自法)报道:“2019年度人类社会发展十大科学问题”16日在北京举行的首届世界科技与发展论坛上正式发布,这十大科学问题涵盖健康、环境、能源三大领域,其中就包括如何解决人类未来能源的问题。
  2019年度人类社会发展十大科学问题包括健康领域4个问题和环境领域、能源领域各3个问题。4个健康问题分别是:如何预防并阻断新发传染病的大规模流行?社会变迁对人的身心健康有哪些影响?能否对未来人类疾病做出准确而全面的预测?哪些新技术可用于癌症的早期诊断和预后监测?
  3个环境问题分别是:人类如何在安全的地球界限内继续发展?如何有效解决跨界空气、水和土壤的污染?如何实现对废水和污水的完全净化处理?
  3个能源问题分别是:可控核聚变能否解决人类未来能源问题?怎样高效转化和存储新能源?大城市如何实现能源-水-食物供给的平衡和平等?
  中国科学院院士、2019年度人类社会发展十大科学问题发布人蔡荣根指出,发展是人类社会的永恒追求,正是依赖于科学技术的创新发展,人类的生产生活获得了令人叹为观止的改善,同时也带来了令人忧虑的严峻挑战。
  据了解,最新发布的这十大科学问题是围绕联合国2030年可持续发展议程提出的17项目标,聚焦人类可持续发展中最迫切、最基本、最具挑战性的需求,根据Scopus数据库相关科学研究热门关键词的检索结果,由中外知名科技期刊的编委、高端战略科学家反复讨论提出候选问题,并通过广泛的网络评选,经中国科协九届常委会学术交流专门委员会终审确定。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)     

国际货币基金组织:对抗气候变迁 碳税是最强效方法

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社据“中央社”报道:当地时间10日,国际货币基金(IMF)表示,全球的碳排污染大户国家应该一起同意课征碳税,未来十年每吨碳排征收75美元税金,让气候变迁维持在安全水平。对抗气候变迁,碳税是最强效方法。

  据报道,IMF呼吁即刻采取行动应对气候变迁,但近年来,主要经济体在对抗灾难性全球暖化的预防上意见不一致,导致政策扞格。

  IMF研究人员表示:“碳税是最强而有力且有效的工具,但前提是以公平、增进友好的方式实施。”

  2018年爆发“黄背心”示威并多次暴力流血后,法国政府因而暂缓把碳税提高至每吨50美元以上的计划。同时,美国总统特朗普宣布,将退出2015年签署的《巴黎气候协议》。

  据报道,这份报告赶在IMF和世界银行下周举行年度会议前公布,IMF新任总裁格奥尔基耶娃料将于会上,敦促会员国对气候变迁采取行动。

  根据IMF10日公布的这份研究报告内容,要防止全球气温较工业革命前升温超过2摄氏度,以达成《巴黎气候协议》目标,碳税是最有效的方法。加征碳税会提高电力、旅游、制造、运输和食品等碳排密集产业的成本。

  报道称,目前,全球平均的排放碳价为每吨2美元,想要达成《巴黎气候协议》目标,需由20国集团(G20)里的碳排大户集体在2030年之前把碳税提高至每吨75美元,才有可能实现。

  这份报告表示,对所有国家课征碳税可避免让没有缴税的国家“搭便车”,并让真正实施改革国家的产业能与其他国家竞争。

  但IMF研究人员承认,此举将造成令人却步、不均等的代价。调高碳税至每吨75美元,将使煤炭价格超过现有的3倍。加拿大电力价格将迅速上升超过30%,澳大利亚电价飙涨70%至90%。根据这份报告内容,大部分国家汽油价格将上涨5%至15%。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

220余吨走私“洋垃圾”在广东清远港被退运

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社 (记者 唐贵江 关悦)报道:广州海关10月10日消息,近日,广州海关在广东清远港退运220余吨禁止进口类固体废物(俗称“洋垃圾”)。

  此次退运的“洋垃圾”主要是废电线、废电子产品等,以“可回收利用的废五金”名义申报进口,但经鉴定属禁止进口类固体废物。相关案件移交海关缉私部门立案处理后,法院进行了审理判决,并由海关依法责令相关责任人退运出境。

  废电线、废电子产品等“洋垃圾”不仅不可降解,还含有大量有毒有害物质,对人体具有生殖毒性、致畸性、致癌性等危害。有毒有害物质如果渗透到土壤中,还会对生态环境造成破坏。

  今年以来,广州海关贯彻落实海关总署“国门利剑2019”“蓝天2019”专项行动部署,坚决将“洋垃圾”拒于国门之外,同时推动“洋垃圾”退运工作,截至目前累计依法退运走私“洋垃圾”13批次,共计1600余吨。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

联合国报告:本世纪末海平面上升或达到 30-60 厘米

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社(记者 彭大伟)报道:联合国政府间气候变化专门委员会(IPCC)25日发布的最新报告指出,即使全球温室气体排放骤减且将全球升温限制在远低于2°C的水平,到2100年时,海平面上升仍可能达到30-60厘米左右。报告同时警告称,如果温室气体排放持续强劲增长,则可能达到60-110厘米左右。
  IPCC是评估气候变化相关科学研究的联合国机构,于1988年由联合国环境规划署和世界气象组织共同建立,旨在为决策者提供关于气候变化、其影响和未来潜在风险的定期科学评估,并提出适应和减缓战略。IPCC有195个成员国,总部位于瑞士日内瓦。
  这份《气候变化中的海洋和冰冻圈特别报告》于24日获得IPCC全部195个会员政府批准,为将全球升温限制在最低水平上的效益提供了新证据。报告指出,紧急减少温室气体排放可以限制海洋和冰冻圈的变化规模,生态系统和各种生命能够随之得到保护。
  报告详细分析了高山地区重大变化将影响下游社区、融冰和海平面上升、更频繁的极端海平面事件、海洋生态系统受影响、北极海冰量下降和多年冻土融化等气候变化对海洋和冰冻圈造成的一系列严重后果。
  其中,报告特别指出,极地和山区的冰川和冰盖正在损失冰量,这促使了海平面加速上升,同时扩大了海洋变暖的范围。报告显示,20世纪全球海平面上升了约15厘米,而目前的上升速度已达每年3.6毫米,较上世纪快了两倍多——而且还在加速。
    报告警告称,海平面将在未来几个世纪继续上升——即使温室气体排放骤减且将全球升温限制在远低于2°C,到2100年海平面上升高度仍可能达到30-60厘米左右,但如果温室气体排放持续强劲增长,则可能达到60-110厘米左右。
  “近几十年来,由于格陵兰和南极洲冰盖的水输入量不断增加,加上冰川融水以及升温海域的扩大,海平面上升的速率已经加快。”IPCC第一工作组联合主席瓦莱丽·马松-德尔莫特表示。
  据悉,该IPCC特别报告将为世界各国领导人在即将到来的气候和环境谈判(如今年12月将在智利举行的联合国气候变化框架公约缔约方大会COP25)中提供关键的科学信息。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)   

中法环保合作聚焦气候变化与可持续发展

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社(记者 吴旭)报道:记者24日从法国驻华使馆获悉,作为中法合作的标志性活动,第六届中法环境月“回收利用”摄影展在深圳、北京等中国九座城市开展。而在中国深圳举行的中国(国际)气候影视大会作为中国气候传播的重要品牌活动,也与中法环境月主办方达成合作关系,共同成为“中法环境年”的重要活动。
  法国驻华使馆文化、教育与科学事务公使兼北京法国文化中心主任高明表示,法国和中国在应对气候变化方面有非常多的相似之处。长期以来在环保领域,两国始终保持着密切联系和紧密合作,均取得了良好效果。
  高明说,2018年1月,两国元首共同决定启动“中法环境年”,其目的是加强两国在环境方面的合作,提高全球在气候变化和生物多样性方面的行动效率。“中法环境年”自开展以来,许多具有建设性的双边或多边活动在法国、中国或第三方国家开展,既有机构方面的合作,也有技术和经济层面的项目。第六届中法环境月作为“中法环境年”的主要活动之一,将邀请公众共同思考如何协调经济发展和环境保护。
  “应对气候变化”“无废城市”“绿色金融”成为本届中法环境月以及中国(国际)气候影视大会主要关注的问题。法国环保组织ORÉE的总代表兼循环经济大使纳塔莉·布瓦耶在介绍法国循环经济方面的路线图时说,在法国的环保行动中,循环经济作为一个核心概念,为人们提出了另一种发展模式,提供了有别于造成20世纪环境恶化的线性模式的另一种选择。她邀请公众重新审视我们的生产和消费模式,以便合理利用自然资源,减少垃圾产出。
  据法国驻华使馆介绍,中法环境月是迄今为止唯一一个由国外驻华使馆主办的以环境为主题的活动节。第六届中法环境月于9月22日至11月6日举行。以“可持续发展目标下的绿色传播”为主题的中国(国际)气候影视大会,也将于期间通过专业论坛、展映、讲座的形式开展丰富活动。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)      

Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou on China’s Achievements and Challenges

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

October 1 marks the 70th anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China. Upon this date, Xuefei Chen Axelsson had an exclusive interview with Ambassador Gui Congyou on Sept. 14, 2019.

Stockholm, Sept. 16(Greenpost) – Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou has said that Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, CPC, through unremitting efforts and hard work of the past 70 years, have experienced profound economic and social transformation from a poor and weak China to a relatively healthy wealthy society。This is a historic leap forward towards our goal of realizing the great rejuvenation  of China. 

Ambassador Gui made this remark during an exclusive interview with Xuefei Chen Axelsson, chief editor and founder of Green Post(www.greenpost.se) , a Swedish Chinese media aiming at promoting sustainable development in Sweden and building bridge between China and Sweden. 

“Over the past 70 years, especially over the past 40 years of development, over 1.3 billion people have all used mobile phones and internet in addition to having enough food and clothes.  China’s contribution to world economic development surpasses 30 percent.  China continues to be the second largest destination of foreign direct investment. China becomes more open minded and more confident than before. Such a China will create more opportunities for the world. ” said Gui. 

A series of figures show that Chinese people’s disposable per capita income has increased nearly 60 times more than that in 1949, 20 times more than that in 1978. China’s average life expectancy reaches  77 years old and over 800 million people have been lifted out of poverty. 

“China has been a good member in safeguarding the world peace, a good peace builder, development contributor and international order keeper.” 

Gui said that China has planned to completely eliminate absolute poverty by 2020 and realize modernization by 2035 and basically reach the middle developed countries level by 2050 and followed this road map to go forward step by step. 

He said during this process, China also initiated the Belt and Road initiative and helped those countries who like to join this initiative and shared Chinese technologies and innovations, for example the Beidou Navigation system. 

Talking about challenges ahead, Gui said the Chinese average GDP has not reached ten thousand dollars yet, which is less than 20 percent of the Swedish average GDP. Chinese development is not very balanced and western regions still need further development while eastern regions have developed much better. 

By the end of next year, China still needs to eradicate the absolute poverty by 10 million people(which is equivalent  almost the whole Swedish population). 

Gui said China still faces the challenge of enjoying a better environment in some areas in China. But Chinese people are determined to solve its problems and challenges while developing further with higher quality. Through 70 years of development experiences, Chinese people are confident that they will realize their development goal along with achieving the United Nations 2030 development goals. 

On Sino-Swedish relations,  Ambassador Gui spoke highly of bilateral relations. 

“About 260 years ago, Swedish Gothenburg Boat sailed to China and opened a marine route to China. Sweden became the first western country to establish diplomatic relations with China and signed technical cooperation agreements with China.”

During the new development era, China and Sweden have become the largest trade partners with each other between Nordic countries and Asia. 

So far there are 9000 Chinese students studying in Sweden and becoming the largest number of overseas students group.  In addition to Air China, Eastern Airline also opened direct flight between Stockholm and Shanghai coping with the increasing number of tourists.  China EU express also opened its maiden voyage with Swedish timber export to China last year. 

About his impression on Sweden, Ambassador Gui said that Swedish King Carl Gustav VXI told him to visit all over Sweden and have a good look when he met the King.  And he did visit up north to the countryside, down to the south and east and west of Sweden. He felt Sweden is really beautiful. 

He found Swedish people’s awareness of environmental protection and climate is high. And most of them are very friendly. 

“I think Sweden and China are mutually complementary in green tech cooperation and environmental protection. We can deepen the cooperation in this and other  fields. ” said Gui. 

About the question with media, Ambassador Gui said that media is a bridge between the two sides by expressing opinions and stances of the two sides. Only when he found some media facts were not correct, he would like to point out the facts which provide with true information.

“I found those incorrect information show that the writer has never been to China or get a full picture about China. China has really made great progress over the past years. With the rapid development of new technology, such as internet and high speed train,  China’s progress for the better also speeded up. Welcome Swedish media to visit China and have a good look. ” said Ambassador Gui. 

Full Chinese version please see the following link.

Video: Water Expert Josh Weinberg: Remarkable to provide clean drinking water for over one billion people in China

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Aug. 30(Greenpost) — China has made remarkable progress in fighting against water pollution and it is a great achievement to provide clean drinking water for over one billion people in China. Meanwhile, there are still a lot of challenges for China to face, says Josh Weinberg during an interview with Greenpost’s journalist Xuefei Chen Axelsson during the World Water Week held in Stockholm between Aug. 25-30.



Upon the National Day on October 1 in China, Weinberg wishes everyone a Happy National Day and continues to make progress in building a clean and beautiful country in China.

Video: Swedish Water Expert Jan Lindqvist: What China has done is extraordinary and unprecedented

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Aug. 30(Greenpost) — Jan Lindqvist, a senior expert working in Stockholm International Water Institute went to China in December 1979 for the first time. He has recalled his experience then and told us that China has made extraordinary and unprecedented progress since then. Greenpost’s chief editor Xuefei Chen Axelsson has interviewed him on the opening plenary session day during the World Water Week in Stockholm. Please watch the video.

Professor Jan Lindqvist said he actually studied Economics but he got a professor job in water department in Linköping University because water issue is not just about water itself, it needs engineers, biologists and economists and many others to solve the complicated water issues.

Professor Lindqvist led a project called from Field to Fork and called on people to stop wasting food and live a healthy lifestyle in modern times.

He said with the increase of population and the expansion of production and consumption, how to balance the individual needs with the limitation of natural resources on us is also an important issue for us to think about and choose the right and healthy way to live.

River flow champion wins 2019 Stockholm Water Prize

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

Stockholm, Aug.28(Greenpost) — On March 19th, SIWI announced that Dr Jackie King was named the 2019 Stockholm Water Prize Laureate for her game-changing contributions to global river management. This evening she will receive the prize from the hands of his excellency Swedish King Carl XVI Gustaf in the City Hall. The following picture was an interview with her at the opening plenary session of the World Water Week in Stockholm from Aug. 25-31.

She has advanced the scientific understanding of water flows, giving decision-makers tools to assess the real costs and benefits of river system development. Dr King led the development of the tools as a researcher at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, and then as Honorary Professor at the University of the Western Cape.

With colleagues she created methods to demonstrate ecological and social implications of damming and de-watering rivers. On receiving news of the prize, Dr King said: “I find it humbling, energizing and rewarding. I have never sought high-profile jobs but was happy to be a working scientist, free to say what I felt needed to be said.”

Her commitment to raising awareness of the value of rivers and their importance for millions of people has made Dr King highly regarded by academics and water managers globally. In its citation, the Nominating Committee notes that “Dr Jacqueline King has, through scientific rigour, selfless dedication and effective advocacy, transformed the way we think, talk and work with water as a flow of and for life.”

Dr King’s work influenced South Africa’s 1998 National Water Act and is increasingly guiding governments and institutions across the globe. “Governments developing their water resources understand the potential benefits but not necessarily the costs in terms of degrading rivers. We can now show these ecological and social costs at a similar level of detail to the benefits shown by planners. It is a new kind of information to help governments better understand the trade-offs involved in development as they decide on their preferred future,” she says.

Torgny Holmgren, Executive Director at SIWI, comments that “Dr King has helped decision-makers understand that healthy river ecosystems are not a luxury, but the basis for sustainable development.”

The prize is awarded by SIWI in cooperation with the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which is responsible for assessing the nominations, and will be presented by H.M. King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Patron of Stockholm.

Who will win the Stockholm Junior Water Prize 2019? China is among the 35 participants

The prestigious Stockholm Junior Water Prize has come a long way since its inception 23 years ago. Today, 35 countries participate in the competition, all striving to win this coveted award for water ingenuity.

It truly is a global event bringing together young scientists and innovators onto the big stage in Stockholm. The process for these young visionaries in getting to Stockholm is a long one. The participants are the champions of their own national competitions selected from literally thousands of entries. The solutions they bring to World Water Week are truly inspiring and the SJWP award ceremony represents the culmination of their outstanding work.

In 2019 the participants hail from; Argentina, Australia, Bangladesh, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Cyprus, Denmark, Ecuador, France, Germany, Hungary, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Malaysia, Mexico, the Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom and United States.

The Award will be live-streamed  19.30 – 21.30Tuesday 27 August. All times are Central European Time (CET). Don’t miss out on meeting these inspiring young innovators and visionaries.
 

World Water Week opens with calls for action on water equality

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

Stockholm,Aug. 26 (Greenpost) – Humanity can only tackle today’s major challenges if access to water is distributed more fairly. When World Water Week, the leading event on global water issues, opened on Monday, speakers called for a drastic shift in how water is shared and managed.

World Water Week opens with calls for action on water equality

World Water Week 2019 is held from the 25-30 August in Stockholm, Sweden, with this year’s theme being Water for Society: Including all. The conference is organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) and has been running for 29 years.

In his welcoming address, SIWI’s Executive Director Torgny Holmgren stressed the importance of using water to solve global challenges. “Many in our societies are not aware of the vital role that water plays in realizing prosperity, eradicating poverty and tackling the climate crisis. Together, we can change that perception and unlock the potential of water-related solutions,” Holmgren said.

Peter Eriksson, Minister for International Development Cooperation from the Government of Sweden also advocated for better water governance and warned that with current trends, 52 per cent of the world’s population and 40 per cent of global grain production could be put at risk by 2051, adding: “Poor and marginalized populations will be disproportionately affected, which will further worsen the rising inequalities.”

River champion Dr Jackie King, Stockholm Water Prize Laureate 2019, found it encouraging that the rights of nature are increasingly recognized and noted that “We have the methods and the technology, but need the momentum to make them work.”

Access to open data is one of most important technological changes, said Ma Jun, Founder of the Institute of Public & Environmental Affairs, China, whose pollution database plays an important role to protect water quality. He now pushes for more transparency.

Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, spoke about how ecosystems are more protected where the rights of indigenous peoples are respected. She asked the water community to condemn the growing violence against indigenous activists: “If those who try to protect the environment are killed, there is less of a chance for us all to protect the last biodiversity resources.”

More than 2000 delegates will attend the week long global water event.

Ambassador Gui Congyou attends the Second Belt and Road Forum in Stockholm and delivers a key not speech titled Jointly Build a High Quality Belt and Road for a Future of Sustainable Development

STOCKHOLM, May 31,(Greenpost) — Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou made a key note speech titled Jointly Build a High Quality Belt and Road for a Future of Sustainable Development. The whole text is as the following:

Excellences, experts, scholars and friends from the business community,

Good morning.

Last month, the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation was successfully held in Beijing, leading the joint efforts to build a high quality Belt and Road into a new stage. Today’s seminar hosted by the BRIX group is very timely and relevant, and will certainly promote China-Sweden “Belt and Road” cooperation.

Over the past six years since President Xi Jinping proposed the “Belt and Road Initiative”, our BRI circle of friends has grown ever bigger, quality of cooperation ever better and prospects for development ever brighter. Over 150 countries and international organizations signed cooperation agreements with China to build the BRI together. Nearly 40 heads of state and government and nearly 5000 foreign participants from over 150 countries and international organizations attended the second Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, achieving 283 cooperation outcomes and signing contracts worth over USD 64 billion. These numbers fully demonstrate that the BRI is consistent with the trend of times and meets the need of all parties involved.

The Belt and Road is a road of open cooperation. The BRI is not a geopolitical game, nor is it an exclusive club. Instead, the BRI is based on extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, and is committed to multilateralism and open world economy. The Forum in Beijing saw the signing of over 100 bilateral cooperation documents in areas like transportation, trade, technology, culture and exchanges between think tanks, the establishment of a national standards information platform among the Belt and Road partner countries, and the signing of third party market cooperation documents. The BRI is a joint project that combines our respective strengths into a synergy for shared development.

The Belt and Road is a road of sustainable development. The BRI focuses on the fundamental issue of development, and helps countries along the route to break the bottleneck of development. A World Bank study shows that BRI cooperation helps reduce the cost of global trade and increases the global economic growth by at least 0.1%. The BRI pursues high standard cooperation to improve people’s lives and promotes sustainable development. It adopts widely accepted rules and standards, contributes to job creation and poverty reduction, and ensures commercial and fiscal sustainability. It is a major contribution to 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the UN. The BRI is no “debt trap”, rather it helps many countries to get out of the “trap of underdevelopment”.

The Belt and Road is a road of green and clean cooperation. The BRI pursues open, green and clean cooperation and aims to promote green development. The BRI launches green infrastructure projects, makes green investment and provides green financing to improve the ecological environment, and supports the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In pursuing Belt and Road cooperation, everything should be done in a transparent way, and we must have zero tolerance for corruption and show strong commitment to clean governance. During the second BRI Forum in Beijing, the BRI International Green Development Coalition was established, the Green Investment Principles for the Belt and Road Development was issued and the Beijing Initiative for Clean Silk Road was launched.

The BRI pursues openness, interconnectivity and consensus through consultation. It values integrity and follows rules. This is especially important in a world of surging protectionism and unilateralism. I know people are closely watching the trade war started by the US. The US brandishes the baton of protectionism and uses administrative means to abuse tariffs, which severely damages the norms of international trade, harms the interests of other parties and increases the uncertainties of global economy. The US also abandoned market principles, in total disregard of international rules, used executive powers to suppress Chinese companies, which we firmly oppose. The US is a “rule breaker” and a “faith breaker”. The US bears full responsibility for the trade war, as it is unilaterally started by the US. China does not want a trade war, but we are not afraid of fighting one, and we will fight to the end. This is safeguarding our legitimate rights and interests, and also defending an open global economy and the multilateral trading system.

Dear friends,

China and Europe are at the two ends of the Belt and Road. Europe is a natural partner and direct beneficiary of building a high quality Belt and Road. China-Europe freight trains have conducted 14,000 trips, connecting China and 50 cities in 15 European countries. The Joint statement of the 21st EU-China Summit reiterated that the two sides will continue to forge synergies between the EU strategy on Connecting Europe and Asia as well as the EU Trans-European Transport Networks and China’s Belt and Road Initiative. The Belt and Road cooperation between China and the EU has bright prospects. It is in our mutual interests and will deliver benefits to hundreds of millions of people.

Sweden has good conditions to participate in jointly building the Belt and Road. As a firm advocate for multilateralism and free trade, Sweden has a pioneering spirit and a long line of achievements in green, innovative, open and sustainable development, which is highly compatible to the joint contribution to Belt and Road. Trade between China and Sweden has been hitting new records year after year, reaching USD 17.15 billion in 2018. China is now the largest trading partner of Sweden outside of the EU, and Sweden continues to maintain a trade surplus with China. This March, the first Nordic-China Smart City Cooperation Conference was held in Stockholm, which established a new effective platform for deepening our cooperation. There are also great prospects for China and Sweden to work together to address climate change and to carry out cooperation in third party markets. Joint contribution to the Belt and Road will undoubtedly provide a broader platform for Sweden to play its strength, and open up greater room for its development. The opportunities for China-Sweden Belt and Road cooperation are here. We welcome all sectors of Sweden to join the Belt and Road circle of friends and build a brighter future of sustainable development.

My wishes for a full success of the seminar. Thank you!

Ambassador Gui was interviewed by Gunnar Vagerstam Vice Chairmen for TV for Civil Society and Xuefei Chen Axelsson, Editor and Reporter of Green Post(www.greenpost.se)