北欧绿色邮报网报道（记者陈雪霏）– 今年因为Me Too丑闻导致瑞典文学院18个诺贝尔文学奖评委中的5个宣布离职。很多人担心今年的诺贝尔文学奖颁发有可能受影响。
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
STOCKHOLM, April 25(Greenpost)– Reading South China Morning Post, it says 27 EU countries Ambassadors signed a paper against China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
This can be seen as an initial reaction against the Belt and Road Initiative when many people keep on asking what is China’s purpose? Why do they do this? What benefit they can gain? What benefit can we gain?
It is understandable that the western idea is always basing on the utilitarian foundation. If you do something, it must be for your own benefit, otherwise you will not do it.
But my understanding of the Belt and Road Initiative is that it started from the ancient silk road routes through central Asia. President Xi Jinping proposed this idea in Alma Ata. It is a strategic thought to meet the development demand.
China had been a poor country for almost a hundred years and the main reason is that China didn’t have the good infrastructure. The road was poor and transportation was bad. So China’s experience is that to become rich, you must have good roads. (Yao Xiang Fu, Xian Xiu Lu). These kinds of projects are usually big ones, thus it needs state-owned companies to do it because they have high standards engineering capacity.
In China private sector developed rapidly, but a lot of problems also started from private companies. It takes time to regulate.
After 40 years of development, China becomes stronger, at least with another two years it aims to wipe out the poverty completely. This goal should be praised because with the completion of this goal, it is expected that China’s human rights situation will be substantially improved.
I understand the western solidarity type of wind against China starting from China’s changing of the constitution and ensuring Xi’s presidency forever. Many people understood this change as a guarantee for Xi’s presidency for life long. But my understanding is that Xi wishes to have a collection of power so that he can carry out his plans more effectively. But it doesn’t mean he will be president forever. No one guarantees that after three terms or after he fulfilled the goal of building China into a modern country with even a very basic demand of having blue skies in Beijing, he will step down. Or he will lead an orderly expended scale democratic election. Through this year’s NPC congress, I think Xi is implementing an orderly and transparent voting procedure. And his presidency was elected with formal voting procedure.
I am sure China’s intention is not to impose China’s influence to anybody. China is a peace loving country. Chinese people work very hard just to live a better life. When they have good skills and building capacity, they like to share this with other countries.
It happens exactly like SIPRI’s expert analysed that it is those countries that needs China’s capacity contracted with China such as Greece and Spain. In the early stage such as 2005, or before, China also imported technologies or engineering in waste burning from Spain.
That some EU countries worry about China is understandable, but unnecessary. On the one hand, they worry if one Chinese will reach a European’s living standard, then China has 1.3 billion people, how many earth we should have to feed such a demand? On the other hand, they worry if you build a port for them, what will be the future? We have no secret from you any more. How can we maintain our independence?
These worries seem to be real worry because when the western powers went to China, China became semi colonised. When the western power went to Africa, most African countries were colonised. Thinking from their own experience, they feel very worried.
But China’s Belt and Road initiative is not to take from you, it is to build for you to use. The principle is to negotiate first and then you build together and then you share the benefit in the end. Because you put money in the bank and now you get the bank loan and you got infrastructure. Improved infrastructure will improve business. With booming business, you will get money or benefit.
China can only provide help to those who really need help. It is very difficult for Nordic countries to think’ how can we need help from China’? It is always we who provide help to others. Indeed, China still has a lot to learn from the Nordic and western European countries. But for infrastructure construction such as fast train track and train, China is indeed very advanced. If Nordic region can coordinate and build fast train, travel time on average will be shortened by half, it will substantially improve the business environment and well-being of the people. It will promote tourism substantially. Business meetings can increase substantially. It will only make business even more efficient.
Some people especially some so-called experts and new media persons recently launched a lot of negative coverage about China in order to win the readers eye balls. In the long run, it will prove that China is indeed the main force in maintaining the world peace and driving the world development. China never throws out problems even though they have problems inside China.
This is a big difference between China and America or Britain. When America has election or other problems, they will put their finger on China or other countries and then when they succeed they become normal again.
This kind of drama doesn’t happen in China. China is so large that it can saturate its own problems. It will not hit others in order to win its own election because they can balance the situation in China according to the real situation. This is because the Communist party’s goal is to serve the people and make the country a good land to live and people enjoy a better life.
This has happened already in Beijing, Shanghai and most of the eastern regions. Last month when I came back from Beijing, in Helsinki transfer, I met a Swedish lady who visited Shanghai and visited all the banks in Shanghai, she said she felt people in Shanghai really enjoy a good life. They eat well, wear well and they also walk beautifully, namely not always in a hurry.
Those who broke the Chinese law went to America or other countries and then fiercely curse China. It is not commended.
Back to Belt and Road Initiative, it is indeed an initiative, it is a good -will suggestion or proposal for all to sit around the table to discuss. It is not an imperative for everyone to obey. China thinks when people get better life, they will not fight each other any more. This is China’s experience. It is a good will and many experts for example Schillers Institute’s Helga La Rues highly commended belt and road initiative because she said this is so far the best available way to avoid war or conflict.
Belt and Road is also a long term initiative. It will be implemented only in the countries or places where needed. Those who don’t need it, it is absolutely ok if you are against it or disagree because it doesn’t suit your situation. So let’s forget it.
Belt and Road Initiative is a good idea for Asian, Central Asian, Africa, Latin America and maybe Northeast Asia. It is indeed difficult for Nordic Countries which are so rich, so well developed and almost world model countries to fit in.
However, I think it is still ok because one of the initiative is to promote people to people communication and exchange, in that sense, it also fits.
I suggest that Nordic countries and western European countries and China talk with each other in fixing the world peace and development, but not condemn each other. I read the SCMP article saying the European Ambassadors condemn the Belt and Road Initiative, it is a completely misunderstanding of the purpose of the initiative.
Of course there is still big room for China to improve. That is to invest more in education and research, invest more in culture and domestic development. There are still problems in rural China where not just poverty alleviation is needed, all the cultural and education and other wellbeing facilities are needed.
If outside world don’t need China, let us build every inch of China a beautiful China. Blue sky and clean water and soil is just fundamental and basic requirements.
This is only the writer’s own opinion.
Xuefei Chen Axelsson is a senior editor and correspondent freelancing for different media. She studied World Politics, Economics and International Relations. She also studied leadership for Sustainable Development in London and got a Master degree in it. She has long been journalist covering various development conferences and practices by the United Nations.
Insights from Richard Ghiasy.
On a strategic level, explain the EU’s perspective toward China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
Frankly, there is no unified EU perspective on the BRI – at least yet. Strategic responses to the initiative are still being pondered over. Partially, this has to do with more urgent priorities, mainly Brexit, the Russian resurgence, concerns over populism, the migration crisis, and now the Catalonian crisis. But, it also has to do with the BRI itself ̶ it is perceived as an insufficiently articulated concept. Subsequently they [EU members] find it difficult to come up with adequate strategic responses.
Enjoying this article? Click here to subscribe for full access. Just $5 a month.At the individual EU member state level, however, a large number of European members, mostly in the south, center, and east have already warmly embraced the initiative and have commenced cooperation. Evidently, this dichotomy in perceptiveness does not aid strategic decision-making processes in Brussels. One such example is the 16+1 framework. It is a cooperation framework of 16 Eastern and Central European states plus China, not all of which are EU members, that has resulted in bitterness in Brussels ̶ they see the framework undermining EU unity. It is evident that the level of interest shown by (too) many EU states in the BRI will compel the EU to come up with strategic policy decisions on BRI engagement.
Which individual European countries are receptive toward involvement in the BRI and why?
Countries that have infrastructure deficits, domestic and (sub-)regional connectivity deficits, or pressing unemployment and economic growth challenges have typically been the most welcoming ̶ this includes Greece, Spain, Italy, Serbia, Portugal, and Hungary. These countries have difficulty securing the financial means for large infrastructure projects domestically and through existing multilateral finance mechanisms, making them very receptive toward BRI involvement.
England has also expressed strong interest, partially driven by anxiety over the economic impact of Brexit, but also over worries of how the BRI may impact global finance over time. The Nordic community has shown little interest so far, partially due to the fact that they are economically developed, well connected, and “tucked away” in a corner of Europe that sees, comparatively, little transit activity. Germany and The Netherlands have shown interest and have commenced engagement, yet at the same time they are evaluating the BRI’s long-term strategic implications at the national and EU level. These are mostly related to economic security impacts, but also impacts on (sub)national and regional security among participating states.
What is the difference between the EU-China Connectivity Platform and the BRI?
The BRI is an immensely ambitious global connectivity and development vision that will – probably – run for decades. It already has over 65 countries on board that have either shown strong interest or are already engaged. In contrast, the EU-China Connectivity Platform is a policy forum that aims to create synergies between EU policies/projects and the BRI – mostly as they relate to cooperation on infrastructure, including financing, interoperability, and logistics. Therefore, the EU-China Connectivity Platform is, in comparison, very modest in size and focuses on projects between the two countries. At this stage, no projects with or in third party countries have been conducted.
What are the potential geostrategic consequences of no EU involvement in BRI?
No involvement would send a strong message to China and participating states that it [the EU] is not interested in joint economic development initiatives with China in Eurasia. Since the EU and China are the two largest economic entities in Eurasia, it is essential that they steward the continent’s economic development agenda. In addition, since individual EU member states are already participating in the initiative, no official EU involvement would create an awkward dynamic. In addition, it is important that the EU engages and helps to steward the initiative so that its own diplomatic, economic, and security interests are not threatened. No involvement would mean that China will, likely, develop larger sway in the continent on anything from investment standards, to supply chains, to trade routes, to diplomacy. This scenario may seriously impact the EU’s economic and security interests.
Explain how EU engagement in BRI might further its strategic interests in Asia.
Some of the challenges that the EU faces, including the migration crisis and terrorism, stem – partially – from Asia. As the EU goes through a historically unique, yet long and fragile process of integration it is pivotal that its neighbors and neighbors’ neighbors are stable and are developing sustainable economies. At the moment however, the EU is facing security challenges from essentially all directions except its north.
Asia, as the world’s most populous and economically largest continent is pivotal to the world economy, and thus the EU’s economic and security interests. A stable Eurasia requires closer cooperation between its largest actors, the EU, China, India, Japan, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and Russia. Distrust and competing visions for the supercontinent between these six will only result in friction and greater potential for (proxy) conflict.
It is quite safe to state that in terms of influence the EU has been losing ground in East, Central, and South Asia. The BRI is a platform on which it could possibly regain some of that influence, for instance by assisting participating states with the “softer side” of connectivity: national development agendas, business reform and socioeconomic policies. There are plenty countries in Asia in which there are concerns over overreliance on China through the BRI – the EU is an economic behemoth that could function as a counterweight.
Source: the Diplomat website.
STOCKHOLM, April 25(Greenpost)—Acupuncture Science Association in Sweden held its first yearly meeting in Stockholm on April 21.
Yang Chungui, President of the association made an important speech.
He reiterated that his association is a member of the World Federation of Acupuncture-Moxibustion Societies, observes the latter’s charter and relevant regulatations as well as Swedish relevant regulations. It also observes the WHO’s acupuncture standards which conduct treatment according to standards, aims at improving acupuncture doctors medical level and better serves the patients.
Yang expressed his gratitude to Swedish counterparts, Chinese Ambassador Gui who attended the Belt and Road Acupuncture seminar in 2017 and colleagues Elisa Liao, Xuehong Ma Yang, Dongqing Zhang, Defeng Lin, Sandra Tiejun Chen, Mehdi Ghazi, Shuhui Hu, Tie Xu and other colleagues for their donation to the association enabling the convening of the international academic exchange.
Yang said the association has developed rapidly over the past year. Another 14 acupuncture doctor passed the exam. Many of them have practised acupuncture for over 20 years. Academic exchanges continued. 2017 Sino-Swedish Belt and Road Acupuncture Summit Forum was held and a seminar on three needle treatment was also held.
Yang suggested an international acupuncture trade union be established and a website on Chinese acupuncture set up in order to better serve the acupuncture doctors and patients.
Yukio Danisman made a finance report on the association’s accountancy.
Bengt Wahrolen, a senior lawyer made an important speech on collective insurance for the acupuncture doctors . He promised to help pushing the Swedish Leg. Akupunktur Doktor and make them compatible with the Swedish medical care system.
Wahrolen also stated that after auditing, it is proved that the association’s funding came from their members yearly fee and members donation. They haven’t received any government subsidies.
Then President Yang and Vice President Zhang Dongqing issued certificate for the 14 members who passed the exams.
All the doctors got a white uniform, a medal and a name bar to show their responsible attitude.
Vice President Zhang led the doctors to study the association’s charter and President Yang talked about the financial management system in the association.
Secretary Li explained Swedish International Acupuncture Doctors Management System. During the discussion, all the questions from the members were answered showing the completion of the association’s various regulations and systems.
Vice President Zhang gave a presentation on Clinic Experience of Acupuncture Against Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Sweden.
After academic exchange, all the doctors went to Doctor Yang’s clinic. Doctor Yang gave two patients’ treatment with embedding thread acupuncture. This method proved to be effective for those who cannot get pregnant.
Doctor Defeng Lin showed his burning acupuncture method. The free treatment meeting stimulated even more heated discussions in sharing experiences and members have great confidence in the association’s acupuncture treatment level and formation of Swedish acupuncture legislation to accept these doctors’ treatment into the Swedish system.
Finally, the acupuncture doctors attended the Stockholm Kulturnatt Belt and Road Nordic Spring International Peace and Cultural Festival to enjoy some beautiful music and dances.
The yearly meeting was hosted by Vice Secretary Youji Lin and council member Yang Xi served as interpreter between Chinese and Swedish.
Text and Photo/Xuefei Chen Axelsson. Part of the photos are from the association.
Ärade ambassadör Gui Congyou och fru Song Jingli,
Ärade gäster, damer och herrar, och vänner
I egenskap av ordförande för China-Europe Cultural Association, PROFOCA och Greenpost, är jag jätteglad att vi ska fira tre olika evenemang. Först ska vi fira Stockholms Kulturnatt med alla svenska vänner. Som en kinesiska förening känner vi oss stolta att delta i Sveriges sociala aktiviteter och visa något av vår kultur. Det här är en bra signal att Sverige och Stockholm har en öppen och internationell atmosfär.
För det andra ska vi fira 2018 ”Belt and Road Nordic Spring International Peace and Culture Festival”. Den här är andra gången vi håller en sådan festival. ”Belt and Road” initiativet är en idé av Kinas President Xi Jinping. Syftet är att stärka fred och utveckling genom ökad handel och samarbete. Sverige har en lång tradition av handel med Kina som sträcker sig tillbaka till 1700-talet och jag tänker på Ostindiska kompaniet. Ni minns säkert det återskapad träskeppet ”Göteborg” som uppmärksammades i media för några år sedan.
Kina och Sverige har haft goda förbindelser under lång tid och vi hoppas det ska fortsätta.
Affärs- och kultur-kontakter har en del gemensamt. Därför vill vi bidra med att förmedla något av kinesisk kultur här ikväll.
Det tredje vi ska visa är Beijingskonstnär Li Lis konstverk av vatten och bläck. Vi har ett mindre antal konstverk och som jag hoppas ni ska uppskatta.
Vi hoppas att kvällen skall bidra till att öka förståelse och utbyte mellan Sverige och Kina.
Kinas relation till omvärlden har utvecklats mycket de senaste årtiondena och bygger till stor del på hur Kina betonar fred och ömsesidig utveckling. Vi är stolta över Kinas fredliga avsikter. Krig och fiendskap har inget med ömsesidig uthållig utveckling att göra. Förståelse och respekt för varandras kultur är ett led i att stärka fred och goda förbindelser. Med ”Belt and Road initiative”hoppas vi att de fredliga- så väl som de ekonomiska banden ska stärkas och att levnadsnivån ska höjas i Kina och i hela världen.
Vår förening arrangerade ”Nordic Spring international Peace and Culture Festival” förra året.
Vi deltog i aktiviteter vid Chinese Cultural Center i Stockholm, lyssnade på kände artist Pu Cunxins föreläsning och smakade kinesiskt te och tittade på sydkinas konst. Vi organiserade Taiji och kinesiska danslektioner och promenader. Som journalist, var jag i Kina några veckor och rapporterade från 19 CPC Congress och ser med egna ögon hur Kina deklarerar en ”ny tid”. Vi ska försöka organisera en resa för utländska journalister i Sverige att komma till Kina och rapportera i år.
Tack till alla er som bidrar här i kväll. Utan er kan vi inte göra så mycket.
I år ska vi fortsätta tjäna våra medlemmar och läsare och bidra med utbyte mellan Kina och Sverige. Hoppas ni ska uppskatta vårt program som innehåller kinesiska, amerikanska, ryska och svenska bidrag. Vi bjuder både på musik, mat, och även filmvisning. Vi hoppas att detta ger tillfälle till reflektion och tankar om vår framtid.
Jag hoppas att det ska bli en trevlig kväll – och låt os ”ooah hela natten”!
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
STOCKHOLM, April. 21(Greenpost) – 2018 Belt and Road Nordic Spring Peace and Cultural Festival and Li Li’s Chinese Paintings Exhibition have been successfully held as a part of Stockholm Cultural Night which was a cooperation with over 100 museums, galleries, opera houses and other cultural locations to open free to the public from 18:00-24:00 on April 21.
The festival was held by China-Europe Cultural Association, Professional Foreign journalist Association or PROFOCA in cooperation with Chinese Teachers Association in Sweden.
Chinese Ambassador to Sweden Gui Congyou spoke highly about the festival.
“The opening of the Stockholm Cultural Night and Belt and Road International Peace and Cultural Festival is of great significance in such a period of time. China and Sweden have enjoyed very good relations and the bilateral relations are on a new historical starting point with great potential to tap. With Chinese style in Stockholm Cultural Night, it will make the night even more beautiful and be conducive to Sino-Swedish relations. ” said Ambassador Gui.
“China proposes Belt and Road initiative based on the principle of discussing together, jointly building and sharing the result to improve relations with various countries and expand cooperation with various countries. People to people relation is one of the five parts of belt and road initiative and cultural exchange is an important way to communicate with each other. ” he said.
“I understand that tonight there will be a big banquet of culture including instrument performance, dancing and singing, and Chinese woman artist Li Li’s painting and the Chinese film Romance on the Lushan Mountain, I hope you all have a good evening. ” said Ambassador Gui.
China-Europe Cultural Association is a non-political , non-religious organization consisting 75% of Chinese women in Sweden aiming at enhancing Chinese culture and enrich their life in Sweden and serving as a bridge between China and Sweden.
Ambassador Gui said he also welcomed journalists from PROFOCA and other foreign friends to visit China. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, China has experienced great changes. Since the 18th Party’s Congress, China has entered a new era. Now China enjoys stable social and political environment and high quality economic development. Nearly 1.3 billion people have shrugged off poverty and the rest 50 million will eradicate their poverty situation by 2020. In the International arena, China plays an important role in maintaining world peace, security and stability. It is a main force for world harmony. I believe the journalists can find some good news from China.
She said to be part of the Stockholm Cultural Night made her proud to be able to contribute to the cultural life in Stockholm with some Chinese flavour. This is also a sign that Sweden is open and international.
“We hold 2018 Belt and Road Nordic Spring Peace and Culture Festival in order to guard world peace. Belt and Road Initiative proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping is not to impose Chinese influence by purpose, but treat it as a way to promote peace and development. Sweden was the destination of the maritime silk road taking the boat Gothenburg as an example. We like to promote cultural exchanges between China and Sweden and China and Europe. ” said Chen Axelsson.
“The third is to celebrate the exhibition of Beijing women artist Li Li. Although it is a small scale of 30 small pieces of paintings, it is profound and a real action of bilateral cultural exchange. ” she said.
As a journalist herself, Chen Axelsson said while China insists on peace and development, some other parts of the world are not very peaceful. She held that violence and conflict are the biggest enemy of sustainable development. We condemn all kinds of violence. Violence and conflict are a result of illiteracy. Belt and Road initiative aims to avoid violence and conflict. Through peace and development, people’s living standards can be improved. Without peace, there will be no development. We must value the peaceful environment. We believe that cultural exchange is conducive to understanding between different people and countries, and further avoid conflict and maintain world peace and stability.
Last year, we held the first Nordic Spring International Cultural Festival, we also held other cultural activities such as holding lectures and listening to Chinese actor Pu Chunxin’s presentation held in Chinese Cultural Center . By learning Chinese culture, we feel more peaceful and life is more joyful. By going to China and reporting the Party Congress, I saw China’s peaceful transition to a new era aiming at wiping out poverty completely and building a modern Chinese society. We shall continue to work hard to serve the members and contribute to Sino-Swedish good relations.
Dong Jiajun’s Hulusi performance is very beautiful. The music is really very good for ear. Hulusi is an instrument from China’s Yunnan Province, Southwest China.
He Ruiyu sang the song Rolling up the Bamboo Curtain beautifully.
Chinese women choir also sang very well. Some of them are the mothers of the children’s choir .
Natali Dansstudio’s girls brought modern dance.
Tang Shiyu sang a beautiful Chinese song called the size of the heaven.
Li Zhanchun sang Tianbian, Little Populars Tree and I love you China reminding us the beautiful China of the 1980s.
Ric Wasserman sang Bob Dylan’s song Blowing in the wind.
Li Jia sang a song about Chinese River Liuyanghe.
Zhai Yijia played erhu horse racing, a master piece by Erhu.
Hao Jingxia sang the classic Kunqu Dream in the Garden looking like Peking opera.
Uppsala Confucius Class pupils performed a singing and dancing program attracting the attention of other children.
Xuefei Chen Axelsson sang an inner Mongolian song Take me to the Prairie.
Finally Ambassador Gui and all the artists and guests sang together My Motherland led by Li Jia.
Ric Wasserman also sang many other blues style songs with American flavour making the festival international.
Beijing woman artist Li Li’s paintings stand by the wall around the hall which hosts more than 200 people.
The programs attracts Swedish, Russians, Americans and Chinese. The Chinese food is also part of Chinese culture.
Finally a film Romance on Lushan Mountain was played to end the cultural night at midnight.
Also present at the cultural night were Dou Chunxiang, Education Consular, Zhang Lei, Consular department director, Consular Li Xiaojie and Luo Jinsheng. Ye Peiqun, Execultive President of Sveriges Kinesiska Förbund, Duan Maoli, Anhui Association of Science and Commerce in Sweden, Jack Yu, President of Sino-Swedish Life Science Association, Yin Chang, Kinesiska Riksförbundet I Sverige, Sun Kai, President of Chinese Teachers Association in Sweden, Zhao Lijie, Vice President of China-Europe Cultural Association, Zhouzheng, Secretary of Europe-Asia Cultural Promotion Association, Yang Chungui, President of Acupuncture Science Association Sweden and Zhao Lijie, Vice President of China-Europe Cultural Association.
The festival was hosted by Åsa and Arthur Lou Guofeng.
Text／Xuefei Chen Axelsson, Photo／Wu Ming.
杨会长代表学会向关心支持举办2017瑞典国际针灸会议的领导、同仁表示衷心的感谢。感谢桂从友大使出席会议并鼓励学会依照中医药“一带一路”规划在瑞典稳步发展。感谢廖蓉医师(Elisa Liao)、马雪虹(Xuehong Ma Yang)医师、张东青医师(Dongqing Zhang)、林德锋医师(Defeng Lin)、陈铁君医师(Sandra Tiejun Chen)、Mehdi Ghazi医师、胡淑慧医生(Shuhui Hu)、徐铁(Tie Xu)博士夫妇等人慷慨解囊，捐助学会。得益于各位同仁和朋友的无私帮助，学会于2017年顺利召开了国际性学术交流大会。
然后Wahrolén律师列举了相关法律，详细阐述了在瑞典国际针灸医师可以使用针灸医师(Akupunktur Doktor)，并将帮助推动瑞典卫生部门认可注册针灸医师(Leg. Akupunktur Doktor)，与瑞典卫生体系接轨。
大会进入颁发证书环节，瑞典针灸学术研究学会杨会长为揭梅(Maggie Jie)和Bengt Wahrolén两位律师颁发了法律顾问聘书。
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
Stockholm, April 23(Greenpost)– A new study from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, showed that Parvalbumin, a protein found in great quantities in several different fish species, has been shown to help prevent the formation of certain protein structures closely associated with Parkinson’s disease, a statement from the university website says.
Fish has long been considered a healthy food, linked to improved long-term cognitive health, but the reasons for this have been unclear. Omega-3 and -6, fatty acids commonly found in fish, are often assumed to be responsible, and are commonly marketed in this fashion. However, the scientific research regarding this topic has drawn mixed conclusions. Now, new research from Chalmers has shown that the protein parvalbumin, which is very common in many fish species, may be contributing to this effect.
One of the hallmarks of Parkinson’s disease is amyloid formation of a particular human protein, called alpha-synuclein. Alpha-synuclein is even sometimes referred to as the ‘Parkinson’s protein’.
What the Chalmers researchers have now discovered, is that parvalbumin can form amyloid structures that bind together with the alpha-synuclein protein. Parvalbumin effectively ‘scavenges’ the alpha-synuclein proteins, using them for its own purposes, thus preventing them from forming their own potentially harmful amyloids later on.
“Parvalbumin collects up the ‘Parkinson’s protein’ and actually prevents it from aggregating, simply by aggregating itself first,” explains Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede, Professor and Head of the Chemical Biology division at Chalmers, and lead author on the study.
With the parvalbumin protein so highly abundant in certain fish species, increasing the amount of fish in our diet might be a simple way to fight off Parkinson’s disease. Herring, cod, carp, and redfish, including sockeye salmon and red snapper, have particularly high levels of parvalbumin, but it is common in many other fish species too. The levels of parvalbumin can also vary greatly throughout the year.
“Fish is normally a lot more nutritious at the end of the summer, because of increased metabolic activity. Levels of parvalbumin are much higher in fish after they have had a lot of sun, so it could be worthwhile increasing consumption during autumn,” says Nathalie Scheers, Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, and researcher on the study. It was Nathalie who first had the inspiration to investigate parvalbumin more closely, after a previous study she did looking at biomarkers for fish consumption.
Other neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, ALS and Huntington’s disease, are also caused by certain amyloid structures interfering in the brain. The team is therefore keen to research this topic further, to see if the discovery relating to Parkinson’s disease could have implications for other neurodegenerative disorders as well. Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede stresses the importance of finding ways to combat these neurological conditions in the future:
“These diseases come with age, and people are living longer and longer. There’s going to be an explosion of these diseases in the future – and the scary part is that we currently have no cures. So we need to follow up on anything that looks promising.”
A follow up study, looking at parvalbumin from another angle, is indeed planned for this autumn. Nathalie Scheers, together with Professor Ingrid Undeland, also of Chalmers, will investigate parvalbumin from herring, and its transport in human tissues.
“It will be very interesting to study how parvalbumin distributes within human tissues in more depth. There could be some really exciting results.”
More About: Fish and Better Neurological Health
The link between higher consumption of fish and better long-term health for the brain has been long established. There is correlation between certain diets and decreased rates of Parkinson’s disease – as well as other neurodegenerative conditions. “Among those who follow a Mediterranean diet, with more fish, one sees lower rates of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s,” says Tony Werner, a PhD student in the Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, and lead researcher on the study. This has also been observed in Japan, where seafood forms a central part of the diet. The team is careful to note that no definite links can be established at this point, however.
More About: Amyloids and Aggregation
Proteins are long chains of amino acids that fold into specific structures to carry out their function. But sometimes, proteins can fold incorrectly, and get tangled up with other proteins, a process known as aggregation.As these misfolded proteins aggregate together, they create long fibrous structures known as amyloids. Amyloids are not necessarily a bad thing, but can be responsible for various diseases. Some of them can interfere with neurons in the brain, killing those cells, and causing a variety of neurodegenerative conditions.
More About: The Study
The study was published in the journal Scientific Reports.
Nathalie Scheers had looked at parvalbumin before in another context.
“I was on a previous study where we looked at possible compliance markers for fish intake. Parvalbumin is a cause of fish allergies, so we knew that it passed over to the blood, and that this form of parvalbumin is specific for fish”
She joined forces with Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede, and together they took the idea forward.
“Because Nathalie had previously shown that parvalbumin passes into the body of the person eating fish, it made sense to study its interaction with human proteins. We already knew that they can meet in the gut, the blood, or the brain,” explains Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede.
Source: Chalmers University
By Xuefei Chen Axelsson
STOCKHOLM, April. 23(Greenpost)—Swedish-Chinese Entrepreneur Association’s Vice President and Executive Manager Zhang Luping signed a Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation with Su Yan, director of Foshan Business Bureau in Stockholm on April 20.
The signing came upon Foshan Mayor Zhu Wei’s visit to Sweden with a business and official delegation. SCEA Vice President Zhang Luping gave a brief introduction of the hosts.
David Lindblom from SCEA gave a brief introduction about Sweden saying that Sweden is an innovative country which has invented many products ranging from match to safety belt, from heart rescue machine to Skyppe and GPS locating system.
Joana Wang gave a brief introduction about SCEA aiming at serving as a bridge between Sweden and China.
Ulf Borbos gave an introduction about science park with one of the project is to find Chinese cooperation partners. Ms Wang serves as interpreter.
Mayor Zhu said he is very much interested in medical care cooperation with Karolinska Institute because in his city, they have achieved full scale urbanization meaning all the people enjoy the same urban medical care system. So they have enough patients for medical research while the medical research environment is very good.
Retired Karolinska Institute Associate Professor in tumor Hu Lifu who is still very active in promoting Sino-Swedish medical cooperation introduced briefly about Karolinska Institutet.
The meeting also involved in two young startup forum founder who aims at helping young people to exchange between China and Sweden. They plan to take Swedish young people to China to visit Shenzhen, Guangzhou or Foshan.
Mayor Zhu welcome all to visit Foshan, the third largest city in Guangdong province, the vanguard of China’s reform and opening up begun in 1978.
Finally Zhang Luping and Su Yan signed the MOU on bilateral cooperation in exchanging business and trade information and providing assistance for each other when needed.
Zhang Yi, vice president of Swedish Chinese Federation was also present at the meeting.
儿童舞蹈 《圣诞舞》， 表演者，俄罗斯娜塔莉儿童舞蹈队。她们还表演了《辣女孩儿》舞蹈。俄罗斯裔少年Artem演奏了小提琴。巴赫曲目Sabastian。
诺贝尔文学奖得主鲍勃迪伦的歌曲，《答案在风中飘荡》，音乐家歌手 Ric Wasserman,自弹自唱，拉师伴奏。
出席文化节的嘉宾还有瑞典高级工程师Tomas Edlar, 瑞典专业外国记者协会的意大利记者Toni Sica, 美国和瑞典记者，音乐家歌手Ric Wasserman, 俄罗斯裔Natali 舞蹈队负责人Natali。
使馆教育处窦春祥参赞主持颁奖仪式。他说，本次获奖同学有来自卡罗林斯卡医学院的吕东昊，张明冬，战义强，沈显力; 来自乌普萨拉大学的田博、吴力川、任毅、白汶松; 来自隆德大学的党君华、李超、林乐心; 来自斯德哥尔摩大学的杨彬; 来自林雪平大学的黄雨青以及来自查尔莫斯理工大学的李昭君。目前，在瑞典有8000多中国学子。