SIWI launches “Water Tank”, platform for future water heroes

by Xuefei Chen Axelsson

Stockholm, o help celebrate the 20th jubilee of the Stockholm Junior Water Prize, SIWI has launched an alumni and accelerator platform for finalists – the Water Tank. The platform aims to help finalists turn projects into practice, with support from advisors and organisations from the global water community.

For 20 years, the Stockholm Junior Water Prize competition has engaged thousands of young people (age 15-20), who design water-related projects of environmental, scientific, social or technological significance. The international final is held in Stockholm during World Water Week. Participating in the competition has changed the paths of many of the finalists and winners.

Through the establishment of the Water Tank, SIWI, together with partners Xylem and Raincoat Foundation, help finalists to connect with the SIWI and World Water Week community and get the guidance, input and support needed to commercialize their projects. Open to all Stockholm Junior Water Prize finalists from the last 20 years, it will also be a great tool for finding water talent.

The platform provides opportunities for more seasoned professionals to participate as advisors or mentors. There are also many ways organizations can support this initiative.

The Water Tank is launched in conjunction with World Water Week and the 20th jubilee of the Stockholm Junior Water Prize.

World Water Week experts call for green water usage in Africa

Stockholm, August 30(Greenpost)–Water and climate experts have called for a Green Water Initiative in Africa, as part of a Water Revolution in Africa for alleviating hunger on the continent and meeting the Sustainable Development Goals.

“Large parts of the world are struggling to adapt to a drier reality, but challenges are especially dire in Africa’s drylands. Africa’s climate is its Achilles Heel”, said Professor Malin Falkenmark, Senior Scientific Advisor to Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI) at the beginning of the World Water Week.

In the water-scarce regions of sub-Saharan Africa (mainly consisting of savannah), direct management of scarce rainfall must form an integral part of the development agenda,

Green water refers to the part of the rain that infiltrates into, and is stored in, the soil.

At the onset of World Water Week, a group of world-renowned hydro-climate experts said that rainwater harvesting and other green water management methods, are key to alleviating hunger in sub-Saharan Africa and meeting the Sustainable Development Goals.

 

Johan Rockström, Director of Stockholm Resilience Center and  Johan Kuylenstierna, Director of Stockholm Environment Institute, Charles J. Vörösmarty and Torgny Holmgren from SIWI attended the  Malin Falkenmark Symposium at World Water Week.

The vast drylands encircling the Congo Basin are home to some 750 million people, a number that is expected to increase to 1.6 billion in the next 35 years. Meanwhile, agricultural yields in this region are very low, on average around one tonne per hectare, as a result of frequent droughts.

The group said that to meet the Sustainable Development Goal 2 (End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture), Africa needs a Triple Green Revolution: green for productive use of green water, green for intensification and enhanced food production, and green for sustainability and building water resilience in watersheds.

Rain, the scientists said, is the ultimate water source in dryland agriculture, as the limited blue water (such as rivers and streams) will be needed for increased urban water supply, industry and energy production.

They suggest rainwater harvesting systems that can offer supplementary irrigation, harvested from slopes and valley bottoms and stored in ponds or dams for use during dry spells and drought periods.

To finance the initiative, the group proposed a Water Harvesting Innovation Fund for Africa, to build water resilience for food security and human well-being.

“Initiatives like the Green Water Initiative in Africa, within the framework of the 2030 Agenda is of great importance if we will have any chance of realizing the Sustainable Development Goals. I hope to see some concrete response to this call,” said SIWI’s Executive Director Torgny Holmgren.

斯德哥尔摩水奖得主在水周发表动人演讲

北欧绿色邮报网现场报道(记者陈雪霏)--斯德哥尔摩水奖得主琼.罗斯(Joan Rose)29日在2016世界水周发表动人演讲。

她说,什么时候让她非常动情呢?是水污染造成的严重后果,很多人因为水污染而得肾病,很多人因为水污染得各种疾病而住院。这是让她感觉非常痛心的。

她的专业是寄生虫,工程师,药理师等。

“我们决定用信息技术,把所有的与卫生与健康有关的答案都放到网上,因为我们有知识,有答案,有解决办法。我们知道原因。但是,我们需要人力资源。” 罗斯说。

污染从哪里来的?美国已经有技术检测污染到底是来自人类的厕所,还是养鸡场,该技术已经在尼加拉瓜启用了。

水检测是很昂贵的,建立监测系统是很难的。但是,我们建立了一个世界水系的水文地图。

“我积极推动水诊断的进程。我不认为现在的水系就比过去更安全。我们要进行水诊断,水风险评估,管理和水安全。GWPP系统是全球使用系统,有世界各地的专家。” 罗斯说。

蓝色经济需要很多水问题专家,水利专家,污染专家,也需要投资专家,如何吸引更多投资到水领域。

经合组织秘书长Gurria说水问题是全球问题

北欧绿色邮报网现场报道(记者陈雪霏)--经合组织(OECD)秘书长Angel Gurria29日在2016世界水周开幕式上说,水安全和可持续发展,增加水利投资,促进创新是促进经济可持续增长的关键。

水问题应该被各国政府确立为有很大风险的问题,因此要给予高度重视。

他说,如何解决水的问题,各国也有很多好的做法,例如,在西班牙有反饥饿行动。在荷兰也有水行动。

在发展中国家,2015年依然有三分之一的人没有合适的厕所。

“我们必须认真实施水政策,投资于水安全问题,实施证明,投资水问题是有回报的。”

OECD全球水治理合作组织和世界水投资组织宣布成立。他们是在与世界水资源委员会和荷兰政府合作的情况下成立的。

他引用富兰克林的话说,人们只有在井水干了以后才知道水的价值。

他强调:“执行,执行,执行。” 他进一步解释说,联合国千年发展目标非常明确,有很多详细的指标,非常详细的计划,因此,现在的问题就是要执行这些计划。

他说,人们必须认真面对气候变化问题。

 

瑞典外交大臣说水是世界联系的枢纽

北欧绿色邮报网现场报道(记者陈雪霏)--瑞典外交大臣马约特.瓦尔斯特罗姆29日在世界水周开幕式上说,世界水系是世界联系的枢纽。

“从瑞典北部我的家乡的水到南美,非洲和中东,都是一个水系,从水资源的内部系统来讲,可以说,水把我们大家都联系在一起。”

她说,目前的世界充满危机和挑战,冲突,不平等,气候变化,都是我们的挑战。例如在叙利亚,马里和苏丹。

干旱,洪水,海水淡化导致我们的饮用水受到威胁。卫生对妇女和女孩的健康有很大影响。在许多国家15岁以下的儿童中大部分是女孩负责在家里打水。

实现联合国千年发展目标第六项对人类健康至关重要。

瑞典致力于实现联合国2030年发展目标。瑞典也致力于多国和多边合作,进行多边对话,包括欧美国家。

巴黎气候协议是实现应对气候变化的框架协议。瑞典积极支持2017年在纽约召开的气候会议。

她呼吁与会者认真讨论,认真学习,把言辞化作行动。水是公正,水是清澈的,不多不少,是上帝赐予我们的礼物。

瑞典实行的是女性外交政策。因为全世界,女孩和妇女都是弱势,男女平等在世界很多地方都还没有实现。例如在发展中国家妇女和儿童没有足够的水使用,尽管她们是找水的主力。

她说,她希望更多的男人应该承担找水,砍柴的任务。

在孟加拉60%妇女工人使用垃圾棉作为卫生巾,结果造成严重感染,影响健康。世界很多地方的女孩和妇女因为没有卫生用品而造成上学和工作受到影响。

因此,水的问题依然是任重而道远。

斯德哥尔摩市长说水是可持续经济增长的基础

北欧绿色邮报网现场报道(记者陈雪霏)--斯德哥尔摩市长karin Wanngård29日在世界水周开幕式上说,水是可持续经济增长的基础。

Wanngård说,斯德哥尔摩是一座建在水上的城市。水是人们与外界联系的纽带。70年前,由于工业化,斯德哥尔摩的水也曾被严重污染过。但是,经过多年的努力,现在,斯德哥尔摩的水是非常干净的。瑞典投入大量资金进行污水处理,现在依然在这个领域大量投资。

她说,斯德哥尔摩致力于可持续发展和创新,致力于为人们提供纯净水,呼吸新鲜空气。

她说,瑞典的污水都被收集起来,经过处理以后再重新利用。

 

如何治疗便秘?

  功能性便秘患者需要进行规范的经验性治疗

第一,改变生活习惯。比如喝水,要求每天喝1500到2000毫升水;还有就是食用纤维够不够多,比如说平时要多吃长纤维的芹菜、韭菜、菠菜,红薯等;同时,对于老年人和不太运动的人要适当的加强运动。

 第二,建立正常的排便习惯。每天要定时、定点。一般来说最好的排便时间是早晨起来。早上一起来,肠道就运动了,如果再喝点水,就会引起肠道结肠运动的增加,这时排便比较容易。有的人早上着急上班,或是送完孩子回去睡懒觉,那就可以选择在餐后一个小时以后排便。所以,要想保持肠道的健康,一定要建立良好的排便习惯,只有建立良好的排便习惯,才能真正的解决便秘的问题,这是最重要的。

  第三,临床有很多药物可以治疗慢性便秘,比如泻剂(容积性泻剂、渗透性泻剂和刺激性泻剂)、促动力剂、促分泌药、灌肠药和栓剂等。患者一定要注意药物的选择。比如果导片、麻仁丸、泻药、芦荟、或养颜排毒的一些保健品,里面的成分可能都含有刺激性泻药的成分。长期吃刺激性泻药会造成结肠黑变病,结肠变黑。

便秘患者最好不要乱吃保健品,因为有些便秘是不适合吃保健品的.

通过洗澡赶走6种小病

饭前30分钟洗,增强食欲

苏云明表示,胃口不好、食欲不振的人可有意识地在饭前30分钟洗澡,用热水刺激胃部,待身体暖和后,再用温水在胸口周围喷水,每冲5秒休息1分钟,重复5次。

冲洗重点部位,减轻身体疼痛

对于风寒、血淤造成的慢性肌肉损伤、局部僵硬疼痛等问题,可以在洗澡时多加几个动作。张湖德介绍,淋浴时以40度的热水在疼痛部位喷上10分钟左右,特别是容易疼痛的如头、肩和腰等部位,可以边冲边做舒展运动,前后左右转动,可逐渐打通血淤,促进血液循环。

因提重物或受撞击而闪了腰的人,伤后不宜马上洗澡,否则会加剧疼痛。应于疼痛缓解后,在40度的热水中泡10-20分钟,有助于消炎止痛。因肾气不足造成其他原因的腰痛可用热水在腰部来回冲浴,并适当做做腰部屈伸运动,也可得到缓解。

洗澡时大口呼吸,缓解便秘

可以用手掌在腹部按顺时针方向按摩,同时腹部一鼓一收地大口呼吸,并重点淋浴腹部,可增进气血流动,加强血液循环,有缓解便秘和防治痔疮的效果。

热水里加生姜,祛除寒气

许多女性及体寒的人经常会全身发冷,手脚容易冰冷、麻木,甚至在夏天也不例外。在有空时可多泡泡澡,并在热水中加入生姜,能促进血液循环,让身体暖和起来。

搓搓脸洗掉疲劳

劳累了一天后,在洗澡时搓搓脸,热水能更好地刺激这些神经,在摩擦和水温双重作用下,面部血管遇热扩张变粗,血液循环加快,舒展表情肌,可促进新陈代谢,保持面部的紧实红润,长期坚持可防止面神经炎、视力减退。

按摩脚,缓解疲劳、浮肿

脚上神经密集,洗澡时重点刺激各部位反射区,能够促进新陈代谢正常运作。

可以先用40度的热水从脚尖往脚背来回冲浴,然后针对性地冲脚踝和脚掌心部位各3分钟后,再用低温冷水冲同一地方约10秒钟,同时脚部边冲边活动,重复数次后以达到刺激穴位,通畅气血的作用。

US Vice President Joe Biden visits Sweden

STOCKHOLM, Aug. 25(Greenpost)–On Thursday 25 August, Prime Minister Stefan Löfven will receive Vice President of the United States Joe Biden. Sweden and the United States enjoy close and good relations. Vice President Biden’s visit is an expression of this, with a view to continuing to deepen the already broad cooperation with the US. This cooperation was manifested earlier this year in the US-Nordic Leaders’ Summit held in Washington in May.

Global responsibility for migration and refugees is another key point on the agenda. The Swedish Government takes the position that the global refugee situation is a global responsibility, not the responsibility of a few individual countries.

Current bilateral and international issues as well as global challenges will be discussed at the meeting. A key agenda point for both the US and Sweden is the issue of global responsibility for migration and refugees.

Sweden and the United States have close and good relations, which was manifested not least by the Nordic-American Summit in Washington in May. The meeting in Stockholm is important for continuing to deepen the already broad cooperation with the US.

“I look forward to welcoming Vice President Joe Biden to Sweden. The relations between Sweden and the US have rarely been as good as they are now, and I see his visit as an expression of this,” says Mr Löfven.

Meanwhile,  the U.S. Government announced that Sweden will co-host the Leaders’ Summit on the Global Refugee Crisis, initiated by President Barack Obama. The Summit, to be held in New York in September, aims to work for a global division of responsibility for the world’s refugee situation. Sweden was invited to participate as a co-host, together with Canada, Ethiopia, Germany, Jordan and Mexico, according to a statement from Swedish government office.

“It became clear following the US-Nordic Leaders’ Summit in Washington that the US would like to see Sweden as one of the co-hosts of the Summit. This is recognition of the line that the Government is pursuing – that responsibility for the refugee situation in the world is global,” says Prime Minister Stefan Löfven.

The summit, to be held on 20 September, will be hosted by President Barack Obama, together with the heads of state or government from the co-hosting states.

“I am pleased to have strong allies in the struggle to ensure that more countries contribute to helping the 60 million people who have been forced to flee; it cannot be the responsibility of only a few countries to offer protection and help,” says Mr Löfven.

Iceland bank increases interest rate by half a percent

Stockholm, Aug. 24(Greenpost)–The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Central Bank of Iceland has decided to lower the Bank’s interest rates by 0.5 percentage points. The Bank’s key interest rate – the rate on seven-day term deposits – will therefore be 5.25%, according to a statement reaching here from Rekjavik.

Statement of the Monetary Policy Committee 24 August 2016

According to the Central Bank’s updated forecast as published in the most recent Monetary Bulletin, the outlook is for somewhat stronger output growth this year than was forecast in May, or 4.9%, followed by robust growth in 2017. In spite of large pay increases and a wider positive output gap, inflation has remained below target for two-and-a-half years.

In July it measured 1.1%, the lowest inflation rate since the beginning of 2015. Improved terms of trade, low global inflation, tight monetary policy, and the appreciation of the króna have offset the effects of wage increases on the price level. The króna has appreciated markedly in the recent term, in spite of substantial foreign currency purchases by the Central Bank.

The inflation outlook has improved since the Bank’s last forecast. If the exchange rate remains unchanged, the outlook is for inflation to remain below target until early 2017. According to the forecast, it will edge upwards when import prices stop declining and the effects of the currency appreciation subside. Inflation will rise more slowly than previously forecast, however, and will not be as high as was previously projected. If the exchange rate continues to rise, and other things being equal, inflation will be lower than is provided for in the baseline forecast.

Tight monetary policy has contained demand for credit and led to increased saving, thereby supporting a larger current account surplus and a stronger króna. Alongside favourable external conditions, monetary policy has therefore led to lower inflation and recently to a better alignment of inflation expectations to the target. For the same reasons, real interest rates have risen somewhat more in the recent term than was provided for in the Bank’s previous forecasts based on an unchanged exchange rate.

There are indications that monetary policy has been more successful than was expected earlier this year. As a result, it appears that it will be possible to keep inflation at target over the medium term with a lower interest rate than was previously considered necessary. The likelihood of increased macroeconomic imbalances and the uncertainty associated with capital account liberalisation argue for caution in interest rate setting, however. Whether interest rates will be lowered further or need to be raised again will depend on economic developments and on the success of the capital account liberalisation process.

 

社会发展滞后 联合国报告警示中国

 北欧绿色邮报网报道(编辑陈雪霏)--联合国开发计划署发布报告称,中国经济在过去几十年间快速增长,但社会政策发展方面相对滞后,城乡之间、区域之间、不同群体之间的不平等问题较为突出,并提出“包容性发展”的建议。
联合国开发计划署与国务院发展研究中心联合发布了《2016中国人类发展报告》。 UNDP官网
改革开放三十余年,中国经济获得了快速增长,但在社会政策发展方面相对滞后,这主要表现为城乡之间、区域之间收入差距扩大,农民工随迁子女入学难,农村医疗设施落后等问题。

  2016年8月21日下午,联合国开发计划署与国务院发展研究中心联合发布了《2016中国人类发展报告》,报告以“人类发展指数”为依据,针对中国经济增长、社会进步及政治文明的状况展开分析,并提出“包容性发展”的建议。

据联合国助理秘书长、联合国开发计划署助理署长兼亚太局局长徐浩良介绍,“人类发展指数”是联合国开发计划署于1990年开发和使用的,用来衡量某一地区或国家的经济社会发展水平的综合性指标,包括经济收入、健康状况、受教育水平这三方面内容。

从1980年到2014年,中国人类发展指数持续增长,逐渐接近甚至超过世界平均水平。2014年,中国人类发展指数达到0.727,在188个国家(地区)中列第90位,这意味着中国已进入高人类发展水平国家组。

但在经济快速增长的同时,报告表示,中国在相当一段时期内,没有建立比较有效的财税政策体系,社会改革和调整滞后,导致城乡之间、区域之间、不同群体之间社会权利的不平等。

全国31省份中,北京的人类发展指数最高,为0.869,西藏最低,为0.600,最高者比最低者高出44.8%。报告分析称,北京和上海已经步入了极高人类发展水平,与西班牙不相上下;而人类发展水平最低的西藏仅和不丹接近。

对比农村和城市的健康状况,报告表示,城乡的健康差距正持续缩小,但绝对差距仍然较大。比如,2014年农村婴儿死亡率和5岁以下儿童死亡率是城市的2倍多,且许多农村儿童因营养不良,发育迟缓。

在教育方面,中国虽已普及了义务教育,但仍存在不同群体之间的不平等。一方面,农民工随迁子女在试图进入流入地的公办学校时,面临诸多障碍,另一方面,高等教育机会的不平等没有明显改善,农村地区、贫困家庭的年轻人在获得高等教育机会及其后续就业中处于不利地位。

未来随着老龄化趋势日益加剧,中国经济和财政增速趋缓,以及城镇化的持续发展,报告认为,中国必须针对多个领域的不平等现象采取措施,建立社会投资型的社会政策体系,扩大社会领域的支出规模,重点支持教育和医疗卫生领域的包容性发展。

国务院发展研究中心公共管理与人力资源研究所所长贡森声称,中国经济发展速度虽然趋缓,但还是可以“开源节流”,拿出一部分投资到民生领域,“节流”指控制不合理的支出,“开源”则指征收房产税等税收政策。

此外,报告还表示,目前在中国,公众参与公共政策和社会监督的渠道比较有限,听证会、网上征求意见等渠道流于形式,这导致了公众与社会服务提供者之间的矛盾,为此应大力发展公益性、互益性社会组织,强化对权力的约束和问责。

来源:财新网

评论:赞女排精神

北欧绿色邮报网评论 陈雪霏

中国女子的办事向来是干练的,干脆的。不象男子的足球磨磨叽叽的。

看到很多人都评论女排精神。我也情不自禁地想说两句,说白了,就是女人做事情实实在在,没有太多的虚伪,面子,该怎么做就怎么做。不但女排做得好,其实女足也不赖。

但是中国依然是男人的天下,男人占有资源和权力。事实上,很多女企业家也是很成功的。所以,我真心为女排感到自豪,为铁榔头的英明领导感到自豪。也为广大女排队员感到自豪!

90后更厉害!

号码 队员名 背衫名 出生日期 身高(cm) 所属俱乐部(2015-2016赛季) 场上位置
1 袁心玥 YUAN X.Y. 1996年12月21日(19岁) 201 中国 深圳八一女排 副攻
2 朱婷 ZHU T. 1994年11月29日(21岁) 195 土耳其 瓦基弗银行女排 主攻
3 杨方旭 YANG F.X. 1994年10月6日(21岁) 190 中国 山东体彩女排 接应
6 龚翔宇 GONG X.Y. 1997年4月21日(19岁) 187 中国 江苏中天钢铁女排 接应
7 魏秋月 WEI Q.Y. 1988年9月26日(27岁) 182 中国 天津普利司通女排 二传
9 张常宁 ZHANG C.N. 1995年11月6日(20岁) 193 中国 江苏中天钢铁女排 主攻/接应
10 刘晓彤 LIU X.T. 1990年2月16日(26岁) 188 中国 北京汽车女排 主攻
11 徐云丽 XU Y.L. 1987年8月2日(29岁) 196 中国 福建阳光城女排 副攻
12 惠若琪 HUI R.Q. 1991年3月4日(25岁) 192 中国 江苏中天钢铁女排 主攻(队长)
15 林莉 LIN L. 1992年7月5日(24岁) 171 中国 福建阳光城女排 自由人
16 丁霞 DING X. 1990年1月13日(26岁) 180 中国 辽宁大连金普新区女排 二传
17 颜妮 YAN N. 1987年3月2日(29岁) 192 中国 辽宁大连金普新区女排 副攻

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