瑞典大选进行时:怎样了解大选情况

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 了解瑞典大选的过程也是了解瑞典政治生态的时候,因此,借此机会多了解了解。人们可以听收音机,因为不同的领导人要在广播中阐明他们的观点。

也可以看电视,各个电视台都要给领导人辩论的机会。当然,北欧绿色邮报网也可以去采访。但是,第一步,还是请大家关注广播电视,可以练习瑞典语,也可以了解瑞典政治经济和社会。因为每个政党所代表的正是各自的领域。

事实上,在瑞典境外工作的人,已经于8月16日在大使馆进行了投票。8月22日,也已经有一部分需要提前投票的人投了票。最后投票日期是9月9日一整天。

选举结果将在一个星期之后公布。因为瑞典的计票方式依然保留过去的传统,人工计票,人工查票。

各大党派辩论的时间表如下:

13–22 aug: Sveriges Radios partiledarutfrågningar i P1 Morgon.

14–31 aug: Partiledarintervjuer i Sveriges Radios Morgonpasset i P3.

19 aug: Miljöpartiet i SVT:s partiledarutfrågning.

21 aug: Socialdemokraterna i SVT:s partiledarutfrågning.

23 aug: Vänsterpartiet i SVT:s partiledarutfrågning.

26 aug: Centerpartiet i SVT:s partiledarutfrågning.

27 aug: Aftonbladets partiledardebatt.

28 aug: Liberalerna i SVT:s partiledarutfrågning.

29 aug: Slutdebatt med samtliga åtta riksdagspartier Sveriges Radios P1.

30 aug: Moderaterna i SVT:s partiledarutfrågning.

31 aug: Duell mellan Löfven och Kristersson i SVT.

2 sep: Sverigedemokraterna i SVT:s partiledarutfrågning.

2 sep: Slutduell mellan statsminister och oppositionsledare i Sveriges Radios P1.

3 sep: Partiledarutfrågning med S, M, KD och MP i TV4.

4 sep: Partiledarutfrågning med C, SD, V och L i TV4.

6 sep: Partiledardebatt i TV4.

7 sep: Slutdebatt i SVT.

今日头条:桂从友大使会见瑞典记者研讨大选情况

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 中国驻瑞典大使桂从友17日在使馆会见瑞典晚报资深时政记者主编安德斯.林德贝、瑞典专业外国记者协会会长北欧绿色邮报网主编陈雪霏和墨西哥驻瑞典资深时政记者侯海.纳瓦鲁及夫人墨西哥使馆副馆长奥拉,一起讨论瑞典大选情况。

桂大使首先对记者们的到来表示欢迎,他说,他也十分关注瑞典的大选情况,希望了解更多情况。同时,他强调中国非常重视同瑞典的关系,在很多问题上有共识。希望通过深入了解,进一步加深相互理解和友谊。

会见期间,主讲人是林德贝。林德贝年轻时是社民党青年联合会主席,后来,在社民党党委工作过。现在是时政主编。以其丰富的经历和经验,林德贝介绍了瑞典各个党派在大选中的情况,对各个政党的形势进行了分析,让人了解到瑞典历次大选过程中的特殊情况和一般情况,使人对瑞典的政治民主制度有一定深入地了解。

他说,本次大选是最难预测的一次大选,除了极右翼民主党外,其他政党的支持率都面临下降的趋势,民调显示,社民党支持率是24.3%,民主党支持率20%,温和党支持率19%。温和党支持率低于20%,为大选结果增加了更多变数。

同时,无论媒体还是政府,似乎对民主党的能量都有所低估。不过他认为,无论如何民主党不可能成为最大党,但成为第二大党是有可能的。

他说,由于各种民调采取的是各种不同的标准,所以非常难判断大选的情况。但是,目前看,今年夏天的炎热天气是气候变化的一个重要特征,这种现象使得几乎要出局的环境党支持率开始上升。人们还是很关注环境和气候变化问题的。

他说,瑞典今年大选的情况和四年前很相似,由于民主党进入议会,使得执政的社民党成为少数议席政府,结果很多政策,尤其是财政预算都很难通过,政府效率大打折扣。他担心今年这种情况有可能继续。

不过他认为,瑞典在外交政策方面不会有太大的变动,瑞典的议会还是比较强大的,因此,无论谁执政,似乎也不会出什么大问题。

距离大选还有三个星期,是否还有更多变数,人们只能耐心等待。因为还会有几场电视和网络直播的辩论。

瑞典两大阵营主要是指红绿联合的执政党,社民党,党首是勒文。环境党党首是略文和福罗德林联合主席,还有左翼党。

联盟党是指温和党,党首是克里斯特松,中间党,党首是年轻女子安妮霍夫,自由党,党首是杨.别克伦德和基督教民主党,党首也是女的,Ebba.

瑞典从2006年开始先是这后边四个党组成的联合政府执政八年。2014年社民党领导的红绿联盟执政,至今四年。中间他们还进行了额外选举,才稳固了自己的地位。目前社民党的支持率依然领先,依然是最大的政党,但是支持率在下降。

林德贝认为,如果社民党好好动员,让所有的社民党党员都出来投票,估计其支持率还是可以上升一些的。

这次大选的情形也有可能有些人口是心非,虽然嘴上不说,但是暗地里可能投其他党的票。这也可以通过民调与实际结果的对照分析出来。但无论如何,两大阵营都很难获得多数席位。而民主党的支持率上升彻底改变了瑞典的政治传统和生态。

民主党党首吉米.欧克松在最近一次专访中非常自信地说,民主党肯定会获得多数,但如果得不了多数,即使只是20%,他们也不会感到失望。

但林德贝担心的是,这种情况会使得瑞典政治发生系统性危机。

期间,记者问到哥德堡附近最近发生的烧车事件,林德贝说,他认为这就是一次犯罪案件,是犯罪分子抗击警察的事件,如果真的发现和右翼党有关,他会很惊讶。他不认为这和大选有什么关系。这次事件和2013年的胡斯比骚乱相类似,它是一些郊区小城,本来存在一些犯罪分子,例如倒卖毒品的年轻人,警察试图在清理他们。为了报复,他们串联一起,在四个城镇作案烧车,有的还袭击警察,投掷石块。

在上次选举中,社民党的主打政策是提高就业率。现在也确实增加了几十万人的就业。现在的重点是打击犯罪。到最后,也可能是难民问题的政策讨论会影响大选结果。民主党主张严格控制难民涌入。

社民党去年已经开始执行欧盟的难民接受政策,达到了历史最低点,今年政策继续。

温和党主张减税,让企业得到更好地发展,自由党注重教育,中间党注重未来,基督教民主党关注家庭,环境党关注环境和气候变化。社民党关注安全,民主党关注难民政策,他们不希望来太多难民或移民。左翼党主张勤俭节约,反对大房子大车的享乐主义。

瑞典议会总共有349个席位,只有超过175个席位才是多数。但目前没有任何政党或者阵营能够达到多数,因此,瑞典大选存在太多变数。

参加会见讨论的还有使馆政务处主任陈季良和三秘李柯等。

 

 

Ambassador Gui Congyou has a written interview with Green Post

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Aug.18(Greenpost)– Chinese Ambassador to Sweden Gui Congyou has accepted a written interview with the Chinese-English language media in Sweden Green Post or greenpost.se upon his one year anniversary of working in Sweden. The following is the full text of the interview.

Ambassador Gui Congyou (left) and Swedish Parliament Speaker Alin(Right).

Q: Dear Mr. Ambassador Gui Congyou, August 18 is the first anniversary of your work in Sweden. Over the past year, it is well-known that you have paid a visit to the Swedish king, met the parliament speaker and many Swedish government officials, you even went to the Swedish countryside and farms, from south to north, from east to west, you have visited many places and visited many people. In summary, what is your impression of Sweden?

Ambassador Gui: Sweden has beautiful environment, developed economy and Swedish people are highly educated. Sweden is a world leader especially in the field of technological innovation and green development. The Swedish people are very friendly and they are friendly to China too. This has impressed me very much. Sweden’s development achievements are driven by innovation, green and sustainable development, and open to competition. In the process of economic globalisation, the spirit of innovation and openness has enabled Sweden to absorb enormous energy and play a key role in promoting national economic and social development.
The current international situation is undergoing a complex evolution, and economic globalization is advancing in twists and turns. Sweden, like many countries, faces some challenges including helping immigrants integrate into society, responding to terrorist threats and combating organized crime. I believe that the Swedish government and people have the wisdom and ability to solve these problems and achieve better economic and social development.

Q: Since the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Sweden in 1950, bilateral relations have made great progress in all aspects. Based on that, in your opinion, which areas should see further cooperation between China and Sweden?

Ambassador Gui: Since the establishment of diplomatic ties 68 years ago, Sino-Swedish relations have developed smoothly and achieved a series of results. In recent years, there have been frequent exchanges at various levels and in various fields between the two countries, and pragmatic cooperation in areas such as technological innovation, energy conservation and environmental protection, clean energy, smart cities, food safety, and life sciences has continued to deepen.

In 2017, Sino-Swedish trade increased by 35% to a record high of 15 billion US dollars; the cultural exchanges between the two countries have become increasingly close, and the total number of Chinese students in Sweden has exceeded 8,000. The majority of the Swedish people are friendly to China, and the government and business community are hoping to expand cooperation with China.

At today’s new starting point, the two countries have greater potential for cooperation. The development concepts of China and Sweden are compatible. It was in Sweden that the concept of sustainable development was proposed to the world in 1972, and is a world leading player in the fields of innovation, green development and environmental protection. China is also vigorously practicing innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing new development concepts. Sweden is a world leader in innovation and sustainable development, and Sweden’s successful development experience contributes to China’s high quality development. China and Sweden have identical positions in supporting free trade, opposing protectionism, and tackling climate change.

Both China and Sweden love peace and resolutely oppose war and the use of force or threat to use force in international relations. Both have made important contributions to the international peacekeeping cause. We can also carry out in-depth cooperation in safeguarding world peace and promoting political solutions to hot issues in international arena.
Overall, I believe China and Sweden have a good foundation and broad prospect for further cooperation. The expansion of cooperation between the two countries can fully achieve the effect of “1+1>2”.

Q: Next year will be the 70th anniversary of the founding of China. The following year marks the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Sweden. What are you going to do in the process?

Ambassador Gui: In the next two years, we shall usher the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China and the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Sweden. This will bring new historic opportunities for Sino-Swedish friendly exchanges and cooperation. We look forward to working with our Swedish friends to consolidate the traditional friendship between the two countries through a series of celebrations, actively promote dialogue and exchanges between the two sides in various fields, and transform the potential of cooperation into real new achievements based on the existing cooperation results. It will benefit the people of both countries and promote the common development and prosperity of the two countries. In the past year, I have had extensive contacts with friends from all walks of life in Sweden and found that they all want to know about China. But after all, the two countries are far away from each other and exchanges are not enough. Some Swedish friends and media people still don’t know much about China, and have never been to China. Very few Swedish media have also pointed out their opinions on China, and even looked at China now with their preoccupied view point formed 40 or 50 years ago. My task is to introduce an objective, true and comprehensive Sweden to the Chinese people, introduce an objective, true and comprehensive China to the Swedish people, promote friendly exchanges and cooperation between our two countries, and build friendly exchange and cooperation bridges between the two peoples. My colleagues and I did exactly that and achieved good results. We hope that with the 70th National Day and the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Sweden, more Swedish friends are welcome to visit China, especially to expand the exchanges between the two sides, and to enhance mutual understanding, friendship and trust. Promote further development of China-Sweden relations and cooperation in various fields to create a positive and favorable atmosphere.

Q: Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed the “Belt and Road Initiative”. In your opinion, between China and Sweden and even between China and the Nordic countries, how can we find a match in the “Belt and Road” initiative? What are the Chinese needs for Sweden? What needs or supplies can China provide? Is there any other cooperation framework?

Ambassador Gui: The “Belt and Road” is an important international cooperation initiative proposed by President Xi Jinping. The core of the project is to interconnect the infrastructure and provides complementary advantages, promote mutually beneficial cooperation and achieve common development. The “Belt and Road” is not a unilateral imposition of China’s cooperation plan on other countries. It is not something too special. It is linked to the development strategy of the participants and is jointly discussed with other countries to formulate a cooperative construction plan. The “Belt and Road” is not a Marshall Plan. It is not China’s unilateral funding to assist other countries, but China’s joint ventures with other countries.

The results of the “Belt and Road” are not exclusive to the Chinese, but shared with the participating and partner countries. The “Belt and Road” is not a geopolitical tool, because the basic principle of China’s foreign policy is not to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries and not to engage in spheres of influence. The “Belt and Road” is not just a bilateral cooperation between China and other countries. China has carried out relevant cooperation with other countries and welcomes third parties and even more parties to participate. The “Belt and Road” is not just a one-way cooperation between China and other countries outside China. It also welcomes foreign governments and enterprises to carry out, expand and deepen cooperation with China inside China.

The “Belt and Road” is not far from northern Europe. As early as 1739, Sweden’s famous “Götheborg” voyage to China, opening the voyage between China and Sweden and the Nordic Maritime Silk Road. In November last year, the first Sino-European train between Nordic region of Kovala, Finland, and Xi’an began operation to connect the Nordic and Asian continents.
As the first Western country to establish diplomatic relations with China and the largest economy in Northern Europe, Sweden has unique advantages and broad prospects for participating in the “Belt and Road”. Sweden has always supported free trade, advocated open development, and advocated green innovation, which is highly compatible with the concept of “Belt and Road”. Swedish companies are internationally leading in infrastructure, equipment manufacturing, smart cities and green transportation. It is hoped that the Swedish friends will seize the important opportunities brought about by China’s opening up to the outside world and use the “Belt and Road” as a platform to push the pragmatic cooperation between China and Sweden to a new level.

Q: You have showned great care about overseas Chinese in the past year. In the future, what are your hopes for overseas Chinese in Sweden?

Ambassador Gui: Under the leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, the Chinese people are united and actively strive for the Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Overseas Chinese are an important force in achieving this great goal. Over the past year, I have worked with all the staff of the Embassy to resolutely implement the policies of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China on overseas Chinese and Chinese living in Sweden, and implement the overseas Huiqiao project so that the motherland can develop and strengthen the dividends to benefit every overseas Chinese. For a long time, the overseas Chinese in Sweden have actively integrated into the local society and made important contributions to the economic and social development of Sweden. I would like to take this opportunity to extend my cordial greetings and best wishes to the overseas Chinese.

China’s development is at a new historical starting point. China is gradually approaching the center of the world stage, and is approaching the Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation and has the unprecedented ability and confidence to achieve this goal. It is hoped that the overseas Chinese will continue to firmly support the great cause of the motherland’s reunification, maintaining social stability, firmly support the country’s strong development and China-Sweden friendly cooperation, and resolutely oppose any people engaged in anti-China separatist activities in any form or in any way to split our country and contribute to the Chinese dream of great rejuvenation of our nation.

Meanwhile, I hope that the overseas Chinese in Sweden will continue to actively participate in the economic and social development in Sweden and closely follow the steps of innovation and development, and better integrate personal development with Swedish development. It is also hoped that the overseas Chinese in Sweden will actively cooperate in the fields of Sino-Swedish innovation and environmental protection, put up forward your suggestions and proposals, and vigorously promote the non-governmental and cultural exchanges between the two countries, and make greater contributions to consolidating the social and public diplomacy of Sino-Swedish friendly relations and cooperation.

My colleagues and I are willing to continue to maintain close ties with the vast number of overseas Chinese and listen to their opinions and suggestions on how to further promote the development of China-Sweden friendly and cooperative relations.

今日头条:桂从友大使接受北欧绿色邮报网书面专访

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 今天8月18日是中国驻瑞典大使桂从友履职一周年纪念日。在此北欧绿色邮报网主编陈雪霏对桂大使进行了书面专访。全文如下:

问:尊敬的桂从友大使您好!8月18日是您来瑞典履职一周年。在过去的一年里,有目共睹,您是上到瑞典国王,议会和政府,下到瑞典农村和农场,从南到北,从东到西,走访了很多地方,访问了很多人。总结起来,您对瑞典的印象如何?

桂大使:瑞典环境优美、经济发达、国民素质高,特别是在科技创新和绿色发展领域世界领先。瑞典民众和蔼友善,对华友好,给我留下了深刻印象。瑞典的发展成就得益于坚持创新、绿色和可持续发展,秉持开放发展。在经济全球化进程中,创新、开放精神使瑞典吸收了巨大能量,为促进国家经济社会发展发挥了关键作用。

当前国际形势复杂演变,经济全球化在曲折中推进。瑞典同不少国家一样,也面临一些挑战,包括帮助移民融入社会、应对恐怖主义威胁、打击有组织犯罪等。相信瑞典政府和人民有智慧、有能力解决好这些问题,实现国家与社会更好发展。

问:中瑞建交68年来,两国关系在各个方面都取得了不小的进步。那站在这个起点上,您认为中瑞之间的进一步合作应该重点放在哪些领域?

桂大使:建交68年来,中瑞关系顺利发展,取得一系列成果。近年来,两国各层级、各领域交往频繁,科技创新、节能环保、清洁能源、智慧城市、食品安全、生命科学等领域务实合作不断深化。2017年中瑞贸易增幅35%,达创纪录的150亿美元;两国人文交流日益密切,在瑞典的中国留学生总数已突破8000人。

瑞典广大民众对华友好,政府和工商企业界都希望扩大对华合作。在当今新的历史起点上,两国合作潜力更大。中瑞两国发展理念契合。瑞典1972年在世界上第一个提出了可持续发展的理念,在创新、绿色发展、环保等领域都处于世界领先水平。中国也在大力践行创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享新发展理念。瑞典是世界创新和可持续发展的领跑者,瑞典的成功发展经验有助于中国的高质量发展。在支持自由贸易、反对保护主义、应对气候变化方面,中瑞两国立场也完全一致。

中瑞两国都热爱和平,都坚决反对战争,坚决反对在国际关系中动辄使用武力或以武力相威胁。中瑞都为国际维和事业作出了重要贡献。我们两国在维护世界和平、推动国际地区热点问题政治解决上也可以开展深入合作。

总之,中瑞开展合作基础好,前景广。两国扩大合作完全可以起到“1+1>2”的效果。

问:明年就是中国建国70周年,后年是中瑞建交70周年。在这个过程中,您打算做哪些事情?

桂大使:明后年我们将先后迎来中华人民共和国建国70周年和中瑞建交70周年,这将给中瑞友好交流合作带来新的历史性机遇。我们期待与瑞方朋友一道,通过举办一系列庆祝活动,巩固两国传统友谊,积极推进双方各领域对话交流,在现有合作成果基础上,将合作潜力转化为实实在在的新成果,更好惠及两国人民,促进两国共同发展繁荣。

到任一年来,我同瑞典各界朋友广泛接触交流,发现他们都希望了解中国。但毕竟两国相距遥远,交流还不够。一些瑞典朋友和媒体人士对中国还不太了解,也没有去过中国,极少数瑞典媒体还对中国指手画脚、评头论足,甚至用四、五十年前的眼光看现在的中国。我的任务就是向中国人民介绍一个客观真实全面的瑞典,向瑞典人民介绍一个客观真实全面的中国,推动我们两国间的友好交流与合作,在中瑞两国人民之间架起友好交流合作的桥梁。我和我的同事正是这么做的,也取得了良好成果。

我们希望以70周年国庆和中瑞建交70周年为契机,欢迎更多的瑞方朋友多到中国走走看看,特别是扩大双方民间和媒体交流,增进相互了解、理解、友谊与信任,为促进中瑞关系进一步发展和各领域合作营造积极有利的氛围。

问:中国国家主席习近平提出了“一带一路”倡议,您觉得中瑞之间乃至中国和北欧之间,怎样才能在“一带一路”倡议方面找到切合点呢?中方对瑞典有哪些需求?能提供哪些需求或供给?是否还有其他合作框架?

桂大使:“一带一路”是习近平主席提出的重要国际合作倡议,其核心是以基础设施互联互通为主线,发挥互补优势,促进互利合作,实现共同发展。

“一带一路”不是中方单方面把自己的合作计划强加给他国,不是另起炉灶,而是与参与方的发展战略对接,和其他国家共同商讨制定合作建设计划。“一带一路”也不是马歇尔计划,不是中方单方面出资援助其他国家,而是中国与其他国家合资合力共建。“一带一路”成果不是中方独占,而是与参与方、合作国共享。“一带一路”更不是什么地缘政治工具,因为中国外交政策的基本原则是不干涉其他国家内政,不搞势力范围。“一带一路”不只是中国与他国开展双边合作,中国与他国开展相关合作,欢迎第三方甚至更多方共同参与。“一带一路”也不只是中国单向到境外搞务实合作,同时也欢迎外国政府和企业到中国开展、扩大、深化合作。

“一带一路”离北欧并不遥远。早在1739年,瑞典著名的“哥德堡号”就远航中国,开启了中国和瑞典以及北欧海上丝绸之路的航程。去年11月,芬兰科沃拉至西安的中国北欧间的首趟中欧班列开行,联通北欧与亚洲大陆。

作为首个与中国建交的西方国家和北欧最大经济体,瑞典参与“一带一路”有独特优势和广阔前景。瑞典一向支持自由贸易,倡导开放发展,崇尚绿色创新,与“一带一路”的理念高度契合。瑞典企业在基建技术、装备制造、智慧城市、绿色交通等领域处于国际领先地位。希望瑞典朋友们抓住中国扩大对外开放带来的重要机遇,以“一带一路”为平台,推动中瑞各领域务实合作迈上新台阶。

问:您履职一年来,对华侨华人也是非常关心和爱护。未来,您对华侨华人有哪些希望?

桂大使:在以习近平同志为核心的党中央坚强领导下,全体中国人民正团结一心,为实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦而积极奋斗。海外侨胞是实现这一伟大目标的一支重要力量。我到任一年来,和使馆全体同事一道,坚决贯彻党的十九大精神和华侨华人政策,不折不扣地落实海外惠侨工程,使祖国发展壮大红利惠及每位旅瑞侨胞。长期以来,在瑞华侨华人积极融入当地社会,为瑞典经济社会发展作出了重要贡献,赢得瑞各界高度赞赏。我想借此机会向广大旅瑞华侨华人致以亲切问候与良好祝愿。

中国的发展正处于新的历史起点上。中国正前所未有地接近世界舞台中央,前所未有地接近实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦,前所未有地具有实现这个目标的能力和信心。希望广大侨胞继续坚定支持祖国统一大业,坚定支持国家维护社会稳定,坚定支持国家发展强大,坚定支持中瑞友好合作,坚决反对任何人以任何形式在任何地点从事反华分裂活动,共同为实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦贡献力量。

同时,也希望在瑞华侨华人继续积极投身瑞经济社会发展,紧跟瑞创新发展步伐,将个人发展与瑞典发展更好结合起来。也希望在瑞华侨华人积极为中瑞创新、环保等领域合作牵线搭桥、献计献策,并大力推动两国民间和人文交流,为巩固中瑞友好合作关系的社会和民意基础作出更大贡献。

我和我的同事愿同广大侨胞继续保持密切联系,就如何进一步推动中瑞友好合作关系向前发展听取大家意见和建议。

部分图片来源于使馆网站。图文陈雪霏

桂从友大使出席使馆与韦斯特罗斯市华人协会文体联谊活动

 北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 8月11日,桂从友大使应邀出席使馆与韦斯特罗斯市华人协会举办的文体联谊活动。使馆各部门代表、韦斯特罗斯市华人协会会长刘荣生、协会创始会长周刚、潮州同乡会创始会长杨龙及当地侨胞等约百人参加。

  桂大使一行观看了当地华人华侨太极拳、太极剑、太极扇表演,使馆乒乓球队、排球队分别与协会乒乓球队、排球队进行了友谊赛。

  桂大使充分肯定韦斯特罗斯市华人协会认同中国、认同中华文化、热爱祖(籍)国,认为协会是一个团结友爱互助、和谐相容、充满活力的侨社,是当地华人华侨的大家庭。协会长期致力于推动当地侨界积极传承弘扬中华语言文化,并融入当地社会,为促进中瑞友好作出了重要贡献。中国驻瑞典使馆愿积极支持协会发展并为当地中文教育提供力所能及的帮助。

  刘荣生会长及当地侨界表示,这次文体联谊活动拉近了当地侨胞和使馆的距离,韦斯特罗斯市华人协会将秉持爱国爱乡传统,坚持弘扬中华文化和汉语教学,为促进中瑞友好作出更大努力。

  桂大使一行还走访了当地爱国侨胞家庭,与侨胞们聊家常、话亲情,并分别向协会中文学校和老华侨赠送了汉语教材和慰问品。

2012 Top 10 Successful Solar Companies

 

10. JA Solar

With increasing margins, JA Solar has a large number of outstanding shares and a strong ability to turn its equity into net income. According to a recent Paragon Report, the company’s stocks are on the upswing as the industry rallies behind 2012.

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9. Canadian Solar Inc.

With manufacturing based in China, Canadian Solar ranks as the sixth largest producer in the world by PVinsights and seventh by Bloomberg New Energy Finance. The company produced 803 MW of PV panels in 2010 and is working on a plant in Canada with a capacity of 200 MW per year. Despite recent share drops, the company is ramping up production in reaction to a spike in European demand.

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8. SunPower

High-efficiency crystalline silicon PV cells, roof tiles and panels invented at Stanford University earned SunPower’s stronghold on the market as one of the top U.S. solar companies. In April, Total S.A. agreed to buy 60 percent of the company for $1.38 billion and the company has announced plans to compete with retail electric rates by cutting costs in half in 2012.

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7. Yingli Green

As one of the world’s first fully vertically integrated photovoltaic manufactures, Yingli Green Energy has installed over 2 GW of modules around the globe. The solar energy firm also recently signed an agreement with IBC Solar to supply another 180 MW of multi-crystalline and mono-crystalline PV modules in 2012 as it expands through parts of Europe.

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6. RenaSola

As a leading manufacturer of solar products, ReneSola recently completed a 20 MW solar power plant in China, including grid connection. By capitalizing on proprietary technologies, economies of scale and low-cost production capabilities, the company continues to be a part of China’s transformation from a manufacturing hub into an important end-user of solar products.

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5. Jinko Solar

Employing over 10,000 professionals across over 165 acres of factories in China, Jinko Solar reached a capacity of 600 MW in ingot, wafer, cell and module production. In its short history, the company has become one of the largest manufacturing bases for solar products, and has established a global R&D center with universities from all over to engage in continuous innovation in the sector.

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4. Trina Solar

Trina Solar’s abilities in mounting PV modules are among some of the fastest, easiest and least expensive in the marketplace. By offering 10-year product warranties and 25-year linear performance warranties, its panels make for sound investments with proven energy performance from tests conducted by states from around the world.

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3. GT Advanced Technologies (GTAT)

Displaying some of the sector’s strongest financial health, GTAT has grown its revenue by 1,000 percent in the past five or six years. Despite taking debt in 2010, the company expects to see tremendous growth in equity value, offering a type of growth not often seen in the industry with products and technologies that lower the cost of polysilicon.

2. Suntech Power Co.

Chinese super giant Suntech Power is the world’s largest producer of solar panels, pulling in around 1,800 MW of production capacity annually. The company has delivered over 13,000,000 solar panels to thousands of companies in over 80 countries. According to the company, China may add 4 GW or more of panels, which will help curb the 2012 glut of materials on market.

1. First Solar

Living up to its name, Firs Solar has been leading the industry for quite some time. Using cadmium telluride in its manufacturing process has allowed for the production of thin film PV modules at some of the cheapest rates on the market as low as $0.74 per watt. It was the first to reduce manufacturing cost to $1 in 2009, ranked sixth in Fast Company’s 2010 list of the world’s 50 most innovative companies and first on Forbe’s list of America’s 25 fastest-growing technology companies in 2011.

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In an effort to survive in a Darwinian market, due to a glut of supplies on the market coming from China, the company has made moves to consolidate certain research and development activities to avoid a similar fate of Solyndra. Today, the world’s biggest maker of thin-film solar panels is working on a number of large-scale projects in the western U.S., and has installed over 3.8 GW of modules in both rooftop and ground-mount applications worldwide.

提名川普为2018诺贝尔和平奖得主是假新闻

北欧绿色邮报网报道(记者陈雪霏)– 提名川普为2018诺贝尔和平奖候选人的新闻是假新闻。瑞典和平研究所主任亨利在他写的名单新闻中提到。但如果提名是为2019年,那现在就没有公布。

他在去年的新闻中提到习近平主席曾被中国人民大学教授王义桅提名。但是,评委会认为由于南海问题等诸多问题不合适。同时,俄罗斯总统普京和斯诺登也都被提名。

今年,他依然认为斯诺登应该获奖。笔者认为或许欧洲人权委员会能获奖。

中国的袁隆平曾经获得提名。胡笳等一批人也被提名。但都没有得奖。

Nobel Peace Prize 2018: PRIO Director’s Shortlist

Based on independent assessments, PRIO Directors have offered their personal shortlists for the Nobel Peace Prize every year since 2002. Current Director is Henrik Urdal.

The Norwegian Nobel Committee   bases its decision on valid nominations received by the 31 January deadline.  Anyone can be nominated (and history indeed shows a few rather dubious nominees, including Hitler), but only a number of people have the right to nominate  , including members of national assemblies and governments, current and former members of the Committee, Peace Prize laureates, professors of certain disciplines, directors of peace research and foreign policy institutes, and members of international courts. The five committee members have until their first meeting after the deadline to add nominations of their own. The Director of PRIO holds the right to nominate, but refrains, given his active role as a commentator. He has no form of association with the Nobel Institute or the Norwegian Nobel Committee. Read more here.

The laureate will be announced, as per usual, on the Friday of the first full week of October.

Following the shortlist, you will also find a list of known nominations.

For questions, requests for further information or interviews,
please contact the Director’s Adviser  or the Director directly .

 

Henrik Urdal’s 2018 Nobel Peace Prize Shortlist

  1. Dr. Denis Mukwege & Nadia Murad
  2. World Food Programme
  3. Oby Ezekwesili & EITI
  4. International Memorial
  5. Can Dündar & Cumhuriyet

Dr. Denis Mukwege & Nadia Murad

The early frontrunners for this year’s Nobel Peace Prize should be Denis Mukwege and NadiaMurad, two people who have been leading figures in bringing attention to sexual violence in conflict. Although their experiences and practices differ greatly, there can be no doubt about the potency of their global advocacy work against sexual violence in conflict. Denis Mukwege has provided treatment for thousands of women and is a world-renowned expert on repairing the physical damage from rape and sexual violence. Through the work done at his Panzi Hospital in Bakuvu, Democratic Republic of Congo, he has been instrumental in drawing the world’s attention to these kinds of crimes. In addition to Mukwege, who has featured on both mine and my predecessor’s shortlist earlier, the work of Nadia Murad as an international advocate against sexual violence in conflict deserves recognition. Murad, one of the thousands of Yazidi women and girls who were abducted and held by the Islamic State as slaves, has worked relentlessly to bring attention to victims of sexual violence in wars. While there is increased focus and criminal prosecution of sexual violence in armed conflicts, we see that groups use it in new and systematic ways. Therefore, the highlighting of Murad’s case takes on a new dimension of importance. However, she’s not only a spokesperson for victims of sexual violence in conflict, but also for her people – and, alongside her attorney Amal Clooney, she’s working the international system for Islamic State members to be prosecuted, taking her case all the way to the UN for justice. Murad has won the Sakharov human rights prize along with fellow Yazidi Lamiya Aji Bashir, who would also be a worthy candidate for recognition in a year celebrating the 10-year anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1820, which explicitly recognizes the use of sexual violence as a tactic of war and a war crime.

[For the sake of transparency, it should be noted that PRIO researchers have collaborated with Mukwege and the Panzi Hospital for a research project on female empowerment.]

World Food Programme

Hunger is once more one of the big humanitarian challenges of our times, with various hunger crises emerging in the wake of armed conflicts. The World Food Programme is the leading humanitarian organization tackling the hunger issue worldwide. Whether food insecurity follows due to armed conflicts such as in Syria and Yemen (where over 17 million people depend on the WFP for survival, according to their own statistics) or internal displacement and ethnic tensions such as in Myanmar, the WFP is ever-present.

While the evidence for an impact of food security on violent conflict remains tenuous, it is well established that armed conflict severely affects food security. Indeed, the final report of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals rightfully identifies armed conflict as the main reason for failures to meet the MDG target of increased food security. Hence, while reducing food insecurity in itself might not be the most important peacebuilding measure, conflict prevention and food security remain intrinsically linked.

A Nobel Peace Prize to the WFP would highlight the crucial work the organization is doing for populations fleeing from conflict, while also ensuring continued commitment from its funders to keep up their endeavors to make sure victims of conflict, displacement and natural disasters are fed and cared for. Hopefully this will also pave the way for further conflict prevention measures. Hunger crises might not get the headlines that wars and armed conflicts do, but they are just as – if not more – deadly.

Oby Ezekwesili & EITI

Corruption is a main driver of social upheavals around the globe, underpinning recent major developments like the Arab Spring. Corruption also thrives during and after war, and many conflict-affected countries are among the most corrupt in the world. Oby Ezekwesili, former Minister of Education in Nigeria and Vice President for Africa in the World Bank and one of the founders of Transparency International, has been an international champion in the fight against corruption. Ezekwesili was also the Federal Minister of Solid Minerals and the Chairperson of the Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI), leading the first ever national implementation of the global EITI standards.

Ezekwesili and the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) are worthy candidates because of their efforts in making the world more transparent and less corrupt. The link between armed conflict and high-value natural resources is strong: EITI was established in 2003 as a direct response to the mounting evidence showing that poor governance of natural resources may lead to an economic ‘resource curse’ and increased conflict. Increased transparency over extraction processes and financial results has led to a more sober and nuanced debate about the extractive industries and their output, and has the potential to help defuse conflicts and reducing tensions before they even happen. EITI’s efforts to create multi-stakeholder groups in which civil society is involved is a model case for inclusiveness in such a politically and economically important issue.

Anti-corruption and transparency champions have not traditionally been considered as obvious candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize. Yet, natural resources, transparency, corruption and conflict are intrinsically linked. This important work by individuals and organizations like Ezekwesili and EITI is deserving of attention, and a Nobel Peace Prize to the field of anti-corruption and transparency would be a welcome boost now that key actors such as the U.S. have abandoned the EITI by the wayside.

International Memorial

Russian civil society organization International Memorial monitors human rights in Russia and works to put Russia and the Soviet Union’s totalitarian past on the record. In an ever more repressive environment, Memorial defends and upholds its ideals with quiet dignity, and provides a welcome shining light for democracy, civil society, and human rights in Russia. In 2016 Memorial was listed as a “foreign agent” by the Russian government, a tactic Human Rights Watch say is used to “demonize” dissenting voices. The organization and its members have also suffered arrests, abuse, and attempted murder, as well as the arson of offices in Chechnya and the Northern Caucasus.

With the upcoming presidential election likely to see Vladimir Putin reelected without any notable change to his platform, Memorial is needed more than ever to remind Russians and the world that the spread of authoritarianism has to be countered and fought against.

One of Memorial’s founding members, Svetlana Gannushkina, has been listed on the PRIO Director’s Nobel shortlist earlier – for her efforts helping migrants and refugees in Russia. However, every man and woman who contributes to make Memorial the great organization it is deserves credit and recognition. A Nobel Peace Prize to Memorial would be an acknowledgement of the peaceful efforts made by Russian civil society to oppose authoritarianism and advocate freedom, democracy, and human rights in Russia.

Can Dündar & Cumhuriyet

Exiled Cumhuriyet editor Can Dündar and his erstwhile paper remain symbols of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s crackdown on the freedom of the press in Turkey. Dündar has faced charges of disclosing state secrets and aiding a terrorist group, and later fled to Germany where he still resides. Similar charges have been filed against several of Cumhuriyet staff, and many of the court cases are still ongoing. The acts for which they are indicted amount to no more than doing their jobs as journalists by pursuing independent and critical reporting. Dündar himself was awarded the International Press Freedom Award by The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) in 2016.

Dündar and the newspaper where he served as a columnist and later editor-in-chief, Cumhuriyet, are disheartening examples of how far freedom of the press has declined in Turkey. One of Turkey’s oldest newspapers and a steadfast secular and republican-leaning publication, Cumhuriyet has been renowned for its independent reporting and fearlessness in criticizing the authorities – underscored by it being awarded the 2015 Freedom of the Press Prize by Reporters without Borders for its stand against mounting government pressure.

A Nobel Peace Prize to Can Dündar and Cumhuriyet would be a welcome boost for press freedom and civil society in a country where such liberties are becoming rarer. It would also underline Erdogan’s unacceptable dismantling of Turkey’s democracy.

 

Nominations for the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize

The below list is based on available information in the press, on the web or provided to us directly. It is surely far from exhaustive, as the Nobel Committee each year receives more than 200 nominations, and the listings are far from certain. Nominators are asked not to disclose their nominations, and the committee’s proceedings are kept secret for 50 years. Consequently, we cannot guarantee that the committee indeed has received a specific nomination, nor, in some cases, whether the nominator is eligible. As long as the nominator fulfils the criteria, any one person or organization may be nominated regardless of objective standing (the nominations of Hitler and Stalin being cases in point). The committee may also add names to the list, themselves, before their first meeting after the deadline. The committee base their final selection on specifications in Alfred Nobel’s will , their interpretation of which is disputed by the Nobel Peace Prize Watch . The NPPW usually keep their own list of worthy and qualified nominations according to their reading of the will.

  • Edward Snowden has been nominated  by Norwegian MP Petter Eide
  • The White Helmets are nominated  by Norwegian MP Arne Nævra
  • The Committee Against Torture and
  • Olga Sadovskaja have been nominated  by Norwegian MP Petter Eide
  • Novaja Gazeta and
  • Elena Milasjina have been nominated  by Norwegian MP Petter Eide
  • Svetlana Gannusjkina has been nominated  by Norwegian MP Petter Eide
  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has been nominated by Norwegian MP Lars Haltbrekken
  • The European Court of Human Rights has been nominated  by Norwegian MP Petter Eide
  • Denis Mukwege and 
  • Yanar Mohammed have been nominated  by Norwegian MP Karin Andersen
  • The Iraqi-kurdish Peshmerga forces have been nominated  by Norwegian MP Himanshu Gulati for helping defeating the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq.
  • Joshua Wong Chi-fung,
  • Nathan Law Kwun-chung and
  • Alex Chow Yong-kang, front persons for the Hong Kong pro-democracy movement, have been nominated  by Marco Rubio and a bipartisan group of US congressmen.
  • The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement for Palestinian rights has been nominated  by Norwegian MP Bjørnar Moxnes
  • The Humanitarian Law Centre and
  • Nataša Kandić has been nominated  by US Senator Roger Wicker and US Representative Eliot Engel.
  • Dr. Daisaku Ikeda is nominated by 1976 Nobel laureate Betty Williams (confirmed by Williams).
  • Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama has most likely been nominated  by Indonesian MP.
  • George Soros has most likely been nominated  by Hungarian group of academics and clergy.
  • Yussouf Shaheen is allegedly nominated by Pakistani nominators, but no actual nomination or names of nominators have been reported in media or submitted to PRIO.
  • The Giulio Andreotti Institute and Secret Archives and
  • Patrizia Chilelli, Director of the Giulio Andreotti Institute and Secret Archives are confirmed nominations by an American Professor of Philosophy. We are unable to verify the existence of an institution by this name, but there does exist an Andreotti Archive at the Sturzo Institute.
  • Peacebuilding organisation Search for Common Ground is nominated  by the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC)
  • Jaha Mapenzi Dukureh, Gambian anti-FGM (Female Genital Mutilation) activist, is nominated  by Norwegian MP Jette Christensen (Labour Party).
  • Ilham Tohti, Uighur intellectual and activist, currently serving life imprisonment in China, is nominated  by Ilhan Kyuchyuk, Bulgarian politican and Member of the European Parliament.
  • Enzo Cursio, Italian journalist is nominated  for his work for peace, human rights and disarmament, by Nobel laureate of 1976, Mairead C. Maguire.
  • Soheil Farah of Lebanon, and
  • Yuri Yakovets of Russia, are reportedly nominated  for their work for a sustainable and peaceful global future, by a group of Russian academics including Professor Alexei Gromyko at the Russian Academy of Sciences.
  • Archbishop Louis Raphaël I Sako, head of the Iraqi Chaldean Church community, is reportedly nominated .
  • The Arctic Council is nominated  by a group of international academics including Lassi Heininen, Professor of Arctic politics at University of Lapland (FI).
Do you have additional (confirmed) nominations to add to the list? Let us know! And just to be clear: if you mean to actually nominate someone, we are not the correct addressee.

The nomination of President Donald J. Trump was reported to us earlier and consequently figured on the above list for some time until it was revealed that the nomination was forged. See e.g. this NY Times article  for more info on the issue.

中国人参加第102届荷兰欧洲国际“奈梅亨四日步行节”侧记

北欧绿色邮报网报道(荷兰特约记者张卓辉)  仲夏连续艳阳天。一位中国姑娘肩扛一面五星红旗迎风招展,昂首阔步向前,汇集于浩荡的行进队伍中,正在跨越荷兰东中部克伊克(Cuijk)市郊沸腾的马斯河舟桥。

cof

此情景再现今年第102届荷兰欧洲国际“奈梅亨四日步行节(Nijmegen  Vierdaagse, 7月14日至20日)”精彩镜头:正在司令船附近现场采访的笔者喜出望外地赶往舟桥中段,马上截住那个姑娘,“您从那儿来?”“北京!”俩人异邦遇乡亲,无比兴奋地攀谈起来。原来,他们(还有一位正在路上)是来自中国北京体育大学在校大学生毛杰(女)、王康宁,经过4天不懈努力,分别完成了40公里/日和50公里/日的两组别行程,改写了荷兰奈梅根四日步行节没有中国大陆人员完成的历史。他们由北京市民间组织国际交流协会委派、北京万昆体育文化发展有限公司(北京国际山地徒步大会的运营机构)全程赞助。

在终点,奈梅根市长和组委会主席亲自给来自中国的两位年轻人颁发了奖牌,荷兰当地电视台对毛杰进行了现场采访。

那在校俩大学生均属来自中国的北京国际山地徒步大会代表团一行12人。节日当天,他们分成两组活动,一组继续参加第2天的徒步活动,另一组考察了部分线路并且拜会了当地韦亨市市长和荷兰徒步大会主席塞克斯先生及奈梅根四日步行节组委会,并就徒步活动和徒步论坛的组织情况交流了各自的经验,同时邀请他们于2018年9月到北京来参加第九届北京国际山地徒步大会。诚然,该代表团早于2010年就来参加并且综合考奈梅亨“4日开步走运动会”,为同年于9月下旬在北京举行为期两天的北京现代杯第一届国际山地徒步大会来取经。他们表示,2019年是中华人民共和国成立70周年,因而明年将继续协助徒步爱好者与运动员完成报名、组团、注册事宜。希望有更多的中国人来荷兰挑战4日长走,完成200公里的连续徒步活动。

dav

世界最大远程徒步运动

oznor

瑞典军人徒步。

距离当年3.5万盟军伞兵参加“市场花园”战役,打开消灭法西斯门户最大最壮烈空降战的战场于荷兰阿纳姆(Arnhem)城区15公里远的荷兰东部海尔德兰省(Gelderland)省会奈梅亨,该市为荷兰最古老都郡,两千年前,罗马人就地建城。而“奈梅亨四日走路节”最后一天便是往返奈梅亨市与郊区克伊克边城之间50公里(级)路段。

该边城为进入西德的门槛。此路程是整个大会最精彩热闹最壮观浩大最远距离的一段(站)。途经城郊渡口,每年应届都有陆军在马斯河(荷兰第二大河流)架舟桥(通常由荷兰、比利时、德国部队历届轮番作业,本届由荷徳两军联合完成),完毕后都有荷兰伞兵或者国防运动员定点空降跳伞落桥表演。天堑变通途,乘载军民们顺利走过对岸,从异地折回奈梅亨市。

届时人们会见到:西、北欧诸国辎重、后勤、医疗、陆军空战、交通消防等部队对岸滩头安营扎寨,诸国、军旗猎猎;装甲运兵车、自行火炮、通讯车、军事工程车、军用吉普车、战斗直升飞机、预警直升飞机等军事装备以及乡镇政府接待站、急救中心、军需补给所等一列摆开,迎接抵达的诸国军民团队。俨然欧洲联合国军临战指挥部,实施协同作战演习。军民队伍行进,群众夹道欢迎,口号、呼唤、鼓掌、歌声四起与猎猎招展的军旗、彩旗,鲜花、横竖标语等汇成一片欢乐的海洋!

誉为“欧洲后花园”的奈梅亨地区于1904年7月中下旬举办有荷兰与周边邻国军民群众参加的“4日开步走运动会(VierdaagseFeest)”为全球最古老的徒步活动,最初主要是针对军人而设立的一项活动。第一届徒步行共有306人参加,其中只有10名平民。同年,荷兰女王威廉明娜对“四日行十字徽章”的认可表明荷兰政府对人们在此活动中作出的优秀表现及其重要性进行了认可,以后数年中,参与者人数不断增加。到了1919年,终于有第一名女性N.van Stockum-Metelerkamp 成功走完全程。1928年在首都阿姆斯特丹(Amsterdam)举行的奥运会,导致此活动冲出荷兰,当年的四日徒步行节中,出现了首批应邀来自德国、法国、挪威和英国的步行者参与行走。于是它成为迄今世界上最大的远程徒步行活动,荷兰远足(徒步)运动协会成为世界徒步(远足)运动创始会。之后每年7月14日至20日在该市地区举行一届,历年不断,长盛不衰。进入廿世纪六、七十年代,每届都吸引了数以万计的欧洲诸国军民参加这和平盛典四日大游行。而且每届都有欧盟、荷兰国家、地方政府政要官员,各军兵种首长将领,荣誉军人代表、社会团体代表应邀出席开、闭幕式;诸国平面、立体媒体均临现场直击报道。90年代以来,尤其是21世纪后,均届都有逾三万人, 今年为第102届,参加者已突破44000人。他们来自世界的82个国家,非荷兰人占14%。厄立特里亚、冈比亚、阿曼、坦桑尼亚是第一次来参加此项活动。

这个运动大会无竞赛性质、不设锦标、只需走完全程,大家在步行中认识、交流、联谊,真诚地体现了宗旨理念:“为和平友好,同一个欧洲,同一个梦。”现今她成为世界性的盛大活动中,每年都有来自荷兰、比利时、德国、英国、卢森堡、奥地利、瑞士、瑞典、丹麦、挪威、意大利、希腊等;还有应邀前来的美国、加拿大、澳大利亚等60多个国家与地区的部队军、警团队与民众团体、许多个人志愿者参加者,按照性别和年龄分为每天路程50、40、30公里等不同组别步行4天。

中荷友谊永恒纪念见证

令人瞩目的是,步行者沿途附近会看到一座著名Henk Sneevliet(中文名为“马林”)的立交桥,典故祝本溯源:一部描述荷兰人Henk Maring(马林)长达一个小时的文献纪录片于2011年7月初,庆祝中国共产党成立90周年期间,在荷兰电视第二台播放。凸显当年这位共产国际代表协助中国共产党成立的背景与活动,见证中共一大召开唯一的西方人。2008年4月18日上海市历史博物馆代表团抵达荷兰,前往荷兰共产党人马林曾经居住过的VOLK寻找马林的足迹。马林是这名荷兰共产主义者当时使用的化名(Henk Maring),现以他原名 Henk Sneevliet 命名的立交桥已座落荷兰东部作永恒纪念。而这座宣示中荷友谊见证桥屹立于荷兰东部海尔德兰省境内……

随着祖国改革开放40年来不断深入发展,对外文化交流日益兴旺,出现了越来越多的国内民众踊跃赴欧洲探亲、旅游、留学、投资。而今占中国留荷学生逾八千人之2/5的荷兰东部学府奈梅亨市近几年来,也有不少中国同学、华裔青少年为增强自己的体能,融入当地社会,乐意组队适时参加了此运动会,当地不少华侨华人和荷兰群众一样,夹道摆摊向步行队伍供应茶水、饮料、干粮(饼干、面包等)、水果,全荷乃至西欧唯一中文粤语的荷兰国家广播公司(NPS)“荷华传真”电台亦与时俱进报道概况。例如2008年此节,荷兰副首相、内政部部长、国民康福体部部长、荷兰奥委会主席等政府官员出席了是届大会开幕式,较历届规格之高,而报名参加者有4万多人,有3.5万人走完全程。再加上每天有1万多人自愿步行,4天之内约共16万人次参加了这一盛会。

奈梅亨四日徒步行节每日设有不同的徒步路径,徒步者可以领略荷兰南部海尔德兰省、布拉邦特省和林堡省不同的地貌以及奈梅亨城市与周边地区的风光。每日行程都将围绕奈梅亨附近一个不同的小镇展开。它不仅是一个运动型社交活动,更是一场充满欢歌笑语的夏日派对。步行于每年七月第三个礼拜的星期二正式启程。星期一晚上将会有开幕烟火表演揭开这个国际夏季盛会的序幕。四日徒步期间,沿途的瓦尔河畔设立有露天游乐场,供人们游戏玩耍。沿途经过的城镇市区还将搭起临时舞台,各种露天音乐会跳舞派对林立,吸引了成千上万游客开展节日般的狂欢。

 

 

首面五星红旗跃过舟桥

 

然而,“盼了许多年总算真正看到第一面五星红旗通过此地!”于2013年第97届荷兰国际步行节,一面鲜艳的五星红旗插上背囊顶端的一位中国姑娘与队友并肩阔步行进向在队伍中,儜立在马斯河舟桥中的笔者,情不自禁从夹道欢迎民众里冲出,截住这对中国姑娘。交谈中方晓得她们是留学荷兰奈梅亨大学毕业后在奈梅亨市就业的原广州大学生。她们手腕戴着参加者标志胶圈显露出“50 x”,表示挑战自我能量极限,特地选择全会最长路程50公里身体力行。“享醒世欧洲运动会上宣扬我们国旗是大家共同愿望!”她们不谋而合地开心笑道。笔者和她们与围观军民一起展开国旗合影留念。小歇聚会话别后,她们又精神抖擞,健步跟上接踵而来的队伍继续前进,踏上对岸滩头,穿过两座充气式蓝、红色彩凯旋门“Welkom in Limburg(欢迎进入林堡省区)”,迈向新征程,五星红旗依然肩上迎风飘扬耀眼夺目。

 后来参加2016年第100届此节活动也有几位来自上海市的中国选手。参赛者之一罗昊告诉来访者,他们受“奈梅亨四日行节”赛事主﹑官方赞助商知名运动和户外Hi-Tec运动鞋品牌集团公司的邀请,作为嘉宾来参加这个全球最酷最大的徒步活动。Hi-Tec运动鞋老板Frank van Wezel接待了他们,希望今后随着品牌进入中国,也能够将更多更有趣的国际活动与中国户外爱好者一起分享。罗昊身披五星红旗率领中国队昂首阔步,冒雨挺进。

值得骄傲的是2013年5月8日,在法国尚托奈举行的国际徒步联盟(International Matching Leage)大会上,国际徒步联盟成员国代表表决通过了北京作为国际徒步城市的申请,北京申办国际徒步城市获得成功!北京成为国际徒步爱好者向往的城市,让世界了解中国,让中国的徒步爱好者走出国门,参加全世界各地的徒步活动,领略深厚的徒步文化,让中国融入世界。

 

 

 

上海侨办代表团访问瑞典皇家工学院

北欧绿色邮报网报道–8月13日秋高气爽,瑞典上海联谊会迎来了上海侨办姚卓匀副主任率领的侨办代表团,一起参访瑞典皇家工学院

今天是皇家工学院新生报到的日子

学院化工系严晋婴教授在校门口为大家介绍瑞典皇家工学院的百年建校历史

上海侨办代表团团长姚卓匀副主任,国内处张菡之,秘书人事处韩流,机关党委的钱立功,瑞典皇家工学院严晋婴教授,瑞典上海联谊会副会长鲍近和瑞典上海联谊会副会长兼秘书长谈继东在皇家工学院中心花园留影

皇家工学院的图书馆,图书馆是由三幢老楼的U型外墙加盖玻璃顶和进口的玻璃房构成,古代与现代在千万卷书籍的烘托下浑然一体

兴致勃勃参观图书馆

令人惊讶,工学院的图书馆对所有公众开放

图书馆

气势宏伟的图书馆内景

参观图书馆

校园内与工学院的学生合影

小树林也是校园的一部分,代表团员们感叹瑞典校园的美好

严教授为代表团讲述瑞典皇家工学院的情况,包括学校的分布,专业,世界排名和与各国高校的交流情况等等

姚主任为我们瑞典上海联谊会送来了娘家的近照,宾主在愉快的气氛下交谈甚欢。

 

瑞典上海联谊会秘书处供稿。

林毅夫:中国为何能成为唯一没出现金融危机国家?

中国为什么能成为世界上唯一没有出现金融危机的国家?这个命题其实还是有点儿吹。但是,我觉得这也主要得益于中国的中庸之道和实事求是。尽管我们的金融监管有这样那样的问题,但是,中国人确实有中国的智慧,他们不断地到处访问,到处虚心学习还是有帮助的。同时,中国政府经常根据实际情况进行宏观调控。这就是中国还没有出现金融危机的原因。如果没有政府的控制和小心翼翼,不知道中国会发生什么样的危机呢?
当然,其实金融专家有不同的解读。有人认为政府不要干预,让市场自己折腾一两次,就会成熟了。台湾,韩国都是经历过教训的。但是中国还是不敢放手。这是因为中国根据自己的情况,不希望通过失败来吸取教训而是通过学习来避免危机。从这点上说,笔者和林教授观点也有些趋同了,那就是认为政府的宏观调控不是毫无道理的。是有必要的。另外,中国不是没有出现过经济危机,两年前吧,还是2015年,中国出现了严重危机,很多中产财产蒸发了。但是,中国政府随后采取了加强监管的措施。还有一种可能就是我们的发展还是没有达到饱和的程度。同时,中国的抗风险能力和敏感度还是有的。 一句话,宏观调控有效。
下面看看林教授的观点。

  原标题:林毅夫:中国为什么能成为世界上唯一没有出现金融经济危机的国家?

本文作者林毅夫(资料图)本文作者林毅夫(资料图)

改革开放至今,

中国是世界上唯一没有出现金融经济危机的国家

如果要找一个词来形容改革开放40年中国在经济上取得的成绩,最合适的是“奇迹”这两个字。

1978年改革开放之初,中国是世界上最贫穷的国家之一。按照世界银行的统计指标,1978年我国人均GDP只有156美元,一般认为撒哈拉沙漠以南的非洲国家是世界上最贫困的地区,但1978年撒哈拉沙漠以南的非洲国家人均GDP是490美元。与世界上其他贫穷国家一样,中国当时有81%的人口生活在农村,84%的人口生活在每天1.25美元的国际贫困线之下。

当时,中国也是非常内向的经济,出口只占国内生产总值的4.1%,进口仅占5.6%,两项加起来仅为9.7%。而且,出口的产品中75%以上是农产品或是农业加工品。

“ 在这么薄弱的基础上,1978年到2017年,中国经济取得了连续39年平均每年9.5%的增长速度,在人类经济史上未曾看到别的国家或地区以这么高的速度持续这么长时间的增长,并且我国对外贸易每年增长的平均速度达到14.5%,在人类经济史上也没有任何别的国家能够这么快速从封闭经济变成开放经济。”

在这样的增长速度下,2009年中国经济规模超过日本,成为世界第二大经济体,2010年中国出口额超过德国,成为世界最大出口国,并且97%以上的出口产品是制造业产品,所以中国被称为“世界工厂”。

“ 曾经被称为“世界工厂”的国家,最早是工业革命以后的英国,到19世纪末20世纪上半叶,“世界工厂”变成美国,二战以后“世界工厂”变成德国、日本,现在变成中国。”

2013年,中国贸易总额超过美国,成为世界第一大贸易国。2014年,按照购买力平价计算,中国经济规模超过美国,成为世界第一大经济体。去年中国人均GDP达到8640美元,成为中等偏上收入国家。

在此过程中,七亿多人口按国际贫困线标准脱贫,对过去40年世界减贫事业的贡献率超过70%。在这段时间内,虽然中国经济崩溃论此起彼伏,但是,改革开放至今,中国是世界上唯一没有出现金融经济危机的国家。

  中国改革开放

  为什么能取得这样的成绩

要回答此问题,必须先了解经济增长的本质是什么,表面上看,是人均收入水平不断提高,物质不断丰富,但是,人均收入提高的前提是劳动生产率的不断提高。提高劳动生产率主要有两种方式:

一种方式是对现有的产业进行技术创新,让劳动者生产出越来越多的好产品;另一种方式是产业升级,将资源从附加值较低的产业部门配置到附加值较高的产业部门。对发达国家和发展中国家而言,这两个方式是一样的。

“ 发展中国家有通过引进、消化、吸收、再创新,实现技术进步和产业升级的可能性,被称为后来者优势。利用这一优势,发展中国家可以以较低的成本和较小的风险,实现技术进步和产业升级,取得比发达国家更快的经济增长。”

这是因为,发达国家的技术和产业处于世界前沿,只有发明新技术、新产业,才能实现技术进步和产业升级。而对于发展中国家而言,只要下一期生产活动采用的技术优于本期,就是技术进步;只要下一期进入的新产业附加值高于本期,就是产业升级。

由于技术先进程度和产业附加值水平有差距,发展中国家可以对发达国家的成熟技术进行引进、消化、吸收、再创新,通过进入附加值比现有水平高且在发达国家已经成熟的产业,实现产业升级。

当然,利用后来者优势只是一种理论上的可能性,并不是所有发展中国家都能利用后来者优势实现快速发展。

第二次世界大战以后,有13个经济体利用后来者优势实现了年均7%甚至更高、持续25年甚至更长时间的经济增长,大幅缩短了与发达国家的差距。改革开放后的中国是这13个经济体中表现最为抢眼的一个,也是赶超速度最快的一个。

所以,

“ 我认为,改革开放以后我国经济能够实现高速增长,最主要的原因是,中国充分利用了后来者优势。为什么在改革开放前我国没能利用后来者优势?最主要的是思路决定出路的问题。”

  为什么中国转型取得成功

  而同期其他国家转型失败

如认为市场化改革是造成1978年前后中国经济差异的主要原因,为什么上世纪八十年代、九十年代绝大多数社会主义国家都在转型,其他社会性质的很多发展中国家也在进行与中国相似的、由计划经济或政府主导的经济向市场经济转型,他们是危机不断,与发达国家的差距越来越大,而我们是稳定快速地发展?

“ 上世纪八十年代、九十年代,这些社会主义国家和其他社会性质的发展中国家开始转型,当时认为,这些国家在转型前经济效益不好是因为政府对市场干预太多,没有建立与发达国家一样完善的现代市场经济体系。”

当时国际学术界的主流观点认为,实现经济转型必须实施“休克疗法”,按照“华盛顿共识”的主张,把政府的干预全部取消,推行私有化、市场化、自由化。

目标虽好,但这样的转型思路忽视了原体制中的政府干预是为了保护和补贴不具备比较优势的重工业,如取消保护补贴,结果必然是缺乏自生能力的企业的破产倒闭,造成大量失业,短期内对社会和政治稳定带来巨大冲击。

而且,重工业中有不少产业和国防安全有关,即使私有化,国家也不能放弃,必须继续给予保护补贴,而私人企业主要求政府提供保护补贴的积极性比国有企业更高。寻租、腐败严重,效率反而更低。

中国经济为什么能够维持稳定并快速发展?

“ 我们推行的是“老人老办法,新人新办法”,对于资本密集、规模大、与就业和国家安全有关的产业,在转型期间继续给予必要的保护补贴,以维持经济稳定;对过去受到抑制的、劳动密集型的,符合中国比较优势的产业,放开准入,积极招商引资,并以务实的方式设立工业园、加工出口区等,将其变成竞争优势。”

新的符合比较优势的产业迅速发展,资本快速积累,比较优势发生变化,原来违反比较优势的产业,变成了我国的比较优势,企业由缺乏自生能力变成有了自生能力,保护补贴由“雪中送炭”变成“锦上添花”,可以而且应该给予取消,才能根除在渐进双轨改革进程中存在的市场扭曲和不当干预所导致的腐败滋生、收入差距拉大等问题,并使我国完成从双轨制到完善的市场制度的过渡。

上世纪八十年代和九十年代,西方主流经济理论认为我国采取的渐进双轨制是最糟糕的转型方式,主张一次性消除政府干预。中国改革开放的实践证明,务实的渐进双轨制是我国维持经济稳定和高速发展的重要原因。

  总结中国改革开放40年的经验

  对现代经济学有何意义

二战后,很多发展中国家摆脱殖民地和半殖民地的地位,致力于追求自己国家的工业化、现代化,但成功的经济体非常少。二战后至今,在近200个发展中经济体中,只有两个经济体从低收入进入高收入,一个是中国台湾,另一个是韩国。2025年,中国大陆很可能成为二战后第三个从低收入进入高收入的经济体。

通过比较二战后少数几个成功和绝大多数不成功的经济体,我发现,迄今还没有一个发展中经济体,按照西方主流理论来制定政策而取得成功,而少数几个成功经济体的共同特点是:其政策在推行时,从当时主流理论来看是错误的。

比如,上世纪五十年代、六十年代,所有的发展中国家都在追求国家的现代化、工业化,当时主流的理论是结构主义,认为发展中国家要实现这个目标,应该推行进口替代战略,以政府主导来配置资源,发展现代化的资本密集型大产业,推行这种战略的经济体都未能取得成功。

少数成功的东亚经济体,却是从传统的劳动密集型小规模产业开始,推行出口导向而不是进口替代战略,当时这种发展方式被认为是错误的。

上世纪八十年代和九十年代,所有的社会主义和非社会主义国家都从政府主导的发展方式转向市场经济,当时的主流理论是新自由主义,倡导“华盛顿共识”,主张采用“休克疗法”,一次性消除各种政府干预扭曲,以建立完善的市场经济体系。按照这个方式来转型的国家,遭遇的是经济崩溃、停滞、危机不断,而少数几个经济体像中国、越南、柬埔寨取得快速发展,采用的却是双轨渐进的改革模式。为什么是这样呢?

“ 因为主流理论来自于发达国家经验的总结,以发达国家的条件作为理论的前提,由于发展中国家与发达国家条件不同,照搬来自于发达国家的主流理论,发展中国家必然遇到问题。”

从经济学的角度看,我们现在采用的理论都是从发达国家有什么来看发展中国家缺什么,比如结构主义,或者看发达国家哪些方面做得好,就让发展中国家照搬,比如新自由主义。

发达国家的市场经济确实比较完善,由于发展中国家的政府对市场有很多干预,就主张发展中国家采用发达国家的制度安排,实际上,这样的理论忽略了重要一点,就是没有看到发展中国家与发达国家条件的差异性。

这是2012年我从世界银行回来以后,开始提倡新结构经济学的一个原因,它与过去主流经济学有很大的差异,是总结于中国自己成败的经验,也是总结于二战后发展中国家和经济体成败的经验。

这样的一个理论来自于发展中国家,自觉地把发展中国家的条件作为出发点,能够较好地解释中国为什么成功,哪些方面存在不足,未来如何发展。同时,这样的理论对其他发展中国家也具有重要的参考借鉴价值。

我认为,只要沿着改革开放的道路继续深化,中国在21世纪将变成最大的经济体,发生在中国的经济现象将是最重要的世界经济现象。世界的经济中心历来是经济学理论的创新中心,著名的经济学家多出于此,所以,21世纪当中国变成世界经济中心时,世界著名经济学家就将大多来自于中国。作为发展中国家和转型中的国家,中国与其他的发展中、转型中国家,条件是比较相似的,我们提出的理论将能比来自于发达国家的理论更能帮助其他发展中国家实现工业化现代化。

Commentary : How to commemorate August 15th?

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

August 15th is a day that is worthwhile to commemorate because it was on that day in 1945 when the Japanese invaders surrendered.

Japanese invaders invaded China on 1931 after they occupied northeast China. Under Japanese occupation, all the Chinese must learn Japanese at that time.  Those who could not speak Chinese often faced being killed.  But if you could speak a little bit Japanese, sometimes you could survive.

The 14 years Japanese occupation almost changed the Chinese characteristics into being more obedient and tolerant.  That was a humiliation and disgrace, let alone experiencing all kinds of difficulties and hardship.

But on August 15th after 14 years of struggle, Japanese surrendered and China regained its dignity.

Today we commemorate this day not to ask the Japanese to compensate this or that, but to safeguard the peace we gained.  We should not let history repeat but open a new chapter to cooperate and safeguard the peaceful development environment.

As two important countries and neighbors, China and Japan should cooperate because the two sides are mutually complementary. China has vast land and huge population while Japan has high tech and more experience in development.  Japan can have good market if it has good relations with China.

If these two countries enjoy good relations, it will be conducive to the whole Asia pacific regions because they are the two strong countries.

To commemorate this day, we should try our best to safeguard the peace and develop further our economic, social, political and environmental development.

This year also marks 40th anniversary of normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan.  May our friendship and good neighborly relationship forever.

时评:莫忘历史 捍卫和平与发展

北欧绿色邮报网时评   陈雪霏

今天是8月15日。1945年8月15日,日本投降,结束对中国的侵略战争。这是一个值得纪念的日子。因为它意味着战争的结束,和平的开始。

日本对中国的侵略历经十四年,中国人在被奴役的情况下生活了十四年。这对很多人来是非常不光彩的事情,非常痛苦的事情也是非常耻辱的事情。

但是,今天,我们纪念它,并不是说要日本人给我们还债,而是说,我们要珍惜和平的环境,我们作为亚洲的两个大国和邻国,应该保持睦邻友好的关系。

今年也是中日建交40周年。我们一定要牢记历史,不要让不堪回首的历史重演,同时,展望未来,要努力为创造和平环境而努力奋斗。

无论是中国还是日本,还是其他国家,都只有在和平的环境中才能得到生存和发展。中国和日本之间尤其具有互补性。中国地大物博,有发展空间,有需求,日本科技发达,两国合作一定会互利共赢的。

希望中日之间能够在和平友好和互利共赢的道路上越走越好。

Criminal gangs suspected to be behind the arson in Gothenburg’s region

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Aug. 15(Greenpost) —  Criminal gangs were suspected to be behind the moped arson in Gothenburg’s region in west coast area of Sweden,  according to the report from Swedish Dagens Nyheter or Daily News.

Two young suspects  have been arrested. They are 16 years old and 21 years old respectively.

The police said they thought the arson was against the police campaign in the area during the summer to have arrested a few people.  It was suspected as a revenge for the police  action.  Although it was not directly and closely connected,  people still couldnt help thinking of the Husby arson in 2013 in suburbs of Stockholm.

Another thought was that it was also a pattern from the previous years that gangsters set fire on cars or assault schools just before the new semester of the schools.

But witness said that it happened so quickly that at 9 o’clock in the evening, suddenly a few dark masked people with dark clothes came and poured gasoline into the cars and ignited the cars. Suddenly the cars were burned with fires shooting into the sky.

Police found that about 20 places saw this kind of incidents where cars were burned and the person who did it had run away.

A total of 80 cars were burned down and about 20 were damaged. Those damaged can get compensation from insurance if the owner can identify their car.

Prime Minister Stephan Löfvin and Moderate leader Ulf Kristersson have been to Frolunda.

Lofvin vows to strengthen punishment regulations and consolidate the police force.   The punishment for murder violence can be as high as six years imprisonment.

Police said the crime is similar to previous years violence which happened before new semester started.

The gangsters set fire and ran away with moped quickly.  Police said they actually detained a few more for questioning.

The main areas which suffered are Frolunda and Hjallbo, Tynnered. In the Trollhattan where cars are produced also found a suspect.

The police suspected that this was an organized crime, coordinated by a group of people which at least included 20 people.

Meanwhile,various parties used facebook to send out messages and paid the social media to do the communication job.

 

 

瑞典大选进行时(一):哪个政党领导人最受欢迎?

北欧绿色邮报网综合报道报道(记者陈雪霏)– 根据瑞典Demoskop替快报进行的最新民调:最受欢迎的瑞典党首不是执政党党首勒文,而是在野党的温和党党首伍尔夫.克里斯特松(Ulf Kristersson),得票率是39%。

据了解,克里斯特松领养了两个中国女孩儿。大选期间还带着女儿出来游说。据说,对中国比较有好感。但如果真上台如何,无人知晓。他主张对企业要给予支持,鼓励创业。创造公平公正,安全和可能的创业发展环境。

第二受欢迎的领导人居然是左翼党党首尤纳斯.霍斯特德( Jonas Sjöstedt )得票率是37 %。

第三名才是执政党社民党党首勒文,得票率是36%。 勒文主张要建立强有力的社会,安全的社会。加大警力打击犯罪。

第四名是中央党党首安妮.洛夫,年轻女性,得票率是34%。

并列第五名的是自由党党首杨.伯克伦德(Jan. Bjorklund)和极右翼的党首吉米.欧克松(Jimmy Akersson)。自由党反对极端主义,反对仇恨,渴望对话,主张学校优先。希望有好的学习环境。人们原来以为极右翼可能会得更多的支持。但结果并没有那样。他们的得票率分别是28%。

令人失望的是绿党领导人伊莎贝拉.略文(Isabella Lovin)得票率是18%,排第7,另外一位绿党男党首古斯塔夫.福利多林(Gustav Fridolin)的得票率是16%。

基督教民主党党首埃巴.布什.土耳(Ebba Busch Thor)得票率是17%,是最后一名。

本次民调分别在8月2日和7日举行,对1025人进行调查后得出的结论。

瑞典大选投票日期是9月9日。距今还有26天。如果这个调查真正反应了民意,那么显然是联合党阵营将获胜。因为温和党,中央党,自由党和基督教民主党一起很可能是多数。多出一个自由党。现在的数据是温和党和中央党的票和社民党和左翼党的票相等。因此,到底最后谁能胜出还真是不好判断。

本次大选可是说是瑞典历次大选以来最扑朔迷离的一次,最难准确预测的一次。因为根据现在的情况,如果绿党和基督教民主党不能得到5%以上的选票,恐怕就会被踢出议会了。没有参政资格了。

敬请关注北欧绿色邮报网,届时将给大家及时报道有关大选情况。如果觉得还可以,可以打赏或发红包啊。

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感谢大家的支持。

 

Sweden-China Bridge 瑞中桥