BEIJING, May 22 (Xinhua) — Chinese lawmakers started deliberating a draft civil code at the annual session of the national legislature, which opened on Friday.
Wang Chen, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), delivered explanatory remarks on the draft civil code to deputies attending the third session of the 13th NPC.
In addition to general provisions and supplementary provisions, the 1,260-article draft has six parts on property, contracts, personality rights, marriage and family, inheritance and tort liabilities.
The compilation of the civil code is an important component of the plans of the Communist Party of China Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core for developing the rule of law, Wang said.
The compilation is of profound significance to advancing law-based governance, promoting high-quality economic development and enhancing public wellbeing, said Wang.
It will further refine China’s basic legal system and rules of conduct in the civil and commercial fields, he added.
Once adopted, it will be the first law code of the People’s Republic of China and a milestone for China’s codification, according to Wang.
The civil code is expected to provide legal guarantees in the form of a complete civil legal system for China to achieve the two centenary goals and realize the Chinese Dream of national rejuvenation.
The decision to compile the civil code was announced in October 2014 at a plenary session of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. The legislative process started in June 2016.
The General Provisions of the Civil Law was adopted in 2017. Starting in August 2018, six draft parts were reviewed in different NPC Standing Committee sessions. In December 2019, a complete draft civil code was unveiled.
The NPC Standing Committee decided in its December session that the draft civil code would be presented to the NPC annual session in 2020 for deliberation.
STOCKHOLM, May 23(Greenpost) — Wang Chen, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC), speaks at the opening meeting of the third session of the 13th NPC at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing, capital of China, May 22, 2020. Wang read an explanatory document on the draft civil code to deputies attending the third session of the 13th NPC and explained the draft decision on establishing and improving the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) to safeguard national security to the session. (Xinhua/Shen Hong)
BEIJING, May 22 (Xinhua) — A draft decision on establishing and improving the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) to safeguard national security was submitted to China’s national legislature for deliberation on Friday.
Wang Chen, vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress (NPC) explained the draft decision to the third session of the 13th NPC, which runs from May 22 to 28.
Since the return of Hong Kong to the motherland, China has been firmly implementing the principles of “one country, two systems,” “the people of Hong Kong governing Hong Kong,” and a high degree of autonomy, Wang said.
The practice of “one country, two systems” has achieved unprecedented success in Hong Kong, he said.
But the increasingly notable national security risks in the HKSAR have become a prominent problem, the vice chairman said, citing activities that have seriously challenged the bottom line of the “one country, two systems” principle, harmed the rule of law, and threatened national sovereignty, security and development interests.
Law-based and forceful measures must be taken to prevent, stop and punish such activities, he noted.
Article 23 of the Basic Law of the HKSAR stipulates that the HKSAR shall enact laws on its own to prohibit any act of treason, secession, sedition, subversion against the Central People’s Government, or theft of state secrets, to prohibit foreign political organizations or bodies from conducting political activities in the HKSAR, and to prohibit political organizations or bodies of the HKSAR from establishing ties with foreign political organizations or bodies.
More than 20 years after Hong Kong’s return, however, relevant laws are yet to materialize due to the sabotage and obstruction by those trying to sow trouble in Hong Kong and China at large, as well as external hostile forces, Wang said.
Considering Hong Kong’s situation at present, efforts must be made at the state-level to establish and improve the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the HKSAR to safeguard national security, to change the long-term “defenseless” status in the field of national security, Wang said.
This will advance the institutional building to safeguard national security on the course of China’s Constitution and the Basic Law of the HKSAR, he said.
This will also strengthen the work of safeguarding national security and ensure the steady and enduring growth of the cause of “one country, two systems”, he added.
Wang elaborated on the following basic principles:
— Firmly safeguarding national security;
— Upholding and improving the “one country, two systems”;
— Adhering to governing Hong Kong in accordance with the law;
— Resolutely opposing external interference;
— Substantially safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of Hong Kong residents;
The draft decision consists of an introduction and seven articles, according to Wang.
Article 1 states clearly that the country will unswervingly, fully and faithfully implement the principles of “one country, two systems,” “the people of Hong Kong governing Hong Kong,” and a high degree of autonomy; stresses taking necessary measures to establish and improve the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the HKSAR to safeguard national security, as well as prevent, stop and punish activities endangering national security in accordance with the law;
Article 2 states clearly that the country resolutely opposes the interference in the HKSAR affairs by any foreign or external forces in any form and will take necessary countermeasures;
Article 3 specifies that it is the HKSAR’s constitutional responsibilities to safeguard national sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity; stresses that the HKSAR must complete the national security legislation stipulated in the Basic Law of the HKSAR at an earlier date and HKSAR’s administrative, legislative and judicial organs must, in accordance with relevant laws and regulations, effectively prevent, stop and punish acts endangering national security;
Article 4 specifies that the HKSAR must establish and improve the institutions and enforcement mechanisms for safeguarding national security; when needed, relevant national security organs of the Central People’s Government will set up agencies in the HKSAR to fulfill relevant duties to safeguard national security in accordance with the law;
Article 5 specifies that the HKSAR chief executive must regularly report to the Central People’s Government on the HKSAR’s performance of the duty to safeguard national security, carry out national security education and forbid acts of endangering national security;
Article 6 specifies the constitutional meanings of related legislation of the NPC Standing Committee:
(1)Entrusting the NPC Standing Committee to formulate relevant laws on establishing and improving the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the HKSAR to safeguard national security. The NPC Standing Committee will exercise its functions and powers of legislation under authorization;
(2)Specifying that relevant legal tasks for the NPC Standing Committee are to effectively prevent, stop and punish any act occurring in the HKSAR to split the country, subvert state power, organize and carry out terrorist activities and other behaviors that seriously endanger national security, as well as activities of foreign and external forces to interfere in the affairs of the HKSAR;
(3)Specifying the method of implementing relevant laws of the NPC Standing Committee in the HKSAR, that is, the NPC Standing Committee makes the decision to include relevant laws into Annex III of the Basic Law of the HKSAR, and the HKSAR promulgates and implements them;
Article 7 specifies that this decision shall go into effect as of the date of promulgation.
After the issuance of the decision, the NPC Standing Committee will work with related parties to formulate relevant laws at an earlier date for the HKSAR to safeguard national security, actively push for settling prominent problems in the national security system of the HKSAR, strengthen the building of special institutions, enforcement mechanisms and law enforcement forces, so as to ensure relevant laws’ effective implementation in the HKSAR, Wang said.
Stockholm, May 23(Greenpost)–Chinese leaders attended deliberations at annual legislative session in Beijing on Friday afternoon, according to Xinhua news agency.
BEIJING, May 22 (Xinhua) — Senior leaders on Friday called for more efforts to build a moderately prosperous society in all respects when attending deliberations at the third session of the 13th National People’s Congress (NPC).
Li Zhanshu, Wang Yang, Wang Huning, Zhao Leji and Han Zheng — members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee — all gave their complete support for the government work report delivered by Premier Li Keqiang at the session.
When joining deputies from Jiangxi Province in group deliberation, Li Zhanshu, chairman of the NPC Standing Committee, asked legislators to well deliberate and improve a draft civil code, which will be the first basic law defined as a “code” of the People’s Republic of China once adopted.
He said establishing and improving the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) to safeguard national security is completely consistent with China’s Constitution and the Basic Law of the HKSAR, and will be fully supported by all the Chinese people including the Hong Kong compatriots.
Wang Yang, chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference National Committee, told deputies from Sichuan Province to counteract the impact of COVID-19 and ensure a victory in the fight against poverty.
Wang Huning, a member of the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee, underscored efforts to promote the coordinated development of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, boost the development of the Xiongan New Area and make good preparations for the 2022 Winter Olympics, when participating in deliberation with deputies from Hebei Province.
While deliberating with deputies from Heilongjiang Province, Zhao Leji, secretary of the CPC Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, stressed strengthening supervision over the implementation of major decisions and arrangements.
Deliberating with deputies from Shaanxi Province, Vice Premier Han Zheng underlined efforts to coordinate epidemic containment and economic and social development, take more measures on deepening reform and expanding opening up to solve difficulties facing development, and create bigger room for the development of market entities.
STOCKHOLM, May 10(Greenpost) — Swedish Radio och Aftonbladet rapporterade den 6 maj att svenska Tulleverket och Läkeverket hade testat den kinesiska traditionella örtinnehållsmedicinen Lianhuaqingwen som de konfiskerade och gav en slutsats att läkemedlet inte fungerar och endast innehåller mentol i det.
Denna rapport sprids till Kina och kinesiska medicinska akademiker och relevanta organisationer reagerade omedelbart på denna nyhet och förklarade att den svenska slutsatsen inte var komplette. Nyheterna sa att svensk tjänsteman sa att han inte hittade tillräckligt med bevis för att medicinen är användbar eftersom han bara hittade mentol i den, men nämnde inte något annat och hävdade att det inte fanns några relevanta artiklar om det. Denna slutsats visar att han inte hittade artikeln om Lianhuaqingwen eller läste den. Han fann varken annat i medicinen eller så hittade han något men han visste inte vad de var. Nyheter från kinesiska Dr. Li sa att det faktiskt fanns 13 ingredienser eller komponenter i medicinen. Men bara mentol har ett välkänt kemiskt format medan de andra kinesiska örterna inte hade kemiskt format. Till exampel, Nobel Prisvinnare Tu Youyou hittade kemiskt form i kinesiska örter och sedan kan man tillverka massiva läkemedel.
De 13 ingredienserna är Lianqiao som är Forsythoside E, Jinyinhua som är kaprifol, liknande maskros, luding är Rutin, mahuang, dahuang, som är Epherdra, bitter aprikoskärna, gips, banlangen som är ett välkänt antivirusmedicin i Kina. Banlangen uppfanns i mitten av 1990-talet.
De 13 ingredienserna är Lianqiao som är Forsythoside E, Jinyinhua som är kaprifol, liknande maskros, luding, Rutin, mahuang, dahuang, som är Epherdra, bitter aprikoskärna, gips, banlangen som är en välkänd antivirusmedicin i Kina. Banlangen uppfanns i mitten av 1990-talet.
Jag minns att jag en gång blev ombedd att översätta specifikationerna för läkemedlet eftersom mina radiofolk ofta ombads att göra den här typen av översättningsjobb. Men jag vägrade att göra det eftersom jag kände att jag visste så lite om medicinkunskap. Men med åren har Banlangen blivit en daglig medicin som Alvedon i Sverige. Om människor har en influensatyp kan människor ta Banlangen. Om de har bakterietyp förkylning, kan de bara ta ganmaochonji en slags liten partikel typ av pulver och bara lägga det i en kopp varmt vatten och dricka det.
Mianmaguanzhong, jag vet inte vad det är, men Yuxingcao är också ett välkänt namn för att hantera ögon, Huoxiang är också en mycket vanlig men väl effektiv kinesisk medicin. Hongjingtian en växter i Tibet och är känd för sin funktion för att hjälpa dig att få tillräckligt med oxegon. När vi var i Tibet kände en kollega att han saknade oxegon, han gick för att köpa oxegonflaska och Hongjingtian. Gancao var också en kinesisk medicin både i tablettform eller i rå örtform. Man kan svälja tablett, eller dricka vatten som suger gancao örten. Den sista är exakt mentol.
Mentol är verkligen en bra komponent för olika typer av kinesisk medicin. Mintsocker i Lidl hjälper dig faktiskt om du har ont i halsen. Akademiker Zhong Nanshan som var nyckelpersonen i att leda kampanjen mot Covid-19. President Xi Jinping ledde kampanjen genom att skicka sjukhus, läkare och sjuksköterskor och alla förnödenheter genom olika provinser, Zhong Nanshan var en symbol för teknisk del, mycket information och kunskap om covid-19 skickades ut genom Zhongs namn. Akademiker Zhang Boli som har gått hemma, men han kallades för att leda i kampanjen med sin rika kunskap om kinesisk medicin. De båda är auktoritativa medan Zhong var i västerländsk medicin och Zhang var i kinesisk medicin. Men båda rekommenderade Lianhuaqingwen. Under kinesiska krig emot covid 19, både kinesiska medicine och västra medicin samarbetade bra.
Låt oss titta på koronaviruset igen. Det är ett virus, men symptomen när människor får det är hosta, feber, rinnande eller torkande näsa och trötthet. Således symptom liknar en allvarlig förkylning. Endast när människor antingen är för svaga eller för friska för att kämpa mot viruset utan styrka eller för mycket styrka, hårt, så skadar det dina organ, särskilt lungan. Det mest typiska symtomet i slutändan är andningsproblem. Men i början blev du bara förkyld.
Och alla dessa komponenter eller ingredienser i Lianhuaqingwen är användbara i kampen mot kyla. Således kan det nästan behandlas som en mest kraftfull typ av medicin vid behandling av förkylning.
Enligt en gemensam studie av forskare vid Nanjing Chinese Medicine University och Shanghai Drug Research Institute under Chinese Academy of Sciences är Lianhuaqingwen hittills den mest funktionella medicinen för att hämma koronavirus från reproduktion och bota patienterna.
Enligt professor Fang Bangjiang från Longhua Hospital vid Shanghai Chinese Medicine University var det bara 20-30 procent av patienterna som hade feber. De flesta av dem hade inte feber. Han skickades till Leishenshan sjukhus i Kina som byggdes inom tio dagar efter stängningen av Wuhan den 23 januari.
Fang var ansvarig för en enhet som hade 108 patienter med lätta symtom. Han fann att patienterna hade ett enhetligt symptom, det var panik och rädsla, oro och svaga nerver. Efter att ha provat västerländsk medicin i en vecka fann han att den inte bara inte gav positiva resultat utan gav negativa effekter på levern. Således föreskrev han hela tiden kinesisk medicin efter en vecka. Den kinesiska medicinen lugnade huvudsakligen patienterna, befriade dem från panikskänslor och fick dem att sova bättre. Som ett resultat blev ingen mer allvarlig och ingen död hände i hans enhet. Som jämförelse, de som behandlades med västerländsk väg eller medicin, många av dem kunde bli värre och skickades till ICU. Enligt forskningsdokumentet användes Lianhuaqingwen också för svåra patienter och genom att lindra deras feber eller andra symtom räddades liv. Men hittills erkänner experter att det inte fanns något botemedel mot alla typer av medicin mot covid-19. Men som en stödjande medicin eller hälsosam produkt, de som bekräftas att bli covid-19 positiva, kan de ta Lianhuaqingwen. Oavsett om det fungerar eller inte, kan man känna det efter tre dagar. Om det efter tre dagar inte fungerade, känner du dig värre, måste du ringa läkaren igen.
Sverige har försökt sitt bästa för att hantera covid-19 och undvikit problemet Kina hade i början av att bli sjukhuset för trångt och nästan kollapsa. Sverige ville låta covid-19 hända långsamt, vilket är en bra idé. Men viruset älskar människor och kan snabbt spridas från en person till två personer om du har nära kontakter, till exempel i folkmassor, inte nödvändigtvis för att kyssa varandra. Det kan spridas genom spotta och nysa eller hosta. Men om människor håller sig isolerade kan viruset inte hitta någon annan att reproducera sig själv, det kommer att dö när personen återhämtar sig. Därför isolation är mycket viktigt.
Ju tidigare, snabbare att isolera, desto bättre. Till exempel, om svenska avbröt resan, avbröt Eurovisionen, avbröt födelsedagsfesten och isolerats snabbare och tidigare i andra områden där du bara hittade ett par fall, har antagligen viruset utplånats nu. Men ingen vet. Kanske det skulle ta två till tre månader på något sätt.
Tack vare svenska människor som är bra på att hålla socialt avstånd och mestadels följer regeringens instruktioner offrade inte svenska folk för mycket frihet och samhället fortsätter att fungera, vilket kan ses som en positiv aspekt. Men om människor särskilt de som blev smittade, men inte så långt de går till sjukhusintensivvård, kanske om de tar Lianhuaqingwen, kan det inte bara trösta dem, utan också förhindra att de blir värre.
För att säga att det bara har mynta i sig och inte fungerar, det låter som det bara är mintgodisen. Men det är helt enkelt inte sant.
Lianhuaqingwen var faktiskt bara en av de kinesiska medicinerna som hanterade covid-19. Jag antar att det blev berömt på grund av dess massproduktion och förpackning. Qingfei Paidu Tang eller lungrengöring och gift-utrotande sirap var också mycket populärt under covid 19-kampanjen i Wuhan, centrala Kina. Men den här typen av medicin är ren ört och måste kokas varje gång för varje person. Det är svårt att få massproduktion. Kinesiska läkare betonade också att det var en person med sitt eget recept enligt hans eller hennes eget symptom.
Kinesisk medicin stressar inte att döda viruset eller bekämpa viruset, utan betonade att läkemedlet hjälper patienter att bli starkare i immunsystemet och fysisk styrka genom att bli av med eller lindra symptomet.
Covid-19 är verkligen ett starkt virus som är mycket svårt att hantera eftersom det reproducerar sig så snabbt när det kom in i människokroppen och attackerade lungan. Genom att slå tillbaka med immunsystemet kan patienter andra organ som lever eller hjärta eller njure också skadas. Det var därför många människor dog av inte bara virus utan också flera andra kombinerade sjukdomar. Viruset kan skada ditt immunsystem. Således betonade de kinesiska läkarna att människor borde äta tillräckligt med protein och sova bra. Att bli dig själv stark är nyckeln till att ta itu med Covid 19.
STOCKHOLM, May 10, (Greenpost) — Swedish Radio and Aftonbladet reported on May 6 that Swedish Customs had tested the Chinese traditional herb content medicine Lianhuaqingwen which they confiscated and gave a conclusion that the medicine doesn’t function and only contains mint in it.
This report was spread to China and Chinese medical academicians and relevant organisations immediately reacted on this news saying that the Swedish conclusion was not right.
The news said Swedish official in Drugs Administration lab said he didn’t find enough evidence to show the medicine is useful because he only found mint in it, but didn’t mention anything else and claimed that there was no any relevant articles about it.
This conclusion shows that he didn’t find the article about Lianhuaqingwen, nor read it. He neither found nothing else in the medicine or he found something but he didn’t know what they were.
News from Chinese Dr. Li said in fact there were 13 ingredients or components in the medicine. But only mint has a well recognised chemical format while the other Chinese herbs didn’t have chemical format.
The 13 ingredients are Lianqiao which is Forsythoside E, Jinyinhua which is honeysukle, similar to dandelion, luding, Rutin, mahuang, dahuang, which is Epherdra, bitter apricot core, plaster, banlangen which is a well-known antivirus medicine in China. Banlangen was invented in mid 1990s. I remember once I was asked to translate the specifications of the medicine because my radio people were often asked to do this kind of translation job. But I refused to do it because I felt I knew so little about medicine knowledge. But over the years Banlangen has become a daily medicine like Alvedon in Sweden. If people have virus type of flu, people can take Banlangen. If they have bacteria type of cold, they can just take the ganmaochonji a kind of small particle type of powder and just putting it into a cup of hot water and drink it.
Mianmaguanzhong, I do not know what it is, but Yuxingcao is also a well known name in dealing with eyes, Huoxiang is also a very common but well effective Chinese medicine. Hongjingtian is produced in Tibet and famous for its function to help you to have enough oxegon. When we were in Tibet, a colleague felt he was lack of oxegon, he went to buy oxegon bottle and Hongjingtian. Gancao was also a Chinese medicine both in tablet form or in raw herb form. One can swallow tablet, but drink water which soaks the gancao herb. The last one is exactly mint.
Mint is indeed a good component for various kinds of Chinese medicine. Mint sugar in Lidl actually helps you if you have a sore throat.
Academician Zhong Nanshan who was the key person in leading the campaign against Covid-19. President Xi Jinping was leading the campaign by sending hospitals, doctors and nurses and all the supplies through various provinces, Zhong Nanshan was a symbol of technical part, a lot of information was sent out through Zhongs name. Academician Zhang Boli who has retired at home, but he was summoned to lead in the campaign with his rich Chinese medicine knowledge. They both are authoritative while Zhong was in western medicine and Zhang was in Chinese medicine. But both recommended Lianhuaqingwen. During China’s campaign against covid-19, it was a perfect example of cooperation and combination of Chinese and western medicines.
Let’s look at the corona virus again. It is a virus, but the symptom when people catch it is coughing, fever, running or drying nose and fatigue. Thus the symptom is similar to a serious cold. Only when people are either too weak or too healthy to fight against the virus with no strength or too much strength, fiercely, then it hurt your organs especially the lung. The most typical symptom in the end is respiratory problem. But at the beginning, you just got a cold.
And all these components or ingredients of Lianhuaqingwen are useful in fighting against cold. Thus it can almost be treated as a most powerful kind of medicine in treating cold.
According to a joint study by researchers in Nanjing Chinese Medicine University and Shanghai Drug Research Institute under the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lianhuaqingwen is so far the most functional medicine in inhibiting corona virus from reproduction and curing the fever of the patients.
Fang was in charge of a unit which had 108 patients who had light symptoms. He found that the patients had one unified symptom, that was panic and fear, worries and weak nerves. After trying western medicine for one week, he found it not only did not give positive results but give negative effects on liver. Thus he prescribed all the time Chinese medicine after a week. The Chinese medicine mainly calmed down the patients, relieved them from panic feelings and got them sleep better.
As a result, no one became more serious and no death happened in his unit. In comparison, those who were treated with western way or medicine, a lot of them could become worse and were sent to ICU.
According to the research paper, Lianhuaqingwen was used for severe patients too and by alleviating their fever or other symptoms, lives were rescued.
But so far, experts admit that there were no cure all kind of medicine against covid-19. But as a supportive medicine or healthy product, those who are confirmed to get covid-19 positive, they can take Lianhuaqingwen. Whether it works or not, one can feel it after three days. If after three days it did not function, you feel worse, then you must call the doctor again.
Sweden has tried its best to deal with the covid-19 and avoided the problem China had at the beginning of getting the hospital too crowded and almost collapse. Sweden wanted to let the covid-19 happen slowly, which is a good idea.
However, the virus loves people and can quickly spread from one person to two persons if you have close contacts, for example in crowds, not necessarily to kiss each other. It can spread through spit and sneeze or cough. But if people keep themselves isolated, the virus couldn’t find another person to reproduce itself, it will die with the recovery of the person. Thus isolation is very very important.
The earlier, quicker to isolate, the better. For example, if Swedish cancelled the travel, canceled the Eurovision, canceled the birthday party, and isolated quicker and earlier in other areas where you just found a couple of cases, then the virus probably got wiped out by now. But no one knows. Maybe it would take two to three months any way.
Thanks to Swedish people who are good at keeping social distance and mostly follow the government instructions, Swedish people did not sacrifice too much freedom and the society continues to function, which can be seen as a positive aspect. But if people especially those who got infected, but not to the extend to go to hospitals intensive care, maybe if they take the Lianhuaqingwen, it can not only comfort them, but also prevent them from getting worse.
To say it just got mint in it and does not function, it sounds like it is just the mint candy. But it is simply not true.
In fact, Lianhuaqingwen was just one of the Chinese medicines that dealt with covid-19. I guess it became famous because of its mass production and packaging. Qingfei Paidu Tang or Lung cleaning and poison eradicating syrup was also very popular during covid 19 campaign in Wuhan, Central China. But this kind of medicine is pure herb and needs to be boiled each time for each person. It is hard to get mass production. Chinese doctors also stressed that it was one person with his or her own prescription according to his or her own symptom.
Chinese medicine does not stress killing the virus or fighting the virus, instead, it stressed that the medicine helps patients to get stronger in immune system and physical strength by getting rid of or alleviating the symptom.
Covid-19 is indeed a strong virus which is very hard to deal with because it reproduces itself so quickly once it entered humans body and attacked the lung. By fighting back with the immune system, patients other organs such as liver or heart or kidney could be damaged too. That was why a lot of people died of not only virus, but also several other combined diseases. The virus can damage your immune system. Thus, the Chinese doctors emphasized that people should eat enough protein and sleep well. Getting yourself strong is the key to deal with the covid 19.
The following is the research paper about Lianhuaqingwen.
– Ambassadör Gui Congyous signerade artikel inför det 70:e jubileet av kinesisk-svenska diplomatiska relationer
Stockholm, May 9(Greenpost)–Det var den 9:e maj 1950, då Sverige steg ut först i västvärlden, över hinder och skillnader i politiska system och ideologier, och bildade diplomatiska relationer med det nya Kina.
I de 70 åren har kinesisk-svenska relationer utvecklat mycket och redovisat många goda resultat. Kina blir Sveriges största handelspartner i Asien, där 600-tals svenska företag har verksamheter, medan kinesiska företag i Sverige har skapat fler än 25 000 nya jobb för landet. Länderna utbyter brett och frekvent inom bl.a. vetenskap teknologi utbildning kultur och turism, inom internationella frågor har man också bra kontakter. Den välfungerande kinesisk-svenska relationer har gynnat de två länderna och folken, och bidragit för världens stabilitet och välfärd.
Kinesisk-svenska relationer har löpt i 70 år, i den historien har vänskapliga utbyten och win-win samarbeten alltid varit huvudfåran. Vänskap och samarbete, som var exakt det originella tanke när diplomatiska relationer bildades, har pekat ut en väg för relationer att löpa framåt. Inför det 70:e jubileet av bildande av kinesisk-svenska diplomatiska relationer, ser vi ett behov för att tänka på det originella önskemålet och planera för framtidens väg tillsammans.
Vi måste hålla fast de grundläggande principerna för vår diplomatiska relationer. Grunden för relationers bildning var ömsesidigt respekt till varandras suveränitet och territorium och seriösa löften om att behandla varandra jämlikt och att inte störa varandras interna saker. Här om åren har vi sett avvikelser från de principerna av vissa svenska politiker och personer, som underminerade den politiska grunden för kinesisk-svenska relationers utveckling. Men 70 års historia har bevisat, att så länge vi håller principerna fast, talar och lyssnar varandra väl och tar varandra jämlikt, kunde vi alltid hitta något konstruktivt sätt för att lösa dispyter och förstärka den politiska grunder för relationers långsiktiga och stabila utveckling.
Vi måste vidare gräva den stora potentialen för samarbetet. Anledningen för vår bildande av diplomatiska relationer var att samarbeta för en förbättrade utveckling på grund av jämlikheten och ömsesidigt respekt. I 70 år har Kinas utveckling och samarbetet med Kina tillbringat enormt intresse för Sverige, medan Sverige, genom samarbetet, medverkade mycket i Kinas ekonomiska utveckling till och med reform och öppning, vilket visat att samarbetet varit fördelaktigt och kompletterande för båda sidor. Politiska dialoger, handel och investering, vetenskap och teknologi, kulturella utbyten eller internationella samordning, en mycket bredare samarbetsfront väntar på oss i framtiden. Att samarbeta betyder ju att arbeta tillsammans för något gemensamt, i detta behöver man inte påverka varandra, inte heller att förändra även hota varandra.
Vi måste åka på huvudfåran av folkets opinion. Beslutet om att bilda diplomatiska relationer var från folket och för folket. Det var på grund av våra länders långa historiska vänskap, som skapat ett gemensamt behov och enig uppfattning bland folket. Sedan min ankomst till Sverige har jag besökt de flesta länen av landet, där jag såg och hörde de aktuella längtan och önskan för att veta om Kina och samarbeta med Kina. Vi får respektera denna opinion och försöker förbättra möjligheter och miljöer för folkets vänskapliga utbyte i dessa spår.
I den senaste kampen mot det nya coronaviruset har vi en gång till kunnat bevittna de djupa känslorna som våra folk bär för varandra. I början av året, då Kina var i dess svåraste strid, stod många svenska företag och vänner upp för Kina med generösa donationer, uppmuntrande videoklipp och stöttande brev, som var varmt uppskattade. Efter smittan utbröt i Sverige, blev det kinesers tur att hjälpa. T.ex. Duveholms gymnasium fick en bra överraskning från sin kinesiska vänskola Yunnans Yrkegymnasium, 2000 st. munskydd och Höganäs AB fick genom sin fabrik i Shanghai 165 000 st. munskydd och donerade dessa till Sjukhusen i Örebro. Den kinesiska sidan hjälper svenska sjukhus, bl.a. Karolinska, med att köpa medicinska maskiner från Kina, även vår ambassad har också skickat ut skyddsprodukter som gåvor till olika sjukhus och äldreboende i Sverige. En professor i Lund skrev till mig och berättade om hur skyddsprodukterna från Kina skyddade Region Skånes personaler, han trodde också att hjälpen skulle främja våra länders vänskap. En sjuksköterska på ett äldreboende i Malmö skrev också för att tacka och hävdade att Kinas hjälpmedel ”räddade” deras anställda och patienter.
De fina exemplen om hur kinesiska och svenska folken hjälper varandra talar för sig själv, alltså vår vänskap överlever alla slags svårigheter och blir bara starkare genom tiden. Det är en outtömlig drivkraft för kinesisk-svenska relationer att förbättras. Det övertygs att med våra folks gemensamma engagemang, kan vi säkert köra över de tillfälliga hinder som dyker upp i relationer, och gå ständigt mot det originellt önskade målet, för ett ännu bättre kinesisk-svenska relationer i framtiden.
I thought if we gave one minute of a national mourning for all those who died during this anti-covid-19 campaign including those victims. But the Chinese government has announced a three minute mourning.
According to BBC report, China has mourned the victims of the coronavirus outbreak by observing a three-minute silence, bringing the nation to a halt.
A day of remembrance was declared in China on Saturday to honour the more than 3,300 people who died of Covid-19.
At 10:00 local time (03:00 GMT), people stood still nationwide for three minutes in tribute to the dead.
Cars, trains and ships then sounded their horns, air raid sirens rang as flags were flown at half-mast.
The first cases of coronavirus were detected in the Chinese city of Wuhan in Hubei province late last year.
Since then, the virus has swept the globe, infecting more than one million people and killing nearly 60,000 in 181 countries.
In Wuhan, the epicentre of China’s outbreak, all traffic lights in urban areas were turned red at 10:00, ceasing traffic for three minutes.
China’s government said the event was a chance to pay respects to “martyrs”, a reference to the 14 medical workers who died battling the virus. It was reported that more than 3000 Chinese doctors and nurses as well as workers in hospitals were infected during the period. About 50 police and guards died due to the infection while on duty.
They include Li Wenliang, a doctor in Wuhan who died of Covid-19 after being talked by police not to talk about the disease.
“I feel a lot of sorrow about our colleagues and patients who died,” a Chinese nurse who treated coronavirus patients told AFP news agency. “I hope they can rest well in heaven.”
Wearing white flowers pinned to their chest, Chinese President Xi Jinping and other government officials paid silent tribute in Beijing.
Saturday’s commemorations coincide with the annual Qingming festival, when millions of Chinese families pay respects to their ancestors.
China first informed the World Health Organization (WHO) about cases of pneumonia with unknown causes on 31 December last year.
By 18 January, the confirmed number of cases had risen to around 60 – but experts estimated the real figure was closer to 1,700.
Just two days later, as millions of people prepared to travel for the lunar new year, the number of cases more than tripled to more than 200 and the virus was detected in Beijing, Shanghai and Shenzhen.
From that point, the virus began to spread rapidly in Asia and then Europe, eventually reaching every corner of the globe.
In the past few weeks, China has started to ease travel and social-distancing restrictions, believing it has brought the health emergency under control.
Last weekend, Wuhan partially re-opened after more than two months of isolation.
On Saturday, China reported 19 new confirmed cases of coronavirus, down from 31 a day earlier. China’s health commission said 18 of those cases involved travellers arriving from abroad.
As it battles to control cases coming from abroad, China temporarily banned all foreign visitors, even if they have visas or residence permits.
What is the latest worldwide?
As the coronavirus crisis in China abates, the rest of the world remains firmly in the grip of the disease.
In his article published in SVD, Johan Lagerkvist denigrated China’s efforts to fight COVID-19, and proceeded from ideological prejudice to attribute the epidemic to China’s political system, which runs against the facts, common sense and basic morality.
We solemnly inform him that the strong leadership of the Communist Party of China and the institutional strengths are China’s most effective weapons to overcome the disease. Since the outbreak of COVID-19, we have fully leveraged the institutional strengths of the Party’s leadership and the mobilization system, always prioritized people’s safety and health, mobilized resources across the country in a fast and comprehensive manner and formed strong synergy. Thanks to these efforts, China has effectively contained the epidemic, gained valuable time for and made significant contribution to the world. This once again illustrates the strengths of China’s system, which is in line with the fundamental interests of the Chinese people. In fact, many countries are learning China’s successful experience in tackling and containing the virus.
An epidemic may occur at any time in any country or region, and the virus is the common enemy of all mankind. Facing the severe situation, every country, every government, every organization and every individual should proceed from their own condition and shoulder due responsibility, and contribute their part to the fight against the disease. Using an epidemic for political purpose, waging an ideological attack and spreading lies in the name of “freedom of speech” will only lead to self-damage. It is like lifting a rock only to have one’s own toes squashed. Nor will it lend any help to easing the epidemic situation in countries around the world, including Sweden.
STOCKHOLM, March 25 (Greenpost) — American late President John F Kennedy was remembered for his famous swearing-in sentence: United We Stand. … Do not ask how much our nation can do for you and ask what you can do for our nation.
Actually China has learnt a lot from America, the American spirit of willing to sacrifice for a good cause.
If you study Kennedy’s sentence carefully, you can see it is also very much a communist idea. He called on people to be united and do more for their country and dare to sacrifice.
It is interesting to see that this idea was perfectly implemented in China.
China was the first one who suffered in large scale of the outbreak of Covid-19. But after two months intensive fighting, China has generally won the battle. Is there any secret for China to win the battle? I like to summarise it in ten lessons or experiences.
Great leadership. Wage a war against Covid-19. Chinese President Xi Jinping is a great leader. He is such a forward looking leader and a leader who has strategic outlook. After about three weeks investigation, research and study, he realised that the attack of the Covid-19 was not an ordinary virus such as SARS, MERS or American Flu but a virus that spread so quickly that if you don’t take collective and coordinated action, mobilise the whole nation to deal with it, you will face the danger that the whole Chinese nation will be paralysed and even more 20 percent of the 1.4 billion lives will be in danger. It would be very hard to imagine that such a number of population will be wiped out. China indeed has a huge population, but even one life loss is too many. China has put the people in the center and it must implement this policy. Thus, President Xi Jinping declared a war, he called it people’s war against Covid-19.
Build up capacity with great coordination capability. Since it is a war against Covid-19 under the leadership of President Xi Jinping himself, he was given the power to mobilise the national resources. As soon as China found that the deaths were caused by the shortage of hospital beds, Xi mobilised all the big corporations and the army to build a temporary Xiaotangshan like hospital. Maybe he learnt from the 2003 SARS lessons, he realised it was such an important issue of life or death, thus he used all the resources he could. The Xiaotangshan hospital was built to deal with SARS patients in 2003 in Beijing suburbs near the Great Wall. In order to combat the bloody virus, the first hospital was called Huoshenshan which means the God of Fire Mountain to burn the virus. The second hospital which was also built within ten days was called Leishenshan meaning the God of Thunder to kill the virus. These two hospitals and the following dozen Noah Ark hospitals exhibited China’s formidable construction capability. This construction itself needs a lot of coordination, unity and voluntary forces. A lot of workers from other provinces came to help build the hospitals.
International assistance and cooperation. Ask for help. When the most devastating Earthquake took place in Tangshan in 1976, China refused to ask any help from the world and China lost 240 thousand lives. Later we think when needed for the lives of the people, leaders should be humble and ask help, to save lives is important. When Wuhan announced to close down on January 23, it was just the beginning of the Chinese Lunar New Year holiday which usually lasted for 8 days. Almost all the Chinese should go back home and unite with their loved ones and enjoy the longest holiday in China, similar to Christmas in the west. Thus there were no production, almost no one were working. But the doctors and nurses in Wuhan, Hubei and even Zhejiang and other provinces were short of protecting clothes, N95 masks, gloves and the protecting eye glasses. In fact, Dr. Li Wenliang was an eye doctor, but he was infected of Convid-19 by an 85 year old lady when he examined her eyes. So the danger of infection is not just in the emergency sector, or respiratory sector, but in all hospitals because Chinese hospitals are usually much larger and much more open so there are also long queues. Therefore, Chinese government mobilised all the overseas Chinese and other government to ask for help to donate or sell N95 masks, protecting clothes and others. The Chinese all over the world took action immediately and donated money and contacted shops to buy all kinds of goods mainly the masks. Those who couldn’t get masks, bought gloves. I remember that the goods took two weeks to arrive in China with many people’s joint efforts. This was a moving process because all the Chinese people have a kind of feeling that this was such a huge disaster that needed us all to unite and work together to win this battle. Virus was shrewd and spreading so quickly no matter who you are. Four doctors died including two professors who are experts in medical field. But maybe hard work or lack of sleep whatever lower immunity made them collapse when the virus attacked. I summarised it with a timeline, thus I think the international cooperation is very important. With this kind of unity spirit, we encouraged each other.
Exert Chinese system advantage. Chinese political system is not a dictatorship but a centralised power that produced from various provinces and regions and when there is need the provinces are like brothers and sisters to help each other. When I went to Xinjiang to have a reporting trip in August 2018, I was so impressed that each region in Xinjiang has a big brother in the eastern part of China. For example, Beijing will be the brother of Urumqi, Altay will have a brother which is called Heilongjiang province in northeast China. And I saw the bridge built with 2 million yuan donated from Heilongjiang. The same with Tibet Autonomous Region. This time the most moving part was that the young brother in Xinjiang now helped Hubei province with apples and meat which was what they have. Hubei might have helped Xinjiang with money and technology. But now what Hubei needed was basic things such as vegetable and apples because the city was closed down and no trade or normal transportation were going on. When the new hospitals were built, many thousands of patients were moved in, they need new doctors and nurses. How could they manage that? Liaoning Province in northeast China sent 1000 doctors and nurses from Jinzhou and Dalian as well as more from Shenyang. So it is not fairy tale that one province helped one city in Hubei Province, it was absolutely true. Almost every province or autonomous region and municipality had offered help. How could China realise that? That is the system advantage and cultural advantage even though people from the north feel difficult to understand the language in Hubei and difficult to deal with the patients. They immediately formed a vocabulary of the local language online so that they can learn immediately.
Chinese communist party members took the lead in offering the help and work on duty in the most difficult time and place. Chinese communist party members swore that they should put the public interest ahead of their own interest and I bet most of them who offered the help from other provinces are CCP members. It might be dangerous, it might cost life, it might be that you go there and you will not come back, but as a CCP member, you have such an obligation to voluntarily do it. They are all voluntary doctors and nurses. It was not ordered to do so. It was just a call and you can just answer it. It was reported that about 40 thousand doctors and nurses from outside Hubei went to Wuhan and other cities hospitals to help. Thus they need a lot of protecting clothes and masks.
The Heroic Wuhan People, Hubei people and all the Chinese people. During the first week between January 25 and February 2, almost all over China was closed down and isolated. All the villages were closed. No cars were allowed to go through for a week. But by February 2, after a week of fighting against the virus, expert Zhong Nanshan who is 84 years old found that this virus actually has about two weeks potential, in which people could have symptoms after five to seven days. Or they can stay for two weeks and then have cough or fever symptoms. Thus a lot more people might have infected but showed no symtoms yet. Thus it will take at least two weeks to know how many have got infected. So the original closedown of the city for a week was extended for two weeks and then from two weeks extended to four weeks 28 days. With such a long time of closing down, how can Chinese bear it? The slogan was that to stay at home was great, patriotic and that was needed to fight against this virus. Because this virus spreads so quickly when you have close contacts. Thus some families unfortunately disappeared due to the inside family infection and left their orphans.
The sacrifice of the grassroots workers such as neighbourhood committee people and volunteers. They were the ones who tested the people’s temperatures and also helped to guard people from wandering around in the street. Their jobs were not easy and sometimes they could meet irritated people and insulted them.
Five million guards and volunteer made all the isolation possible. It was not admirable, but they should be respected otherwise the society could have been in chaos. But mostly it went well and again we must say Wuhan people were great because there were many kinds of recreational activities which were very innovative. It is very respectful for the Chinese people’s talent and wisdom. I have published an old man’s poem describing his staying at home. The volunteers later shouldered the responsibility of buying food and vegetables for each family who gave an order through the smart phone services.
The postman was praised even during the spring festival TV gala programs but this time, without them, the battle of combating the virus was not complete. It was they who helped transport goods from Shanghai, Guangzhou and many other places to Hubei provinces.
Chinese medicine has played a great role in giving the Chinese confidence in curing patients. The World Health Organization officials said it was good to see China uses whatever they have to cure the patients. In China there were western medicine doctors relying on antibiotics and other western medicines and equipment such as breathing machines and artificial lung machines. There were also Chinese medicine doctors who used Chinese herbs as medicine to alleviate the symptoms of lungs and fever. It was reported that many light symptom patients recovered with Chinese medicine and prevented them from becoming the sever patients. Unfortunately when WHO opened the press conference and made an impression that all the light symptom patients can recover themselves and the severe symptom patients could only wait for breathing machine or vaccines. China drew the lessons from SARS and all the Chinese put on a mask when they go out. Without mask, you can’t go out. It is a way to protect yourself and also protect others. It is a way to isolate. To understand the virus and its symptoms is a long process which lasted a week for 7 patients and then for 45 patients to examine exactly what it is and how harmful it is. Finally by January 23 Wuhan declared closedown. Wuhan Mayor was hesitating even if he declared that, but he said I don’t care what the history will tell this story which was unprecedented. But of course a lot of people thought he should have closed down earlier. So above are my summary of ten lessons or experiences China can offer to the world. Through this disaster, we see a lot of positive aspects of humanity. Many people said this could only be done under the leadership of the CCP, but I like to say that under the leadership of the CCP, there are great Chinese people, without their support, how can CCP itself completed this mission? So the Chinese Communist Party, the Chinese government and the Chinese people and the Chinese nation are all together making a great Chinese culture spreading kindness and mercy so that our world becomes a better world.
Overall, it can be summarised as united we stand. That was to unite and do the right thing at the right time and then resume the production. Of course Chinese culture is also a culture that emphasise harmony, cooperation and mutual help. With cooperation and unity, we can overcome all the difficulties. I cannot say China won a great victory or completely defeat the enemy of virus, but at least now it can produce substantially with its capacity and help other parts of the world to recover from the virus disaster.
The following are some pictures during this campaign showing how people help each other.
Stockholm, Mar.2(Greenpost) –According to the China News Agency, Beijing, March 2nd. China’s National Health Committee announced on the 2nd of March that on the 1st, 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps reported 202 new confirmed cases and 42 new deaths.
As of 24:00 on the 1st, a total of 80026 confirmed cases and 2912 dead cases had been reported.
On the 1st, 196 new cases were confirmed in Hubei. Six new cases were confirmed outside Hubei on that day.
Data from the National Health and Medical Commission showed that from 14:00 to 14:00 on the 1st, 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps reported 202 newly confirmed cases, 42 new deaths (42 in Hubei).
There were 141 new suspected cases.
On the same day, 2837 new cases were cured and discharged, 8154 were close contacts of medical observation, and 255 severe cases were reduced.
As of 24:00 on the 1st, according to reports from 31 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, there were 32,652 confirmed cases (of which 7,110 were severe cases), a total of 44,462 discharged cases were cured, and a total of 2912 death cases were accumulated.
There were 80026 confirmed cases and 715 suspected cases.
A total of 663,240 close contacts were traced, and 46,219 close contacts were still in medical observation.
There were 196 new confirmed cases in Hubei (193 in Wuhan), 2570 new cases cured and discharged in Wuhan (1958), 42 new deaths (32 in Wuhan), and 30,543 confirmed cases (25,903 in Wuhan).
There were 6872 severe cases (6225 cases in Wuhan).
A total of 33,757 discharged patients were cured (21,185 in Wuhan), a total of 2,803 deaths (2,227 in Wuhan), and a total of 67,103 confirmed cases (49,315 in Wuhan).
There were 80 new suspected cases (70 in Wuhan) and 527 suspected cases (340 in Wuhan).
A total of 148 confirmed cases were reported from Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan: 98 cases in Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (36 cases discharged, 2 deaths), 10 cases in Macao Special Administrative Region (8 cases discharged), and 40 cases in Taiwan (12 cases discharged, 1 case died)
Stockholm, Mar. 2(Greenpost)– According to China News Agency, as of 24:00 on March 1, a total of 414 confirmed cases were confirmed in Beijing, of which 282 were cured and discharged, and 8 died.
There are 42 suspected cases.
A total of 2728 close contacts have been identified, of which 413 are still in isolation medical observation.
Among the confirmed cases, 200 were male cases, accounting for 48.3%; 214 were female cases, accounting for 51.7%.
The age range was 6 months to 94 years old, of which 14 cases were under 5 years old, accounting for 3.4%; 13 cases were 6 years old to 17 years old, accounting for 3.1%; 277 cases were 18 years old to 59 years old, accounting for 66.9%; 60 years old and above 110 Cases, accounting for 26.6%.
Of the 16 confirmed cases in Beijing, there were no cases in Pinggu District, 13 in Dongcheng District, 53 in Xicheng District, 71 in Chaoyang District, 63 in Haidian District, 42 in Fengtai District, 14 in Shijingshan District, and 3 in Mentougou District.
16 cases in Fangshan District, 19 cases in Tongzhou District, 10 cases in Shunyi District, 29 cases in Changping District, 39 cases in Daxing District, 7 cases in Huairou District, 7 cases in Miyun District, 1 case in Yanqing District。
25 cases came from outside China, and overseas input 2 patients.
There are no new confirmed cases in 10 districts in Beijing for more than 14 consecutive days. The specific cases have not been reported in Pinggu District since the epidemic, 38 days in Yanqing District, 28 days in Mentougou District, 24 days in Huairou District, 22 days in Shunyi District, and east. There were no new confirmed cases in the urban area for 19 days, Miyun District, 17 days in Shijingshan District, 17 days in Daxing District, and 14 days in Fangshan District.
Yuan Longping (Chinese: 袁隆平; born September 7, 1930) is a Chinese agronomist, known for developing the first hybrid rice varieties in the 1970s.
Hybrid rice has since been grown in dozens of countries in Africa, America, and Asia—providing a robust food source in areas with a high risk of famine. For his contributions, Yuan is always called the “Father of Hybrid Rice” by the Chinese media.
He graduated from Southwest Agricultural College (now part of Southwest University) in 1953 and began his teaching career at an agriculture school in Anjiang, Hunan Province. He married one of his students, Deng Ze (邓则) in 1964, they have two children, Yuan Ding’an (袁定安) and Yuan Dingjiang (袁定江).
He came up with an idea for hybridizing rice in the 1960s when a series of natural disasters and harmful political policies (such as the Great Leap Forward) had plunged China into an unprecedented famine that caused the deaths of millions of Chinese citizens.
Since then, Yuan has devoted himself to the research and development of a better rice breed. In 1964, he happened to find a natural rice plant for use in his hybridization experiments that had obvious advantages over other species. Greatly encouraged, he began to study the elements of this particular breed.
The biggest problem by then was having no known method to reproduce hybrid rice in mass quantities, and that was the problem that Yuan set out to solve. In 1964, Yuan created his theory of using a hypothetical naturally-mutated male-sterile strain of rice that he predicted most probably existed for the creation of a new reproductive hybrid rice species, and in two years’ time he managed to successfully find a few individuals of such a mutated male-sterile rice that he could use for his research. Subsequent experiments proved his original theory feasible, making that theory his most important contribution to hybrid rice.
Yuan went on to solve more problems than followed from the first. The first experimental hybrid rice species that were cultivated didn’t show any significant advantage over commonly grown species, so Yuan suggested crossbreeding rice with a more distant relative: the wild rice. In 1970, he found a particularly important species of wild rice that he ended up using for the creation of a high-yield hybrid rice species. In 1973, in cooperation with others, he was finally able to establish a complete process for creating and reproducing this high-yield hybrid rice species.
The next year they successfully cultivated a hybrid rice species which had great advantages over conventionally grown rice. It yielded 20 percent more per unit than that of common rice breeds, putting China in the lead worldwide in rice production. For this achievement, Yuan Longping was dubbed the “Father of Hybrid Rice.”
At present, as much as 50 percent of China’s total number of rice paddies grow Yuan Longping’s hybrid rice species and these hybrid rice paddies yield 60 percent of the total rice production in China. Due to Yuan’s hard work, China’s total rice output rose from 56.9 million tons in 1950 to 194.7 million tons in 2017; about 300 billion kilograms of rice has been produced over the last twenty years, compared to the estimated amount that would have been produced without the hybrid rice species. The annual yield increase is enough to feed 60 million additional people.
The “Super Rice” Yuan is currently working on improving has shown a 30 percent higher yield, compared to common rice, with a record yield of 17,055 kilograms per hectare being registered in Yongsheng County in Yunnan Province in 1999.
In January 2014, Yuan said in an interview that genetically modified food is the future direction of food and that he had been working on genetic modification of rice.
Early stages of hybrid rice experiments
As recently as the 1950s, two separate theories of heredity were taught in China. One theory was from Gregor Mendel and Thomas Hunt Morgan and was based on the concept of genes and alleles. The other theory was from Soviet Union scientists Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin and Trofim Lysenko which stated that organisms would change over the course of their lives to adapt to environmental changes they experienced and their offspring would then inherit the changes. At the time, China was a communist country, and the government’s official stance on scientific theories was one of “leaning towards the Soviet side”, and any ideology from the Soviet Union was deemed to be the only truth while everything else would be seen as being invalid. Yuan, as an agricultural student at Southwest University, remained skeptical on both theories and started his own experiments to try and come up with his own conclusions.
His first experiment was on the sweet potato. Following Michurin’s theory, he grafted Ipomoea alba (a kind of flower with high Photosynthesis rate and high efficiency in starch production) on to sweet potatoes. Those sweet potatoes grew a lot bigger than the sweet potatoes he hadn’t grafted the alba on to, with the biggest one reaching almost 8kg. However, when he bred these grafted sweet potatoes and planted them for the second generation, the sweet potatoes produced were still normal sweet potatoes with their original leaves, and the alba flower produced by the seeds of the grafted alba/potato hybrid did not grow sweet potatoes. He continued with similar grafting experiments on other plants, but none of the hybridized plants produced offspring with any of the beneficial traits that had been grafted into their parents, which was a complete contradiction of Michurin’s theory. In Yuan’s conclusions to his experiments, he wrote; “I had learned some background of Mendel and Morgan’s theory, and I knew from journal papers that it was proven by experiments and real agricultural applications, such as seedless watermelon. I desired to read more and learn more, but I can only do it secretly.”
In 1959 China experienced the Great Chinese Famine. Yuan as an agricultural scientist could do little to greatly help people around him in Hunan province. “There was nothing in the field because hungry people took away all the edible things they can find. They eat grass, seeds, Fern roots, or even white clay. At the very extreme.”[citation] Yuan considered applying the inheritance rules onto sweet potatoes and wheat since their fast rate of growth made them the practical solutions for the famine. However, he realized that in Southern China sweet potato was never a part of the daily diet and wheat didn’t grow well in that area. Therefore, he turned his mind to rice.
Back in 1906, geneticist George Harrison Shull did experiments on the hybrid maize. He observed that inbreeding reduced vigor and production among the offspring but crossbreeding did the opposite. Those experiments proved the concept of Heterosis. In the 1950s, geneticist J. C. Stephens and few others utilized the hybrid of two breeds found in Africa and created the high production seeds for sorghum. Those results were inspiring for Yuan. However, maize and sorghum achieve pollination mainly through cross-pollination, while rice is a self-pollinating plant, which would make any crossbreeding attempts difficult, for obvious reasons. In Edmund Ware Sinnott‘s book Principles of Genetics, it clearly stated that self-pollinating plants, like wheat and rice, experienced long-term selection both by nature and by human. Therefore, the traits that were inferior were all excluded, and the remaining traits are all superior. He speculated that there would be no advantage in doing cross-breeding for rice. And the nature of self-pollinating make it hard to do cross breed experiments on rice on a large scale.
In 1979, his technique for hybrid rice was introduced into the United States, making it the first case of intellectual property rights transfer in the history of the People’s Republic of China.
STOCKHOLM. The world’s largest prize in the food arena has been established by the new Curt Bergfors Foundation in Sweden.
The foundation will award two $1-million prizes – the Food Planet Prize awards – annually. One prize will be awarded to an existing scalable solution for sustainable foods. The second will be awarded for innovative initiatives that could transform the global food sector.
“These are challenges that we all need to engage in,” says Curt Bergfors, a renowned hospitality entrepreneur in Sweden. “Our food system is broken, and the planet is ailing. We are all part of the problem, and we must all try to be part of the solution. I want to contribute through the foundation and these awards”.
Nominations for The Food Planet Prize are now open. The first prizes will be awarded later in 2020.
The nominations will be evaluated by an international jury of leading scientists, policymakers, and entrepreneurs. The jury is chaired by Johan Rockström, executive director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research and Line Gordon, director of the Stockholm Resilience Centre at Stockholm University.
“We need a food-system revolution or risk destabilizing our planet. The new Food Planet Prize is designed to contribute to this goal,” says Johan Rockström.
“It is possible to feed 10 billion people a healthy diet, while maintaining a thriving biosphere. We want the Food Planet Prize to recognize the most important solutions that can scale rapidly,” says Line Gordon.
The Curt Bergfors Foundation was established in 2019 to highlight the challenges in today’s food system and find new ways to redesign it for the future.
“Food has to be partly reinvented all across the chain – from primary sourcing to food and waste management in homes and restaurants,” says Lars Peder Hedberg, Executive Board Director.
Background information on the food planet challenge:
• The world’s population is 7.8 billion. In 2030 it will be 8.5 billion and by 2050 close to 10 billion. With today’s food system, the world will not be able to feed a population this size without further compromising Earth’s climate and biodiversity.
• Eradicating hunger by 2030 is one of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals. Over 800 million people suffer from hunger and malnutrition. In recent years this has been rising after decades of progress.
• The food system contributes to about a quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions. • The world uses about half of the available land on Earth for food production and about 70% of our use of freshwater is directed to agriculture.
• The food system is the main driver of a mass extinction of life on Earth.
The nomination process is now available for submissions at foodplanetprize.org. In addition to the Food Planet Prize, the foundation will also fund a professorship with a focus on transformation to a sustainable food system. The intention is for the professorship to be based at the Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University.
The founding capital of 500 Million SEK is sourced from Mr. Bergfors’ private assets. Additional funding, up to a total of one billion SEK, is under consideration.
For further information: foodplanetprize.org email@example.com
Johan Rockström, Jury Chairman, spokesperson for the Food Planet Prize firstname.lastname@example.org
Lars Peder Hedberg, Executive Board Director, spokesperson for the Curt Bergfors Foundation email@example.com +46 709 7559910
Stockholm, Feb. 24(Greenpost)– On 20 February, Dr. Andrea Ammon, Director of the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), held a briefing for the diplomatic missions in Sweden at the Center to introduce the new developments of COVID-19 and the close exchange and cooperation between the ECDC and the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention. She also recommended that the missions keep in contact with the ECDC and obtain objective information from the Center’s website. Ambassador Gui Congyou attended the briefing together with diplomatic envoys of more than 30 Embassies in Sweden, including Italian, Croatian, Austrian, Lebanese, and Bulgarian Embassies.
Ambassador Gui expressed his appreciation for the ECDC and Dr. Andrea Ammon for their professionalism in presenting the developments of COVID-19 in an objective way, which helps prevent spread of rumor and panic.
Ambassador Gui said that after the outbreak of COVID-19, our Embassy was instructed by the Chinese Government to maintain close communication with relevant departments of the Swedish Government and experts and provide updates in a timely manner. Some Swedish experts told me that there is no need to panic since an epidemic can occur in any country or region, and what is crucial is to make all-out efforts to prevent and control it. The Communist Party of China and Chinese Government have taken stringent measures above what is required by WHO standards and the International Health Regulations, and implemented the national joint prevention and control mechanism, which have generated positive results. The number of newly confirmed cases in areas other than Hubei Province dropped from more than 800 cases on 3 February to 45 yesterday, decreasing for 16 consecutive days. The daily number of new cases in Hubei Province decreased from more than 2000 to less than 1000. Since 1 February, the number of cured cases has exceeded the number of deaths. These positive changes indicate that China’s prevention and control measures are effective, and that the epidemic is preventable, controllable and curable.
Ambassador Gui said that as experts from various countries are yet to fully figure out the pathogens and modes of transmission of this new type of corona virus, it will still take some time to develop effective medicine and vaccines. The Chinese Government will continue to take stringent containment and mitigation measures. By doing so, we shoulder the responsibility not only for the Chinese people, but also for people around the world.
Ambassador Gui said that China has been maintaining close communication and cooperation with relevant countries and the major disease prevention and control centers all over the world, including the ECDC, in the principle of openness and transparency. The epidemic is a challenge not only to China’s public health security, but also to the international public health security. We hope that all countries will strengthen solidarity, follow WHO recommendations, avoid overreactions and maintain normal people-to-people and trade exchanges, to jointly overcome the epidemic.
The diplomatic envoys gave their thanks to Ambassador Gui for his introduction, applauded China’s great efforts and sacrifices to contain and mitigate the epidemic, and expressed the confidence that China can overcome the epidemic at an early time.