Category Archives: Scientific Research

Ma Jianzhong, Chairman of WFCMS leading a delegation Visits Sweden

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Nov. 20(Greenpost)– Ma Jianzhong, Chairman of World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies (WFCMS) led a large delegation of over 30 members to visit Sweden in order to make academic exchanges and field study on November 13th.

This was right after they attended the 16th World Congress of Chinese Medicine which was successfully held in Budapest, Capital of Hungary. The delegation includes leading experts and specialists in the field of Chinese medicine.

       At 10:30 in the morning, Chairman Ma Jianzhong, former Vice Minister of Health, Professor She Jing, who was also founding Chairman of the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies, and Professor Li Zhenji, Vice founding Chairman and Secretary-General of WFCMS and other six people came to the Chinese Embassy in Stockholm at the invitation of Chinese Ambassador Gui Cuiyou.

They were warmly welcomed and Ambassador Gui made extensive talks on the development of traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture and moxibustion in Sweden, and further explored how to further promote Chinese medicine culture and relieve the suffering of the Swedish people and overseas Chinese.

Counselor Dai Gang of Science and Technology at the Embassy and President Yang Chungui of the Swedish Society of Chinese Medicine gave a detailed introduction about the operation of Swedish traditional Chinese medicine and acupuncture clinics and the exchanges and cooperation with Western doctors such as those from Karolinska Hospital.

Jiemei, a lawyer at Guohao Law Firm, introduced the work of promoting acupuncture legislation in Sweden. After the talks, the Embassy arranged a lunch for all the guests.

After thorough inspection by the leaders of the World Federation of China and the friendly consultation between the two sides, they jointly decided that the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Professional Level Recognition Department and the Swedish Society of Chinese Medicine will sign a cooperation framework agreement on the “Cooperation on the clinical superiority technology transfer of traditional Chinese medicine and the evaluation of professional titles of international Chinese medicine”.

At 3 o’clock in the afternoon, under the witnesses of the WFCMS’ leaders and Guo Hao law Firm’s lawyer Jiemei, Professor Zheng Yuexian, the chief expert of the WFCMS and President of the Swedish Association of Chinese Medicine, Yang Chungui signed this important agreement.

 On the morning of the 14th, the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies experts visited Karolinska Institutet. The former Nobel Prize jury chair Professor Silas introduced the Karolinska Institute and Nobel Prize evaluation process to the delegation.

In the afternoon, the delegation concluded the intense academic study tour and flew back to China with Air China.

The World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies is an international academic organization approved by the Chinese State Council and a member of the World Health Organization. It’s a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO). 

(Translated and edited by Xuefei Chen Axelsson )

第五届中国互联网法治大会举行:探讨数据保护、区块链等热点

第五届中国互联网法治大会举行:探讨数据保护、区块链等热点

    中国互联网协会理事长尚冰在2019(第五届)中国互联网法治大会上致辞。 钟欣 摄

  北欧绿色邮报网报道:中国互联网协会主办的2019(第五届)中国互联网法治大会11月6日在北京召开。大会以“强化网络法治建设,护航数字经济繁荣”为主题,对互联网法治建设、数据保护、区块链等热点问题进行了探讨。

  北京航空航天大学党委书记曹淑敏表示,《中共中央关于坚持和完善中国特色社会主义制度推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化若干重大问题的决定》第一次将数据作为生产要素之一,与劳动、资本、土地等并列为生产资本,这些重大变化都是由于互联网以及信息技术的发展给国家法治、国家治理、国家经济发展以及相关立法工作带来的巨大机遇。

  她认为,互联网法治涉及两大方面内容,一方面是互联网及其相关领域立法,另一方面是充分利用互联网等信息技术提高法治水平和治理能力。

  中国互联网协会理事长尚冰对中国互联网法治建设提出四点建议:一是强化法治意识,夯实网络法治建设的基础;二是把握立法导向,为新技术、新业态留出发展空间;三是突出立法重点,做好网络强国建设基础性立法;四是强化法治建设,提升网络执法水平。

  十二届全国人大常委会委员、副秘书长、法律委员会副主任委员李连宁表示,在互联网法治及其研究的过程中,一个重要的理念是要在坚持底线的前提下,尽可能为互联网经济的发展营造宽松的氛围,这在互联网法治研究和立法过程中需给予高度重视。

  中央网信办政策法规局副局长李长喜表示,推动数据技术及应用发展,防范数据发展带来的风险,需要构建科学的数据治理体系,要在五个方面做出努力。包括建立与数据发展相适应的安全保障制度、进一步完善网络综合执法体系、进一步完善数据治理规则等。

  最高人民检察院技术信息中心主任赵志刚表示,区块链技术在检察工作中可被用于司法办案、法律监督以及检察公共服务等多个场景,从而起到加强证据效力、规范诉讼程序、推动司法观念革新、促进检察监督实时化,助力提升检察公共服务的群众满意度。

  工业和信息化部政策法规司司长梁志峰表示,数字经济已成为中国国民经济的重要组成部分,成为推动经济发展的新动能。让互联网在法治轨道上健康运行,一是要加强基础问题研究,为网络领域法治建设提供理论支撑;二是要完善互联网监管体系,优化数字经济发展环境;三是要加快推进电信法等进重点立法,完善互联网基础管理制度。(来源:中新网/ 记者 刘育英 )

第二届世界顶尖科学家论坛在沪开幕

第二届世界顶尖科学家论坛在沪开幕

    2006年诺贝尔化学奖得主、世界顶尖科学家协会主席罗杰·科恩伯格当日在开幕式致辞。作者 张亨伟

  北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社( 记者 李姝徵 )报道:第二届世界顶尖科学家论坛29日在中国(上海)自由贸易试验区临港新片区(以下简称临港新片区)开幕。

  “我们想要看到更多科学上的交流和互动。”2006年诺贝尔化学奖得主、世界顶尖科学家协会主席罗杰·科恩伯格当日在开幕式致辞中表示,科学是无国界的,它是国际性的、非政治性的。

第二届世界顶尖科学家论坛29日在中国(上海)自由贸易试验区临港新片区开幕。作者 张亨伟

第二届世界顶尖科学家论坛29日在中国(上海)自由贸易试验区临港新片区开幕。作者 张亨伟

  罗杰·科恩伯格指出,世界顶尖科学家论坛有两个目的:一是支持全球的年轻科学家;第二是支持基础科研的发展。他认为,当今科学发展呈现出“多点突破”和“交叉互融”的基本格局。开放、协同和共享的合作趋势,不但是人类应对共同挑战的基础,更是推动科学发展的前提。

  据上海官方表示,举办世界顶尖科学家论坛,充分展示了上海以更加开放的态度,进一步融入全球科技创新体系,加强全方位国际合作的决心。

图为当日现场。作者 张亨伟

图为当日现场。作者 张亨伟

  目前,上海正全力建设具有全球影响力的科技创新中心,搭建集聚全球顶尖科技人才、打造全球高层次合作的交流平台,是上海建设“创新之城”的核心内容之一。而随着临港新片区正式揭牌,这片曾经的滩涂地正向着成为中国对外开放的新高地迈进。

  相较首届世界顶尖科学家论坛,本届论坛参与科学家人数较上一年更多。包括44位诺贝尔奖获得者、21位图灵奖、沃尔夫奖、拉斯克奖、菲尔兹奖得主在内的65位世界顶尖科学家,与100多位中国科学院院士、中国工程院院士和青年科学家齐聚临港新片区,共赴“智慧盛宴”。( 责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

雪龙号整装启航前往南极 “双龙探极”将成新常态

雪龙号整装启航前往南极“双龙探极”将成新常态

    “雪龙号”即将离开极地科考码头,开启第三十六次科学考察任务。 陈超 摄

北欧绿色邮报网报道:“雪龙”号极地科考船22日从其母港——位于上海浦东外高桥港区的中国极地科考码头启航,开始其第36次南极之行。

  据悉,此前,“雪龙2”号中国科考船已于本月9日离开上海外高桥港前往深圳,拉开了中国第36次南极考察的序幕。22日,完成船舶大修后的“雪龙”号启航后,将在11月下旬与“雪龙2”号在南极中山站会师。

外高桥边检站民警登上“雪龙号” 办理出境检查手续。 陈超 摄

外高桥边检站民警登上“雪龙号” 办理出境检查手续。 陈超 摄

  目前,南极中山站、内陆队、泰山站、恩克斯堡岛新站物资已经装船完毕,将搭乘“雪龙”号奔赴南极现场。据了解,本次考察将开展天文、高空、冰雪、海冰气象、地磁、环境、海洋等方面的科学考察工作。在恩克斯堡岛新站,将继续开展新站临建建设、工程地勘工作及部分科学考察工作。

  第36次南极考察是一次承前启后、继往开来的重要考察活动。“雪龙2”号正式加入南极考察序列,与“雪龙”号形成南极考察编队,这是中国时隔35年再次以“双船作业”模式远征南极。此次“双船作业”,两艘极地考察破冰船首次组成编队赴南极考察,“双龙探极”工作模式将成为未来中国极地科考的一种新常态,将在考察范围、人员规模、考察深度和成果影响力等方面产生广泛而深刻的影响。

外高桥边检站开辟“绿色通道”,快速为该轮和科考人员办理了边防检查手续,助其顺利出境。 陈超 摄

外高桥边检站开辟“绿色通道”,快速为该轮和科考人员办理了边防检查手续,助其顺利出境。 陈超 摄

  当日,外高桥边检站开辟“绿色通道”,快速为该轮和科考人员办理了边防检查手续,助其顺利出境。外高桥边检站方面向记者介绍,本次考察队由446名队员组成。“雪龙”号极地科考船从上海母港出发后,将经停澳大利亚、新西兰、智利等国家前往南极考察,预计2020年4月中旬返回上海港。(来源:中新网/记者陈静 陈超 )

2019年度人类社会发展十大科学问题发布

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社(记者 孙自法)报道:“2019年度人类社会发展十大科学问题”16日在北京举行的首届世界科技与发展论坛上正式发布,这十大科学问题涵盖健康、环境、能源三大领域,其中就包括如何解决人类未来能源的问题。
  2019年度人类社会发展十大科学问题包括健康领域4个问题和环境领域、能源领域各3个问题。4个健康问题分别是:如何预防并阻断新发传染病的大规模流行?社会变迁对人的身心健康有哪些影响?能否对未来人类疾病做出准确而全面的预测?哪些新技术可用于癌症的早期诊断和预后监测?
  3个环境问题分别是:人类如何在安全的地球界限内继续发展?如何有效解决跨界空气、水和土壤的污染?如何实现对废水和污水的完全净化处理?
  3个能源问题分别是:可控核聚变能否解决人类未来能源问题?怎样高效转化和存储新能源?大城市如何实现能源-水-食物供给的平衡和平等?
  中国科学院院士、2019年度人类社会发展十大科学问题发布人蔡荣根指出,发展是人类社会的永恒追求,正是依赖于科学技术的创新发展,人类的生产生活获得了令人叹为观止的改善,同时也带来了令人忧虑的严峻挑战。
  据了解,最新发布的这十大科学问题是围绕联合国2030年可持续发展议程提出的17项目标,聚焦人类可持续发展中最迫切、最基本、最具挑战性的需求,根据Scopus数据库相关科学研究热门关键词的检索结果,由中外知名科技期刊的编委、高端战略科学家反复讨论提出候选问题,并通过广泛的网络评选,经中国科协九届常委会学术交流专门委员会终审确定。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)     

国际货币基金组织:对抗气候变迁 碳税是最强效方法

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社据“中央社”报道:当地时间10日,国际货币基金(IMF)表示,全球的碳排污染大户国家应该一起同意课征碳税,未来十年每吨碳排征收75美元税金,让气候变迁维持在安全水平。对抗气候变迁,碳税是最强效方法。

  据报道,IMF呼吁即刻采取行动应对气候变迁,但近年来,主要经济体在对抗灾难性全球暖化的预防上意见不一致,导致政策扞格。

  IMF研究人员表示:“碳税是最强而有力且有效的工具,但前提是以公平、增进友好的方式实施。”

  2018年爆发“黄背心”示威并多次暴力流血后,法国政府因而暂缓把碳税提高至每吨50美元以上的计划。同时,美国总统特朗普宣布,将退出2015年签署的《巴黎气候协议》。

  据报道,这份报告赶在IMF和世界银行下周举行年度会议前公布,IMF新任总裁格奥尔基耶娃料将于会上,敦促会员国对气候变迁采取行动。

  根据IMF10日公布的这份研究报告内容,要防止全球气温较工业革命前升温超过2摄氏度,以达成《巴黎气候协议》目标,碳税是最有效的方法。加征碳税会提高电力、旅游、制造、运输和食品等碳排密集产业的成本。

  报道称,目前,全球平均的排放碳价为每吨2美元,想要达成《巴黎气候协议》目标,需由20国集团(G20)里的碳排大户集体在2030年之前把碳税提高至每吨75美元,才有可能实现。

  这份报告表示,对所有国家课征碳税可避免让没有缴税的国家“搭便车”,并让真正实施改革国家的产业能与其他国家竞争。

  但IMF研究人员承认,此举将造成令人却步、不均等的代价。调高碳税至每吨75美元,将使煤炭价格超过现有的3倍。加拿大电力价格将迅速上升超过30%,澳大利亚电价飙涨70%至90%。根据这份报告内容,大部分国家汽油价格将上涨5%至15%。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

2019诺贝尔生理学或医学奖揭晓!3人因这一发现获奖

 北欧绿色邮报网援引中新社(记者 李弘宇)报道:北京时间10月7日下午,诺贝尔生理学或医学奖获奖人名单率先被揭晓:威廉·凯林(William G. Kaelin Jr),彼得·拉特克利夫(Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe)以及格雷格·塞门扎(Gregg L. Semenza)获得这一奖项。获奖理由为“发现细胞如何感知和适应氧气供应”。

  由此,2019年“诺奖周”正式开跑。作为在生理学或医学领域最具影响力的奖项之一,该奖项旨在表彰那些为世界现代医学史做出贡献的“巨人们”。

  118年生理学或医学奖史

  人类探索生命和疾病的曲折史

  自1901年首个奖项被颁发至今,诺贝尔生理学或医学奖已走过118个年头。但多年来,很多人有一个疑惑,为何该奖项是生理学或医学奖,而不像物理学奖或者化学奖那样,单独设立?

  据称,这是因为在阿尔弗雷德•诺贝尔的时代,生理学指的是现在的许多生物学领域。按照诺贝尔1895年遗嘱中表达的意图来解释“生理学或医学”一词,可以使颁奖机构在颁发生物医学、临床医学等领域奖项时,有更大的自由。

  从1901年贝林因发明白喉血清疗法获奖起,至2018年詹姆斯•艾利森与本庶佑因发现抑制免疫负调节的癌症疗法,该奖项获奖人的研究领域涵盖生理学、遗传学、生物化学、代谢学及免疫学等,其中的一些更是彻底改变或推动了医学的发展。

  你知道从放血发展到输血的医学史吗?你知道胰岛素和青霉素是怎么被发现的?你知道人类为什么会衰老吗?回顾百年生理学或医学奖的获奖名单,你将能找到这些问题的答案。

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资料图:当地时间2016年12月10日,2016年诺贝尔物理学奖、化学奖、生理学或医学奖、文学奖和经济学奖颁奖仪式在瑞典首都斯德哥尔摩举行。

  生理学或医学奖得主如何产生?

  “删除测试” 成评选标准

  每年诺贝尔奖公布前夕,许多机构及个人都会参与到对获奖者的竞猜当中。其中,被视为“诺奖风向标”的“引文桂冠奖”尤其受人关注。

  该奖项按生理或医学、物理、化学、经济四个领域分类,根据研究人员所发表成果的被引用频次,来分析和预测最有影响力的科学家。自2002年以来,“引文桂冠奖”已经成功预测了50位诺贝尔奖得主,其中29位科学家荣获该奖的两年内获得了诺贝尔奖。

  但也有人就此提出了质疑:截至目前为止,该奖项的获得者已超过300人,假如以精确率计算的话,预测的准确率还有待商榷。那么问题来了,诺贝尔奖预测,是否真的有章可循?

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资料图:2015年,瑞典诺贝尔博物馆展出的大发明家阿尔弗雷德·诺贝尔的遗嘱手稿。

  诺贝尔生理学或医学奖评委会成员、瑞典卡罗林斯卡学院临床综合生理学教授朱琳•吉拉斯称,一个科学家获提名的次数和知名度,并不是获得诺奖的必要条件。员会每年会获得数百项提名,约25%的提名人可能之前从未听说过,约75%的人可能是被人所熟知的。

  她说,在评选过程中,委员会通常会做一个“删除测试”:如果移除被提名人(的研究成果),是否依然能有发现或发明,其成果是否是推动相关研究继续发展的必要因素,提名人是否做出了一些意想不到的发现等。

  “正如诺贝尔在遗嘱中明确称,这一荣誉应授予当年最重大的发现”,吉拉斯说,这一标准常常会在生理学或医学奖的评选中得以应用,其他学科则较少发生。

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资料图:当地时间2015年12月10日,瑞典斯德哥尔摩,诺贝尔晚宴举行,诺奖获得者和王室成员出席了晚宴。

  “遗憾”与“惊喜”并存

  有诺奖遗珠,也有夫妻拿奖

  在诺贝尔奖的百年历史上,有很多科学类奖项实至名归,得到了科学界的一致认可,但是也有一些奖项的获奖者却引发争议。

  ——错过诺奖,令人扼腕

  DNA双螺旋结构的解析,是20世纪最伟大的科学发现之一。沃森、克里克和威尔金斯因研究DNA双螺旋结构模型,获得1962年的诺贝尔生理或医学奖。

  但对DNA结构的研究有重大贡献的罗莎琳•富兰克林于1958年因卵巢癌死亡,享年只有37岁。就连克里克也坦言道,如果没有弗兰克林的关键性研究,就不会有他们的成就。

  奥斯瓦尔德•埃弗里是一位非常了不起的科学家,他发现“基因转化现象”是由DNA引起而不是当时通常认为的蛋白质。他用了15年时间寻找相关证据,终于在1944年发表了决定性论文。因为在分子生物学和免疫学方面的杰出工作,他从上世纪30年代起几乎每年都被诺奖提名。

  然而,再多的工作也没能说服那时的核酸专家哈默斯顿。当时是卡罗林斯研究所化学教授的哈默斯顿,始终认为是蛋白质引起了遗传转化。甚至有传言认为,哈默斯顿阻碍了埃弗里获奖。

  不过,或许埃弗里没获奖的真正原因是时间。1962年的生理或医学奖颁发时,哈默斯顿已在铁证下屈服,可埃弗里再没机会获得诺奖——他在1955年就去世了。

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资料图:卡尔-科里和格蒂-科里夫妇。他们均为1947年诺贝尔生理学或医学奖得主;他们和阿根廷医生奥赛一起,发现糖代谢中的酶促反应。

  ——夫妻拿奖,令人称赞

  在生理学或医学奖的历史上,曾有两对“夫妻档”同时获奖。

  美国科学家卡尔•科里与格蒂•科里夫妇因发现糖代谢中的酶促反应,而共同获得1947年生理学或医学奖。

  挪威科学家梅-布里特•莫泽和爱德华•莫泽夫妇因发现大脑的定位系统,而共同获得2014年生理学或医学奖。

  据报道,莫泽夫妇虽共同获颁诺贝尔奖,但两人并非同时得知喜讯。

  公布得主时,妻子梅-布里特正与同事在实验室讨论实验数据,她称因为讨论过程太有趣,差点没接到电话。同一时间,丈夫爱德华正在飞往德国慕尼黑的飞机上,因此未能实时得知获奖。

  大奖背后的趣事

  有人差点被问倒,有人跳舞庆祝

  2018年,日本免疫学家本庶佑在生理或医学奖颁奖前的新闻发布会上,曾差点被一个问题难倒。

  有人问“人类是否可以征服癌症?如果可以,是在何时?”,他回答,不能确定“究竟何时”,但认为到2050年左右,人类或许可以抑制癌症增长。

  2013年,诺贝尔生理学或医学奖被授予美国科学家詹姆斯•罗斯曼、兰迪•谢克曼以及德国科学家托马斯•聚德霍夫,以表彰他们发现囊泡转运的调控机制。

  据诺贝尔奖官方消息,在得悉自己获奖时,托马斯•聚德霍夫的第一反应是,“真的假的?!”而兰迪•谢克曼则不断惊呼“我的天啊”,甚至还跳了一段“胜利之舞”。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

嫦娥四号着陆器和“玉兔二号”巡视器完成第十月昼工作

北欧绿色邮报网援引中新网报道: 据中国探月工程官方微信消息,嫦娥四号着陆器完成第十月昼的科学探测工作,于10月5日19时30分进入第十月夜。第十月昼工作期间,着陆器工况正常,能量平衡,有效载荷月球中子及辐射剂量探测仪、低频射电谱仪按计划开展有效探测工作,地面接收科学探测数据正常。

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  “玉兔二号”巡视器于10月5日15时43分完成月夜设置,进入休眠。第十月昼期间,巡视器根据整体规划进行移动,目前累计行走289.769米。巡视器移动过程中,按计划组织实施了巡视器红外光谱仪、全景相机、中性原子探测仪、测月雷达等有效载荷的开机探测工作,进一步获取月球背面科研数据,地面接收载荷数传数据正常。

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  在国庆节前后,嫦娥四号着陆器和“玉兔二号”巡视器突破十个月球日工作期,远远超出设计寿命,以出色完成科学探测任务向祖国70华诞献礼。目前,地面科研团队正在对各科学载荷获取的第一手探测数据进行处理分析,在已取得的科研成果基础上深入开展研究。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

瑞典皇家科学院秘书长:更多的女性被提名诺奖是趋势

  

北欧绿色邮报网援引 澎湃新闻 (记者 贺梨萍 )报道:2019年诺贝尔奖揭晓之前,长期关注的一个问题重新引发外界期待:女性和非白种人在今年的这项大奖角逐中能否有所斩获?

  毕竟,在过去的2018年,加拿大科学家唐娜·斯特里克兰(Donna Stricklan)是继玛丽·居里(居里夫人)和玛丽亚·格佩特-梅耶(梅耶夫人)之后的历史上第三名女性物理诺奖得主。美国科学家弗朗西斯·阿诺德(Frances H. Arnold)也是继居里夫人、伊雷娜·约里奥-居里(玛丽居里的女儿)、多萝西·玛丽·霍奇金和阿达·约纳特之后第五位获得诺贝尔化学奖的女性。

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  如何平衡这些所谓的诺贝尔奖“歧视”,瑞典皇家科学院采取了一些措施,其中包括希望能通过鼓励科学家提出更多样化的提名来解决这个问题。比如,邀请更多的女性参与提出候选人,以及修改邀请提名信的措辞,明确希望提名者考虑性别、地理和主题的多样性,同时也希望可以同时提名多个发现。

  据国际顶级学术期刊《自然》(Nature)官网报道,日前,《自然》采访了瑞典皇家科学院秘书长、生物医学科学家戈兰·汉森(Göran Hansson),谈及这些措施产生的影响。

  汉森透露,虽然不能给出任何确切的数字,但目前的提名似乎有一个积极的趋势,即更多的女性被提名。虽然这一变化很小,但这是一个趋势。瑞典皇家科学院将持续几年、非常仔细地研究这一问题,最后可能会得出确定的结论。

  然而,增加提名者中女性的比例似乎帮助并不大。汉森透露,“不幸的是,这似乎没有任何影响。结论是,女性提名女性的可能性并不比男性高。我们将继续跟进,但目前情况的确是这样”。

  除了性别以外,瑞典皇家科学院也在试图促进种族多样性。汉森提到,目前还不能说它是否有任何影响,因为我们评估性别方面的影响。“但即使在我们修改提名信之前,诺贝尔奖得主数量增加最多的国家之一就是日本”。汉森认为,这种现象本身挑战了所谓的美国白种人偏见。

  “我们在东亚看到了对科学的巨大投资,我们看到来自东亚的被提名的人比以往任何时候都多。从长远来看,我相信这是值得的。”汉森表示。

  不过,瑞典皇家科学院仍致力于在种族方面进一步平衡。诺贝尔奖创始人阿尔弗雷德·诺贝尔(Alfred Bernhard Nobel)曾明确表示,颁奖时不应考虑国籍。永远不会对国家、种族或性别实行配额制度。“重要的是,获得诺贝尔奖的人是因为她或他是最有价值的获奖者,这是毫无疑问的”。

  汉森同时提到,我们意识到,诺贝尔奖得主会成为榜样,尤其是来自不同种族的女性榜样非常重要。但是,与此同时,诺贝尔奖必须奖励做出最重要发现的人。“如果我们不这样做,那么我们就低估了诺贝尔奖的价值,我认为这最终会伤害到所有人”。

  汉森还特别强调,瑞典皇家科学院和诺贝尔委员会之外的外部环境的变化非常重要:必须鼓励妇女学习科学,并在其整个学术生涯中给予公平的机会。

  “我们希望更多的国家能发展科学。而科学是一项昂贵的活动,也需要稳定的环境,所以在世界不同的地方,机会差别很大。我们希望这种情况会逐渐改变,这样更多国家的人就会有更多的机会从事科学事业,从而有更多的科学发现”。(责任编辑查正富 主编陈雪霏)

Shenzhen Promotion and Communication Presentation held in Stockholm

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Sept. 24 (Greenpost) — Shenzhen Promotion and Communication Presentation was held in Stockholm on Tuesday.

Zhang Qiaozhen, President of the General Chamber of Commerce, Cao Diefeng, Counsular of Education at the Chinese Embassy, Fan Kun, Vice President of Shenzhen Overseas Communication Association and dozens of masters or Phd students from universities in Stockholm attended the presentation.

President Zhang congratulated the presentation. She explained that the goal of her Nordic-Shenzhen General Chamber of Commerce is to promote the communication between Shenzhen and Nordic countries. We have helped nordic enterprises to go to Shenzhen and Guangzhou to attend trade and high tech fairs as well as cultural exhibitions。Today we have Shenzhen delegation coming to Sweden to present Shenzhen to you. Let’s welcome Fan Kun, Vice President of Shenzhen Overseas Communication Association.

Fan Kun said Shenzhen used to be a small fishing village with a population of only 30 thousand. Now it is one of the most innovative cities all over China.

Shenzhen aims to become a roll model for Chinese cities by 2030 and 2049 and it can even be the world’s model city. Shenzhen has wonderful environment with the lowest in PM 2.5. The city is very young and vital. It is very good for young talented people to work in Shenzhen. The treatment is very good if you can have good project or achievement, said Fan.

Cao Diefeng in the middle

Counsular Cao encouraged the students to go to Shenzhen to work saying that they can have a good communication to take this opportunity.

Liu Huadian from Shenzhen Overseas Communication Association said the average age in Shenzhen is just 33 years old. So the city is the youngest one in China. The net increase of population reached by half a million to over 13 million . There are many volunteers in Shenzhen and people from Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan reached 150 thousand by the end of last year. Shenzhen is very open and all the information about talented people from overseas are published on website.

They also answered questions from the students.

Shenzhen has become an admirable city for talented people. The exchange and promotion seminar was organized by Shenzhen Overseas Communication Association.

Nordic-Shenzhen General Chamber of Commerce Established in Stockholm

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Sept. 24(Greenpost) — Upon the forthcoming 70th anniversary of Chinese National Day, Nordic-Shenzhen General Chamber of Commerce was established in Stockholm on Tuesday and a grand ceremony has been held in the Chinese Cultural Center in Stockholm.

Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou and Fan Kun Vice President of Shenzhen Overseas Communication Association granted the plaque of the Chamber of Commerce to Zhang Qiaozhen, President of the Nordic-Shenzhen General Chamber of Commerce.

Ambassador Gui expressed his sincere congratulations to the establishment of the General Chamber of Commerce and hopes that it will make further contributions to cooperation between China’s Shenzhen and Nordic countries.

Fan Kun, Vice President of Shenzhen Overseas Communication Association, made a speech about Shenzhen.

“Shenzhen’s Per capita GDP is very high in China and science and innovation level is also very high while the average age in Shenzhen is very low or the lowest in China with an average of 30 years old and the PM 2.5 is the lowest in China,” said Fan.

“That means Shenzhen is a city that is very good for young talented people to realize their dreams.” said Fan.

Han Xiaodong, Counsular of Commerce at the Chinese Embassy talked about bilateral trade and investment.

“In fact, in recent two years, Sweden enjoys surplus in export to China and China’s investment to Sweden increased substantially. This is a good trend because it indicates that the consumption level in China is increasing and investment level also increased.” said Han.

He congratulated the establishment of the General Chamber of Commerce and hopes that it will contribute more to bilateral exchange in trade and investment as well as other areas.

President Zhang Qiaozhen has said that she will do her best to promote bilateral trade and investment as well as science and technology exchange and innovation. She has helped Nordic companies to go to Shenzhen and Guangzhou and other places to participate in trade fair or exhibitions. They also received delegations from those areas to nordic countries.

Zhang said that they also announced the branches in Danmark, Finland, Iceland and Norway and issued plates to them.

Meanwhile, two strategic agreements have been signed between Zhang Qiaozhen and Tian Yubiao and another Swedish company for future cooperation.

出席庆典仪式的还有瑞典老一代华侨侨领,中国饭店创始人朱佩媛女士,瑞典最早的华人学校杨校长,以及在瑞典的北欧华人商会会长周画女士,瑞中友好协会执行会长夏雨女士,北欧中医药中心董事长田雨飙先生,碧云学院创始人范秀兰女士,畅通国际有限责任公司王凯虹女士,瑞典卡罗琳斯卡医学院曹义海教授以及高校专家学者,留学生等各界华人华侨100多人。来自海内外各界商会、各行各业机构发来贺信、贺电上百封。为成立庆典增加了喜庆气氛。

Zhu Peiyuan, senior founder of Chinese restaurant in Sweden, Yang Liran, Founder of Ruijing Chinese School, Zhou Hua, President of Nordic Chinese Association, Xia Yu, Executive President of Swedish Chinese Friendship Association, Tian yubiao, President of Nordic Chinese Medicine Center, Fan Xiulan, Founder of Biyun Academy and Professor Cao Yihai from Karolinska Institutet were among the over 100 guests at the ceremony.

Zhang Qiaozhen said Nordic Shenzhen General Chamber of Commerce is another important platform for Shenzhen to go abroad. They focus a lot on high tech, high tech industries, IT, Internet and R &D and help introduce enterprises with high potential and innovative enterprises. They will provide good services and commercial model design, legal matters consultation and one to one or P to P service. They also established an incubator to realise the scientific achievements and provide a bridge between nordic innovative enterprises with Chinese market.

We shall become an effective bridge between China’s Shenzhen and nordic countries and help Shenzhen enterprises to go abroad and Swedish or Nordic enterprises to Shenzhen, said Zhang.

Right after the ceremony, a meeting on promoting Shenzhen was also held with participation of Chinese students from different universities in Stockholm.

Photo and Text by Xuefei Chen Axelsson

Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou on China’s Achievements and Challenges

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

October 1 marks the 70th anniversary of the Founding of the People’s Republic of China. Upon this date, Xuefei Chen Axelsson had an exclusive interview with Ambassador Gui Congyou on Sept. 14, 2019.

Stockholm, Sept. 16(Greenpost) – Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou has said that Chinese people under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, CPC, through unremitting efforts and hard work of the past 70 years, have experienced profound economic and social transformation from a poor and weak China to a relatively healthy wealthy society。This is a historic leap forward towards our goal of realizing the great rejuvenation  of China. 

Ambassador Gui made this remark during an exclusive interview with Xuefei Chen Axelsson, chief editor and founder of Green Post(www.greenpost.se) , a Swedish Chinese media aiming at promoting sustainable development in Sweden and building bridge between China and Sweden. 

“Over the past 70 years, especially over the past 40 years of development, over 1.3 billion people have all used mobile phones and internet in addition to having enough food and clothes.  China’s contribution to world economic development surpasses 30 percent.  China continues to be the second largest destination of foreign direct investment. China becomes more open minded and more confident than before. Such a China will create more opportunities for the world. ” said Gui. 

A series of figures show that Chinese people’s disposable per capita income has increased nearly 60 times more than that in 1949, 20 times more than that in 1978. China’s average life expectancy reaches  77 years old and over 800 million people have been lifted out of poverty. 

“China has been a good member in safeguarding the world peace, a good peace builder, development contributor and international order keeper.” 

Gui said that China has planned to completely eliminate absolute poverty by 2020 and realize modernization by 2035 and basically reach the middle developed countries level by 2050 and followed this road map to go forward step by step. 

He said during this process, China also initiated the Belt and Road initiative and helped those countries who like to join this initiative and shared Chinese technologies and innovations, for example the Beidou Navigation system. 

Talking about challenges ahead, Gui said the Chinese average GDP has not reached ten thousand dollars yet, which is less than 20 percent of the Swedish average GDP. Chinese development is not very balanced and western regions still need further development while eastern regions have developed much better. 

By the end of next year, China still needs to eradicate the absolute poverty by 10 million people(which is equivalent  almost the whole Swedish population). 

Gui said China still faces the challenge of enjoying a better environment in some areas in China. But Chinese people are determined to solve its problems and challenges while developing further with higher quality. Through 70 years of development experiences, Chinese people are confident that they will realize their development goal along with achieving the United Nations 2030 development goals. 

On Sino-Swedish relations,  Ambassador Gui spoke highly of bilateral relations. 

“About 260 years ago, Swedish Gothenburg Boat sailed to China and opened a marine route to China. Sweden became the first western country to establish diplomatic relations with China and signed technical cooperation agreements with China.”

During the new development era, China and Sweden have become the largest trade partners with each other between Nordic countries and Asia. 

So far there are 9000 Chinese students studying in Sweden and becoming the largest number of overseas students group.  In addition to Air China, Eastern Airline also opened direct flight between Stockholm and Shanghai coping with the increasing number of tourists.  China EU express also opened its maiden voyage with Swedish timber export to China last year. 

About his impression on Sweden, Ambassador Gui said that Swedish King Carl Gustav VXI told him to visit all over Sweden and have a good look when he met the King.  And he did visit up north to the countryside, down to the south and east and west of Sweden. He felt Sweden is really beautiful. 

He found Swedish people’s awareness of environmental protection and climate is high. And most of them are very friendly. 

“I think Sweden and China are mutually complementary in green tech cooperation and environmental protection. We can deepen the cooperation in this and other  fields. ” said Gui. 

About the question with media, Ambassador Gui said that media is a bridge between the two sides by expressing opinions and stances of the two sides. Only when he found some media facts were not correct, he would like to point out the facts which provide with true information.

“I found those incorrect information show that the writer has never been to China or get a full picture about China. China has really made great progress over the past years. With the rapid development of new technology, such as internet and high speed train,  China’s progress for the better also speeded up. Welcome Swedish media to visit China and have a good look. ” said Ambassador Gui. 

Full Chinese version please see the following link.

CPPCC Vice Chairman and CAST President Wan Gang Visits Sweden

STOCKHOLM, Sept. 9th(Greenpost)– Wan Gang, Vice Chairman of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and President of China Association for Science and Technology(CAST) has given a presentation about Science and Technology Development in China over the past 70 years during his ongoing visit to Sweden.

Wan Gang said during this visit, his main purpose is to push forward bilateral scientific cooperation, scientists and students exchanges and propose the cooperation and joint research in both South Pole and North Pole as well as the third pole, which is the Qinghai Tibet Plateau.

He said he was very concerned about the climate change in the Qinghai Tibet Plateau which could cause severe damage to the nature and the people.

He also made a presentation report about China’s Science and Technology Development over the past 70 years in China.

The report was presented at the IVA conference center and moderated by Magnus Breidne, Vice President of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences.

“I am glad to have Wan Gang here. He is an old friend of us and he visited Sweden last year. He is Vice Chairman of CPPCC. He used to study in Germany and later went back to China to revolutionise China’s science and innovation. Today he will talk about China’s 70 years science and innovation”. said Breidne.

Professor Wan Gang got a Phd in engineering in Germany. He is Vice Chairman of the 13th National Committee of the CCPPC, President of the 9th National Committee of the China Association for Science and Technology and Chairman of the Central Committee of China Zhi Gong Party.

Wan Gang graduated with a bachelor degree from Northeast Forestry University in 1978 after which he joined its faculty. From 1979 to 1981, he was a postgraduate in experimental mechanics at the Structural Theories Research Institute of Tongji University,where he got his master’s degree in 1981 and served as a faculty member. Between 1985 and 1991, he studied and obtained doctorate at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University Clausthal in Germany. From 1991 to 2001, he worked in Audi Corporation in Germany.

During his presentation, Wan Gang explained why he resigned from Audi and went back to China. It was the former Ministry of Science and Technology Zhu Lilan who visited Germany and met him and asked him about new energy automobile, whether it was suitable to develop in China and why. Wan Gang explained and he found it was such a mission that he could shoulder the responsibility. So in January 2001, he took the post as dean of the New Energy Automobile Engineering Center, Tongji University in Shanghai, China. He worked successively as Assistant to President of Tongji University from August 2001 to Vice President from June 2003 and President from July 2004. In November 2006, he was elected Vice President of the Shanghai Association for Science and Technology. In December 2006, he became Vice Chairman of the Central Committee of China Zhi Gong Party and was elected Chairman in December 2007.

It means he is not a CPC party member. But he was promoted according to his capability. From April 2007 to March 2018, he served as Minister of Science and Technology for 11 years. From 2003, he served as member of the National Committee and its standing Committee of the 10th CPPCC, a political consultative conference working parallel with the National People’s Congress, the top legislative body. CPPCC functions as an advisor for NPC. A lot of large national projects were proposed by CPPCC members and then approved by NPC.

Wan Gang became Vice Chairman of the 11th CPPCC in March 2008 and successively that of the 12th and 13th CPPCC in March 2013 and March 2018 respectively. Since June 2016, Wan Gang was elected President of the 9th National Committee of CAST.

Established in 1958, CAST is a public organization for scientific and technological professionals, as well as the largest non profit science and technology organization in China. It consists of national-level learned societies, local associations for science and technology and grassroots organizations.

CAST is committed to serving science and technology professionals, promoting innovation-driven development, enhancing public scientific literary, and supporting the government’s policymaking concerning science and technology. It has also been dedicated to safeguarding the legal rights and interests of scientists, promoting academic exchange, organizing science and technology professions to push forward scientific and technological innovation, popularizing scientific and technological innovation, awakening young people’s enthusiasm for science and technology, commending excellent scientific and technological professionals and conducting international nongovernmental scientific and cultural exchanges.

BELT AND ROAD AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

Wan Gang said China is very open minded and likes to cooperate with all the countries in the world. So far it has cooperation with 160 countries and share scientific and technological achievement in many ways.

Wan Gang said for example China’s Beidou Navigation system, it can be used in the sea navigation system. So far about 50 thousand Chinese fishing boats installed Beidou Navigation system to avoid going across the borderline at sea. The system can also be used in the vast grassland to serve the farmers.

He said if the arctic organizations join the Belt and Road Initiative or initiate a cooperation mechanism with China, either with BRI or South Pole North Pole and the third Pole joint research projects, Beidou Navigation system can be shared and offer good navigation service for the boats at the sea and connected to the land too.

Over 100 scientists and students from both China and Sweden attended the presentation. Chinese Ambassador Gui Congyou also attended the presentation and welcomed Vice Chairman Wan Gang.

Wan Gang’s visit marks the highest level visit this year from China.

Video: Water Expert Josh Weinberg: Remarkable to provide clean drinking water for over one billion people in China

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Aug. 30(Greenpost) — China has made remarkable progress in fighting against water pollution and it is a great achievement to provide clean drinking water for over one billion people in China. Meanwhile, there are still a lot of challenges for China to face, says Josh Weinberg during an interview with Greenpost’s journalist Xuefei Chen Axelsson during the World Water Week held in Stockholm between Aug. 25-30.



Upon the National Day on October 1 in China, Weinberg wishes everyone a Happy National Day and continues to make progress in building a clean and beautiful country in China.

Video: Swedish Water Expert Jan Lindqvist: What China has done is extraordinary and unprecedented

By Xuefei Chen Axelsson

STOCKHOLM, Aug. 30(Greenpost) — Jan Lindqvist, a senior expert working in Stockholm International Water Institute went to China in December 1979 for the first time. He has recalled his experience then and told us that China has made extraordinary and unprecedented progress since then. Greenpost’s chief editor Xuefei Chen Axelsson has interviewed him on the opening plenary session day during the World Water Week in Stockholm. Please watch the video.

Professor Jan Lindqvist said he actually studied Economics but he got a professor job in water department in Linköping University because water issue is not just about water itself, it needs engineers, biologists and economists and many others to solve the complicated water issues.

Professor Lindqvist led a project called from Field to Fork and called on people to stop wasting food and live a healthy lifestyle in modern times.

He said with the increase of population and the expansion of production and consumption, how to balance the individual needs with the limitation of natural resources on us is also an important issue for us to think about and choose the right and healthy way to live.